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چهار مقاله درباره آزادی

4.16  ·  Rating details ·  921 ratings  ·  39 reviews
"Liberty is a revised and expanded edition of a modern classic of liberalism, Four Essays On Liberty, regarded by Isaiah Berlin as his most important book, and constantly discussed since its publication in 1969. Irving Howe described it in Harper's as 'an exhilarating performance - this, one tells oneself, is what the life of the mind can be'." Berlin's editor Henry Hardy ...more
Paperback, 359 pages
Published 1999 by خوارزمی (first published 1969)
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Liz Polding
Apr 21, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A terrific book that inspired me and made me want to study philosophy at university in the first place. Reading my rather grubby copy (at least I didn't make notes on it!) so many years later tells me that I made the right choice and inspires me again.

What is freedom; what do we mean by that word? Do we mean the total freedom of anarchy (although even Proudhon makes it clear that our duties temper our rights), or freedom from oppression? Can we, in fact, make any choices at all, if we are deter
...more
محمد
(( حدود الحرية ))
كتاب صغير ومكثّف هو للمفكر البريطاني ايزايا برلين نقلته إلى العربية جمانا طالب وصدر عن دار الساقي 1992م.
-------------
جاء فيه:
تعريف الحرية

1-
على حد تعبير ""آيزايا برلين"" فإن هناك حوالى مئتي تعريف لها حتى الآن، ووجه الاشتراك بين هذه التعريفات هو ازالة المعوقات من طريق اختيار الإنسان، يقول ""آيزايا برلين"" في تعريفه للحرية: "إنني أعد الحرية فقدان الموانع من طريق تحقق آمال الإنسان وتمنياته"

2-
" أن الحرية تعني عدم تدخل الآخرين في أنشطة الفرد وأعماله: "الحرية الشخصية عبارة عن السعي للح
...more
Mohammad Mirzaali
Dec 28, 2018 rated it really liked it
مقاله‌ی اول را برلین در مورد هویت فکری–سیاسی نیمه‌ی اول قرن بیستم برای نشریه‌ی «فارن افرز» نوشته است و مقاله‌ی آخر یادبودی برای جان استوارت میل است. دو مقاله‌ی میانی کتاب شهرت بیشتری دارند: «ناگزیری تاریخ» و «مفاهیم دوگانه‌ی آزادی». در اولی برلین با حتمیت تاریخی و فرض نوعی طرح تکامل تک‌خطیِ تاریخ مخالفت می‌کند و در دومی از تفاوت آزادی منفی (آزادی از موانع و مداخلات خارجی) و مثبت (توانایی خودمختاری و اعمال اراده‌ی شخصی) می‌نویسد و به معرفی تحریفاتی که در تعریف «آزادی» صورت گرفته است می‌پردازد
Sarah Shaheen
ينشغل برلين بفكرة كان ليبراليو القرن التاسع عشر ومحافظوها على السواء ممسوسين بها، ويتبين أنها فكرة قديمة بقدر قدم تاريخ الفلسفة السياسية، لكنها فكرة خطرة. يحاول أن يوضح سذاجة الاعتقاد بوجود نموذج من العيش تتآلف فيه المعاني التي يعرفها الإنسان باعتبارها جيدة ومرغوبة: العدالة والحرية والمساواة. ويشدد على ضرورة أن تحذف هذه المعاني بعضها بعضًا. وأن المساواة مثلًا قد تناقض العدالة. كيف استخدمت هذه الفكرة الطموحة الغبية في بناء أيديولوجيا لدكتاتوربات؟
في المحاضرات الخمس، يعرج على هذه الفكرة. ويتحدث عن
...more
Armin
Apr 26, 2018 rated it really liked it
برلین در هر چهار موضوع به خوبی ورود پیدا می‌کند، در حین تشریح دیدگاه مخالف برای فهماندن آندبه مخاطب از هیچ تلاشی فروگذار نمی‌کند و در ارائه دیدگاه خود اختصار و دقت را به کار می‌بندد و در این حین ارجاعات خوب و به موقعی به دیگر متفکران و آثارشان می‌دهد.
کتابی است که باید خواند و دوباره خواند. هر مقاله آن حاشه نویسی خانه خود را دارد، شاید وقتی دیگر جایی دیگر.
Duc Hoang
Sự thật sẽ giải phóng bạn. Đây là sự thật. Hãy tự giải phóng mình.
Bill Berg
I rate the book a 3 because it is going to be hard for many to get through it. The book spends a good deal of time on the philosophical issue of determinism. Science (at least up to Quantum Mechanics) assumed that "everything just happened" and that WHEN science discovered all the laws of nature including biology, we would discover that everything was fully determined at the point of the Big Bang, including me writing this blog.

I'm not going to go into the arguments for determinism ... only to
...more
Bruce
Jul 15, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
While reading Four Essays on Liberty (not the expanded version), I felt sure I would criticize Berlin's verbosity and repetitiveness. But finally I'm reminded that an essay is, by definition, an exploration of a subject, not the author's final thoughts. There is in these essays a sense of Berlin advancing ideas he is not necessarily totally convinced of. And from the introduction, which is a reply to his critics, and several footnotes, it's clear Berlin is eager to receive, ponder and learn from ...more
Mitch
Aug 10, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, politics
There are some interesting things in here, but his style is very high-flown in a way which gets obnoxious, and he has a tendency to discuss broad ranges of ideas at once, often leading to vague conclusions, blatant misinterpretations of other authors in the service of a narrative, or poetic wanking with no apparent end in sight...

I didn't find this very informative. Why not just read the authors he's talking about rather than his endlessly repetitious monologue about them?

3 stars - i didn't ha
...more
Zahreen
Berlin is one of my favorite political philosophers - I think he's absolutely brilliant and very relevant to today's political debates, particularly in the field of bioethics, which is of particular interest to me. ...more
Malek Atia
Feb 07, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, politics
3.5
Francesco
Jun 05, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: libreria
Isaiah Berlin si presenta come uno dei più grandi (e influenti) storici delle idee e filosofi della libertà del secolo scorso, a lui si deve la sistematizzazione moderna del concetto di libertà negativa e positiva.

Oggigiorno verrebbe probabilmente definito un liberal, in quanto le sue sono speculazioni di taglio principalmente filosofico da cui traspare uno scarso interesse/conoscenza per il campo economico (da questo punto di vista considero Hayek o Popper più completi o perlomeno complementari
...more
Mostafa Shalash
ماذا نعني بالانسان الحر ؟ يجادل إيزيا برلين حول مفاهيم الحرية وعلاقتها بالحتمية - فهل يمكن أن تكون تصرفات الانسان مرتبطة بمبدأ الحتمية ؟ لذا من وجهة نظر برلين يجب وضع حدود بين الحتمية والحرية وليس فقط حدود علمية بل يجب ضمان كثافة اخلاقية حتى يملك الانسان وعي كامل عن تصرفاته .
وهذا يفتح مفهوم آخر عن الحرية وتقسيمها لحرية ايجابية وسلبية
أتى مفهوم الحرية السلبية لدى برلين عندما تتقطاع حرية الانسان مع جبرية وسلطة الدولة تضييق الحرية البشرية مقابل مشاعر أخرى مثل الامن والعدل
بينما آتى مفهوم الحرية الا
...more
Gordan Karlic
May 22, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The last chapter cemented rating 4.
It is a quick essay about thoughts of the John Stuart Mill, not the biggest fan of the analyzing other works, more so, when you close the book with it, even furthermore, the best chapter was penultimate so the book reached its peek 60 pages before the ending.
What I did really like was a division of the liberties on the "positive" and "negative" didn't really have that categorizing before and kinda crystalize something for me.
An overall good book about liberty a
...more
Andrew
Sep 11, 2019 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Intelligent, cogent, and oppressively redundant in its efforts to establish unassailable logic. In other words, this is very much a philosophy book. Berlin would have me on board and engaged and then spend 10 more pages reiterating the same exact argument 20 more times in 20 subtly different ways.
jackalope
Sep 11, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
受益匪浅。
Piggyogre
“关于人类事务的所有核心信念都源于个人的困境。”
Sulatatuya
Mar 02, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Hard read but simply brilliant! Not that this needs my review 😊
William Shield
Jan 04, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Perspective altering knowledge nukes.
Edward Kwan
- Positive vs negative freedom

- The problem is now "how much" instead of "who"

- Fulfilment or elimination of desire

- Freedom is needed to enhance moral courage, original thoughts etc.

...more
Yazmina-Michele de Gaye
i am so engaged in this book, with a different cover, BTW, a 1970 reprint...i quote as many snippets to friends, fans and family as often as possible, without sounding like a accademic, which am not...but aspire to be!!! The question of liberty within the limits of our contemporary social organisation, concerns me and whilst not wanting to over-simplify the complex issues surrounding FREEDOM, I am actually re-reading it from cover 2 cover, just to be able to retain all its little pearls of wisdo ...more
William Smith
Mar 03, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Berlin thought this was his most important work and I have to agree. Freedom and liberty are sadly either undervalued or tortured into meaning exactly their opposite. Berlin, as always, provides lucid and coherent arguments that always respectfully acknowledge those who would take an opposing view. This makes his point of view all the more valuable and persuasive. Long sentences that require concentration, but a beautiful writer as well as a profound thinker.
Nick Riso
Oct 01, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Very insightful from a great contemporary theorist. A prime example of history dictating philosophical groundwork (which maybe unfair, is probably unfair), using, though not explicitly, the times with which he's writing to heavily influence what he's writing. The Cold War.. "The battle of the ideologies" ...more
Tam Nguyen
Cuốn này nhằm thu hút đông đảo người đọc nên viết khá dễ hiểu!? Mình đọc cuốn này sau Căn tính và bạo lực nên thấy rất nhiều điểm trùng hợp trong 2 cuốn này. Về căn bản họ đều ủng hộ pluralism, tính đa dạng của xã hội.

Cuốn sách cũng có thái độ nghi ngờ về negative freedom mà John Stuart Mill đề ra.
Andrew Commers
Dec 30, 2007 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book contains the essay on Two Concepts of Liberty, which for the first time had me think of the difference between 'freedom from' and 'freedom to.' The 'freedom to' concept gives form to why we struggle to improve and also why certain restrictions are actually essential to free us. ...more
Corey
Feb 10, 2015 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Long winded and often repetitive. Occasionally some real gems, philosophical insights worth noting. He takes a long, long time showing that applying laws appropriate to the physical sciences don't work well when applied to humans because humans unlike atoms have independent purpose and motive. ...more
Leonardo
Aug 18, 2017 marked it as to-keep-reference  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: maesfilo
En este libro se encuentra el texto "Dos Conceptos de Libertad".

Citado en el artículo de Comim de Capabilities and Happiness.
...more
Curtis
Jan 31, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A set of five essays on liberty and some assorted other writings from his papers. The essay on JS Mill was one of the best things I've read in a long time.

Philosophy discussion group--> https://www.facebook.com/TheLensGrind...
More book reviews--> http://curtisknowsnothing.blogspot.com
...more
Flowquietly
Oct 29, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
left more confused as to what'Freedom' really is, but an enlightening read all the same. He does waffle on a bit though which made the reading a bit labourious. ...more
Arjada Bardhi
Two concepts of liberty
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520 followers
Sir Isaiah Berlin was a philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading liberal thinkers of the twentieth century. He excelled as an essayist, lecturer and conversationalist; and as a brilliant speaker who delivered, rapidly and spontaneously, richly allusive and coherently structured material, whether for a lecture series at Oxford University or as a broadcaster on the BBC Thir ...more

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“......philosophical concepts nurtured in the stillness of a professor's study could destroy a civilization....but if professors can truly wield this fatal power, may it not be that only other professors, or, at least, other thinkers can alone disarm them?” 6 likes
“The world that we encounter in ordinary experience is one in which we are faced by choices equally absolute, the realisation of some of which must inevitably mean the sacrifice of others.” 5 likes
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