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Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil

4.21  ·  Rating details ·  12,551 ratings  ·  974 reviews
Originally appearing as a series of articles in The New Yorker, Hannah Arendt’s authoritative and stunning report on the trial of Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann sparked a flurry of debate upon its publication. This revised edition includes material that came to light after the trial, as well as Arendt’s postscript directly addressing the controversy that arose over her account ...more
Paperback, 312 pages
Published December 7th 2006 by Penguin Classics (first published May 17th 1963)
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 ·  12,551 ratings  ·  974 reviews

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May 08, 2009 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: I and Thou
Shelves: european-history
In order to pronounce judgment on this book, on Arendt, on the idea of "the banality of evil," you can't simply read reviews, summaries, excerpts, chunks, sentences. You have to read the entire book. You have to. Only by reading the entire book will you acclimate yourself to Arendt's tone, her idiosyncratic writing style, the way a word on p. 252 seems like an odd choice until you recall how she used the same word on p. 53.

In the wake of the book came a flood of criticism (in both senses) that c
The horror and enigma surrounding the Holocaust trials is probably best exhibited in Peter Weiss’s play The Investigation. Based on the actual testimonies given during the Frankfurt Auschwitz trials- reading it is an experience that is cold, brutal and almost physical in ways unexpected. Witnesses try to communicate the incommunicable suffering of victims and survivors; Defendants try to deny or extenuate their respective roles in the heinous crimes and Judges try to measure up an appropriate se ...more
May 04, 2011 rated it liked it
“[T]hese defendants now ask this Tribunal to say they are not guilty of planning, executing, or conspiring to commit this long list of crimes and wrongs. They stand before the record of this Tribunal as bloodstained Gloucester stood by the body of his slain king. He begged of the widow, as they beg of you: ‘Say I slew them not.’ And the Queen replied: “Then say they are not slain. But dead they are…’”
-- from Robert Jackson’s closing argument at the Nuremberg Tribunal.

In my opinion, one of the c
Reread. Brilliant and terrifying as ever.

Some partial reactions, which somebody else has probably written about, but I'll repeat here anyway:

--The idea of the "banality of evil" - that is, ordinary people who do evil things as part of a larger apparatus, is compelling. But is Eichmann the best example of this? He stinks more of anti-Semitism than even Arendt lets on.

--To Arendt, obedience is the same as approval. Hence Eichmann should hang.

--Eichmann was not just 'following orders', he was a 'j
Mar 31, 2016 rated it it was amazing
It is hard to know what to say about this book. The subtitle is pretty well right: the banality of evil. Eichmann comes across as a complete fool, utterly lacking in any ability to see things from the perspective of the other. As Arendt says at one point, the idea that he could sit chatting to a German Jew about how unfair it was that he never received a promotion for his work in exterminating the Jews pretty much sums up the man.

It seems Eichmann felt he was doing his best not only for his mas
What has come to light is neither nihilism nor cynicism, as one might have expected, but a quite extraordinary confusion over elementary questions of morality—as if an instinct in such matters were truly the last thing to be taken for granted in our time.
I've been entertained by my fair share of WWII/Nazi/Holocaust media, a glut in the marketable masses of reality's intersection with fiction the never fails to rear its head every year. Of course, that's the US for you, with its isolation and c
Aug 24, 2013 marked it as to-read
We just saw the movie Hannah Arendt , and it is extremely good - possibly the best thing I've seen this year. Margarethe von Trotta's direction and script are excellent, and Barbara Sukowa is terrific in the title role.

Jun 29, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2013, aere-perennius
This book is amazing. In it, Arendt struggles with three major issues: 1) the guilt and evil of the ordinary, bureaucratic, obedient German people (like Eichmann) who contributed to the attempted genocide of the Jewish people, 2) the complicity of some jews in the genocide (through organization, mobilization, passive obedience, and negotiations with the Nazis, 3) the logical absurdity the Eichmann and Nuremberg Trials, etc.

In this book (and the original 'New Yorker' essays it came from) Hannah
Jon(athan) Nakapalau
Aug 20, 2016 rated it it was amazing
A truly disturbing look at what motivates individuals to follow orders. While there are some who may disagree with some of the conclusions that Hannah Arendt draws I still think this is a groundbreaking study in the connection betweeen conformity and criminal compliance.
Anastasia Fitzgerald-Beaumont
May 01, 2012 rated it did not like it
Hannah (sometimes) in Jerusalem: a Report on the Banality of a Book

A new group of deportees has arrived at Auschwitz. There they are, men, women and children, all fearful, all apprehensive. A truck drives by, piled high with corpses. The arms of the dead are hanging loose over the sides, waving as if in grim farewell. The people scream. But no sooner has the vehicle turned a corner than the horror has been edited out of their minds. Even on the brink of death there are some things too fantastic
Capita che il male non lambisca la banalità, anzi, capita che proprio nel caso si tratti di un nazista, il Male non sia una serie di procedure burocratiche o stupidità.

Oggi ho letto un articolo di Susanna Nirenstein (da non confondersi con la sorella Fiamma) che ho trovato esprimesse perfettamente il mio pensiero e sentimento su questo libro.

Susanna Nirenstein non è certo la prima, e non sarà l’ultima a dire queste cose: il favore che
Jan 20, 2012 rated it it was amazing
This book is a great mix of investigative journalism and historical analysis. If you don’t have a detailed knowledge of the history of the Holocaust, this is a good place to start. Even though Arendt didn’t want to make it a philosophical or legal treatise, it makes a few bold philosophical and legal claims, the most controversial of which is the banality of evil.

Eichmann was in charge of transporting the Jews, first for forced emigration, and after the implementation of the Final Solution, to t
May 08, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book is a highly educational and very neutral report about the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem with comprehensive information about the administrative processes that enabled the holocaust.

Full reading recommendation.


Dieses Buch ist eine Gerichtsreportage über den Eichmann-Prozess in Jerusalem. Hanna Arendt beschreibt sehr genau den Fortgang des Prozesses, die handelnden Personen (Richter, Staatsanwälte, Verteidiger, den Angeklagten und auch einige der aufgerufen
Uzuuun zamandır bu kadar koşuşturmalı bir hafta geçirmemiştim. Bu sebeple kitabı planladığımdan çok daha uzun bir süre içinde bitirebildim. Bu tamamen benim yüzümden oldu, yoksa kitabı gerçekten büyük bir beğeniyle okudum.

Kitap, Arjantin'den İsrail ajanları tarafından kaçırılıp İsrail'e getirilen ve yargılanıp idam edilen Yahudi katliamında rolü bulunan -kimilerine göre büyük bir rol kimilerine göre ise küçük- Adolf Eichmann'ın yargılanma sürecini anlatıyor. Sadece yargılama sürecine değil Nazil
A good one for shaking me out of a complacency in judgments and lazy simplifications in thought. The Holocaust was many circles of hell and Purgatory involving many victims and perpetrators, and so it makes sense that acts to effect justice for it can be hard to lay the right level of accountability. When Israel in 1960 kidnapped Eichmann from Argentina and put him on trial, the hope of Prime Minister Ben-Gurion and the prosecutors was to apply justice for the Holocaust to a key Nazi leader behi ...more
May 05, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: felsefe
Hitler Dönemi şüphesiz günümüz okuyucusu olarak tarihin en acımasız ve en ilgi çekici dönemlerinden biri. 20.yy'a bıraktığı birçok travmatik kalıntı, katliamlar ve halen bir şekilde devam eden sert etkiler günümüz açısından da öyle ya da böyle geçerliliğini korumakta ve günümüz insanını bir şekil de düşünmeye ve süreci tüm çıplaklığıyla anlamaya zorlamakta.

Hannah Arendt'in "Kötülüğün Sıradanlığı-Eichmann Kudüs'te", Hitlerin ve Nazi Almanyasının parlama dönemini, antisemitist fikrinin oluşumunu,
Mar 26, 2009 rated it it was amazing
Objective analysis of ethically devastating periods in history often seems less popular than it should be. Surely this applies to the Holocaust more than any other commonly mentioned, or generally well known genocide. As if there were some sort of a priori understanding that these events were undoubtedly exercised by the minds and wills of evil men. There is much truth to that; people rarely argue that it's possible that these people are anything but evil, or at least devoid of any sort of moral ...more
The Nerdwriter
Jan 19, 2017 rated it really liked it
This is a heavy book. Not literally, it's only about 250 pages, but the subject matter is dark and the reporting is meticulous. Hannah Arendt catalogues the trial of Adolf Eichmann, a lieutenant colonel in the Nazi regime tasked with organizing mass deportations of Jews to extermination camps. Though Wikipedia refers to Eichmann as "one of the major organizers of the Holocaust," Arendt aims to show that the true terror of this man is in his normalcy, his blandness. It's from this book that we ge ...more
"That such remoteness from reality and such thoughtlessness can wreak more havoc than all the evil instincts taken together which, perhaps, are inherent in man—that was, in fact, the lesson one could learn in Jerusalem."

This book is positively lucid in comparison to the one other book I read by Arendt, Responsibility and Judgment, since this is a journalistic piece, first published in The New Yorker magazine in 1963. Basically the book is merely a report on the trial, which would have to exclude
Leo Walsh
Apr 15, 2017 rated it really liked it
Eichmann in Jerusalem by Hannah Arendt is a thought-provoking, if dense, history of the Adolf Eichmann, the major organizer of Hitler's "Final Solution" -- the extermination of every living European Jew. Coupled with some meditations of a first-rate thinker and author on politics, morality, and the gray line that exists between law and justice. Whereby legal means often impede justice, and just causes often illegal.

First off, a few mentions of the text. Arendt was a German-born Jew living in Ame
In true Arendt style, the writing is concise, each sentence crafted beautifully, the subject matter studied from all sides. In some cases, she even comes to Eichmann's defense against the things he had been accused of that he hadn't done. To her, it was very important for him to be tried for his own crimes, and his own crimes only, which is a very hard thing to do considering the complexity of the German bureaucracy and the enormity of the Jewish (and other peoples') genocide. Required reading f ...more
Dave Russell
The Nazis are this modern age's greatest villains. You can stop debate on any subject just by invoking a comparison ("You know who else was in favor of the public option? Hitler, that's who!") I know, I know, Stalin killed more people than Hitler, yadda yadda yadda, but did you see the last Indiana Jones film? Nazis make much better villains.

And yet what kind of villains were they and what does this tell us about the nature of evil? Were they Shakespearean villains a la Richard III or Iago, men
Dec 16, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
I read this in college and it just blew me away. One of the more important books of the 20th century. Her idea that "banality" and thoughtlessness, relying on the routines of bureaucracy lie at the root of evil had a profound impact on my thinking. "It was sheer thoughtlessness that predisposed him to become one of the greatest criminals of the period," she says of Eichmann. One can still see the basic truths of her book operating very day.

The latest method to avoid accountability seems to be to
History to listen to as I bake chicken pies.

Brilliantly narrated by Wanda McCaddon

Natural follow up to Hunting Eichmann by Neal Bascombe (I see the 'add book' has broken now!)

I am sure that there were many who would have loved to slap that smirk off his face.

For a superb review, I can do no less than point you towards Lobstergirl:
Mariafrancesca di natura viperesca sta con  Orlando
Non si tratta di un giorno in pretura

È stranoto che “La banalità del male” tratta del processo del gerarca Eichmann, istruito a Gerusalemme nel ’61 il 15 Aprile, un anno dopo la sua cattura, da parte dei servizi segreti israeliani in Argentina.
Non si tratta di un giorno in pretura. La Arendt ci porta sì dentro l’aula di quel tribunale, così simile ad un teatro sul cui palcoscenico si rappresenta un dramma dai ruoli ben definiti: la pubblica accusa e i giudici della corte e lui l’imputato, l’ex
Mohamed IBrahim
May 09, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: politics, special

لم تكن النّازيّة حركة عاديّة، أو ظاهرة سياسيّة طارئة، أو واقعة وقعت بلا قَدَر ميتافيزيقي في الغرب؛ فكلّ فاشيّة كبرى لها أصولها البنيوية التي ترسّبت حتى ولو لم نعد نرى تلك الأصول لشدّة تجذّرها، لتخرج فجأةً في معسكر نازي، أو فاشية كبرى،
أو هولوكست لم يبقِ ولم يذر يهوديًّا إلّا وتمكّن منه بالإبادة. ربّ نازية كانت هي التجلّي الأمثل للحداثة السياسيّة منذ الأب المتخفّي ميكافيلي (من الضروري أن نرجع هاهنا للدراسة الممتازة التي كتبها الفيلسوف السياسي الألماني ليو شتراوس تحت عنوان: الموجات الثلاث للحداثة،
Read for the Back to the Classics Challenge 2018
Category: Read a book that scares you

"It is true that the totalitarian state tried to establish these holes of oblivion into which all deeds, good and evil, would disappear, but just as the Nazis’ feverish attempts, from June, 1942, on, to erase all traces of their massacres—through cremation, through burning in open pits, through the use of explosives and flame-throwers and bone-crushing machinery—were doomed to failure, so all efforts to let the
Justin Evans
Dec 10, 2014 rated it liked it
It's very hard to see, at this point, what on earth in this book made everyone so angry, and, apparently, still does make everyone so angry. Arendt's argument here (though note that in other places she insists, disingenuously, that she made no argument and just presented the facts) is that ordinary people do evil things ('banality of evil'), that this is best understood in the context of modern bureaucracy, and that the Eichmann trials bear more than a little resemblance to Soviet show trials--w ...more
Sep 11, 2011 rated it really liked it
Do not be fooled by the title of this book. It is not a philosophical text about the nature of evil.
This book is about the politics of the trial of Eichmann and more particularly the real politic of the Holocaust. In fact out of the many books I have read about Nazism it is the most insightful about how the Holocaust worked politically in the nuts and bolts sense.
This book is not about the horror of the Holocaust. If it was I would have put it down.
The most interesting part of the book is that
Jun 09, 2017 rated it really liked it
Hannah Arendt did not see a demon in Eichmann, rather an ordinary person, whose evil did not come from ideological conviction but from thoughtlessness, an inability to reflection and lack of empathy. With the term ‘Banality of Evil’, Hannah Arendt has coined one of the more memorable quotes from the Eichmann process.

Hannah claims that the extraordinary circumstances in relation to the Eichmann process were multiple, and these circumstances overshadowed the central ethical, political and juridica
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Hannah Arendt (1906–1975) was one of the most influential political philosophers of the twentieth century. Born into a German-Jewish family, she was forced to leave Germany in 1933 and lived in Paris for the next eight years, working for a number of Jewish refugee organisations. In 1941 she immigrated to the United States and soon became part of a lively intellectual circle in New York. She held a ...more
“The trouble with Eichmann was precisely that so many were like him, and that the many were neither perverted nor sadistic, that they were, and still are, terribly and terrifyingly normal. From the viewpoint of our legal institutions and of our moral standards of judgment, this normality was much more terrifying than all the atrocities put together.” 153 likes
“For politics is not like the nursery; in politics obedience and support are the same.” 42 likes
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