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Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

4.1  ·  Rating Details ·  8,263 Ratings  ·  304 Reviews
Librarian note: an alternate cover for this edition can be found here.

Michel Foucault examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 – from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of everyday life and fools and lunatics walked the streets freely, to the time when such people began to be considered a threat, asylums were first built,
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Paperback, Abridged Edition, 320 pages
Published November 28th 1988 by Vintage (first published 1961)
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Danceswithcats This service is not primarily a book supplier. It's a social network based around the enthusiasms of readers. Since Michel Foucault is a recent…moreThis service is not primarily a book supplier. It's a social network based around the enthusiasms of readers. Since Michel Foucault is a recent author, you will not be able to get hold of a copy of the book online without paying for it, unless you want to engage in bit torrent piracy, which I don't recommend. However, you can buy it from any number of online suppliers. I recommend world of books.(less)

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میشل فوکو در کتاب «تاریخ جنون» توضیح میدهد که جنون در قرون وسطا و رنسانس، بر خلاف امروز، یک اختلال روانی و عصبی تلقی نمیشد. مردم آن دوره دیوانهها را بیمار نمیدانستند. برعکس، جنون از دید مردم آن دوران، نوعی فرا-عقل بود. دیوانه کسی بود که پرده از برابر چشمهایش کنار رفته بود و میتوانست چهره حقیقی جهان را ببیند، شبیه یک عارف، با این تفاوت که آن چهرهای که دیوانه میدید، آن باطنی که شهود میکرد، آنقدر وحشتانگیز بود که باعث میشد حرفهای به ظاهر نامفهوم بزند، خوی وحشیانه پیدا کند، بیدلیل نعره بکشد یا سرش ر
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Sawsan
Oct 30, 2016 Sawsan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
عمل متقن يتتبع فيه ميشيل فوكو تاريخ الجنون في العصر الكلاسيكي, عصر الاتجاه إلى العقلانية
ينقد تعالي العقلانية على الجنون واللاعقل وعلى كل أشكال الاختلاف كالحماقة والتخلف والاكتئاب والاضطراب النفسي وغيرها... وعدم الاهتمام بالفصل بينهم
والأخطر هو اعتبار الجنون كل مالاينتمي للعقل بحسب السلطة في ذلك الوقت سواء طبية, اجتماعية, أو دينية
يصنف أشكال الجنون والعلاج, ويعرض تحليل للمفاهيم وأساليب التفكير وتطور الوعي الفكري والطبي
ومع وجود الاختلافات في التفكير والدوافع والجوانب العقلية والنفسية
نجد البعض ممن
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Foad
ماركس و اقتصاد

ماركس توى نظريهش كه ديد ما رو نسبت به جهان متحول كرد، يه حرف مهم داره: علم، فرهنگ، فلسفه، دين، اخلاق، ادبيات و... همه جنبههای روبنایی و ظاهرى جوامع بشری هستن. در زیر این پوستهی ظاهری، اقتصاد و شكلهای تولید اقتصادی قرار داره. وقتى توى جامعهاى شكل تولید غالب تغيير كنه، علمشون، فلسفهشون، دينشون، اخلاقياتشون، طرز نگاهشون به جهان هم تغيير مىكنه. زمين-مركزى بودن يا خورشيد-مركزى بودن (كه هر دو به يه اندازه اشتباه هستن) فقط دو نظريهى علمى نبودن، بلكه ريشه در دو ساختار اقتصادى مختلف داشتن.
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AC
Dec 21, 2012 AC rated it did not like it
UPDATE:
I realize now (as I read Dreyfus and Rabinow) that I completely misread this book. I read it too quickly, and the book is maddeningly eccentric and so difficult to comprehend. Further, I read it without sufficient context either of this book itself, or of Foucault's corpus, or of the philosophical background in which or against which MF is operating. The problem is intensified by the fact that Foucault is one of those thinkers who changed his mind extensively from first to last on importa
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David Schaafsma
Some of what we read here has become commonplace in the world of ideas, but this is where it started for many thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume Foucault illustrates how notions like madness are socially and culturally constructed in any given age and place. The criteria for madness are made up, by us, they in part invented for particular social and political purposes. Leper colonies housed/confined/kept from society those with this disease, and when leprosy largely died out there ...more
Mamdouh Abdullah
أفضل من يملك تعريف عن فوكو هو فوكو نفسه عندما قال: أنا عاهل الأشياء التي قلتها وأحتفظ بسلطة رهيبة عليها: سلطة قصيدتي, وسلطة المعنى الذي أردت إعطاءها إياه. لست فيلسوفاً ولا مؤرخاً. أنا صانع أسهم نارية. أصنع شيئاً صالحاً في النهاية لضرب حصار, لشن حرب, للقيام بعمل تخريبي, لكنني أدافع عن إمكانية العبور, عن إمكانية التقدم, عن إمكانية إسقاط الجدران. إن صانع الأسهم النارية هو جيولوجي أولاً, أي عالم بطبقات الأرض. يتأمل طبقات الأرض وثناياها وصدوعها. ما الذي يسهُل حفره؟ ما الذي سيصمد؟ ينظر إلى القلاع كيف ...more
Trevor
Jan 03, 2008 Trevor rated it really liked it
Philosophy for Foucault is a discourse, I guess a series of texts that cluster around a single topic and have a meaning as much based on their history as their current ‘meaning’. It is too easy to get tangled in knots with words here – but this book is actually quite a simple read and incredibly interesting.

There is the bit that is often quoted - the idea that hysteria was once considered to be a woman’s madness caused by her womb wandering around her body and thereby causing mental problems. I
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Andrew
Jan 26, 2010 Andrew rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I must admit, I didn't read this entire book. However, I do feel I read enough of it to get the general idea. Foucault is trying to distance himself from history here. He dislikes the "victorious" narrative of history and instead seeks to build an anthropology based around one aspect of the human sciences, employing the method of "archaeology." Borrowing Nietzsche's genealogy approach, Foucault excavates various uses of confinement or separation of the "madman" overtime, and looks at shifts and ...more
سمارا البياتي
عمل نظري أكاديمي بحت تناول أندفاع الجسد والروح وتخطيهما لحدود المعقول والمستقيم والعيش داخل عوالم اللاعقل التي لاتعترف بأية حدود.

ركاب "سفينة الحمقى" هم شخصيات مجردة، أنواع أخلاقية كالجشع والحساس والملحد والمتعجرف .. وضعوا بالقوة ضمن الركاب الحمقى في رحلة أبحار بلا ميناء.

أنتشرت في جميع أوربا دور لحجز مرضى الجذام بشكل واسع في القرن الخامس عشر.
ثم تحولت الى دور رعاية لأيواء الفقراء والمشردين والعاطلين والعجزة والمرضى بالأخص الأمراض التناسلية التي كانت قد بدأت تنتشر انتشارآ كبيرآ في القرن السادس عشر.
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طاهر الزهراني
كتاب عظيم، يتحدث عن تاريخ الجنون في فرنسا ودول أوروبا، لا يكتفي بالجنون فقط بل وما درج تحته من أمراض، وليس فقط سرد تاريخي، وإنما قراءة تفصيلية عن نفسيات وخطابات دينية وسياسية وفكرية، كتب بمسحة أدبية مذهلة جدا، الكتاب مرعب، ويرصد حقائق ودراسات مهمة، أعجبني في نهاية الكتاب التعريج حول الفن والجنون
Khawla Al jafari
Mar 06, 2017 Khawla Al jafari rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
- ما الجنون ؟
- إذا كانت لديك إجابة معلّبة -حتمًا -ستتبدّل بعد قراءتك هذا الكتاب .

• مشهدٌ يبتعدُ عن الفانتازيا : سفينة مبحرةٌ في عرض البحر تضمّ مجانين المدينة ، تتنقّلُ بهم من ميناءٍ إلى آخر ولا تقذف بهم إلى موانئ العالم العاقل ، عالمان البحرُ بينهما يتّسع ، كلّ منّهما يريد حراسة نفسهِ من شوائب الآخر.

• مشهد آخر : المستشفيات في أوروبا أو دور التّصحيح -التّابعة لسلطة الكنيسة - كانت تضمّ من اقترفوا خطيئة الجنون والمجون ( والأخير انحراف أخلاقي) فما العلاقة بينهما ؟
ربّما لأنّهما يهدّدان السّلطة بمس
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Fahima Jaffar
Sep 15, 2010 Fahima Jaffar rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
كم مرّةً وصمتُ كاتباً/عملاً ما بالجنون، ذلكَ الحسُّ المختلِفُ المفارِقُ الغريبُ الساحر، القدرةُ على الخروجِ من الصندوقِ وَقلبه بمن/ما فيه. إن كنتُ أفرطتُ في إسباغِ هذه السمةِ حتى استهلكتها على كثيرٍ من قراءاتي السابقة، فعليَّ إمّا مراجعةُ تلكَ القائمة المستطيلة أو تعيين سمةٍ جديدةٍ لـ فوكو. على كل حال، سأحجم عن إطلاقِ "سمةِ" الجنون عليه لأنَّ اختلافه – وإن بدا متطرفاً قصداً – فهو لا ينشدُ الاختلاف لذاته. بل يقرأُ فيه وجه الحقيقة – لنقل أوجهها – وَيجدُ في انفصامِ الأحداثِ وَتفككها تجلّي المعرفةِ ...more
Ayça Baran
Apr 01, 2014 Ayça Baran rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Ansiklopedi niteliğinde bir eser.

Okuduğum süre boyunca Foucault'yu git gide daha çok sevdim resmen.
Kitabı okumadan önce Rousseau'yu, Goya'yı, Nietzche'yi, Sade'ı, Erasmus'u ve daha nicesini biliyor olmalısınız.
Sosyoloji ve psikoloji konusunda temelleriniz varsa kitabı çok daha rahat anlayabilirsiniz. Kitaplığımda geniş bir sıra boyunca psikoloji ve felsefe serilerim olmasına karşın ben okurken zorlandım ve bazı kısımlarda yavaş ilerlemek zorunda kaldım.

Kitap aslında öyle çok şeye değiniyor ki
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ઈia7asĦ
Apr 11, 2016 ઈia7asĦ rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
هدف فوکو این است که ثابت کند دیوانگی یک وضعیت ثابت نیست و باید آن را نتیجه تعارضات اجتماعی قلمداد کرد که در آن انسانها به لحاظ تاریخی دچار از خود بیگانگی می شوند. پس مهم است بدانیم دیوانگی چگونه تداوم می یابد و برای ترویج آن به عنوان یک مقوله چه ابزارهایی به کار گرفته میشود و برای تمایز نهادن میان دیوانه و عاقل از چه فرایندی استفاده می شود.
از خوندنش بسیار لذت بردم
Kate
Jun 28, 2012 Kate rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It took me almost two months to finish this behemoth, but it was worth it. Two months ago, I was reading an article in the New York Times on modern Catholicism that mentioned Foucault, and from there I read a brief overview on Wikipedia. There I found a reference to the History of Madness, Foucault's doctoral thesis, and since I'm interested in insanity, asylums and so forth, I checked this one out of the library.

I'm not going to lie, this is a dense tome. I read it in 5-20 page increments, most
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Richard
Dec 30, 2007 Richard rated it it was amazing
It is said that Foucault enjoyed being whipped.
أحمد شاكر
Sep 14, 2014 أحمد شاكر rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: فلسفة
الجنون وتاريخه في العصر الكلاسيكي. عمل ضخم. تتبع شامل للجنون وتطور فكرته. فوكو لم يغفل شيئا خلال بحثه. إن قراءة كتاب كهذا، دليل على أننا ما زلنا نمتلك عقلا. الجنون شهادة إثبات للعقل. من خلال القراءة سنعرف أننا لسنا بعيدين عن تلك الحالة، حالة اللاعقل. هنا، موضوع غير مطروق، لذا ستجد نفسك أمام كم هائل من المعلومات والأفكار الممتعة المتعلقة بالعقل واللاعقل. كتاب لابد من عودة له مرة أخرى..
Erik Graff
Jul 13, 2009 Erik Graff rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: James Koehnline
Shelves: psychology
By sophomore year in college I was beginning to think of becoming a psychotherapist and actually held two jobs at a psychiatric hospital during the year following, one setting up a treatment assessment program, the other administrating and evaluating diagnostic tests such as the MMPI. Then, later, back at Grinnell, I was trained in drug counseling a worked in the school's crisis center as well as in its draft counseling office. My real interest was in continental depth psychology, but the jobs a ...more
Steve
Aug 30, 2009 Steve rated it it was ok
Shelves: philosophy
I was a double major in psychology and English as an undergraduate, with a minor in philosophy. When I graduated in January of 1998, I hadn't yet heard about whether I'd been admitted to graduate school and couldn't find a job teaching English, my back-up plan. I decided to turn my philosophy minor into a major, as I already had more courses than required for a minor and was only 4 away. It so happened that I was missing were mostly already determined: (1) history of ancient philosophy, (2) clas ...more
أسيل
Nov 25, 2014 أسيل rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
روح المجانين ليست مجنونة!
Kathrina
Jan 25, 2017 Kathrina rated it liked it
Shelves: social-research
Foucault's first published book, when he might have identified as a structuralist. I admit I glossed over the center chapters including the classifications of various archaic mental illnesses, but I read deeply the first two chapters discussing banishment and confinement as technologies of discipline/regularization. Pairs well with Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and Its Alternatives in Progressive America.
hayatem
Sep 04, 2013 hayatem rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: أخرى
عليك ان تسقط في الهاوية لتدرك مدى جحيم العودة إلى الأرض مرة أخرى.
فوكو عانى من شرارة الجنون والتشرذم في الملاجئ(دور الحجز) فأتى هذا الكتاب كثمرة مضنية تمثل شكل الجحيم الذي يعانيه الإنسان لإستعادة ذاته من
جديد وسط جماهير غفيرة لاترحم، بل موشومة بلسان لاذع وسليط وجاهز للتصنيف والتأطير المعلب والمفرغ من دماثة الرحمة.
الكتاب ملحمة فكرية فلسفية طبية ونفسية بحته لاتسع السطور لوصف جهد الكاتب في الإنعتاق من سلطة الجنون في هذا العصر.
العصر الكلاسيكي امتاز بالقسوة على الإنسان الضعيف والمغلوب ، الذي لسوء حظه
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Don Rea
Jun 02, 2007 Don Rea rated it did not like it
Shelves: could-not-finish
So far I'm about fifty or sixty pages in, and I've completely lost track of what this gibbering madman is raving about. Perhaps this is a poor translation, but after the first ten pages even individual sentences are meaningless and syntactically ambiguous. I re-read paragraphs, sometimes ten or twelve times, but I simply can't make any of this make any sense. I'll slog through for a couple more chapters to see if it gets any better, but I don't have much hope for this basket of word salad.
Malini Sridharan
Mar 26, 2013 Malini Sridharan rated it it was amazing
If foucault were alive today, I would comfort him in his old age whether he liked it or not.
Iso Cambia
Pascal: "Men are so necessarily mad, that not to be mad would amount to another form of madness." (ix)

If folly leads each man into a blindness where he is lost, the madman, on the contrary, reminds each man of his truth; in a comedywhere each man deceives the other and dupes himself, the madman is comedy to the second degree: the deception of deception; he utters, in his simpleton's language which makes no show of reason, the words of reason that release, in the comic, the comedy: he speaks love
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Shima Masoumi
Jul 09, 2017 Shima Masoumi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
تاريخ جنون، همان طور كه از اسمش پيداست، به بررسي پيدايش آسايشگاه رواني و تا حدودي روانكاوي مي پردازد. از برخورد با جنون در دوران رونسانس و كلاسيك تا پيدايش نظريه هاي پينل و تولد آسايشگاه. تاريخ جنون از نظر من يكي از خوشخوان ترين كتاب هاي فركوست. و بخش نتيجه ي كتاب كه به بررسي جنون بزرگان هنر و تاثيرش روي آثارشان مي پردازد كه به شخصه براي من بسيار جالب و خواندني بود.
 Δx Δp ≥ ½ ħ
arrgghhh...

ya ampun... satu hal yang membuat sebal baca buku filsafat adalah saling berjejalnya kata-kata "langit" bak dewata yang susah dimengerti "makhluk-makhluk berotak terestial" seperti saia dalam bukunya, fuih... T_T

banyak yang berpendapat filsafat itu sulit dan tidak menarik. tapi menururt saia, bukan karena "isi"nya saja yang rumit, penggunaan bahasa-bahasa "dewata" ituh justru malah meperparah filsafat untuk mudah dimengerti, yang ujung-ujungnya membuat kebanyakan orang keder baca buku
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Oliver Bateman
Mar 08, 2011 Oliver Bateman rated it it was amazing
Shelves: favorites
This brilliant book, which traces the shifting European "discourse systems" about madness from the late Middle Ages to the end of the 19th century, describes the process by which measures dealing with the insane shifted from exposure (as on the "ship of fools," if such things actually existed, or by wandering the countryside) to confinement (alongside the idle poor in "hospitals" and "charity wards") to paternalistic "medical" care (by doctors who, upon realizing that there were no curative tech ...more
Jessica
Aug 11, 2008 Jessica marked it as aborted-efforts
Recommends it for: crazy smart people; smart, crazy people
Recommended to Jessica by: crazy people; smart people (quelle est la différence?)
A last question remains: In the name of what can this fundamental language be regarded as a delirium? Granting that it is the truth of madness, what makes it true madness and the originating form of insanity? Why should it be in this discourse, whose forms we have seen to be so faithful to the rules of reason, that we find all those signs which will most manifestly declare the very absence of reason?

A central question, but one to which the classical age has not formulated a direct answer. We mus
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Feijiao Huo
Oct 24, 2012 Feijiao Huo rated it it was amazing
Thinking about there's just a fine line between a madman and genius...
Maybe the only difference is the number of their fans. Genius significantly has more fans than madmen. Their fans follow them all way, while most mad men die lonely with a single story failed to leave. That's why Focau study madmen and then conclude something about politic and power. We all know many historical figures are like madmen. Then the question goes to how the madman write their own history.
If we focus too much on hu
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four stages 1 18 Mar 05, 2014 04:23PM  
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Michel Foucault was a French philosopher, social theorist and historian of ideas. He held a chair at the Collège de France with the title "History of Systems of Thought," and lectured at the University at Buffalo and the University of California, Berkeley.

Foucault is best known for his critical studies of social institutions, most notably psychiatry, medicine, the human sciences and the prison sys
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