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The WEIRDest People in the World: How the West Became Psychologically Peculiar and Particularly Prosperous

4.15  ·  Rating details ·  2,069 ratings  ·  322 reviews

A bold, epic account of how the co-evolution of psychology and culture created the peculiar Western mind that has profoundly shaped the modern world.

Perhaps you are WEIRD: raised in a society that is Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic. If so, you’re rather psychologically peculiar.

Unlike much of the world today, and most people who have ever lived,

Kindle Edition, 704 pages
Published September 8th 2020 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux
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C F. Henrich does not know that the Romans had already abolished intensive kinship with their ban on cousin marriages and individual landholdings. So he is…moreHenrich does not know that the Romans had already abolished intensive kinship with their ban on cousin marriages and individual landholdings. So he is starting from a false premise in 400 AD at the end of the Roman empire. Then there is no evidence that the Church was able to control marriages anyway, so that argument fails. I am sorry that more reviewers have believed that it did and accepted his argument about the power of the Church to control sex lives without question.
So proto-WEIRDness does not exist -though perhaps it did in Roman times as there was vibrant political life in Roman cities.
Historians have tried to find glimmers of individualism in English villages in medieval times but they have been disputed.
Where is European democracy, the D, before the nineteenth century ( at a time when there was still intense opposition to it)? Where was wealth -the R -without the European domination of the globe from the eighteenth century? Where was mass education (the E) before the late nineteenth century? I cannot understand why Henrich has to go back to medieval times when the masses were subservient, beset by poverty, famine and plague, and almost certainly worse off than they had been in Roman times. (Some economists say it was not until 1800 that Europeans were as well-off as they had been under the Romans.)
And my original question is still unanswered- how does a society's psychology be transmitted down the generations? Henrich claims that the Church's marriage policies led to urbanisation and industrialisation. Sadly he has not even read the many sophisticated works by historians that find other explanations. I must have read hundreds of books on European history ,especially church history, but none makes more than a passing reference to the consanguinity rules and then explain that most marriages and cohabitation arrangements took place outside the Church.
Industrialisation led to the mass exploitation of the population so, if WEIRDness existed for the majority, it went backwards.Yet Henrich talks of it growing!!
So why not follow the mass of historical evidence and see the components of WEIRDness as post 1800 as European societies exploited the industrial masses and extended their global reach to exploit other societies (as most historian believe) ?
One of the major problems of this book is that, shall I be generous?, Henrich knows little of the the diversity of European societies but somehow convinces his readers that the mass of different ethnic groups and languages did not hinder 'the European collective brain'. I am saddened that he bypasses so much work on European history without even knowing that it is there. And he could have trotted round to history departments in Harvard to have found out!!
This book will go down like a lead balloon with anyone who knows the immense amount on work done on the components of what Henrich calls WEIRDness. As said above, they are largely post -1800. (less)

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My favourite non-fiction books are those that provide me with some new insight. It’s pleasant enough to read books that reinforce my existing views, but I don’t enjoy them as much as a book that presents me with new arguments and leaves me thinking about their implications. This book achieves that. There’s a lot in here that I find quite difficult to accept, but I have to concede that the author provides a mass of evidence for his arguments. The amount of research within the book is quite incred ...more
Words Are Eating Your Brain

There can’t be any doubt that the language we speak contributes to the way we perceive and judge the world. The words we use are defined by other words, all of which have connotations and associations unique not just to the language but to particular subsets of language users. This we call culture and feel justified in making the distinction between, say, European and Asian cultures in which attitudes toward and the meanings of things like trust, guilt, loyalty and rat
Jason Furman
The WEIRDest People in the World is among the best books I have read in the last five to ten years. In his earlier book, The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter (also an outstanding book), Joseph Henrich chronicled the success of the human species, grounding it in our ability to learn from each other and the co-evolution of culture and genes, a story that takes place over hundreds of thousands of years. The WEIRDest Peop ...more
Jenna is buying a house and mostly too busy for GR ❤ ❀  ❤
We Westerners tend to think we are the "normal" ones and all the rest of humanity, where they differ from us, are uncultured, uncivilized, or strange.

Most psychology experiments have been done on Western university students, and we think that what those studies show about people is the norm for everyone everywhere and at all times.

However, as the author of The WEIRDest people in the world: How the West Became Psychologically Peculiar and Particularly Prosperous explains, it's we Westerners who
Henry Percy
Nov 07, 2020 rated it did not like it
I borrowed this book from my local library, so I do not show up as a verified purchaser. All page numbers refer to the Kindle version. I learned a great many interesting things from this book, but so much of the methodology is troubling.

I sent these observations and more (5 pages worth) to Mr. Henrich before posting this review. He informed me that the first item, which I thought was a typo, was correct, and my second point was not "on target," so he stopped reading. So much for intellectual cu
Stefan Schubert
Jan 11, 2021 rated it really liked it
Henrich essentially does three things in this book:

1) He shows that the West is more psychologically different from other parts of the world than is usually assumed.

2) He argues that Western psychology was a major cause of the Scientific and Industrial Revolution, and why the West came to dominate the world.

3) He gives an explanation of how Western psychology developed. His theory is that the Catholic Church's rules against cousin marriage and a range of other customs that sustained "intensive k
4.75 Stars (Rnd ⬆️) — This book is something I continually come back to months later. It’s still rising and rising in my eyes, such is the residual effect it’s had on my view of the world & the lens for which I view the Western world and how it’s evolved me as well as all geographic-regional-themed-history.

This nonfiction masterpiece is one I was put onto by the IMPECCABLE recommendations of The New York Times Book Review Podcast. At this point all I can truly muster with any true succinct-brev
C F.
Oct 20, 2020 rated it it was ok
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
This one was a mixed bag for me. Author Joseph Henrich is a Canadian professor of human evolutionary biology at Harvard University, and Chair of the department, according to his Wikipedia page.
I put this book on my list after Henrich's appearance on Michael Shermer's Science Salon podcast, which I enjoyed.

Joseph Henrich :

The WEIRDest People in the World is a very in-depth dive into social psychology that expands upon its subtitle. It is a very long book: the versions I have clocked in
Choosing not to rate this book because I have immense problem with the methodology and language choice he uses as prime dependable quotients in his arguments.

I read something from all chapters and studied the chartings to understanding. At times I don't much disagree with many of these, but at the same time I don't fall for what he is doing in the equivocations.

Other reviewers have detailed exactly what I oppose as both "psychological" and "historic" absolute definitions and generalizations he c
Alex Zakharov
Dec 11, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
“The WEIRDest People in the World” will undoubtedly and deservedly become a classic in sociology, despite the fact that Henrichs’ thesis per se is not particularly new. After all, the importance of impersonal institutions for state development has been widely acknowledged (e.g. Henry Maine’s famous “from status to contract” concept), the underappreciated effect of Catholicism on European societies has been repeatedly pointed out by Francis Fukuyama, and the role of competition and experimentatio ...more
Henri Tournyol du Clos
This is an important thesis, but you should read the papers on which it is built and ignore this bloated monstruosity. Henrich cannot write, that should be obvious to everyone by now.
Peter McCluskey
Nov 29, 2020 rated it it was amazing

Henrich previously wrote one of the best books of the last decade. Normally, I expect such an author's future books to, at best, exhibit regression toward the mean. But Henrich's grand overview of humanity's first few million years was merely a modest portion of the ideas that he originally tried to fit into this magnum opus. Henrich couldn't quite explain in one volume how humanity got all the way to industrial empires, so he split the explanation into two books.

The cartoon version of the i
Olivia Rowland
Jul 08, 2021 rated it it was ok
The basic premise is fine and seems well-supported, if not particularly interesting/engaging and repeated far too many times.

My main problem with this book is the author’s huge oversight of the centrality of racism and imperialism to Western civilization (the “W” in WEIRD should stand for white supremacist, and the “I” for imperialist). In no way can psychology fully explain the domination of Western nations—you have to look to exploitation, genocide, and colonialism, which this author does not.
Oct 29, 2020 rated it really liked it
I liked the book, there were a ton of interesting ideas there. But I did have some qualms. Some sections had overly long descriptions of social science experiments. I think a lot of charts shown were not really super helpful. A lot of that kind of stuff could have been in an appendix or website for people who wanted extra details. But there were a lot of interesting conjectures on how societal changes can affect personality and psychology (and vice-versa) and a good lesson that human psychology ...more
Aug 03, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: audiobook
Book length case why it is completely fine to make out with your hot cousin: just proportionally decrease the intensity of other kin-based relationships and we can all stay WEIRD.

Here's the basic causal sketch that Henrich fleshes out in the book:

Christian church randomly stumbles on norms that undermine kinship intensity, e.g. strict rules against cousin marriage and polygyny

communities with norms that foster cooperation between unrelated people outcompete others, we see increasing individua
Nilesh Jasani
Feb 01, 2021 rated it it was amazing
In the times we live in, it is not easy to unabashedly glorify a race as highly successful and sing songs of its unique facets as reasons behind that success. This is particularly difficult when the unique list consists of cultural norms and practices that might be widely unacceptable in other civilizations, implicitly demeaning others' practices.

The provocative book on the WEIRD does this and far worse. The author spends almost no effort on sugarcoating by highlighting any of the WEIRD culture
Sep 29, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: nonfiction
A very well-argued book with a great selection of examples and exploration of the implications. Henrich goes out of his way to convince you the relationships hold (drink for every time he says the results stand even after holding x number of factors constant). The ingenuity is the acronym and the central insight is that many sweeping conclusions about human psychology including assumptions used in economics apply specifically to people in democratic, rich Western societies, who are historical an ...more
Roo Phillips
Oct 30, 2020 rated it liked it
Maybe 2.5 stars. A subtitle for this book might be: Correlation = Causation. Henrich packs in a ton of social science research, from pre-civilization up through modern day. A lot of it is very interesting, some I have never heard before. However, I had two big issues with this book.

1. Its premise is that the psychological differences found by those living in western culture were caused by the Catholic church's marriage and family program dating back to early middle ages. This was an interesting
Santiago Ortiz
Psychology seems to have two realms: humans and individuals. Psychology researchers study how humans think, feel, learn, behave, etc… and therapists focus on individuals. There’s the sense that culture is just the background in which "psychologies” express themselves. A big part of this missconception comes from the fact that most of the findings in psychology belong to a very idiosyncratic sample of humans: Western, Educated, and from Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic countries (the WEIRD pe ...more
Yannick M
Extremely important book. Probably will fundamentally change the way they look at the world for many.
Nov 05, 2020 rated it really liked it
Shelves: gennonfiction
There are a vast number of books devoted to answering the question "Why did European countries happen to dominate the world between 1500 and 1900?"

This book is another entry in that pile and to my mind makes an interesting and unique contribution.

In his 2015 book, "The Secret of Our Success", Henrich argued that the key quality that makes humans different from other animals is our biological ability and inclination to IMITATE each other. This CULTURAL evolution allows us to change much more rapi
Fin Moorhouse
Mar 25, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: audible, 2021, favorites
Outrageously good. In the mold of Guns, Germs, and Steel and Better Angels: bold, sweeping claims about human history backed by a nonstop parade of supporting facts, arguments, and experiments. Chronologically picks up where Diamond leaves off, and better explains some changes which Pinker mostly just documents (imo). Plus the stories from Henrich's anthropology fieldwork are great, as they were in his previous book. What a cool guy.

Emil O. W. Kirkegaard
Dec 29, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Highly recommended. Main theory about the importance of the church rules is perhaps not true. See Kevin Macdonald reply in mankind quarterly.
Joe Farmartino
Oct 23, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I'm a sucker for broad historical books that attempt to explain why cultures differ, especially with regard to the Great Divergence, where Western Europe separated from the rest of the world around 1500 AD and came to dominate/colonize the rest of the world. Joe Henrich's book "The WEIRDest People in the World: How the West Became Psychologically Peculiar and Particularly Prosperous" offers up the best argument I have encountered so far and is one the most fascinating books I have ever read.

Laurent Franckx
Jun 25, 2021 rated it really liked it
It's difficult to believe that Henrich's previous book was really just a side project, given how ambitious it was in its claims and scope.
Henrich's main research topic is however the study of WEIRD people: Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic. The starting point for this research agenda was the realization that a lot of empirical psychological research is based on the observation of college students in American. For a long time, it was j
Neil Pasricha
Aug 27, 2021 rated it really liked it
I discovered a new type of Book Relationship this month whereby you buy some gigantic, dense, information packed tome that’s just chock full of wild ideas, mind-expanding charts, and (in this case) deep anthropological insight and you … adopt it as a pet. What do I mean? Well, my friend Brian texted me a picture of this book and said “You need to read this!” and I bought it immediately. I trust Brian. He has good book recommendations. And I learned that WEIRD stands for Western, Educated, Indust ...more
Peter Tillman
May 23, 2021 marked it as not-interested  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, sci-tech
This one sounded too odd for me from the get-go. See what Jeanette wrote here,

Vadim Polikov
Feb 17, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: nonfiction
Wow. Wow. Wow. Every decade or so a book comes along that upends an entire discipline and offers an entirely new perspective, opening up new avenues and ideas to explore. The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt did that for Psychology, giving us a new way to understand why people hold the moral views they have and why they disagree.

Even more rare is the book that melds two disciplines into a combined theory to explain the world. Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond combined Anthropology with Hi
Dec 09, 2020 rated it really liked it
Shelves: politics_economy
This books belongs to the glut of books that have appeared in the last decade or so and that ask the big historical "everything" questions. Maybe the avalanche started with Jared Diamond's "Germs, Guns and Steel" which attributed the rise of the West to physical conditions like climate, geography and such. Yuval Noah Hariri's "Sapiens" followed suit with his popular theories in which collaboration seems to be the key to happy civilizations and where he lets his imagination run a bit too often. I ...more
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Joseph Henrich is an anthropologist. He is the Chair of the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology of Harvard University and a professor of the department.

Joseph Henrich's research focuses on evolutionary approaches to psychology, decision-making and culture, and includes topics related to cultural learning, cultural evolution, culture-gene coevolution, human sociality, prestige, leadership, lar

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15 likes · 2 comments
“Monogamous marriage changes men psychologically, even hormonally, and has downstream effects on societies. Although this form of marriage is neither “natural” nor “normal” for human societies—and runs directly counter to the strong inclinations of high-status or elite men—it nevertheless can give religious groups and societies an advantage in intergroup competition. By suppressing male-male competition and altering family structure, monogamous marriage shifts men’s psychology in ways that tend to reduce crime, violence, and zero-sum thinking while promoting broader trust, long-term investments, and steady economic accumulation” 6 likes
“The radial patterning of Protestantism allows us to use a county’s proximity to Wittenberg to isolate—in a statistical sense—that part of the variation in Protestantism that we know is due to a county’s proximity to Wittenberg and not to greater literacy or other factors. In a sense, we can think of this as an experiment in which different counties were experimentally assigned different dosages of Protestantism to test for its effects. Distance from Wittenberg allows us to figure out how big that experimental dosage was. Then, we can see if this “assigned” dosage of Protestantism is still associated with greater literacy and more schools. If it is, we can infer from this natural experiment that Protestantism did indeed cause greater literacy.16 The results of this statistical razzle-dazzle are striking. Not only do Prussian counties closer to Wittenberg have higher shares of Protestants, but those additional Protestants are associated with greater literacy and more schools. This indicates that the wave of Protestantism created by the Reformation raised literacy and schooling rates in its wake. Despite Prussia’s having a high average literacy rate in 1871, counties made up entirely of Protestants had literacy rates nearly 20 percentile points higher than those that were all Catholic.18 FIGURE P.2. The percentage of Protestants in Prussian counties in 1871.17 The map highlights some German cities, including the epicenter of the Reformation, Wittenberg, and Mainz, the charter town where Johannes Gutenberg produced his eponymous printing press. These same patterns can be spotted elsewhere in 19th-century Europe—and today—in missionized regions around the globe. In 19th-century Switzerland, other aftershocks of the Reformation have been detected in a battery of cognitive tests given to Swiss army recruits. Young men from all-Protestant districts were not only 11 percentile points more likely to be “high performers” on reading tests compared to those from all-Catholic districts, but this advantage bled over into their scores in math, history, and writing. These relationships hold even when a district’s population density, fertility, and economic complexity are kept constant. As in Prussia, the closer a community was to one of the two epicenters of the Swiss Reformation—Zurich or Geneva—the more Protestants it had in the 19th century. Notably, proximity to other Swiss cities, such as Bern and Basel, doesn’t reveal this relationship. As is the case in Prussia, this setup allows us to finger Protestantism as driving the spread of greater literacy as well as the smaller improvements in writing and math abilities.” 1 likes
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