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On the Improvement of the Understanding

3.66  ·  Rating details ·  378 ratings  ·  34 reviews
"After experience had taught me that all the usual surroundings of social life are vain and futile; seeing that none of the objects of my fears contained in themselves anything either good or bad, except in so far as the mind is affected by them, I finally resolved to inquire whether there might be some real good having power to communicate itself, which would affect the ...more
Kindle Edition, 53 pages
Published (first published 1667)
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Το Άθχημο Γατί Καρολίνα
Έργο ημιτελές γραμμένο στα λατινικά στα 1661 - 62, με θέμα την αναζήτηση μιας μεθόδου που θα οδηγήσει το νου στην πραγματική γνώση. Ο νους τελειοποιείται, όταν φτάνει στην πραγματική γνώση και προκειμένου να επιτευχθεί αυτό, πρέπει πρώτα να απελευθερωθεί από τα πάθη του. Έτσι ο άνθρωπος κερδίζει την πραγματική ευτυχία. Κάνει λόγο για ένα "πραγματικό και κοινωνήσιμο αγαθό" που να επηρεάζει την σκέψη έτσι ώστε να εξασφαλιστεί η "ικανοποίηση μιας υπέρτατης και αδιάκοπης χαράς".
Τρία είναι τα
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Ahmed Oraby
إنه من الصعب أن تؤمن، لأنه من الصعب أن تطيع.
هكتب عنه. فقط لأجل الأيام الخوالي
Yann


Premier contact avec Spinoza, philosophe néerlandais du XVIIe siècle. Ces quelques traités sont écrits dans un style proche de celui de Descartes, avec un mélange curieux de formalisme emprunté aux démonstrations mathématiques, fait d'axiomes, théorèmes et corolaires, d'opinions métaphysique et de théories physique variées. Au lieu d'une simple exploration analytique, à laquelle se cantonnent sagement les mathématiques, on en vient très vite à des jugements synthétiques péremptoires et
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Paul,
Sep 05, 2012 rated it it was ok
It is unfortunate that a lot of good philosophical thinking is undone by a few bad presuppositions. Such is the case with Benedictus de Spinoza's On the Improvement of the Understanding. This booklet is a great example of the extreme confidence in human rationality which characterized the Enlightenment (though it is not light reading)

For example, "The mind, in paying attention to a thing hypothetical or false, so as to meditate upon it and understand it, and derive the proper conclusions in due
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Garth
Dec 23, 2012 rated it really liked it
Spinoza's philosophy encompasses nearly every area of philosophical discourse, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. It earned Spinoza an enduring reputation as one of the most important and original thinkers of the seventeenth century.

Samuel Shirley, who translated Spinoza's complete works into English, summed up the significance of Spinoza's philosophy as follows:

To my mind, although Spinoza lived and thought long
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محمود أغيورلي

كتاب يتحدث عن بصورة عامة عن المنهج في الفكر الذي سوف يقود ( بحسب سبينوزا ) إلى فهم العلة المطلقة للحياة , و ينطلق من خلال تعريف الفكر والغاية منه و ماهي صفات التفكير الصحيح إلى شرح الفرق بين الفكرة الصحيحة و الادراكات الاخرى ,من مثل الافكار الوهمية والافكار الباطلة و يغوص في خصائص العقل و سماته , الكتاب مجزأ إلى 72 فقرة , كل فقرة تربط بما سبقها من فقرات , كما ترتبط الحلقة بسلسلة الحلقات , ويمكن اعادة قراءة كل فقرة بإسهاب حتى إتمامها و من ثم المضي قدماً دون ان يشعر القارىء بأي خلل , فالكاتب
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mohab samir
Jun 29, 2016 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: فلسفة
لا يعدو هذا الكتيب ان يكون مدخلا أو مقدمة أو خطة لفلسفة سبينوزا والتى سيتناولها فى كتاب الإطيقا أو علم الأخلاق .
الكتاب غير كامل فهو ينتهى فجأة وهو إما لم يكتمل وهو الإحتمال الأرجح أو أن جزءً كبيراً قد فقد منه .
إلا أن سبينوزا قد تناول بعض المفاهيم الفلسفية العامة محاولا تعديلها خصوصا بإعتبارها تعريفات خاطئة أو ناقصة . كمثال تعريفه لحقيقة الشىء بأنها هى ذاتها الماهية الموضوعية للشىء .وأننا إذا أردنا أن نعطى تعريفاً معيناً صحيحاً لشىء ما فعلينا أولا أن نتعرف إلى ماهيته إذا كان ذو ماهية مستقلة أى
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Ahmed Fathy
Jun 17, 2018 rated it really liked it
first book in vacation
it's a very short preview for all Spinoza's philosophy not only this book
1- Spinoza's Metaphysics
we can deal with Spinoza's rational philosophy as a stoic pantheism as a part of speculative metaphysics of 17th century like Decart's and Leibniz's metaphysics . his metaphysics depends mainly on scientific method on proving the double aspect monism view of world .
Spinoza's world consists of one all-inclusive being substance of TWO attributes :
1-Thought which is conscious
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Hebatt Allah
والفكره التى تحثنا على الشك ليست فكره واضحه متميزه ..فالشخص الذى لم يفكر مثلا فى خداع الحواس لن يشك ابدا فيما اذا كانت الشمس اعظم او اصغر مما تبدوا عليه لذلك ترى الفلاحون يندهشون احيانا عندما يسمعون شخصا يقول ان الشمس اعظم من كوكب الارض بكثير ..فأذا شك احدهم ثم اصبحت لديه معرفه صحيحه بالحواس وبكيفية تمثلها للاشياء من بعد ,زال الشك من جديد ..
Daniel Guzman
Jan 24, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Spinoza y una muy bien lograda visión del genero humano y de sus verdades y falsedades, mas el método para su identificación. La profundidad de esta obra me impiden hacer un review significativo, cada cual le debe dar su interpretación a mi me aporto bastante
شفيق
Sep 18, 2019 rated it liked it
this booklet is energetic and awesome .
Otto Lehto
Oct 19, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This short book, unfinished and energetic, is a fascinating glimpse into the autobiographical motivations and the almost superhuman optimism of this brilliant Enlightenment thinker.

The basic argument of the text, also found in Ethics, is that knowledge is power and the route to lasting happiness. Newly acquired (rational or empirical) knowledge, or, what comes to the same thing, the emendation of our false ideas into true ones, can increase our powers of flourishing.

As an introduction to the
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Laras
Feb 16, 2015 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: nonfiction
I got an impression of self-righteousness of the writer along my reading. And there seems also a force of ideas that the readers must agree with, and if a reader doesn't agree, then they "must either be arguing in bad faith, or [he] must confess that there are men in complete mental blindness either innate or due to misconceptions..."; that such readers are just automata who don't know what they are talking about because they don't agree with him. And I also got an impression that the writer is ...more
Ahmed Nabwy
جميلة هي لغة سبينوزا الفلسفية ودقيقة ومحددة المعاني، ربما السبب فى ذلك هو نسقه الهندسي الذي يكتب به، حيث التراتبية الدقيقة والانتقال السلس بين المقدمات والنتائج والبراهين، فلا ينتقل من نقطة إلا وقد أتمها وأستوفاها حقها، الكتاب هام كمقدمة لقراءة كتبه الآخرى " علم الأخلاق " " رسالة في اللاهوت والسياسة ".
djreggiereg Mas Reg
Nov 06, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Thus, as the truth needs no sign - it being to possess the subjective essence of things, or, in other words, the ideas of them, in order that all doubts may be removed.


Truth needs no sign, as long as I don't have any doubts, a truth will be true. If I have any incling of a doubt, then it's false.
Eugenio
Editorial Cactus es de mis nuevas favs.
sheena d.
I read this book, but I'm still an idiot.
Sam
Jan 11, 2015 rated it really liked it
Short (relatively), sweet (well, sweet-ish), and to the point. Three words I don't often get to say about philosophy, especially philosophy from the 17th century.
Akhil Zoomin
My first book of Spinoza ; I am completely taken away by the sheer genius and his extraordinary understanding of things
Joan Sebastián Araujo Arenas
En vez de reseñar esta obra, me limitaré a transcribir el primer parcial de mi curso de «Spinoza (autor)» donde nos enfocamos en este libro:

PREGUNTA

1. «El tema del infinito siempre ha parecido a todos dificilísimo e incluso inextricable, por no haber distinguido entre aquello que es infinito por su propia naturaleza o en virtud de su definición, y aquello que no tiene límites, no en virtud de su esencia, sino de su causa; por no haber distinguido, además, entre aquello que se dice infinito
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Felipe
Mar 28, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Le di tres estrellas. Debería darle 3.5 quizás.

Es un libro que dejó incompleto y con ideas que luego modificó. Pero es interesante también por eso, por ser una especie de trabajo en progreso.

Spinoza trata de llegar a la mejor forma de entender las cosas.
Lo hace de la forma más lógicamente posible. Casi con una tautología donde de alguna forma cuando uno entiende la esencia entiende lo demás.
Es el problema con estas ideas. Son perfectas pero cerradas en sí mismas, donde es muy complicado
...more
Florin Catană
It contains some guidelines, some ways to understand Spinoza's later major works. At times it felt as I was reading a very detailed table of contents, but I really enjoyed the optimistic approach regarding human intellect.
Aaron Schuschu
Oct 26, 2018 rated it liked it
A lot of splitting hairs- much like William James in Pragmatism. A precursor to what may very well be the the twilight of modern thought. Ironically, it was unfinished at his death.
Jung Edda
Jan 30, 2019 rated it really liked it
My first book on Materialism.
Ali
Nov 16, 2019 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Kitabın Spinoza tarafından tamamlanmadığını duymama rağmen okudum. Zaten anlaması güç olan metnin bir de tamamlanmamış olmasından olsa gerek, öne sürdüğü bir çok nedenini açıklamaması, okuma deneyimini zorlaştırıyor.
Bahadır Akkaya
Aug 20, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Sevimli masum Spinoza reyizin üzerine düşünülmesi gereken, kafa karıştıran, çevirisi gayet iyi olan okunması gereken bir kitabı. Araya kaynamazsa Etika kitabını da okuyabilirim umarım.
David Ashraf
Dec 20, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
لم يُرد سبينوزا أن يُقدّم فلسفته قبل أن يمهّد العقل أولا لاستقبالها .
فوضع منهجا شديد الاحكام لاصلاح العقل.
من المحزن أن هذا المنهج لم يصل كاملا ، ولكن ما وصل يكفي أن يعبر عن عبقرية هذا المارق.
Sayed Ismail ElMasry
Jul 07, 2018 rated it really liked it
Spinoza is very underrated
but he is more amazing than Decartes
Mz
Sep 20, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
João Cruz
Nov 20, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: lidos-em-2015
O trilho que o homem deve traçar para atingir o conhecimento sem falsas percepções e sem ficções, na perspectiva de uma das maiores mentes do séc. XVII. Não percebi tudo, talvez por me faltar o enquadramento de outros pensadores como Descartes ou Bacon, mas do que consegui tirar sentido percebi que a metodologia ligada ao conhecimento científico atual, foi construído por grandes pensadores como Espinosa.
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Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
His magnum
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“I saw that all the things I feared and which feared me had nothing good or bad in them save in so far as the mind was affected by them.” 8 likes
“Mais il est des gens qui croient que la fiction est limitée par la fiction, et non par l'intelligence ; c'est-à-dire qu'après avoir feint une chose, et avoir affirmé, par un acte libre de la volonté, l'existence de cette chose, déterminée d'une certaine manière dans la nature, il ne nous est plus possible de la concevoir autrement. Par exemple, après avoir feint (pour parler leur langage) que la nature du corps est telle ou telle, il ne m'est plus permis de feindre une mouche infinie ; après avoir feint l'essence de l'âme, il ne m'est plus permis d'en faire un carré, etc.
Cela a besoin d'être examiné. D'abord, ou bien ils nient, ou bien ils accordent que nous pouvons comprendre quelque chose. L'accordent-ils ; ce qu'ils disent de la fiction, ils devront nécessairement le dire aussi de l'intelligence. Le nient-ils ; voyons donc, nous qui savons que nous savons quelque chose, ce qu'ils disent. Or, voici ce qu'ils disent : l'âme est capable de sentir et de percevoir de plusieurs manières, non pas elle-même, non pas les choses qui existent, mais seulement les choses qui ne sont ni en elle-même ni ailleurs : en un mot, l'âme, par sa seule vertu, peut créer des sensations, des idées, sans rapport avec les choses, à ce point qu'ils la considèrent presque comme un dieu. Ils disent donc que notre âme possède une telle liberté qu'elle a le pouvoir et de nous contraindre et de se contraindre elle-même et de contraindre jusqu'à sa liberté elle-même. En effet, lorsque l'âme a feint quelque chose et qu'elle a donné son assentiment à cette fiction, il ne lui est plus possible de se représenter ou de feindre la même chose d'une manière différente ; et en outre, elle se trouve condamnée à se représenter toutes choses de façon qu'elles soient en accord avec la fiction primitive. C'est ainsi que nos adversaires se trouvent obligés par leur propre fiction d'accepter toutes les absurdités qu'on vient d'énumérer, et que nous ne prendrons pas la peine de combattre par des démonstrations .”
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