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كيف نفكر

3.91  ·  Rating details ·  786 ratings  ·  55 reviews
The dean of American philosophers shares his views on methods of training students to think well. His considerations include inductive and deductive logic, interpreting facts, concrete and abstract thinking, the roles of activity, language, and observation, and many other aspects of thought training. This volume is essential reading for teachers and other education profess ...more
Paperback, الطبعة الثانية, 295 pages
Published 2019 by دار الفرقد (first published 1910)
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Maughn Gregory
Oct 03, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: education, philosophy
In this short book Dewey shows what pragmatist learning theory means for epistemology (what it means to think well) and for pedagogy (the study of teaching and learning). The starting point is a mind already active, curious and interested in what's going on around it, that, given the chance, will figure out how to read its environment for conditions likely to improve its qualitative experience. Learning what things mean in a way that enables you to make a difference you care about is the only ki ...more
Jan 28, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
" Natural intelligence is no barrier to the propagation of error, nor large but untrained experience to the accumulation of fixed false beliefs. Errors may support one another mutually and weave an ever larger and firmer fabric of misconception"

"Curiosity rises above the organic and the social planes and becomes intellectual in the degree in which it is transformed into interest in problems provoked by the observation of things and the accumulation of material...To the open mind, nature and soci
Cassandra Kay Silva
Apr 01, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I am not saying that I did not enjoy this book. I am just going to say that I have pretty much decided that all philosophy is turning into is a giant rolling sweep of defining terms. I understand the role that language plays in how we communicate as human beings. I understand that spending a chapter defining one term or another helps to get the main point across. All I am saying is that I am starting to feel like it is a cop out for further thought and appropriation of ideas. I am not sure if De ...more
Jun 18, 2015 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Four stars if I rate it on how well it achieves what it sets out to, which would be fair; but three stars based on how it achieves what I wanted it to, which is not fair at all. Sorry.

How We Think provides a thorough walk-through of what is involved in what I want to call reasoning - roughly: the sum of observing, sensibly extrapolating, testing and concluding. This is provided because Dewey thinks that teaching children to reason should be the aim of all schooling, because it equips people to g
My house lost power in a recent storm, and, luckily, my kindle managed to keep me entertained during the nights. One night, since it was dark and I could not go back to reading my copy of Foucault, I read this.

This was the first John Dewey I've actually read. I believe that at some point in my college education I had likely read small excerpts from something somewhere, but as to an actual book of his, or anything more than two or three pages, this was the first.

I think the most "pragmatic" thing
Jana Light
Mar 08, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: thinking
Every teacher, thinker and writer should read this book. It's a very accessible discussion of what it means to think and what it means to be a true educator. Dewey also provides a framework for analyzing your own biases and assumptions and the way those have inappropriately influenced conclusions on the rightness or truth value of any issue.

Sep 16, 2008 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People interested in critical thinking.
I guess it's a worthwhile read for a different perspective on thought, but it is a struggle to get through as it is so uninteresting. It also seems that this book could have been about half the length that it is since it tends to be repetitive. ...more
A solid nontechnical (but obviously dated) account of logical reasoning and its importance.
Phil Kariuki
Dec 12, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It takes a certain perceptive ingenuity to articulate, as Dewey does, what it means to think properly. His prose is rather boring but his ideas are profound. The book may be banal for those already familiar with the rigorous scientific, and dare I say philosophical, methods. That sort of thinking is quite evident in children, as Dewey observes: "that the native and unspoiled attitude of childhood, marked by ardent curiosity, fertile imagination, and love of experimental inquiry, is near, very ne ...more
Brent M.  Jones
John Dewey was born in 1859 and died in 1952 and was one of the founders of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism. He wrote the book, “How We Think”, that concludes that we can be taught to think well, but not the process. He tells us that thinking is automatic, like breathing and our heartbeats.

Dewey tells us that our knowledge is what we are aware of, and that how we consider those things are beliefs. He tells us that beliefs have consequences, and that knowledge is relative to its i
Aug 25, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I agree it is repetitive but argue that it's use of redundancy is there for reference for the reader to make the point clear. Overall Dewey's theory on thoughts and their origins make logical sense; to say otherwise is to admit incoherence. Eat that. ...more
Antonio C. Montecristo
Oct 03, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2020
That's a quite interesting book although it didn't meet fully my expectation... ...more
Joshua R. Taylor
Nov 04, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: expository
A paradigm shifting book. Has brought to light many aspects of my habits for forming beliefs and inferring truth.

I studied this over a longer period, just over 2 months. It was well worth it because this book is written tersely. Untangling John Dewey's prose is a task I would liken to figuring out the components and relations within a maths equation. He is so precise in his definitions and explains them with such ease, helpfully putting emphasis on key points of definition. Studying the book was
Corbin Routier
Dec 27, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"... this book also represent the conviction that... the native and unspoiled attitude of childhood, marked by ardent curiosity, fertile imagination, and love of experimental inquiry, is near, very near, to the attitude of the scientific mind."

"... thoughts grow up unconsciously and without reference to the attainment of correct belief."

"All forms of of artificial apparatus are intentionally designed modifications of natural things in order that they may serve better than in their natural estate
Dec 15, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: grad-school
“Thought affords the sole method of escape from purely impulsive or purely routine action” (p. 14).

This is definitely my favorite Dewey thus far, which is interesting since I'm into arts-based research and he does not directly address the arts in this. But this text is succinct, easy to follow, and filled with useful definitions for abstract ideas such as inquiry. I wish I'd read this ten years earlier.

This is useful for anyone in education, but would be especially useful for those in teacher pr
sam howie
Oct 05, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
What I like most about the writing of Dewey is that he can take a simple idea, and not make it complex, but simply open it up. Everything in this book, and all of the other books of his I've read, are filled with simple ideas opened up. He offers practical levels of common sense, naturally why he was know as a pragmatist, which I personally find incredibly important. I feel this book in particular is as important for education, if not more important than Democracy and Education, or perhaps this ...more
Mar 23, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2017
I found the philosophical format of this treatise a bit hard to follow. It could be that the amount of unpacking that Dewey offers exceeded the necessity of the points that the seemed to ultimately make. Alternatively, it could well be that I'm a poor reader of philosophy and really just wanted to glean his major points. Suffice it to say, I may choose to admire Dewey from a distance from here on out. ...more
Oct 07, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I read this in bits and pieces - and though I struggled through parts, it was interesting to consider all we have learned about the brain and making thinking visible since it was written. Still much of Dewey's thinking and conjectures were spot on. Encouraging thinking, imagining and questioning are still my main purposes for teaching. ...more
Paul LaFontaine
Sep 02, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It is fascinating looking back in time when scientific perspective does not have our current advantages. When Dewey wrote this much of the molecular level study of the brain had not occurred. He does his best. A long book, and interesting. Recommend only to the enthusiast.
It’s interesting to conceptualize how our minds work. Dewey advocates for exploratory thinking, free-play, scientific inquiry and reflection as opposed to broad acceptance of force fed facts. Some parts were more dense than others but interesting for the most part.
Kevin Fulton
The content of this book is generally excellent, but the writing is not. If you are interested in Dewey because of his massive influence on education in America, I would recommend this book. Just be prepared to deal with an unnecessarily abstruse writing style.
Sep 16, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This was a phenomenal book to make you think, especially for me in the context of children's education. My favorite takeaway was finding the balance between playfulness and seriousness and inspiring the state of mind in a child's framework of learning: "Exclusive interest in the result alters work to drudgery. For by drudgery is meant those activities in which the interest in the outcome does not suffuse the means of getting the result. Whenever a piece of work becomes drudgery, the process of d ...more
James Violand
Dec 29, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: teachers
Shelves: own
A very intelligent exposition on how a human being attains knowledge. No wonder he is idolized by the best teachers.
Apr 20, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The author offers a sound argumentation how knowledge is and should be acquired and taught.

Definitely a stimulating resource worth re-visiting.
Daniel Buck
It's trying to be profound but the book essentially reduces thinking to the scientific method--not bad, per se, but a very unenlightening book. ...more
David Birse
Not for me, sorry.

I read seven chapters, but I could not get into this book at all. I'd only recommend this if it is something specialised you are looking for.
Jamie Killorin
Sep 18, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Good to read & re-read Dewey from time to time.
Sara Petry
Jan 21, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-2013
I had SUCH a hard time getting through this one. I was feeling reminiscent for some great education theory and Dewey is my go-to for that. There are bits and pieces of gold here, but most of this is truly a reflection on how thinking happens. This would have been 2 stars except that my love for Dewey earned an extra one. If you're looking for classic education stuff, I'd recommend Experience Education over this one.

That said, here and there are tucked some comments on practical application of hi
May 08, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Maybe I am coming from the age of the influenced, but most of the ideas that are laid out in this book are something I might consider obvious; however, this isn't to discount the validity and insight included with your purchase. I suppose the best part of John Dewey's How We Think is that he applies a detailed analysis, and provides the language with which we might represent ideas we might have understood, yet fail to communicate effectively. ...more
Feb 07, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: epe-textbooks
Much more traditionally philosophical (especially with regard to logic) than other Dewey texts (Child and Curriculum, School and Society), but still readable, unlike many traditional philosophical texts. It really shows how Dewey translate philosophy into a broader theory of pedagogy, and it makes sense!
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John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey, along with Charles Sanders Peirce and William James, is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophy of pragmatism and of functional psychology. He was a major representative of the progressive and progressive populist philosophies of schooli ...more

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