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Women And Islam: An Historical And Theological Enquiry

3.9  ·  Rating details ·  870 Ratings  ·  78 Reviews
Convinced that the veil is a symbol of unjust male authority over women, in The Veil and the Male Elite, Moroccan feminist Fatima Mernissi aims to investigate the origins of the practice in the first Islamic community.
Published (first published 1988)
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Mahdi Lotfi
Jul 29, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
زنان پردهنشین و نخبگان جوشنپوش کتابی است نوشته فاطمه مرنیسی نویسنده مراکشی درباره حقوق زنان که در سال ۱۳۸۰ توسط ملیحه مغازهای ترجمه فارسی آن در ایران چاپ شد.
خانم مرنیسی با توجه به تاریخ صدر اسلام و تلاش پیامبر اسلام برای ایجاد جامعه ای که از برده داری و تبعیض جنسی به دور و در آن برابری حاکم باشد، به بررسی این موضوع می پردازد که آیا اسلام اصولا با حقوق زنان مخالف است یا خیر؟
نویسنده در این کتاب تاکید می کند آنچه سبب شده است که زنان از حقوق خود محروم بمانند منافع اقتصادی و سیاسی نخبگان است نه دستور
...more
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستان گرانقدر و خردگرا، این نویسندۀ بیخرد که اندکی کرامتِ زن بودنش را فهم نکرده است، به قولِ خودش میخواهد از حقوقِ زنان حمایت کند، ولی در سرتاسرِ این کتابِ پوشالی سعی دارد که بگوید: مسلمانان حقوقِ « زن» را رعایت نکردند، ولی ارتباطی به «محّمد رسول الله» ندارد
نویسندۀ بیخرد و عرب پرست، اگر به محمد ارتباط ندارد، به چه کسی ارتباط دارد؟!!... عزیزان و دوستانِ ایرانی، به چند موردِ از سخنانِ این به اصطلاح پیامبرِ بزرگ که مردم عرب پرست ما او را الگو قرار داده اند، و در زیر نوشته ام، دقت کنید و با شرفِ خو
...more
Angela
Mar 26, 2009 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: sd-fem-bookclub
The Veil and the Male Elite is a tricky book to rate, since I am definitely not its target audience. I suppose I expected a feminist look at modern Muslim culture, and this book is really more a theological look at women's rights and a historical look at how various verses of the Koran that are used to justify anti-feminist sentiments in Muslim cultures came to be included.

My knowledge of early Muslim history was greatly enhanced by reading this, and yet I felt something of a Sunni bias creepin
...more
Ameera H.  Al-mousa
مميزة عالمة الإجتماع المغربية فاطمةالمرنيسي في الطرح وأسلوب السرد.

*
هل يمكن لأمرأة أن تقود المسلمين ؟!
بتتبع منهج تاريخي إسلامي لقضية النساء في الإسلام مع النبي والسياسة وحديث مُفصل عن تناول الأئئمة للسنة وحديث " لم يفلح قوم ولوا أمرهم أمرأة " .

تطرقت للدور الحاسم الذي لعبتهُ عائشة رضي الله عنها , في حياة الخليفتين, عثمان وعلي .

ثم أتبعتها بقراءة وضع النساء مع السفهاء والعبودية والأماء والبغاء والجدلية حول اللواط انتهاء بفرضية الحجاب في المدينة المنورة .

لها عدة كتب نسوية رائعه جداً .

Sarah Lameche
Sep 14, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: women-and-islam
Well what an interesting book. I am a hijabi myself but do not wear my scarf believing that it is something I have to wear to be a 'proper Muslim woman'. On the contrary I wear my scarf as a form of Dawah. To show those who are not Muslim that I am a normal woman just like any one else. I am not a terrorist or abused woman. I wear the scarf by choice not force. However I may one day take off my scarf (shock horror, here come the lectures). If I do this will also be my choice. I know many Muslim ...more
Chris
May 27, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Mummy, those interested in headscarf debate
Recommended to Chris by: Mona Eltahaway
Shelves: feminist, religion

Mernissi’s book is a history of Islam and the introduction of the veil. She draws upon Islamic scholar, to prove her thesis that the veil is social construct more than a religious must. Her chapter about the hiqab is game changing.

In part, her thesis is that the Prophet was too progressive for the men of the time, that what he was advocating was too much of a change upon tribal customs where men were able to dominate. What is also interesting, though Mernissi does not focus or really mention
...more
Noor
Jun 25, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It took me more than one month to finish the book.

The book is a very deep one, with alot of dense ideas that needs slow and careful reading in order to digest them fairly (specially for some one who is a beginner in philosophy like me).

There is no doubt that the critical methodology of the writer is very appealing and deserves alot of appreciation. The writer tries to re-read the Islamic heritage of knowledge fourteen centuries later in a feminist critical eye. She tries to re-read in specific t
...more
Ali
Sep 02, 2010 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
اعتبر هذا من الكتب الاساسية عن قضية المرأة السياق الاسلامي، من باحثة مهمة تتمتع بحس الاطلاع والموضوعية وجودة العرض
Khulood Shkokani
Mar 13, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
أحيانا نرى السفر لذاكرة التاريخ مصيدة تخاف أن تعلق فيها للأبد، وأحيانا نراه ترفا لا نملك له وقت في هذه الحياة الضيقة، وأحيانا يكون واجبا بحثا عن إجابات لأسئلة حيرتنا كثيرا، وضع الخطوط، وتصنيف الحقائق من الأوهام. والمرنيسي اختارت الصفة الأخيرة للبحث، لتمسك بعقولنا وتقودنا إلى المدينة، حيث كانت بدايات تشكل المجتمع الإسلامي، فتنقب هناك عن الحجاب، عن بدايات الحركة النسسوية لأم سلمة، عن الرق، عن مشاركة النساء في السياسة وعائشة مثالا، عن الغنيمة والحرب، عن سل
طة عمر الذكورية، وعن جمال سكينة بلنت الحسين
...more
Amal Shoeib
Sep 07, 2013 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
The moment I glanced the word "liar" associated with Abu Bakr and Abu huraira ,I was mentally shut to any ideas of the book. I neither liked it nor I trusted the references mentioned.
imane
Dec 09, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: دين, نسوية
(لن يفلح قوم ولوا أمرهم امرأة )
(يقطع صلاة المسلم المرأة والحمار والكلب الأسود)
( إنما الشؤم في ثلاث : في الفرس ، والمرأة ، والدار)
(اطلعت في الجنة فرأيت أكثر أهلها الفقراء واطلعت في النار فرأيت أكثر أهلها النساء)
سبق وان قرات كتاب حقوق المراة في ضوء السنة النبوية وقد ردت الكاتبة فيه على الشبهات التي تثار بشان هذه الاحاديث. في هذا الكتاب الكاتبة لا ترد على الشبهات لكنها عالجت السياق الذي قيلت فيه وكذا تحدثت عن رواة هذه الاحاديث وبعض اعتراضات عائشة رضي الله عنها على هذه الاحاديث . ثم انتقلت الى شر
...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
حماسه ای از دغدغه ها و کشاکش ها، رنج ها و شادی ها، نا کامی ها و پیروزی ها، و لحظه های پرثمر تلاش انسانی که برای ساختن جهانی متفاوت کوشید، جهانی که در آن، گستره ی برابری و محبت و مهر تا بی کرانه ها گسترده باشد، آزادی و شان و منزلت انسانی تا جایگاه واقعی اش فراز آورده شود
Mona
Sep 30, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
قراءة مغلوطة للتاريخ، وتوظيف غير علمي لحوادث مروية في كتب التاريخ دون تمحيص لمصداقيتها
Stephanie
This book reads like the Old Testament. It is a series of scriptures, stories and historical findings about the prophet and his wives that are used to argue for female equality and against the hijab. While I understand that Mernissi has to use Islam and Islamic teachings to argues for her point, I wasn't too impressed. I would recommend this book for anyone who wants to learn more about Islam and its history from a feminist(-ish) perspective.

The best comparison I can make for western readers is
...more
Marrysparkle
This book is what I had been searching for for a very long time! A book written by a (1) female (2) religious (3) scholar. I learned an immense amount of knowledge regarding the social, religious, political and personal circumstances involving the Prophet the spread of Islam which led to the usage of the veil and the justification for the inferior status of women in society. I applaud the author for painstaking sifting through all of the hadiths and explaining the precise methodology with which ...more
Adrian
May 25, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Something by Mernissi should be required reading for everyone that studies the Middle East or Islam. This would be high on my list of recommendations.
Noor Sabah
Feb 17, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Only with long pauses and careful reading , this book is so good .
So many sociology , so many incidents to " rethink" about it .
هشام السعيد
لا أرى سببا وجيها لمنع الكتاب من الدول العربية

الكتاب ينصف النبي و موقفه تجاه المرأة و يؤكد على أن محمد لم يكن ضد حقوق المرأة - قياسا على وقتها فقط طبعا - و أن التسعف الاسلامي تجاه المرأة بدأه عمر و من بعده أما الايات التي كانت ضد المرأة أيام الرسول ف كانت نتيجة ضغوط شديدة من مجتمع محمد و الذي كان يحاول مواجهة تخلفه ف لم ينجح

الكتاب جيد في العموم و ينصح به !
Dr.Abdulkarem
Jun 30, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
كتاب فريد من نوعه؛ تتناول فيه الكاتبة/ فاطمة المرنيسي؛ بأسلوب شيق، وصياغة التاريخ؛ بأسلوب عصري؛ قضية حقوق المرأة؛ في ظل العهد النبوي؛ إذ جاءت الملة المحمدية؛ بتغييرات؛ في صالح المرأة؛ تميزت عن الملتين: اليهودية، والمسيحية؛ من جهة، وعن النظام القبلي؛ في العهد الجاهلي... وقد تمحورت مشكلة المرأة؛ في العهد النبوي، في القرون التي تلت؛ في عقبتين: أولهما: الحق السياسي؛ كمرشحة، والعقبة الأخرى: حق المرأة؛ في الانخراط في الحروب؛ كالرجل؛ من أجل الغنائم.. كلا العقبتين؛ لم يتم حلها؛ بالنسية للمرأة؛ إلا أنها ...more
Khansa
أسلوب الكاتبة مشوق وطريقة عرضها رائعة فعلا، وقد أعجبني حديثها حول الرقابة الذاتية وحول مجتمع يكون الفرد محترما وله حقوق انطلاقا من الصلة بالله.

ولكن يعيب كتابها عدم تسلسل الأفكار المنطقي.

كما أنني أراها تدخل تفسيرها الشخصي للأحداث -مع أنها تشدد على أهمية الموضوعية في بعض أجزاء كتابها- مما أدى بها إلى التشكيك بشخصيات بعض رواة الحديث كأبي هريرة وأبي بكرة والاستناد إلى مصادر غير موثوقة أحياناً من أجل إقناع القارئ مما ينقص من مصداقية كلامها، وكذلك كان حديثها عن عمر بن الخطاب "أحد المبشرين بالجنة" حين
...more
Beaman
Jan 05, 2008 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: islamic-history
Mernissi writes as an amateur, without much training in early Muslim sources, which inevitably leaves rigorous historians skeptical. However, she's much more competent in her use of the historical sources than Leila Ahmed, the other widely-read author on the topic of women in early Islam. Moreover, she does make a couple of original and worthwhile observations and raise an interesting point or two that one can argue about. In other words, the rigorous historian ought to be grateful that an amate ...more
Esraa soso
Feb 12, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
(لن يفلح قوم ولّوا أمرهم امرأة)
سؤال بريء جداً : شو اجانا من حكم الرجال طوال 1400سنة!!؟
أي شخص درس السيرة النبوية يرى بشكل واضح معاملة الرسول للنساء كيف كانت.

بالعقل والمنطق .. كل بني آدم غير معصوم من الخطأ, والخطأ يشمل الكذب والتزوير ووضع الأحاديث.
اقتباس من الكتاب:
"إن عمر بن الخطاب الذي كان يتمتع عند الرسول وعند الجماعة الإسلامية بالأمس واليوم بتأثير لا مثيل له قد تجنب رواية الحديث, لقد كان يرتعب من فكرة ألا يكون مستقيماً دقيقاً, لهذا السبب كان عمر من بين الصحابة الذين يفضلون الاستناد على رأيهم ا
...more
Mohammad Mirzaali
برخلافِ عنوان فرعیِ کتاب -«برداشتی نوین از حقوق زن در اسلام»- با خواندنِ این سیصد صفحه هیچ قالب و طرح منسجمی برای دفاعی نوین از حقوق زنان در اسلام به چشمام نیامد. مرنیسی مثل اغلب روشنفکرانِ دیندار در جهانسوم از فقرِ منابع مطالعاتی و نوعی انشانویسی رنج میبرد. اغلب ارجاعاتِ نویسنده محدود به «صحیح» بخاری، «فتح الباری» عسقلانی و «تفسیر» طبری و گاهی «سیره»ی ابنهشام اند. استدلالهای مرنیسی نوعاً از جنس استحسان و منطقگریز اند؛ مثلاً در فصلی تمام همّ و غمّ نویسنده زمینهکاویِ یکی-دو تا حدیث روایتشده در تح ...more
Erica Aisha
It's hard to read a PhD thesis and not feel like you've received required reading for a college class; however, Mernissi is adept (in this translation) at being interesting and factual in her search for the feminist interpretation of hadith. She focuses primarily on the hadith concerning women in political leadership and recounts how hadith traditions grew, and the methods formulated to determine validity scales.

With a useful insight into understanding Islamic texts, her feminist views are quit
...more
علاء بريك
أول تجربة مع فاطمة المرنيسي و كانت دون المتوقع!
في الحريم السياسي تتحدث فاطمة عن خط الحرية النسائية و تغيراته مع الزمن وتتخذ مثالاً للنساء تختصره بعائشة و أم سلمة و تغفل باقي نساء النبي و باقي النساء من المدينة و مكة وحتى دور خديجة و تقدم فكرتها بشيء من العجلة كما أنها تناولت عدة أحداث و لكن دون أن تعطي لكل حدث حقه من الشرح و التحليل.
نقطة أخرى مهمة هي الشواهد التي استشهدت بها فهي لا تكتفي بتحوير النص الذي اقتبسته مما يوقع القارئ في لبس و يمكن مراجعة الهوامش و المقارنة لنجد أن المرنيسي لم تلتزم بع
...more
Sarah Hosseini
Jan 01, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
پنج ستاره رو بی کوچکترین تعللی دادم به این کتاب. اثر درخشانیه که حقایق بعضا تکاندهنده ای رو راجع به بسیاری از آیات و شرایط تاریخی نزول اونها برای ما روشن می کنه. نویسنده از طیف عظیم و گسترده ای از منابع برای غنا بخشیدن به اثرش استفاده کرده. از طبری بگیر تا عسقلانی و بخاری و زمخشری و ... . مرنیسی سعی کرده تا جایی که می تونه اینو برای مخاطب روشن کنه که پیامبر اسلام نهایت خواسته ش برابری طلبی و دموکراسی به معنای واقعی ش بود اما این امثال عمر و سایر قدرتمندان مدینه بودن که تاریخ رو جور دیگه ای رقم ز ...more
Elyndrical
Oct 15, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Second year history student at university here. I originally got onto this book because we were looking at Ibn Battuta's travels in the Maldives and the question of divorce came up. I was fascinated about what was and wasn't permissible in the 7th century CE and what sort of foundations were being laid by the new religion.

I found the book insightful and interesting. I thought the author tried hard to give hadith context and seemed to have researched the topic extensively. Mainly the book seemed
...more
Lexi
Another of Mernissi's deep academic works on women in Islam. I think it might be related to Beyond the Veil--much of the general ideas are the same, including that orthodox Islam allows women much greater freedoms than generally believed in the West (and generally practiced in Islam nations). A good solid read, but not as entertaining as Nine Parts of Desire.
Sabina Qadri
Nov 16, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In this excellent work, Mernissi has achieved preeminence by introducing the 'psychoanalysis' of narrators to the Hadith sciences.
This methodology has the potential to reconstruct the thought and praxis of Muslims; the only prerequisite to reading it is to approach with an open mind and be prepared to excavate Muslim heritage from the annals of history.
Mahmoud Abu Adi
الريفيو لاحقًا ، لأهميته
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AKA فاطمة المرنيسي
Mernissi was born into a middle-class family. She received her primary education in a school established by the nationalist movement, and secondary level education in an all-girls school funded by the French protectorate. In 1957, she studied political science at the Sorbonne and at Brandeis University, where she earned her doctorate. She returned to work at the Mohammed V Univer
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More about Fatema Mernissi

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“Islam was, at least during its first centuries, the religion of reasoning, responsible individuals capable of telling what was true from what was false as long as they were well equipped to do so, as long as they possessed the tools of knowledge - specifically, the collections of Hadith. The fact that, over the course of centuries, we have seen believers who criticize and judge replaced by muzzled, censored, obedient, and grateful Muslims in no way detracts from this fundamental dimension of Islam.” 1 likes
“The Islam of Muhammad banished the idea of supervision, of a police system of control. This explains the absence of clergy in Islam and the encouraging of all Muslims to get involved in understanding the written word. Individual responsibility came into play to balance the weight of aristocratic control, finally making it ineffective in an umma of believers whose behavior followed precise, internalized rules. Recognizing in women an inalienable will fitted into this scheme of making everyone individually responsible.” 1 likes
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