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Tecnología versus Humanidad: El futuro choque entre hombre y máquina

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El futurista Gerd Leonhard vuelve a abrir nuevos caminos, reuniendo la urgencia humana de actualizar y automatizarlo todo —incluso la propia biología humana— con nuestra eterna búsqueda de libertad y felicidad. Antes de que sea demasiado tarde, hemos de detenernos y hacernos las grandes preguntas: ¿Cómo podemos acoger la tecnología sin convertirnos en ella? Cuando esto ocurra —gradualmente, luego súbitamente— la era de las máquinas creará el mayor hito de la vida humana sobre la Tierra. Tecnología versus humanidad representa uno de los últimos mapas morales que tendremos conforme la humanidad se adentra en el Parque Jurásico de las grandes compañías tecnológicas. Inteligencia artificial. Informática cognitiva. La singularidad. Obesidad digital. Alimentos impresos. El Internet de las cosas. La desaparición de la privacidad. El fin del trabajo como hasta ahora lo conocemos, una longevidad radical: el choque inminente entre la tecnología y la humanidad se avecina. ¿Qué valores morales estaríamos dispuestos a defender, antes de que lo que significa ser humano cambie para siempre? Gerd Leonhard es una nueva especie de futurista, conocedor tanto de las humanidades como de la tecnología. Éste es hasta ahora su libro más provocador, en el que explora los cambios exponenciales que abruman nuestras sociedades, al tiempo que ofrece ricas reflexiones y una profunda sabiduría para los líderes de los negocios, para los profesionales, así como para todo aquel que tenga decisiones que tomar en esta nueva era. Si dan por sentado el hecho de ser humanos, es momento de pulsar Reiniciar a través de esta llamada argumentada y llena de pasión, para crear un nuevo mundo genuinamente más valiente.
Pueden consultar la edición original en inglés y los comentarios en su tienda de Amazon, así como otras versiones en distintos idiomas.

328 pages, Kindle Edition

First published September 1, 2016

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About the author

Gerd Leonhard

15 books35 followers
Gerd is an avid futurist but also a passionate humanist; a philosopher and musician by training, as well as an early internet entrepreneur. He believes that technology can do amazing things, and that we should embrace it – but he also thinks we must urgently protect what makes us human. Gerd often points out that technology does not have ethics, that it is morally neutral until we use it (riffing-off W. Gibson), and that we need to invest as much in humanity than we invest in technology.

And that all breakthrough-technologies can be used both for human advancement, as well as to our detriment. To ensure that human flourishing remains the primary goal of all scientific and technological advances as we enter this era of exponential progress, we must evaluate, frame and govern technology wisely. Societies are driven by their technology but defined by their humanity!

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Displaying 1 - 30 of 37 reviews
Profile Image for Jonathan Cook.
31 reviews10 followers
September 14, 2016
Technology vs. Humanity is a strong response to the puffed up declarations from Silicon Valley executives that their businesses aren't just delivering products that people enjoy, but are bringing salvation itself to humanity. Author Gerd Leonhard has done the startup thing. He knows the culture, including its vanities, but he doesn't respond to the digital fundamentalism of Singularity believers with a luddite fundamentalism of his own. Leonhard gives digital technology it's due - it can help people to make some important social improvements. All that Leonhard is calling for is a balanced approach to the consideration of new technologies, with equal consideration of the value of human experience alongside the value of computational efficiency.

This book is a solid first stab at a response to the irresponsibly disruptive culture of get rich quick silicon schemes, but it's not without flaws. For one thing, the author's compelling central argument is weakened by the book's inflated sense of urgency. Leonhard exaggerates the degree to which digital devices have already become integrated into our society, describing a degree of algorithmic infiltration that aptly describes the aspirations of tech executives and enthusiasts but sounds silly to people who keep their feet planted outside the rarified bubbles in certain parts of San Francisco and Seattle.

"As far as man-machine convergence is concerned, we’re not quite in a land where we stay at home while our cyborg doubles live out our lives for us," Leonhard writes. Actually, we're not anywhere close to this mythical land. People aren't on the brink of sending out cyborg doubles to live their lives for them. There's a big difference between the theory of how new technologies could transform our society and what's actually taking place.

Another vulnerability of the book is that, although it delivers a rallying cry for the reassertion of humanity against the growing power of technology, it fails to pay adequate attention to the human side of the struggle. Almost all of the book is devoted to the description of the nature of technological change that Leonhard believes is likely in the near future. The character of a successful human response is only hinted at with general terms such as "creativity" and "emotion" and "embodied". The details of these uniquely human strengths never materialize in this book.

Leonhard may believe that the human side of the balance is self-evident, but the culture of Silicon Valley, and of business in general, has disparaged the validity of the full human perspective for so long that the qualitative experience has become esoteric, and needs to be explained in detail. We like to think that we can understand the softer side of being human intuitively, but actually, there's a great deal of complexity in culture and psychology. We can't just remember to cherish the feeling empathy, and be done with it. The human side requires a great deal of qualitative development before it can stand as an equal partner to the quantitative juggernaut our society has crafted.

These shortcomings aren't anything close to deal breakers. Leonhard's accomplishment in articulating the core of an authentic human response to the disconcertingly rapid acceleration of technological change is a notable accomplishment. The incomplete nature of Technology vs. Humanity should be viewed as consequence of the novelty of a humanist conversation with the superficially more tangible world of data.
Profile Image for Shoti.
105 reviews2 followers
April 23, 2019
The author highlights a myriad of lurking dangers that will enter our life shockingly soon and may change it fundamentally. He contends that aggregated effects of exponential growth in AI, deep learning, gene technology, nanotechnology and other sciences will transform the way of living more dramatically over the next 20 years than all changes during the preceding 300 years. Our current experiences with social networking, smartphones, abundance of data, nascent AI are not comparable with and cannot prepare us for what is coming. In case such technological progress remains uncontrolled, humans can be degraded into slow, ineffective and, in the end, obsolete workers. As complacent and irresponsible consumers our life can increasingly be monitored and then directed by external forces – e.g. insurance companies can dictate what and how much we can eat / drink, how fast we can drive our car, etc. Alternatively, by trying to keep up with the pace of development we may be tempted to stoop to augmenting our skills and capabilities through gene manipulation or gadgets such as brain implants whose ethic is questionable. Throughout the whole process we jeopardize losing our human values and we may become an irrelevant sub-component within the all-encompassing and dominating technology itself.

The topics raised by Leonhard are thought-provoking. I often felt his stance is too rigid though. Perhaps because I already consider myself an artificially-improved human being thanks to using glasses and having some dental fillings? I also know some individuals living with hip / knee implant and those things did not make them less human but improved the quality of their life a lot? Seriously, a brain implant that, for instance, might enable one to speak fluently in all languages of the world is certainly more astonishing a phenomena than a simple dental filling. However, the point is, what is inconceivable today can easily become tomorrow’s norm, let it be a dental filling or a brain implant. Would such technological improvements or fruits of gene engineering, for instance, a longevity extended to 150 years, be made available to everyone as ethic requires it? Of course, not. In the beginning they would remain strictly limited and available to the superrich only, as it has been the case with anything new and desirable. But even in today’s world there is a gap of around 25 years in life expectancy between Switzerland vs. Chad. Why? Because Switzerland is richer, Swiss people get basic immunization shots, can afford to eat healthier and live a more relaxed and enriching life than less fortunate inhabitants in some rough and dusty third world countries. I doubt the future world, through technological and scientific improvements, would be destined to become less fair, ethical or human a place than the current world as we know it... Leonhard elaborates at length on the risks of getting manipulated through data and losing individual privacy. These are valid and real concerns but the possible solutions he promotes sound rather implausible. Ideas like using stickers, similarly to packets of cigarettes, to warn users of software applications that the product ‘can be harmful to human well-being’, or setting up a world council to create human rights for the numerical age exceed the boundaries of my poor imagination. On the other hand, I was surprised that there had been no word at all on GDPR or similar initiatives already existing and aimed at protecting individuals from the improper use of their personal data.
Profile Image for Venky.
961 reviews346 followers
January 12, 2020
A seminal discourse today involves evaluating the virtues and vicissitudes of what is being seen as brazen forays into the world of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. While egregious companies, venture capitalists, tech entrepreneurs, and pioneers of cutting edge technology wax eloquent over the undiminished benefits that would constitute outcomes of this research into hitherto unchartered territories, a counterfactual caution is issued by a few of their counterparts, who fear that man ultimately would become subservient to and subjugated by machines. So will we be the immortal all-conquering Gods inhabiting a veritable utopia that cocks-a-snook at Thomas More’s famous satire or would we, in a phenomenon of pathetic reductionism be reduced to Yevgeny Zamyatin’s or Aldous Huxley’s lab rats, scurrying to and fro in sequestered scenarios while our robotic masters look down upon us with derision and disdain?

Humanist/Futurist, Author, and Explainer/Designer, Gerd Leonhard takes this existential conundrum head on in his extremely readable book, “Technology vs Humanity”. At the core of this deep book is the distinguishing features between happiness as a hedonistic concept and happiness in the Aristotelean vein of eudaimonia. While the latter describes the notion of living in accordance with one’s daimon, which we take to mean character and virtue, that leads to a good life, the former refers to an ephemeral and temporary state of happiness primarily driven by dopamine surges.

This distinction becomes extremely vital because the technological changes which we are collectively going to experience as humanity is not going to be sequential. As per Mr. Leonhard, we need to be prepared to adapt to a change that will be exponential, combinatorial, and recursive both in its wake and sweep. Mr. Leonhard opines that anihilistic technology is a far cry from self-actualization. Leonhard argues that technology or its advancement should not find itself perched atop the pile in a Maslow’s pyramid of needs hierarchy. “Technology is entirely nihilistic about the things we humans truly care about. I believe it cannot and should not move up Maslow’s hierarchy of needs pyramid from helping with basic needs towards love and belonging, self-esteem, or self-realization.”

Mr. Leonhard identifies, what he terms are ten Megashifts that will combine to alter the future in ways unimaginable. The megashifts are:

DigitizationMobilizationScreenificationDisintermediationTransformationIntelligizationAutomationVirtualizationAnticipation; andRobotization

These Megashifts with their preternatural possibilities and ingrained perniciousness have the potential to both make and mar our future. Hence Mr. Leonhard’s coinage of the term “HellVen” (a combination of Hell and Heaven”) to illustrate the possible trajectory these Megashifts might take.

Mr. Leonhard makes an extremely interesting and important dissimilarity between algorithms and ‘androrithms.’ According to him, it is the facet of androrithms that confers the traits of humanism in us. “What makes us human is not mathematical or even just chemical or biological. It involves those things that are largely unnoticed, unsaid, subconscious, ephemeral, and unobjectifiable. These are the human essences that I like to call androrithms that we absolutely must keep even if they appear to be clumsy, complicated, slow, risky, or inefficient compared to non-biological systems, computers, and robots.” A simpler way to assimilate the essence of androrithms would be to grasp the tenet of the philosopher Martin Heidegger’s ‘Dasein’.  Dasein is a German word that means “being there” or “presence”. Dasein rhymes with “existence”, and found a mention in Heidegger’s magnum opus Being and Time. Heidegger uses the expression Dasein to refer to the experience of being that is peculiar to human beings. Hence while machines may mirror the traits of human beings and surpass their once masters in intelligence, they will never be able to either experience or emote the philosophy of Dasien.

Thus while radical optimists such as Ray Kurzweil and Peter Diamandis chose to amplify and themselves exemplify the positive scheme of AI (deservedly so), Mr. Leonhard advices judiciousness and prudence. “As much as I am enthralled by STEM breakthroughs, I believe that we urgently need to create a counterbalance, one that amplifies the importance of truly human factors. In contrast to the STEM acronym, I have recently started calling this CORE: creativity/compassion, originality, reciprocity/responsibility, and empathy.”

Drawing on the works of the likes of James Barrat, the author of the hugely popular. “Our Final Invention” – and incidentally one of my favourite Science & Technology authors – Mr. Leonhard makes a spirited case to proceed with great discretion in so far as the realms of Augmented Reality (AR); Virtual Reality (VR) and Brain Computer Interface (BCI) are concerned. Rooting for the creation of a Global Digital Ethics Council (GDEC), Mr. Leonhard proposes a definition of ground rules and the establishment of most basic and universal values such a dramatically different, fully digitized society should imbibe.

Mr. Leonhard also argues for the preservation and protection of a set of inalienable rights in a burgeoning digital world. These rights are:

The right to remain natural;The right to remain inefficient in so far as humanness is concerned and not be reduced to machine efficiency;The right to disconnectThe right to be anonymousThe right to employ or involve people instead of machines

While the first 4 rights are self-explanatory, the fifth right raises interesting questions. Mr. Leonhard argues that “We should not allow companies or employers to be disadvantaged if they choose to use people instead of machines, even if it’s more expensive and less efficient. Instead we should provide tax credits to those that do, and consider automation taxes for companies that dramatically reduce the number of employees in favor of machines and software. Those taxes would need to be made available to retrain people that became the victims of technological unemployment.

However, imposition of any steep penalty might not be adequate to enforce this right since considering the deep pockets of giant multinationals, no monetary levy might be sufficient to act as a deterrent. Mr. Leonhard also provides his readers with a list of strawman arguments, which he himself concedes might need to be further refined, honed or revamped for ushering in a degree of equanimity between man and machine. Some of these arguments are:

Understanding the exponential nature of the future;Perceiving opportunities and threats.Becoming better stewards of humanity.Incorporating ethics into technologyUnderstand the progression or regression from magic-manic-toxic, the path which an obsession with technology takesSupplement STEM with COREDistinguish between real and simulation.Ask Why and Who.We should not let Silicon Valley, technologists, the military, or investors become mission control for humanity— no matter what country they are in.

As James Barrat famously quoted in his “Our Final Invention”, “As I’ll argue, AI is a dual-use technology like nuclear fission. Nuclear fission can illuminate cities or incinerate them. Its terrible power was unimaginable to most people before 1945. With advanced AI, we’re in the 1930s right now. We’re unlikely to survive an introduction as abrupt as nuclear fission’s.”

Mr. Gerd Leonhard’s clarion call to be part of “Team Human”, a concept popularized by Doug Rushkoff, an American media theorist, writer, columnist, lecturer, graphic novelist, and documentarian represents an effort to prevent the fossilization of mankind’s identity and its sacrifice at the altar of dangerous technology. “Technology vs Humanity” is thus, a plea for the preservation, if not downright redemption of the values that make the human species singularly unique.
Profile Image for John.
219 reviews
September 25, 2016
WOW, one of the best books I have read! This was/is such a thought provoking topic that I started seeing all the other news articles about AI, robotics, etc. everywhere I turned. This entire segment of the world fascinates me and I really want to get deeper into these topics.

I feel some of these changes are coming even faster than what is in the book. Self driving 18 wheelers are already being test in the field. a consortium of companies has come to together to try and think thru so many topics this book calls out are in desperate need before or technology jump the curve and we can no longer control it. I really love the hashtag #hellven (blend of hell/heaven).

There are so many topics in this book that are all interconnected, but Gerd does a tremendous job of not burying anything with techno jargon and his use of Oppenheimer, Greek terms and quotes from other authors/scientists, etc. really drives his points home. It is sometimes overwhelming how fast technology continues to advance, but Gerd does a tremendous job of calling out topics that REALLY need to start being discussed.

LOVE these items:
- Precaution vs. Proaction
- 5 new human rights for the Digital Age
- Nine suggested principles
- seven essential questions to ask

This books has definitely made me re-think some decisions, like Google's new AI Allo, I downloaded it last week and then I started seeing articles about it and before I even used it once, I deleted it. I am excited to continue to follow this space and Gerd to see how well we can shape or future for the better.
Profile Image for Bruno.
131 reviews2 followers
November 29, 2017
This is an absolute interesting read ... somewhere between technological (naive) optimism and defaitist apocalyptic thinking, Leonhard implores us to start thinking about consequences of technology. It is important we start to think and discuss about technology and its impact on human happiness and even human-ness itself.

I'm not sure that a global ethical initiative will work (given that we don't even manage to work globally on things like climate change), but he shows clearly we need to start asking "why" questions on current and future technological advances. We should not just do it because we can (because clearly, it will happen given exponential evolution of technology), we should do it if it makes sense and doesn't lead to further inequality and human misery.
Profile Image for Leonardo Longo.
142 reviews12 followers
May 20, 2022
Gerd Leonhard reinforces we can no longer indulge in the Hollywood-style dualism between utopia and dystopia and the debate must have a clear starting point, with human welfare and happiness at the centre of every decision-making and governance process.
What I liked the most is that the author presents the technogical megashifts and presents a whole new set of critical issues, because technology is no longer just redrawing our economy and society, but also our biology (ageing, childbirth, etc.) and our ethics. Hence the book’s most important message: the pressing need for ethical reflection.
Profile Image for Winston Liu.
17 reviews2 followers
August 14, 2021
A lot of hypotheticals without the supporting evidence to back it up. Case in point is what he envisions technology to be like in 2020 and 2022. Doesn't seem to me like many of his predictions have come true.
Profile Image for Artur Coelho.
2,306 reviews64 followers
January 19, 2018
Humanismo tem sido uma ideia muito ausente do corrente debate sobre o impacto, sentido já hoje, da combinação de inteligência artificial, robótica/automação, machine learning, big data e algoritmia no futuro da nossa sociedade global. As visões costumam oscilar entre as tecno-utopias quasi-religiosas dos singularitários, deslumbramento com o brilhantismo de um futuro pós-mecanicista, ou visões aterradoras da humanidade como resquício num mundo automatizado, combinando os piores aspetos do capitalismo com a tecnologia. Apesar do título aparentemente bombástico, que nos remete para as visões mais assustadoras do impacto das tecnologias, Gerd Leonhard segue um caminho inesperado.

Uma questão que é constante ao longo do livro é a "se somos capazes de fazer, isso significa que devemos fazer"? Não é uma questão habitual nas leituras futuristas que tenho feito, que assumem a rápida evolução como inevitável. Quer como efeito de progresso acelerado, quer através do argumento "se nós não o fizermos, outros o farão". Uma variante do lema move fast and break things da tecno-elite financeira, com antevisão da trabalheira que dará limpar os cacos da aceleração.

Leonhard segue o habitual esquema deste tipo de livros, mapeando, a partir da sua experiência, o crescimento dos campos do costume. Redes sociais, algoritmos, automação, robótica, inteligência artificial, bio tecnologias estão no radar deste futurista, que as detalha com admiração mas sem se perder no deslumbramento. O humano, a ideia que a tecnologia existe para servir a humanidade e não por si só, está no centro das suas preocupações. As questões são colocadas com lucidez, sem ceder à tentação de pregar um abrandamento ou regressão para proteger a humanidade de uma possível extinção (uma das lógicas mais radicais do futurismo transumanista).

Constante é a sua preocupação com as consequências, quer positivas quer negativas, de um desenvolvimento tecnológico que se tornou fundamental para a nossa sociedade. Inerente a esta preocupação está uma visão do espaço público com obrigação interventiva, entre o pessoal e o social, apontando problemáticas, apontando e travando excessos, colocando moratórias no desenvolvimento de algumas tecnologias. Algo que deixa nervosos os correntes paladinos da evolução tecnológica livre, mas já tem precedentes em muitas áreas, desde a ética biomédica ao nuclear.

Poder fazer não torna o fazer inevitável, há que saber analisar problemáticas e tomar decisões informadas. O impacto global das tecnologias NBIC já se faz sentir, embora de forma assimétrica a nível global, e também entre os seus aspectos positivos e negativos. Reforçar o valor do humanismo, ou melhor, recordar-nos que apesar do fascínio, a evolução tecnológica não existe por si só, parte de uma tradição focada nas necessidades humanas, é o grande papel desta adição ao catálogo da literatura futurista contemporânea.
Profile Image for Toby Newton.
178 reviews30 followers
January 6, 2017
I enjoyed this, though it scared me. Leonhard writes a bit breathlessly occasionally and he is one of those prognosticators who, having provided a wealth of information suggesting why we should be very, very anxious about the future hoving into view, finishes each chapter by saying jauntily "but, on balance, I'm optimistic" or something to that effect. Perhaps remaining upbeat is just something future-casters who want to sell their wares need to do. TS Eliot famously suggested that humankind cannot bear too much reality ...

Anyhow, among all the interesting crystal ball gazing was embedded the issue that should really give us pause for thought (and action), I believe - which is that a particular typology of human being (with an engineering, coding, data-driven, square it off and batten it down mentality) is currently designing software that is set to "gradually, then suddenly" take over our world. But for that to happen, the technological, algorithmically governed fruits of this labour will need to be deemed to offer fit answers to philosophical/ethical conundrums that have haunted, bewildered, divided and eluded humankind for decades, centuries, millennia ... and, you have to suspect that inadequate, instrumental, indefensible and, finally, inhuman as these software encoded answers will necessarily be, they will nonetheless become the norm, and a part of our everyday lives, because big business wants it so. And, historically, the interests of capital have tended to trump (now there's a term that takes on a new and sinister dimension in 2017) the interests of hominids, or all but a tiny few.
Profile Image for Alexander Rose.
23 reviews1 follower
January 14, 2018
Ein spannendes, wenn auch in langen Teilen dystopisches Bild einer möglichen Zukunft. Obwohl Gerd die Zukunft zu 90% positiv bewertet, scheinen die übrigen 10% die wesentlichen zu sein, die es jetzt bewusst zu diskutieren gilt. Dieses Buch bietet einen reichhaltigen Fundus an Zukunftsoptionen & Technologien (AI, AR, VR, BCI, Bots, DL, ML, GDEC, HelloMe, IDA und #hellven), welche alle exponentiell und kombinatorisch auf sich gegenseitig einwirken. Das in diesem Buch beschriebene Manifest ist ein Aufruf die Menschlichkeit (wieder) in das Zentrum zu stellen, damit wir langfristig eine Daseinsberechtigung ggü. den Maschinen haben und das Glück das zu ersterbende höchste Gut darstellt. Es geht zukünftig immer mehr um die Frage warum, und nicht ob oder wie wir etwas tun werden.
Profile Image for Julian Walker.
Author 3 books7 followers
July 3, 2017
A highly thought-provoking book, based on the premise that humanity will change more in the next 20 years than in the previous 300, plus the perspective that technology is not ‘what’ but ‘how’ we seek.

Written slightly episodically and academically (e.g. I'll talk more this in chapter X), this is like a lecture where the speaker gets more and more into his stride. By the end you are contemplating a possible world where thoughts and associated brain activity are turned into triggers for computers, while mobile devices are voice- and gesture-controlled.

You are encouraged to think about the purpose and ethics of technology - and the ethics of those who invent and provide it.

And, if you agree that technology has no ethics, then a society controlled by technology could be one without ethics - and that could make a gloomy future prospect.

Stimulating brain food
Profile Image for Eduardo Pereira bártolo.
8 reviews2 followers
November 3, 2017
This book is a must read if you want to understand the challenges of the exponential development of technology. Unlike most other futurists Gerd Leonhard starts a conversation about what we should and what we should not do with technology. This book will help shape a global debate on the purpose and ethics of technology—and the ethics of those who invent and provide it.

Gerd Leonhard suggests that we define some basic ground rules for the coming machine age by determining which technologies, if applied, will most likely promote human flourishing and should therefore be pursued, and which technologies will not. He says that we must also ask the “when, why, and who” questions more often, and we also need to think about who would actually control compliance with those rules.
Profile Image for Michael Roach.
6 reviews
September 30, 2016
Once you get the future is where you are going to spend the rest of your life you get reading in the futurist genre is kinda helpful.

Gerd's emphasise is on not forgetting there is a human side to all technological progress, something that yes I've felt has been left out in most of the other stuff I've read.

This is one of those books that I'm going to need to read again it's that good. Not just stuff to think about but stuff you SHOULD be thinking about and probably aren't. That's why I'll be rereading to see what I should be noticing and putting my attention on to create the future I want to be living into.
Profile Image for Çağatay Abay.
27 reviews3 followers
May 9, 2020
Gelişen teknolojinin olumlu yanlarının yanında olumsuz yanları da olabileceğinin farkına varmamızı sağlayan bir kitap olmuş. Buna karşı neler yapılabilir, etik anlayışımızı nasıl koruyabiliriz gibi güzel konulara değinmiş. Sonlarına doğru 2020-2024-2030 için bazı teknolojilerden bahsetmiş ancak şöyle bir problem var ki, öyle bir teknoloji bu dönemlerde olsa bile insan hayatına yer etmesi o kadar kısa sürmüyor. Günümüzde hala hiç internetten alışveriş yapmamış devasa bir oran varken kitabın bu noktası bana oldukça hayalperest geldi. Belirttiği sürelere bi +10 eklemek lazım en az.
Author 19 books65 followers
October 10, 2016
I liked parts of this book, especially the discussion about how efficiency cannot be the overriding purpose of humanness. He also explores the implications of AI, deep learning and other technologies that are destined to change society. However, he seems to be quite a leftist with little faith in free markets, and a whole lot of faith in governments. The book is way too long, rambles, and can be frustratingly repetitive in places. It could have been half the length, and I wish it was.
Profile Image for Grant Gochnauer.
2 reviews7 followers
October 2, 2016
Thought provoking read! Highly recommended

Thought provoking read about how technology will shape our world and lives. We will abdicate to technology or will we control our destiny by holding those human virtues as our guiding light. Highly recommended to any technologist or futurist who wants a glimpse into our potential future.
Profile Image for Fabrizio Poli.
Author 11 books25 followers
October 12, 2016
This is a great book about the future. This is not only about technology but also about humanity. There is so much technology can and will do for mankind but things like emotions can't be replicated by a robot...or can it?

This is a book every young person and not so young person should read. it gives you a clear idea of the professions of the future.

Highly recommended!
Profile Image for Ivaylo Bonev.
2 reviews2 followers
October 31, 2016
Great book from great author! I really enjoyed his views and shared many of them! He points valuable pitfalls, which humanity should take under consideration in the up coming tsunami of technology and change!
Profile Image for Vedat Guven.
333 reviews1 follower
July 19, 2020
İnsanlık tarihindeki büyük dönüşümlerden bir tanesi daha kapımızda. Ancak bu üssel ve tümleşik bir yapıda olacak. Hazırlanmaya fırsat bulamayacağız. Teknoloji kullanımını artırdıkça aslında o bizi kullanıyor olacak. Özgür irademizi IoT, AI ve algortimalara bırakıyoruz. Hali hazırda ulaşacağımız yere nasıl gideceğimize biz değil Yandex karar veriyor mesela.
Yaşadığımız büyük dönüşümler dijitalleşme, mobilleşme, ekranlaşma, aracısızlaşma, akıllanma, otomasyon, sezinleme, sanallaştırma ve robotlaşma. Yaşam biçimleri, sosyal normlar, hepsi değişiyor. Kuralsız ve kanunsuz ilerliyoruz. Dönüşümün bu yüksek hızına etik yetişemiyor.

İnsan-makina tartışmasının merkezinde mutluluk arayışı ve insan refahının artışını koymalıyız.
GSMH veya GSYİH yerine GPI (Genuine Progress Indicator) yani bir ülkenin sadece rakamsal verilerini değil sosyal refahını da ölçmeliyiz.
Eğer bizler tür olarak refaha ulaşmayacaksak, hepimizi yeni bir mutluluk boyutuna taşıyacak bir şey elde edemezsek, tüm bu teknolojik ilerlemenin ne manası var?
Bizler teknolojiyi kullanan bi canlı türüyüz. Teknolojiye dönüşmek için var olan bir canlı türü değiliz.Araçlarımızın aracı olmayalım.

"İnsanlar, teknolojinin üreme organları" Kevin Kelly
"Muazzam hiçbir şey, lanetini yanında getirmeden ölümlülerin hayatına girmez." Sofokles
"Teknoloji ile köle ticareti arasındaki fark şu: Köleler özgür olmadıklarının tamamen farkında" Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Dijital asistanlar, tüm bilgilerimizi topluyor. Bunları nerede, ne zaman ve kimlerle paylaşıyor acaba? Bunlar manipüle edilebilir mi? Dolayısıyla bize sundukları haberler, gündem, ürün ve hizmetler nasıl filtrelerden geçecek, bilemiyoruz. Her işimizi ve kararlarımızı onlara bıraktığımızda, yaratıcı olmayan, fikir üretmeyen, karar vermeyen vasıfsız bir toplum mu gelişecek? Sosyal ilişki ve iletişim deyince ekranlara tıklamak mı olacak hayatımız bundan sonra? Özlediğimiz insana sarılmak, mutluluk paylaşmak için sarılarak havalara zıplamak, teselli etmek için, destek olmak, moral vermek için fiziksel temasın yerini, yüz yüze konuşurken gözlerinin içine bakmayı, sesteki samimiyeti teknoloji, ekranlar, robotlar ne kadar dolduracak?

Geleceğin saydam olmayan ve hesap vermeyen devletlerce, Silikon Vadisi yöneticilerince, açgözlü risk sermayedarlarınca veya ABD Savunma Bakanlığı İleri Araştırma Projeleri Ajnası (DARPA) gibi askeri örgütlerce belirlenmesini mi istiyorsunuz?
1 review
August 14, 2018
It was a marvelous encounter with this book at a tech-conference and I was captivated by the deep-understanding of ethics of communication challenges nowadays of the author, Gerd Lenhard. Reading this book following that conference confirmed me that the author put all his knowledge and personal traits in depicting the reality we're living today, very much a speed-present for young people, and a far-away future yet for older generation.
Of all the pieces of articles I've read over time on the ethics of technology, this book is a must read, as it synthesis most of the concerns I was having, and also bringing out new enlightenment on old topics. Quite a joy reading it, also for the flow of the writing, very suitable for me! Highly recommend it as a good-read and as a captivating conference, a blend of tech, pop-culture and academics - very enjoyable and memorable for students and professionals in the field, but also for general public!
Profile Image for Jari Pirhonen.
395 reviews12 followers
September 1, 2019
The author raises his worries how we keep our humanity when technologies makes so many things easier. Technology capabilities are increasing exponentially and it's easy give up more and more of our work and skills to machines. The author defined digital obesity as a mental and technological condition in which data, information, media, and general digital connectedness are being accumulated to such an extent that they are certain to have a negative effect on health, well-being, happiness, and life in general. We need to be aware and make sure that technological advances will follow certain ethical guidelines and serve humanity.
Profile Image for Jan Hargas.
2 reviews8 followers
August 28, 2019
After just finishing Harari's Homo Deus, I just couldn't get passed sections of this particular book which were poorly argumented and posing questions without any ambition to look underneath very simple narratives ("is it good if we replace visits to Grandma with visits via Skype?" - well....why not exploring that?). I think there are interesting ideas in this book, but unfortunately without proper argumentation it feels like science fiction rather than science (which futurology probably aims to be). Might give it another chance later, but at this moment, I had to drop it.
Profile Image for Başak Gök.
34 reviews1 follower
June 19, 2021
Teknoloji performans eğrisi insanların algıladığının ve beklediğinin aksine kademeli ve doğrusal değil, üstel bir artışta devam ediyor. Bu bizim in büyük bir sorun teşkil ediyor: Teknoloji üstel büyürken, insanlar doğrusal büyüyor.
Kritik bir dönem noktasındayız: Üzerimizde hayal edebileceğimizden fazla güç sahibi olabilecek teknolojileri üretiyoruz.
“Sırf ilerleyebiliyoruz diye ilerlemekten kaygı duymamalı mıyız”
Profile Image for Rich.
25 reviews
April 11, 2018
A decent perspective by Futurist Gerd Leonhard on the disruptive paradigms (Gerd terms megashifts) that will as a combination impact the human race in the next 20 years.

Thought-provoking questions putting the WHY before everything else and humble suggestions on establishing a global committee and governance model for implementing machine learning (AI).

7 reviews
March 2, 2019
I had to read this book for a college class, the author takes a very middle ground position on the dangers and positives of artificial intelligence and robots, he really gets the reader thinking about the future, and how we should act now before it is too late, I would highly recommend this book!
Profile Image for Ganimarepublic.
80 reviews14 followers
May 18, 2019
- How did you go bankrupt? First slowly - then suddenly!
- New luxury is no doubt being offline.

I think you can read this book as a digitalization review book with a horizon-opening future. Especially digital obesity and the sections that reflect on the future.
Profile Image for Daniel Eduardo.
9 reviews6 followers
March 7, 2021
Being a book written back in 2016, it is a very fascinating one and interestingly the author has very accurate predictions on our current times. Perhaps a bit repetitive and pessimistic, too many open questions. Other than that a good read
Profile Image for Lech Kaniuk.
Author 4 books312 followers
July 1, 2018
It definitely makes you think about what the future has to offer us.
35 reviews
September 29, 2019
Many many good points and an thought provoking read, but I can’t help missing more of a discussion on the points...
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