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İnsan Ahlakının Doğal Tarihi
İnsan ahlakının evrimi iki adımda gerçekleşti. Başlangıçta doğa koşulları nedeniyle, ilk insanlar işbirliğine gitmezlerse yok olacaklarını gördü ve bu işbirliğini düzenli hale getirmek için yeni bilişsel yetenekler geliştirdiler. Riskleri en aza indirmek için her koşulda birlikte hareket edip, güven, saygı ve sorumluluk üzerine kurulu ikili ortaklıklar yarattılar.
Paperback, 231 pages
Published February 14th 2018 by Koç University Press
(first published January 1st 2016)
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Tomasello's much acclaimed works address the perennial question of what makes human thinking unique, by using evidences drawn, mostly, from experimental devices of his making at the Max Planck Institute; settings meant to compare child's (toddlers and preschoolers) and apes' skills at spatial, instrumental and social cognition. The thesis he builds and sustains is, at core, Piagetian : our most cherished feats (notably language and cumulative culture) are contingent products of our hypersocial t ...more
For the vast majority of recorded human history, we humans have believed that morality comes from somewhere outside of us; from “above,” from the ether, from some kind of benevolent creator, etc. Even as we have learned more and more about how humans evolved from apes who evolved from “lower” animals who evolved from “lower” lifeforms who evolved from, essentially, “ooze” we have still maintained that human morality comes from outside of human beings. The idea is that morality has been bestowed ...more
Jan 31, 2019 Adam rated it really liked it · review of another edition
There's an idea in psychology that you learn things better if they're presented in a less approachable way, because you have to activate more critical thinking skills to parse them in the first place. If that's true, then this book is great. It's kind of astonishing how much about morality we take for granted, especially as atheists, and this book at least starts to fill in some of those gaps with concrete and realistic hypotheses. So many questions in issues I've been thinking about a lot latel ...more
Through experimental evidence in primatology, anthropology, child development and psychology, Tomasello describes how cognitive and psychological sophistication engenders interdependence-based sympathy. Mutualistic collaboration and self-projective perspectival cogitation are uniquely human and further consolidate our sympathetic concern, while shared intentionality gestates the sense of fairness and the mechanics of justice. These proximate motivations, innate and genuine, are the foundations o ...more
The book is very dense and makes a lot of claims that are not well supported. I Tried to read it several times but failed. The idea of morality as a form of cooperation was quite interesting though. The book could have been written better, it’s too dry.
Jan 23, 2018 Per Kraulis rated it it was amazing · review of another edition
A magisterial synthesis of empirical results and philosophical arguments concerning anthropology, sociology, human psychology and evolutionary history. How can human morality be the product of the seemingly amoral process of evolution? The discussion is grounded in empirical results concerning the common and divergent behaviors of human children and chimpanzees (our nearest evolutionary relative). The focus in this book is on how cooperation, joint intentionality and fairness based on other-self ...more
Michael Tomasello is an American developmental and comparative psychologist. He is a co-director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.