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Time and Free Will

3.98  ·  Rating details ·  598 ratings  ·  41 reviews
Internationally known and one of the most influential philosophers of his day (and for a time almost a cult figure in France, where his lectures drew huge crowds), Henri Bergson (1859-41) led a revolution in philosophical thought by rejecting traditional conceptual and abstract methods, and arguing that the intuition is deeper than the intellect. His speculations, especial ...more
Paperback, 278 pages
Published November 1st 2000 by Adamant Media Corporation (first published 1889)
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Jan 29, 2020 rated it it was amazing
این بهترین پاسخ به مسئله اختیار بود که تا الان دیدم.

اگه ذهنی علاقمند به فلسفه دارید تا الان قطعا به این مسئله فکر کردید؛ آیا ما دارای اختیار هستیم یا نه؟ مسئله اختیار یکی از اون سوالات مهمه که تقریبا تمامی شاخه های فکری بشر، از هنر گرفته تا تئولوژی و فلسفه و علم بهش پرداخته ان. خب آیا بالاخره به جوابی در این مورد رسیدیم؟

بیاید به دستاورد های علمی نگاه کنیم؛

توی این چند دهه اخیر با گسترش نوروساینس دانشمند ها علاقه زیادی به این مسئله پیدا کرده ان که رفتار انسان رو به کمک تحلیل رفتار نورون های مغز
240716 this is a much later later addition: i have now read 'creative evolution' and must again suggest it is this book best to read first of all his work. it is also important to read 'matter and memory', which extends his thoughts on time with 'intensive multiplicity', and realize the ongoing difficulty to 'think time' when its 'quality' resists symbolic form. these are all engaging philosophical works...

110615 this is a much later addition: just put bergson's work on the modernists shelf, par
Aug 07, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
يمثل بيرغسون احد الوجوه المؤسسة للفلسفة الفرنسية المعاصرة , وقد بلور فكره بالاعتماد على تحليل نقدي للمناهج وللنتائج العلمية لعصره وتطمح فلسفته ذات الطابع الروحي الى ان تكون بمنزلة عودة واعية ومتعقلة الى معطيات الحدس والتي تمكننا وحدها من التطابق مع الحركة الحرة والهالة للحياة والروح وهذا الكتاب كان بداية مشروعه واول معالم نظريته الخاصة بالمعرفة
فالفلسفة الحيوية عند برجسون تري أن العقل بطبيعته عاجز عن تزويدنا بكل المعرفة، بإعتبار أنه لا يستطيع أن يمارس نشاطه إلا في مجال المادة أو ميدان الحس الخارج
Brian Kim
Jan 30, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I have never seen a philosopher that looks like his philosophy. Bergson appears incredibly comical because he has a face that's in a constant state of confusion, but the more you look at him the more you realize a hint of enlightenment within the tensions of his facial muscles. Perhaps what distinguishes Bergson from most philosophers today is his fashion for poetry, and paradoxes. it must be understood that Bergson is responding to the traditional Kantian notion of Time and Space, which ultimat ...more
Kelsey Hennegen
Oh this is such an incredible work! The way he treats the true self and distinguishes it from the social self, his depiction of language and how naming a thing or a state makes it so explicit, discrete, concrete but that doesn’t really comport with the true potency of the feeling. About how we don’t experience discrete states, but emotion like a symphony intensifying, not a single instrument. Or like colors blending, bleeding into each other. He completely sees the integration of mind and body, ...more
robin friedman
Oct 15, 2020 rated it really liked it
Reading Bergson's Time And Free Will

Henri Bergson (1859 -- 1941) was the rare philosopher who received for a time a large popular following together with the Nobel Prize for Literature. From a time of great influence, Bergson's works fell into years of neglect. There has been a revival of late of interest in his philosophy. Bergson's best-known book is "Creative Evolution" (1907). For all the popularity of this work, it is highly difficult to read. I have been fortunate to have the opportunity t
Feb 13, 2020 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Before reviewing this essay by Henri Bergson, I have to admit something. I generally don't like post-Kantian continental philosophy. It is much ado about nothing. Alright, almost nothing. In general, these are works spanning hundreds and hundreds of pages, outlines the most abstruse and detailed philosophical arguments in attempts to refute the common sense and scientific worldview. And if not attempting to do this, then it's a recycling of problems of Ancient Greek philosophy, dressing them up ...more
Aug 17, 2019 rated it liked it
A little dense, either because of the translation, the ideas and thoughts, or both. However, there is true wisdom in these pages relating the propensity of humans to apply symbols to things internal and consequently replace those internal states with symbols, which can be used to make calculations and develop theories, when those internal states in and of themselves can never be isolated and replaced with symbols, and removed from their initial states of being.
Tony Poerio
Dec 31, 2014 rated it really liked it
Bergson reminds me of Borges in a lot of ways.

I'm sure he was a huge influence on JLB, and their writing shares similar qualities in my recollection.

Concise, precise, and often mind bending.

People will always write treatises on the nature of time.

And this book will always be a reference. Maybe it always was?
Frank Bierbrauer
Mar 26, 2012 rated it really liked it
An extremely interesting book. Bergson talks about the possibility that time is more than simply "a parameter in the equations", so to speak, as it is so often understood in science. For example in physics time is really nothing that truly creates anything. Time in physics is merely a re-arranger of otherwise independent pre-existing fundamental separate objects. For Bergson it is wholly creative, the engineer of novelty. In this text, Bergson's PhD thesis, he focuses mainly on what time means i ...more
Sanket Hota
Mar 23, 2020 rated it it was amazing
"... every demand for explanation in regard to freedom comes back, without our suspecting it, to the following question: 'Can time be adequately represented by space?' To which we answer: Yes, if you are dealing with time flown; No, if you speak of time flowing."

In the first chapter, Bergson expounds on the confusion that arises between intensity and the putative extensivity of our inner psychological states, by giving examples of the interpenetrability of the same and concludes that time is a h
Nalanda Buatong
Jun 30, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
ชอบการตั้งประเด็นคำถามของเล่มนี้ รู้สึกว่ามันสดใหม่แม้จะเขียนมา 130 กว่าปีแล้ว ส่วนข้อเสนอก็ค่อนข้างเรียบง่าย ว่าควรแยกความเข้าใจเรื่อง space ออกจาก time และแยกการมองเชิง quality ออกจาก quantity รวมทั้งความแตกต่างระหว่าง intensity กับ extensity
ส่วนรายละเอียดของเล่มนี้ ทำให้ส่วนตัวเห็นภาพมากขึ้น ว่าพวก affective turn และพวกติ่ง deleuzian หมกมุ่นอะไรกัน มีที่มาแบบไหน ก็ทำให้เริ่มเก็ตประโยคที่ว่า “everything must interpreted as intensity” มันหมายถึงอะไรกว้างขึ้น
ไม่ชอบอย่างเดียวคือสำนวนมันเก่า (ค
Agnes Fontana
Nov 04, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Un commentateur n'a pas tort d'écrire que Bergson est quelque part entre Kant et Proust. Comme Kant, Bergson se demande par le biais de quelles catégories et formes préexistantes nous percevons les choses ; comme Proust, il étudie avec un certain détachement scientifique nos états internes. Bergson pense que nous avons une perception faussée de nos états internes, en les observantscomme des objets externes, c'est à dire en les projetant dans l'espace (qui suppose la juxtaposition) et dans la qua ...more
Oakley Merideth
What am I supposed to get out of this volume? Bergson seems to delight in capturing the most benign intuitive acts/thoughts and ensnaring them in convoluted over-analysis. Good philosophy tries to uncover, deepen, discover, or question. Bad philosophy simply complicates. In this case Bergson’s conclusions are beyond timid and vague (“there are distinct approaches to understanding time and space!”) but he can only arrive at such a conclusion by way of torturous abstract exegesis of the quotidian. ...more
Jul 08, 2020 added it
Shelves: 2017-18
This book is a lengthy series of essays that constituted Henri Bergson’s first doctoral thesis. It established Bergson’s theory of duration, upon which many of his later theories are balanced. The thesis begins by analyzing the way that we think about internal states. When we are reflecting on our own inner feelings and emotions, we often characterize them as discrete, successive states, e.g. happiness followed by comfort followed by relaxation, etc.. Bergson posits that the perception of these ...more
A brilliant, clear exposition on time. If you have never heard these Bergsonian ideas, they will be most exciting and revelatory.

Space admits simultaneity of events through their juxtaposition (two apples are place on the table), and pure duration (time) as an inner state of being admits succession through overlaying and contiguity of events (the feeling of juice in your mouth as you bite into one apple, then the sweetness on your tongue, and so on). Yet, when we talk about time, we talk about i
Francisco Paniagua
¿Qué tiene que decir Henri Bergson sobre el problema de la libertad? ¿Está a favor del libre albedrío o del determinismo? En realidad, Bergson disuelve el problema apelando a un cuidadoso estudio de lo que entendemos por "libertad" y su vínculo con nuestros estados de conciencia más profundos.

El libro está estructurado en tres partes: Primero se ataca el problema de la intensidad de ciertos estados de conciencia ("experimenté mucho odio hacia esa persona", "hoy estoy más preocupado que ayer") y
Mamluk Qayser
Jun 17, 2020 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2020
As the French is the direct successor of the Grecian sensualism, Bergson embarked on a journey to prove that what intensity really is the qualitative sign of psychic states extrapolated in space. And it is this confusion that allow us to extrapolate the states within into space, which we thought to be time. But here Bergson distinguishes that our notion of time is really confused to be time. As addition of a number requires a homogenous space and addition of distinct terms. And succession is rea ...more
Marco Sán Sán
Tres ensayos en los cuales Bergson hace una exposición de lo que es la abstracción llamada pensamiento, no en sentido (platónico) de la idea, sino en el tiempo que dura la formulación de tal abstracción. La duración que se produce entre el percibir y el hacer.

Expuesto esto Bergson muestra los diversos modos en que esta duración nos hace entender el devenir de los acontecimientos en diversos estados de conciencia y cómo estos nos hacen formularnos pedazos de la realidad, nunca su totalidad, solo
Nov 06, 2020 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Hans doktorsavhandling? Snustorr. Svårbegriplig för mig.
Han verkar försöka ge vetenskapliga ekvationer för hur vår själ fungerar. Borde vara intressant ... men antagligen omöljigt, utom ur kvantfysisk synvinkel kanske?
Sam Herpin
Feb 04, 2020 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: for-school, i-own
A pain from start to finish... But I finished it !!
Ben Kearvell
May 25, 2018 rated it really liked it
To understand Deleuze, one has to read Bergson.
нєνєℓ  ¢ανα
Nov 10, 2020 rated it really liked it
Insightful and informative alike
Mohamedridha Alaskari محمد رضا العسكري
هذا الكتاب هو بالحيقية تمهيدا لنظرية المؤلف في المعرفة. يبحث الكتاب موضوع الوعي الذي نمتلكه وما يمثله لمعرفة الأنا.
Indrek Ojam
Dec 22, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Olen ikka tahtnud kirjutada kommentaari mõnele mitte-ilukirjanduslikule teosele, mis mind tugevalt puudutanud on. Henri Bergson on kahtlemata kõige inspireerivamaid mõtlejaid, keda lugenud olen. Olgu reservatsiooniks öeldud, et mu eriala ei ole küll filosoofia, vaid hoopis eesti kirjandus, aga olen lugenud kõiki Bergsoni eesti keelde tõlgitud tekste, lisaks hulga artikleid inglise keele vahendusel ja õppinud filosoofiat iseseisvalt ja ka ülikoolikursuste abiga mitu aastat.

“Essee teadvuse vahetut
Alex Lee
Jun 17, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2015, philosophy
Once again, Bergson takes us in another direction. He excels at pulling out the underlying relations that structure methodology. He exposes how we construct regular notions such as time, space, self and so on -- showing us that such terms are actually heterogeneous. That we assume that the formality of language and conception is what things are; ignoring the uncertainty and difference that characterizes how we consider ourselves in a constant becoming all of our own.

At the heart of this essay, B
Kai Schreiber
Feb 12, 2014 rated it it was ok
This ought to be a fascinating and very illuminating work; a philosopher looking into the venture of quantifying, measuring and modeling the mind. Unfortunately it hasn't aged particularly well, and while Bergson' insights occasionally are jarring, a lot of the time he is just meandering on about not much at all. But then the problems he chose to tackle - what is the nature of space and time, are experiences comparable or is that an artifact of language and spatial ordering intruding on any comp ...more
Mar 20, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Dang, I wholeheartedly wish that I would have partaken of Bergson's brilliant, stimulating, clearly delineated, and yet still difficult-to-fully digest exposition upon the nature of time in human experience and existence—with strong pushback against Kant's conception of it as intermingled with extension in pure forms of intuition—ere I tackled Heidegger's punishing magnum opus. I read this seeing not only continuous linkages to the latter's influential onto-philosophy, but felt Bergson laid a gr ...more
Sep 30, 2008 rated it it was ok
Shelves: philosophy
What the? Time isn't space, but it is, but don't get confused because its not, only we can only define it in terms of space, but really it isn't linear in that way, in fact it is...not this example, whih illustrates how linear it is not though actually this example breaks down and underscores that it is linear, or though it not be linear, I can't explain it, but use your intuition. Got it? Good.
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Henri Bergson was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. While such French thinkers as Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, and Lévinas explicitly acknowledged his influence on their thought, it is generally ag ...more

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“The idea of the future, pregnant with an infinity of possibilities, is thus more fruitful than the future itself, and this is why we find more charm in hope than in possession, in dreams than in reality.” 108 likes
“What makes hope such an intense pleasure is the fact that the future, which we dispose of to our liking, appears to us at the same time under a multitude of forms, equally attractive and equally possible. Even if the most coveted of these becomes realized, it will be necessary to give up the others, and we shall have lost a great deal.

The idea of the future, pregnant with an infinity of possibilities, is thus more fruitful than the future itself, and this is why we find more charm in hope than in possession, in dreams than in reality.”
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