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Il fascismo eterno

4.42  ·  Rating details ·  2,899 ratings  ·  279 reviews
“Ritengo sia possibile indicare una lista di caratteristiche tipiche di quello che vorrei chiamare l’‘Ur-Fascismo’, o il ‘fascismo eterno’. L’Ur-Fascismo è ancora intorno a noi, talvolta in abiti civili. Sarebbe così confortevole, per noi, se qualcuno si affacciasse sulla scena del mondo e dicesse: ‘Voglio riaprire Auschwitz, voglio che le camicie nere sfilino ancora in pa ...more
Kindle Edition, 51 pages
Published January 2018 by La nave di Teseo (first published June 22nd 1995)
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Scot Parker
Nov 18, 2020 rated it it was amazing
This essay is incisive and quite relevant, particularly in the present day (2020) given the rise of fascism we are witnessing in numerous countries all over the globe, perhaps most notably in the United States. It's short and well worth a read; it's not too difficult to find it published online. ...more
Benjamin Uke
A former resident of Mussolini's Italy, Umberto Eco writes on how the initial tenets of fascism aren't just a historical bogeyman from the past, but a very real threat, and can become resurgent if the warning signs are ignored. If democracy ceases to move forward as a living force, seeking day and night by peaceful means to better the lot of our citizens and maintain economic balance, fascism or violence will grown in its stead.

I was inspired to read it by the recent political turmoil in the mid
...more
Sarah
Sep 20, 2019 rated it really liked it
Eco describes his childhood: first enthusiastic about his country's fascism, then watching it fall and quickly realizing the lies he had been told (example: that there were no other political parties).

He compares fascism's expression in various countries (does it include religious elements, for example), and tries to get to the heart of "eternal fascism"--what elements make fascism "fascism".
He also points out that machismo was born from fascism.
...more
Fattah Fathun Karim
Apr 23, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Ur Fascism is a doctrine by Italian novelist Umerto Eco explaining the basic archetypes of a fascist regime. Umberto Eco was born in 1932, a time when Mussolini's Fascism was reigning in Italy. He was born in a fascist state and saw the rise of fascist powers all across europe, for instance, Falangis in Spain, Nazis in Germany, Ustashe in Croatia, Nasjonal Samlings in Norway etc. He also saw the onset of european resistances, the republican promises, the communist exploitations and a lot other p ...more
Antonella
Jun 22, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is the translation into Italian (!) of a short essay Eco presented in English in 1995 at a Columbia University symposium on the 25th April, Liberation Day in Italy, and was later published in «The New York Review of Books». You can still read it there, legally and for free.

After a very interesting autobiographical part about his childhood during the Fascist dictatorship (Eco was born in 1932), the writer lists the main features of fascism, «many of them contradict each other, and are also t
...more
vi macdonald
Feb 11, 2017 rated it really liked it
Dear America,

I hope you're fucking happy.

Sincerely,
Violet.
...more
AC
Jun 13, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: fascism
Quite good, despite its extreme brevity. The full article is much better than the 14-pt. excerpt that often circulates:

https://www.pegc.us/archive/Articles/...
...more
Misha Coffey-Burns
Mar 08, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Prescient, heartbreaking, sharp. Love how and when Umberto inserts his childhood perspective on the rise and fall of Mussolini. It’s barely a political essay; it’s the moment you collect your thoughts and find peace wiping away the sweat from a horrific fever dream.
Seamus
Aug 20, 2020 added it
Remains strikingly relevant today, to a degree that (at risk of sounding cliched) I truly do think this is a piece which could have been written yesterday. What Eco's crafted here is a work of political theory which is simultaneously accessible nearly to anyone who possesses even a passing understanding of world history, while never talking down to his reader, never underestimating the importance of not "dumbing down" (so to speak) his definition of fascism in a way which erodes the meaning of h ...more
Georgi Vyatrov
Oct 15, 2020 rated it it was amazing
"It would be so much easier, for us, if there appeared on the world scene somebody saying, "I want to reopen Auschwitz, I want the Black Shirts to parade again in the Italian squares." Life is not that simple. Ur-Fascism can come back under the most innocent of disguises. Our duty is to uncover it
and to point our finger at any of its new instances – every day, in every part of the world."

It seems like this essay is very relevant today and will likely never stop being relevant. A reminder that fa
...more
Page
May 01, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Nine short pages and I found myself wanting to underline more than half of what was written. Critical reading to understand what is happening in the United States under the current administration.
Miguel
Jan 14, 2021 rated it it was amazing
The original speech was given at Columbia University in 1995, in English, addressing American youths and lecturing them on the rise of fascism in mid-90s America. A speech that hasn't lost a hair of relevance as we enter the year 2021 just a few days after the latest show of American fascism stormed the Capitol with nigh impunity and few (if any) consequences for those involved. 51 pages for reflecting on the current situation of the world stage and what we could call "new-age fascism", also a g ...more
Fernando Pestana da Costa
This book contains the Portuguese translation of two short essays by Umberto Eco, titled, in the Italian original, Il Fascismo Eterno and Le Migrazioni, La Tolleranza, L'Intollerabile. Both are quite interesting, but I found the first one an enlightening short masterpiece: to have in twenty pages an essay by the penetrating mind of Eco which concludes with an eight page long well organized list of fourteen points of characteristics of what the author calls Ur-Fascism, or Eternal Fascism, is inde ...more
Paulo Jan
Jan 04, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Fascism: this word had been observed by me in recent years as a great bag of cats where everything fits. Just put inside the bag.
Reading this book, I saw that there is no way to be different, because fascism is a chaotic patchwork without any philosophy behind. Nationalism joins with church, capitalism and conservatism, and ... it's ready.
...more
Stéphanie
Jun 10, 2021 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Short and well written, I thought it was the perfect book to initiate yourself to fascism. He listed down what it take to make a fascist society, talked about totalitarism, Stalinism and nazism as well, all of that from his perspective from growing up during ww2 in Italy.
Daniele Frison
Mar 20, 2018 rated it really liked it
Probably the text that should be delivered to every voter in every country before they make their decisions.
Anatl
Apr 23, 2019 rated it really liked it
Shelves: non-fiction
An important thought provoking essay, that is sadly relevant than ever nowadays.
Pandorave
Aug 10, 2019 rated it it was amazing
A must to understand fascism of any kind

Eco has lived the Italian one but has been able to summarize in few points how to spot new surging forms of fascism.
Pablo Gomez Borbon
Dec 03, 2019 rated it really liked it
Very good introduction to what is facism. Clear, well structured, witty. A must, in this sad Trump era...
Cas
Dec 09, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: italiano
This essay is an indispensable guide to recognising the characteristics of fascism, especially useful for the day and age we live in now.
Andre Berzins
Dec 18, 2019 rated it it was amazing
A critical piece of information to better understand the enemy. A very concise treatise on the nature and many forms of fascism. Need-to read if you want to survive Bolsonaro's Brazil these days. ...more
Manuel Guerrero
Mar 09, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Everybody should read it. Although very short (could be seen as an advantage), it is very revealing.
sara
Jun 05, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: favorites
one of the most beautifully written and useful essays i've ever read. everyone should give this a go. ...more
Manuel Alamo
Mar 08, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Short intervention of Eco. Amazing conference which exposes the common characteristics of facism.Easy to read and difficult to argue against him.
A must read.
Ryan
Mar 26, 2021 rated it it was amazing
A thought provoking and sobering examination of fascism and how it manifests itself. Extremely relevant in today’s political climate!
Matt
Mar 30, 2021 rated it it was amazing
I read the English translation of this short yet poignant essay "Ur-Fascism" but couldn't find the English version on Goodreads. Extremely important reading for our time, and for all time. ...more
Emanuele
Dec 30, 2020 rated it it was amazing
A perfect as brief (but complete) guide to define fascism and its possible instances in nowdays societies.
Sourdough Bread
10/10

An excellent essay describing the definition of fascism. I have seen the the fourteen points of fascism before but never the essay that came with it. Worth the read. Beyond the fourteen points that you can easily google, Eco points out fascism is ever changing and comes in many forms which makes creating a definition in the tradition sense near impossible which is why the fourteen points are more of a guideline than a checklist. Eco also discusses the history of fascism especially Italy's v
...more
✿ kathryn ✿
Feb 23, 2021 rated it it was amazing
An excellent and succinct text. Brilliant analysis of the nature of fascism. Will forever be relevant.
Primal
Feb 17, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history, activism
The goal of a fascist is obtain and sustain power through a rhetoric which is based on contradictory set of values and Umberto Eco points this out through examples, logic, and 14 possible tenets of a fascist. He also distinguishes fascism from totalitarianism which is more clearly defined and thus more easily identifiable. The main takeaway from this book for me was that fascism exists in many different forms and shapes and that this fuzziness or lack of a coherent philosophy is a feature and no ...more
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Umberto Eco was an Italian writer of fiction, essays, academic texts, and children's books. A professor of semiotics at the University of Bologna, Eco’s brilliant fiction is known for its playful use of language and symbols, its astonishing array of allusions and references, and clever use of puzzles and narrative inventions. His perceptive essays on modern culture are filled with a delightful sen ...more

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