Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Start by marking “The Mind is Flat: The Illusion of Mental Depth and The Improvised Mind” as Want to Read:
The Mind is Flat: The Illusion of Mental Depth and The Improvised Mind
Enlarge cover
Rate this book
Clear rating
Open Preview

The Mind is Flat: The Illusion of Mental Depth and The Improvised Mind

3.80  ·  Rating details ·  431 ratings  ·  71 reviews
A radical reinterpretation of how your mind works - and why it could change your life

'An astonishing achievement. Nick Chater has blown my mind' Tim Harford

'A total assault on all lingering psychiatric and psychoanalytic notions of mental depths ... Light the touchpaper and stand well back' New Scientist

We all like to think we have a hidden inner life. Most of us assume t
Hardcover, 272 pages
Published March 29th 2018 by Allen Lane
More Details... Edit Details

Friend Reviews

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

Reader Q&A

To ask other readers questions about The Mind is Flat, please sign up.

Be the first to ask a question about The Mind is Flat

Community Reviews

Showing 1-30
Average rating 3.80  · 
Rating details
 ·  431 ratings  ·  71 reviews

More filters
Sort order
Start your review of The Mind is Flat: The Illusion of Mental Depth and The Improvised Mind
☘Misericordia☘ ⚡ϟ⚡⛈⚡☁ ❇️❤❣
I've never been able to grab someone's belief, that's about the only thing I agree with in this book. I don't think anyone else ever did. Well, maybe someone did but they chose not to tell the tale to the rest of us.

This seems to be haunting the author to no end. Yeah, no one ever observed fears. Or beliefs. Or hopes. Or did they? Were they expecting a disembodied hope or maybe desire to float around for a bit to be prodded or touched or drawn or what?

I just don't think that the fact that we do
Alla Kitov
May 23, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Good for: rethinking perception if you know little about it

After finishing this book I had an impression that I am living a life of a fictional character in a fictional world. My body is nothing else but a signal processing system, striving cycle by cycle to impose meaning of sensory input. The meaningful interpretations are concsious-yielding a world of patterns, object, colours, voices, world, letters, faces, and more. But this was not new to me. Much of his book echoes with the "no-self" view
Laura Spira
Aug 12, 2018 rated it it was ok
Tim Harford raved about this book so I had high expectations but I was disappointed.

For a start it's not very well written and rather repetitive (and poorly copy-edited with a clutch of typos). I found the idea that my mind has no depth, and that my brain is constantly hoaxing me that it does, rather disturbing to start with but as I didn't find the argument entirely convincing my initial epistemological insecurity disappeared.

Chater has amassed a great deal of authoritative looking scientific
Douglas Greenshields
Jul 24, 2018 rated it it was ok
This might transpire to be a successful application letter to give TED talks, but it's ultimately disappointingly vapid. It isn't so much that the assertions here, so far as they go, are incorrect - but the writing is boring in the same way atheistic treatises are boring. Everything is "remarkable", everything "turns out" to be the case as a result of the extrapolation of hand-picked studies. There are so many omissions to the story painted - for one, the writer seems to imagine a homogenous hum ...more
Mar 27, 2019 added it
A book with a stupid premise. Of course the brain is a complex information processing system which is governed by certain transparent principles, and generates our thoughts and perceptions on the fly. The fact that we do not experience its workings transparently points to the fact that we 1. do not have direct control of our mind 2. are subject to influences deep within our brains which are not necessarily subject to change.

Of course there is a self that we generate in behavioural context, espe
Oct 19, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: review
I think the name of the book is a meta play, because the book convinces you of just that -"the mind is flat". It is also the most convincing case I have read against AGI (Artificial General Intelligence), even while showing why we have had successes in narrow AI. Before you think it's an AI book, it's not, it's about the human mind. We think of our mind having depths that we cannot fathom at this point, consisting of inner motives, beliefs and desires, many of which are unfathomable to us, and t ...more
Emmy Gregory
Jun 06, 2018 rated it liked it
Interesting message. Interesting science. Annoyed by how many times each point was repeated though.
Alex Zakharov
Aug 20, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Nick Chater’s central claim is that mental depth is an illusion. The claim is not new of course – Georges-Louis de Buffon’s “the style is the man himself”, Friedrich Nietzsche’s “there are no beautiful surfaces without terrible depths” , and more recently, Aaron Haspel’s “it’s surface all the way down” all swim in the same pond. In the book Chater identifies what he believes to be the mechanism that generates this illusion, and explores the features of consciousness, cognition, agency, and feeli ...more
Dec 31, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Chater is is a Professor of Behavioural Science at Warwick Business School and Scientist-in-residence of the BBC The Human Zoo. He makes an outrageous claim: rather than having conscious and unconscious thoughts, our mind is Flat. Our brain constantly interprets sensory perception, trying to make sense of it with past precedence stored inside, to produce a narrative.

This is an astounding claim, considering that from Freud onwards we have been taught that we have an inner self. Kahneman wrote a
Chris Aylott
Jul 14, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2019-reads
Smart pop psychology that isn't as sensationalist as it sounds. Chater explores the experimental evidence that we don't actually have anything like an unconscious mind. His take is that our conscious thought is the output of a biological computer that frantically shifts between different patterns many times per second, matching them up to build up a seemingly coherent understanding of the world around us.

Supposedly, this idea is a hard sell that requires serious debunking of traditional theories
Maciek Walas
Feb 05, 2021 rated it really liked it
Such a good one. A lot of interesting experiments showing that our mind is indeed flat. It wasn’t as mind boggling as I wanted it to be and it was very understandable. It definitely was interesting and a bit of an eye opener, I had a couple eureka moments while reading it and a couple „oh No” moments while reading it as well, and by that I mean that well, we might as well not be as smart as we would want to be. FlatMind theory is the only flat theory im willing to accept.
The mind is flat an intriguing thesis, that our minds are constant improvisers that have no underlying depth to them - no thought but the stream of consciousness. But it is let down by a blunt argument that does not consider with any seriousness potential objections except to dismiss the preexisting views as nothing more than outdated (pre-scientifix) intuitions or mysticism.

Chat makes a leap from the shallow imagery of imagination and dreams, to ruling out beliefs, desires and motives using th
Sarah Wilson
Sep 02, 2018 rated it it was ok
The illusion is .. that this book has any depth. To be fair, though, if you haven't read much (any) psychology this would be a good way to get introduced into a truly fascinating subject - the human mind. This is not a text book but the author does take the reader through a series of fairly well-known texts to support his argument. However, if you've read "Thinking, Fast and Slow" you probably won't get much new out of it. I was recommended the book by an economist that had rated it very highly. ...more
Chen Ann Siew
Mar 25, 2019 rated it it was ok
Couldn’t bring myself to finish this book, but marked it as read nevertheless to remind myself not to pick this up again. Arguments don’t make sense, eg first chapter on how physics of falling coffee, sugar and ball bearings can’t be explained. And also, citing the lack of consistency in human preferences to support his argument that the brain has no depth (and hence we have no settled beliefs), when these consistencies are often a result of human biases and heuristics.
Apr 18, 2019 rated it really liked it
This is an important and original treatment on the mind. Okay, much has been written on the mind, and there are plenty of topics covered in this book that have been covered elsewhere, for instance Barrett's How Emotions Are Made (another excellent work), which is a nice complement to this book.

Chater's overarching theme is that there is not as much (or perhaps any) depth or meaning behind much of what we do than we tend to think. We are remarkably good at making up stories and fooling ourselves
Vilgot Huhn
Dec 31, 2019 rated it really liked it
This is a fascinating book. Broadly I buy the main argument: that mental depth mostly an illusion. Consciousness is not a stream, it's a series of frames. We don't have any beliefs or values that are more real, more true, more "deep down". The tip of the iceberg and the submerged iceberg are made of a completely different material. Sure.

While I found the book well researched and mostly well-argued (aside from the chapter of emotion which I felt didn't give the questions raised the attention they
Paul LaFontaine
Sep 14, 2019 rated it liked it
The author asserts that our intuitive sense that we have a submerged consciousness that mirrors our waking conscious mind is wrong. What we have is a collaborative computing system that lies below consciousness comprised of snippets of interpretation that can be drawn upon to interpret the current sense experience in an open-ended, complex world. In our waking consciousness, the mind makes it up as it goes along and there are not principles or an "inner child" upon which we rely for our decision ...more
Teo 2050


Chater N (2018) (07:26) Mind Is Flat, The - The Illusion of Mental Depth and The Improvised Mind

Prologue: Literary Depth, Mental Shallows

Part I: The Illusion of Mental Depth

01. The Power of Invention
• artificial intelligence and the ‘inner oracle’
• the illusion of explanatory depth
• true believers in the inner oracle
• psychology: art or science?

02. The Feeling of Reality
• from words to pictures
• the sparseness of sensory experience

03. Anatomy of a Hoax
• piecing toget
Simon Smith
Jul 16, 2019 rated it liked it
The author has a strong perspective but little fresh evidence. Rather, this is a collection of research studies narrated by the perspective that the brain is incapable of processing more than one thing a time, that it manufactures rather than presents “reality,” and that there is no unconscious mind influencing our lives—just responses in the moment that are influenced by prior ways we’ve responded to things.

None of this is really controversial. But the author overreaches and contradicts himself
Daniil Lanovyi
May 24, 2018 rated it really liked it
Blunt. Declarative. A statement of a book. Much needed statement. Most importantly because that book touches and crashes the conviction of some that our beliefs are stable, persistent, even unchangeable. That extremely harmful myth should be long abolished. A mind is the most flexible concept that lives in a state of continuous change.

Especially in a modern world, with the ever-increasing pace of progress, we should remind ourselves often about the flexibility, a real superpower of our minds. B
Apr 23, 2019 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-in-2019
This book is terribly written.
The author rambles on endlessly and, as other reviews mentions, this is badly edited copy.

The whole foundation the book is built on seems unclear, and the author repeatedly contradicts his own statements, as well as cherry picking data to validate his position.

He repeats himself many times without coming to any conclusions.
Incredibly Interesting subject.
Awful book.

Steer well clear.
Alec Newman
Aug 05, 2018 rated it really liked it
This book is about how the way our cognition and perception actually work is much different than common sense has led us to believe.

How we tend to think of our perception and cognition: we can see and appreciate our entire visual field at once, in color, in relative detail; we can think in terms of abstract concepts; we can be aware of multiple things at once, and multitask; we can introspect how we arrived at an answer, or the motivations and belief systems behind our actions; we can imagine th
The idea that the subconciousness does not exist and that are conciousness is all there is, is profound and radical.

Our conciousness consist of the interpretations of sensory information in light of context, memory and association. Our brain works by improvising, by filling in the gaps in our understanind of the world. This is why optical illusions work. We see in colour, but only our cone cells can detect colour, our rod cells can only differentiate light and dark. “Elementary facts about the a
Brian Powell
Apr 17, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
If you believe, like many others, that there is a subconscious mind that is always churning, working in shrouded mystery, giving our thoughts and actions ulterior angles, that makes us much more than the sum of our moment-by-moment beliefs and actions, you've been living a tragic lie. In his book, Chater argues that our minds instead are nothing but vastly talented improvisors, inventing much of what we perceive at each second, stitching together our play-by-play account of the world as it goes ...more
Nicholas Sharp
The first half is a great survey of literature covering attention, perception, attribution of emotion, reasoning and consistency studies, all driving home the unavoidable conclusion: that the mind is flat.
Given the books controversial thesis and size, it is effectively, and very convincingly, made.

And if you’ll allow me to indulge in some name dropping, it really compliments Hume’s ‘bundle theory’ (and association theory, given the parallel of that and Chater’s ‘cycle of thought), or Buddhist c
Max Stone
Sep 22, 2018 rated it really liked it
Overall I very much enjoyed the book.

The basic theme is the subtitle: our brains are experts are stitching things together to create the illusion of more depth of knowledge than there really is, but really there isn't anything roiling beneath the surface; there is just the interpretations that we put on things.

I thought the chapters on perception were particularly strong; there were a lot of studies cited that I felt did a good job of conveying that one understands way less, and sees way less,
May 16, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
When I could wander a bookstore, I always browsing through the books on how brains work. Especially around perception or how our kludgy pile of grey matter has numerous design faults. When I saw this book, the premise sounded intersting.

The whole point of the book is to point out that the brain may not have depth of personality, but one that is shallow at best. Essentially we are memories with a continuous feedback loop for thinking. The author uses numerous studies and thought experiments to ba
Guido Calderini
Mar 11, 2021 rated it it was ok
Another okay book by a scientist trying to defend a full theory of his field of expertise. Lots of cool experiments and data, some mind-blowing facts about perception (particularly vision) and a very lackluster case for mind reductionism. I don't even blame scientists anymore; they are simply filling in a void that used to be occupied by philosophers with the courage and interest to venture outside of commentaries of commentaries and into a critical and systematic analysis of the fields of knowl ...more
Feb 10, 2019 rated it really liked it
Great work. Despite my reading a lot of pop-neuro stuff recently this consistently raised new information and reframed other narratives in a compelling manner. I do worry that a little bit of the thesis is a touch semantic in how far its claims go (i.e. we do "have" beliefs, just maybe not aligned with the way they're traditionally thought about, and same with memories). But this book still did challenge my thinking on a number of subjects. Particularly the evidence on object-attention was power ...more
Matt Butler
Feb 29, 2020 rated it it was amazing
I really enjoyed this. The writing was excellent and made complex ideas easy to follow. Where others in the field of cognitive science have described cognitive bias and explained the mechanisms involved, I haven't read anything that investigated the source of the bias in this detail. Our preferences are messy because they are invented in the moment, based on recent context, rather than being deep within us. It is impossible to identify our true preferences, because they don't exist.

I also liked
« previous 1 3 next »
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Be the first to start one »

Readers also enjoyed

  • The Hidden Half: How the World Conceals its Secrets
  • How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain
  • The Case Against Reality: Why Evolution Hid the Truth from Our Eyes
  • The WEIRDest People in the World: How the West Became Psychologically Peculiar and Particularly Prosperous
  • Good Reasons for Bad Feelings: Insights from the Frontier of Evolutionary Psychiatry
  • Metazoa: Animal Life and the Birth of the Mind
  • The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter
  • Your Brain Is a Time Machine: The Neuroscience and Physics of Time
  • The Consciousness Instinct: Unraveling the Mystery of How the Brain Makes the Mind
  • Calling Bullshit: The Art of Skepticism in a Data-Driven World
  • Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain
  • The Mind's Eye
  • The Strange Order of Things: Life, Feeling, and the Making of Cultures
  • The Way of Man
  • Not Born Yesterday: The Science of Who We Trust and What We Believe
  • Odio gli indifferenti
  • Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes
  • I dolori del giovane Werther (Romanzo) e Werther (libretto d'opera)
See similar books…
See top shelves…
Nick Chater is professor of behavioral science at the Warwick Business School and cofounder of Decision Technology Ltd. He has contributed to more than two hundred articles and book chapters and is author, coauthor, or coeditor of fourteen books.

News & Interviews

Need another excuse to treat yourself to a new book this week? We've got you covered with the buzziest new releases of the day. To create our...
22 likes · 5 comments
“No amount of therapy, dream analysis, word association, experiment or brain-scanning can recover a person’s ‘true motives’, not because they are difficult to find, but because there is nothing to find. It is not hard to plumb our mental depths because they are so deep and so murky, but because there are no mental depths to plumb.” 2 likes
More quotes…