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Fascism: Comparison and Definition
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Fascism: Comparison and Definition

3.49  ·  Rating details ·  69 Ratings  ·  7 Reviews
“An impressive review of reputed fascist movements, at once setting them apart from other authoritarian nationalist organizations and bringing them together within a qualified generic category.  Running throughout the volume, and valuable to readers at every level, is a careful critique of the major debates that divide scholars on this most unintelligible ‘ism’ of them all ...more
Paperback, 242 pages
Published March 15th 1983 by University of Wisconsin Press (first published 1980)
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Manel Haro
Este libro recoge las teorías más importantes sobre el fascismo y las estudia, analizando en gran medida en qué fallan. Desde por qué es incorrecto pensar en una idea global de fascismo, como si todos los regímenes autoritarios fueran iguales, hasta elaborar una teoría individualizada e independiente para cada caso, ya que entre ellos hay una base más o menos común, un “fascismo mínimo”. Payne expone algunas ideas demasiado a la ligera que habría que razonar con más detalle, pero aunque no se es ...more
May 10, 2007 marked it as to-read
This is probably one of the coolest books I own; and I've just received it as a gift. Can't find a copy on Amazon or Ebay, so that makes me one lucky boy.
Written in 1980, Payne's book on fascism was considered one of the essential texts on the subject for many years. Even three-plus decades on, it is still a worthwhile read, though I found some of its analysis to be suspect.

It's similar to Carsten's the Rise of Fascism in many ways, though Payne does a better job of trying to talk about generic fascism as an ideology, without necessarily linking it to a specific government or movement. As many people have observed, adequately defining fascism is
Bito Manué
rated it it was ok
Mar 03, 2017
Shea Mastison
Sep 13, 2013 rated it liked it
This was a definitive work on fascism at its most basic. Stanley G. Payne looks at the various parties, models, and regimes that have been tagged "fascist" and tries to arrive at a simple definition.

He correctly points out that fascism was the 20th century's only legitimately new political philosophy; and also shows why the total quantity of actual fascist movements was always relatively small. Most interestingly of all, he tackles the claim that fascism represents the radicalism of the middle
Jan 27, 2017 rated it it was ok
This is a slim and efficient explanation of the difficulties of defining a generic fascism, a brief history of interwar fascist developments with sections on minor movements outside of Italy and Germany, and proposal of the basic commonalities of different fascist movements. There's also fleeting passages about comparisons between fascism, especially national socialism, and state socialism, as well as a tiny bit about the leftist backgrounds of Italian fascism. By intent, it is timid and restrai ...more
Oct 13, 2016 rated it liked it
This book is essentially a dry, detailed timeline of the developments of the various movements that either became varieties of fascism or were closely related to it. Not an example of "popular history," by any means, but densely packed with information. You may be surprised how complicated European politics were in the decades before WW II, and how easily Left could flip over to Right, liberalism to authoritarianism, internationalism to jingoism.
"El fascimo" de Payne es un libro muy apreciable, es de esas obras que te lleva a muchas otras. Por eso y porque no renuncia a analizar ningún aspecto de los fascismos europeos del siglo XX (payne niega que los fenómenos de fuera de Europa puedan ser considerados como tales), ya merece la pena.
Jesus Ortega
rated it really liked it
Jan 31, 2014
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Oct 03, 2011
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historian of modern Spain and European Fascism at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He retired from full time teaching in 2004 and is currently Professor Emeritus at its Department of History
More about Stanley G. Payne...
“Had Schleicher been successful in his leadership of the German government at the end of 1932, he would probably have headed a very moderate, essentially anti-Nazi form of nationalist authoritarianism that would have avoided a sharp break with the republican constitution and promoted a reflationary, reformist economic policy along Keynesian or New Deal lines to revive the economy and conciliate German society.” 1 likes
“Zeev Sternhell has conclusively demonstrated that nearly all the ideas found in fascism and nazism first appeared in France.” 1 likes
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