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King Leopold's Ghost

4.15  ·  Rating details ·  33,231 ratings  ·  2,215 reviews
In the 1880s, as the European powers were carving up Africa, King Leopold II of Belgium seized for himself the vast and mostly unexplored territory surrounding the Congo River. Carrying out a genocidal plundering of the Congo, he looted its rubber, brutalized its people, and ultimately slashed its population by ten million—all the while shrewdly cultivating his reputation ...more
Paperback, 376 pages
Published September 3rd 1999 by Mariner Books (first published 1998)
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Mary Non-fiction.
This is a non-fiction book about King Leopold (of Belgium) and his rule in the Congo.
Emilie Krone King Leopold was the king of Belgium in the late 19th century

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4.15  · 
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 ·  33,231 ratings  ·  2,215 reviews


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William2
A few things. First, I have read widely about Mao's Cultural Revolution and Great Leap Forward (40 to 70 million dead), Stalin's purges and programs of collectivization (100 million dead) and Hitler's genocide (11 million dead). I am largely unshockable. However, the avarice and deceit of King Leopold II of Belgium in the Congo (15 million dead) has been something of a revelation. I hereby enter his name in my Rogues Gallery roster. It is important that we remember what he perpetrated for his ow ...more
Jeffrey Keeten
”The Congo in Leopold’s mind was not the one of starving porters, raped hostages, emaciated rubber slaves, and severed hands. It was the empire of his dreams, with gigantic trees, exotic animals, and inhabitants grateful for his wise rule. Instead of going there, Leopold brought the Congo—that Congo, the theatrical production of his imagination—to himself.”

 photo King20Leopold20II_zpsx1f6dans.jpg
King Leopold II

Belgium was simply not big enough for the future king. ”When he thought about the throne that would be his, he was openly exa
...more
Trevor
Mar 19, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history, race
This is a remarkably painful book. There are a number of estimates given throughout of the extent of the extermination of people in the Congo under King Leopold – the author says perhaps 8-10 million people, but he also quotes someone who believes it might have been as many as 13 million people. This does not include, obviously enough, the children who were not born because their parents could not face bringing them into such a world. I mention this because at one point the author quotes people ...more
Michael
Apr 22, 2013 rated it it was amazing
Recommended to Michael by: chrissie
This work of popular history does a great job of bringing to life the story of King Leopold of Belgium’s orchestration of a private empire in the Congo near the end of the 19th century. His greed driven campaign presaged the 20th century shenanigans with its use of political intrigue, bribery, media manipulation, and lies. The popular explorer Henry Morton Stanley was wooed and appropriated to make his dream become a reality. Its economic success was founded on the institutionalization of slave ...more
Orsodimondo
CRIMINI CONTRO L’UMANITÀ



Cuore di tenebra è spesso considerato un’allegoria, o una parabola, freudiana – e Kurtz, il suo protagonista assassino, un folle che ha letto troppo e digerito male Nietzsche.

In realtà, come il libro di Hochschild dimostra, Kurtz fu basato su un collage di figure storiche e l’orrore descritto era realistico quanto mai: il romanzo di Conrad è un ritratto preciso dettagliato e profondo di quello che era il Congo sotto la dominazione del re del Belgio, Leopoldo II, negli a
...more
Beverly
Dec 05, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: favorites
The best historical novel I've ever read. The hyphenated title on the book is a story of greed, terror and heroism in colonial Africa and that sums it up very well. Such horrific treatment including brutal maiming and killing of workers, including children, who refused to work for King Leopold's rubber plantations is a story untold for centuries and deserves this fine treatment by Adam Hochschild. King Leopold of Belgium was an unrepentant monster.
Warwick
‘Exterminate all the brutes!’ – Kurtz


A very readable summary of one of the first real international human rights campaigns, a campaign focussed on that vast slab of central Africa once owned, not by Belgium, but personally by the Belgian King. The Congo Free State was a handy microcosm of colonialism in its most extreme and polarised form: political control subsumed into corporate control, natural resources removed wholesale, local peoples dispossessed of their lands, their freedom, their lives.
...more
Sebastien
Nov 19, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Phenomenal book. I can't recommend this enough. Impeccably researched and told in a narrative style that is incredibly accessible. Hochschild focuses on a small cast of characters, follows their stories in such an intimate way that the history and the story come to life in a novelesque way.

I don't know much about colonialism. This book was a great way to get a sense of it and its exploitative evils and how imperialistic capitalism can bring out the absolute worst in human beings. The cool thing
...more
Hadrian
A stunning and fearsome book, bristling with focused rage at one of the great ignored evils of the 19th century.

This is not merely a catalog of horror, but also a history of the precursor to the modern human-rights movement, revealing the sacrifices and valiant efforts of those who refused to let the atrocities continue.

Highly recommended - for those who want to see humanity at its most evil and also at its highest peak.
David
Jul 05, 2007 rated it really liked it
Shelves: 5q
Horrifying story, rivetingly told. Regrettably, much of my reading of history has been centered primarily on the history of Europe and of the U.S. Hochschild's account of Belgium's exploitation of the Congo left me appalled. Despite the accounts of some truly savage atrocities, I ended up reading it in a couple of marathon sittings. A disturbing book, but one so well-written, I highly recommend it.
Eric_W
Jan 31, 2009 rated it it was amazing
The Belgian Congo, as Zaire and now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, were formerly called was the creation of King Leopold of Belgium who desperately wanted a colony. By the late 19th century there was little land left for the taking except in Africa and it had become obvious that taking over independent lands was neither wise nor practical. King Leopold II, King of the Belgians, was a man of enormous appetites both for land and food—he once ate two whole pheasants at a restaurant in Paris, ...more
Will Byrnes
A compelling history of the impact of the West on the Congo
Trish
This book begins with the assertion of evil. It made me uneasy. I prefer to hear the facts and draw my own conclusions. But I felt far less willing to grant King Leopold’s side another instant of attention after realizing that the facts had been obscured for a century or more by repression of documents relating to the case in Belgian state archives. Better that we finally uncover the ugly truth and take its lesson: unbridled greed may be the ugliest, most unforgivable, most unnecessary sin of al ...more
Rashmi
Jul 24, 2007 rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: everyone, especially Belgians
This book took me several months to read because it was so disturbing. After reading a chapter and having nightmares, I'd put it away for something else, and then return to it once I'd finished with the other book.

The atrocities committed in the Belgian Congo were nothing short of diabolical. And yet, shockingly, one of the worst genocides of the twentieth century remains relatively unheard of.

I am a big fan of Adam Hochschild; he makes you feel like you're reading a novel rather than a historic
...more
Lisa (Harmonybites)
Jan 02, 2012 rated it it was ok
Recommended to Lisa (Harmonybites) by: The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Ultimate Reading List
If you ask an educated American to name the worst despots and atrocities of the twentieth century, you'll immediately hear such names as Hitler, Stalin, Mao and Pol Pot. Very few would name Leopold II, King of the Belgians and absolute master of the Belgian Congo. I wouldn't have before reading this book, yet a man thousands of miles from a land he never visited is charged with instituting policies responsible for 10 million deaths in the course of a couple of decades, sparking the "first great ...more
Bettie☯
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Max
Oct 12, 2015 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: world-history
Ten years before the discovery of America, the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão discovered the Congo River. 18 years later another Portuguese ship discovered Brazil. Thus began the lucrative slave trade to supply workers for Brazil’s mines and plantations. Congo ivory was sent to Europe in trade for cheap consumer goods but mostly for guns. The exploitation of the Congo’s resources was underway. By the late 19th century the Europeans were scrambling to dominate Africa and the heretofore impenetrabl ...more
Karen
Jul 05, 2011 rated it really liked it
I had 2 interesting experiences relating to this book while I was reading it. First, I recieved a call from an Airmiles rep who spoke with a thick African accent, he had no difficulty spelling my last name. He told me he came from the Congo, previously a Belgian colony where many names start with "van", hence his ease with my name. After telling him I was reading "King Leopold's Ghost", we talked for quite some time about the state of his homeland. He remarked that the people of the Congo are in ...more
AC
Dec 15, 2012 rated it really liked it
A very troubling look at the Belgian involvement in the Congo -- a chapter in the European 'Scramble for Africa' -- that I had not known much about. Leopold, in particular, comes out looking very bad.

The book (which I listened to as an audio) is still a bit too long and spends too much time on narrow topics -- and engages in a bit of hagiography of E.D. Morel and Roger Casement. In other words, the author is trying to appeal to the pathos in the reader, where more detachment would have made for
...more
Jacob Overmark
Jan 12, 2019 rated it it was amazing
This is not a book for the faint-hearted.

It reveals the massive abuse of the Congo from the very day the Belgian King Leopold II laid his eyes on it and till the end of colonial days.

You may ask why we cannot let bygone be bygones, why we cannot get out of our mind the pictures of severed hands and heads, flogging, rape and murder.
You may ask why treating other human beings like animals or at best like second-class citizens in the past should not just be buried as something we have dealt with al
...more
Pink
Sep 30, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The fault in this book is set out by Hochschild both in the introduction and again in his afterword. Here's what he says -

Looking back on this book after an interval of some years has reminded me of where I wish I could have done more. My greatest frustration lay in how hard it was to portray individual Africans as full-fledged actors in this story. Historians often face such difficulties, since the written record from colonizers, the rich, and the powerful is always more plentiful than it is f
...more
Aaron
Feb 27, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In the words of Roger Casement "Infamous. Infamous, shameful system."
Jim
Jan 19, 2015 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: africa, history
Before Pol Pot's Kampuchea, Hitler's Auschwitz, and Stalin's Gulag, there was Belgian monarch Leopold II's Congo. For over twenty years, Leopold literally owned the Belgian Congo as a personal fief, free of interference from his own people. While in charge, he ruthlessly exploited the native population in collecting rubber. With his Force Publique enforcers, men were sent out to collect rubber from wild trees while their wives and children were held hostage. If they failed to meet their quotas, ...more
Alex
Mar 10, 2010 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: africa, 2010
It's gratifying to get the chance to read a book as powerful and influential as this. King Leopold's Ghost is the book that re-exposed the atrocities Leopold committed against the Congo between 1880 and 1910 - atrocities that sank out of sight after they were finally stopped. An estimated ten million Congolese died during that time.

It's even more gratifying to find that Hochschild's book is well-written, too; it's fast, gripping and clearly laid out. Rarely, I read a book that's so important and
...more
David
Oct 19, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, nonfiction
50 pages of endnotes, always a good sign. Thoroughly researched, relying on primary sources wherever possible. It is easy to see why Joseph Conrad needed little inspiration to write Heart or Darkness, it was hardly fiction, nearly all of what he wrote he experienced or saw firsthand. (Pun not intended). Yes, King Leopold oversaw the tyrannical and savage regime which reduced the population of the Kongo by half, but as the author points out, Kongo was not the exception when it came to colonial ve ...more
Czarny Pies
Oct 10, 2017 rated it really liked it
Shelves: european-history
This book will be tons of fun for anyone who enjoys righteous lying.

Parmi bien bien d'autres choses "Les fantômes du roi Léopold, Un holocauste oublié" contient des exposés des pratiques macabres et meurtrièrs du régime Belge au Congo, les aventures sexuelles du Roi Léopold II avec des adolescentes et des rendez-vous avec des adolescents de Sir Roger Casement un des adversaires principaux du système du travail forcé au Congo. La véracité est la seule chose qui manque dans ce livre trés divertiss
...more
Lisa Reads & Reviews
King Leopold II of Belgium exploited and ruined the Congo between 1885 and 1908--just over 100 years ago. Eleven million people were killed, not for ideology of any kind, but for pursuit of one man's personal greed. Leopold would not have been able to accomplish this heinous crime alone. He required explorers, government and military personnel, and multitudes of other men and women to silently witness and/or participate in atrocities that reeked with brutality and racism. I, and many others, kne ...more
Monica
Jan 05, 2011 rated it it was amazing
After almost 4 years I have finally finished this. Excellent book, written in an engaging way. My issue with it is that the subject matter is horrific. I could only do small doses. But it was worth it. Eye opening doesn't begin to cover it and it has very specific lessons about governing and government that are firmly in place to day (analogous). Leopold was a monster in a world full of monsters. The last chapter "The Great Forgetting" was particularly poignant. Very important book. It couldn't ...more
GWC
Oct 02, 2007 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
A colonial morality play. The story in "King Leopold's Ghost" is a powerful one -- colonization taken to its extreme -- but the book is rendered mediocre by the author's trite moralizing, lack of historical rigor, and tiresome reliance on depicting every actor with either a halo or horns. Leopold, here an antagonist of extraordinary guile, is only weakly connected to the governmental and business interests with which he worked; the reader is given pages of anecdote concerning the king's depravit ...more
Thomas
Apr 03, 2018 rated it it was amazing
This is one of those essential books that anyone who wants to understand the history of Central Africa, and why the Democratic Republic of the Congo is such a difficult place today, should read.

This book also makes clear why King Leopold II of Belgium belongs right up there with Hitler, Stalin, Mao and Pol Pot as one of the greatest mass murderers in history. Leopold was way ahead of his time when it came to public relations and propaganda and some people, to this very day, still believe that h
...more
« previous 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 next »
  • In the Footsteps of Mr. Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in Mobutu's Congo
  • Africa: A Biography of the Continent
  • The Fate of Africa: A History of Fifty Years of Independence
  • A Continent for the Taking: The Tragedy and Hope of Africa
  • Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya
  • The Scramble for Africa: The White Man's Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912
  • Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa
  • The Zanzibar Chest
  • Tropical Gangsters: One Man's Experience with Development and Decadence in Deepest Africa
  • A Savage War of Peace: Algeria, 1954-1962
  • When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda
  • Africa's World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe
  • The Last Expedition: Stanley's Mad Journey Through the Congo
  • "Exterminate All the Brutes": One Man's Odyssey into the Heart of Darkness and the Origins of European Genocide
  • The White Nile
  • "A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide
  • Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World
  • The Graves Are Not Yet Full: Race, Tribe and Power in the Heart of Africa
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Hochschild was born in New York City. As a college student, he spent a summer working on an anti-government newspaper in South Africa and subsequently worked briefly as a civil rights worker in Mississippi in 1964. Both were politically pivotal experiences about which he would later write in his book Finding the Trapdoor. He later was part of the movement against the Vietnam War, and, after severa ...more
“Most striking about the traditional societies of the Congo was their remarkable artwork: baskets, mats, pottery, copper and ironwork, and, above all, woodcarving. It would be two decades before Europeans really noticed this art. Its discovery then had a strong influence on Braque, Matisse, and Picasso -- who subsequently kept African art objects in his studio until his death. Cubism was new only for Europeans, for it was partly inspired by specific pieces of African art, some of them from the Pende and Songye peoples, who live in the basin of the Kasai River, one of the Congo's major tributaries.

It was easy to see the distinctive brilliance that so entranced Picasso and his colleagues at their first encounter with this art at an exhibit in Paris in 1907. In these central African sculptures some body parts are exaggerated, some shrunken; eyes project, cheeks sink, mouths disappear, torsos become elongated; eye sockets expand to cover almost the entire face; the human face and figure are broken apart and formed again in new ways and proportions that had previously lain beyond sight of traditional European realism.

The art sprang from cultures that had, among other things, a looser sense than Islam or Christianity of the boundaries between our world and the next, as well as those between the world of humans and the world of beasts. Among the Bolia people of the Congo, for example, a king was chosen by a council of elders; by ancestors, who appeared to him in a dream; and finally by wild animals, who signaled their assent by roaring during a night when the royal candidate was left at a particular spot in the rain forest. Perhaps it was the fluidity of these boundaries that granted central Africa's artists a freedom those in Europe had not yet discovered. ”
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“As the years passed, new myths arose to explain the mysterious objects the strangers brought from the land of the dead. A nineteenth-century missionary recorded, for example, an African explanation of what happened when captains descended into the holds of their ships to fetch trading goods like cloth. The Africans believed that these goods came not from the ship itself but from a hole that led into the ocean. Sea sprites weave this cloth in an "oceanic factory, and, whenever we need cloth, the captain ... goes to this hole and rings a bell." The sea sprites hand him up their cloth, and the captain "then throws in, as payment, a few dead bodies of black people he has bought from those bad native traders who have bewitched their people and sold them to the white men." The myth was not so far from reality. For what was slavery in the American South, after all, but a system for transforming the labor of black bodies, via cotton plantations, into cloth?” 9 likes
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