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Red Famine: Stalin's War on Ukraine, 1921-1933

4.36  ·  Rating details ·  2,314 ratings  ·  338 reviews

The momentous new book from the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Gulag and Iron Curtain.

In 1932-33, nearly four million Ukrainians died of starvation, having been deliberately deprived of food. It is one of the most devastating episodes in the history of the twentieth century. With unprecedented authority and detail, Red Famine investigates how this happened, who was resp

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Hardcover, 384 pages
Published October 10th 2017 by Signal (first published September 7th 2017)
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Ksenia What is the point of your accusatory question? She did state that there was, a famine all over (an unnatural famine) but Stalin had an agenda to crush…moreWhat is the point of your accusatory question? She did state that there was, a famine all over (an unnatural famine) but Stalin had an agenda to crush Ukraine and thus enacted specific policies that killed a disproportionately large amount of Ukrainians. (less)

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Dan
Jan 02, 2020 rated it really liked it
Red Famine: Stalin’s War in Ukraine by Anne Applebaum

The absence of natural borders helps explain why Ukrainians failed, until the late twentieth century, to establish a sovereign Ukrainian state. By the late Middle Ages, there was a distinct Ukrainian language, with Slavic roots, related to but distinct from both Polish and Russian, much as Italian is related to but distinct from Spanish or French. Ukrainians had their own food, their own customs and local traditions, their own villains, her
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Susan
Sep 05, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Although this book is about the ‘Holodomor’ (the word is derived from the Ukrainian words, ‘holod’ or ‘hunger’ and ‘mor’ or extermination) or famine of 1932-33, it is actually about much more than that. It is about the repression of the Ukrainian intellectual and political class, of the Sovietisation of Ukraine, the collectivisation of agriculture and the attempts to wipe out Ukrainian culture and language.

Ironically, it was the fertile soil and relatively mild climate of Ukraine, which led to
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Beata
Oct 14, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Ann Applebaum does not disappoint. A thorough account of the most terrifying times in the history of Ukraine. Superb panorama and the background. Ms Applebaum presents us with not just the several years of the famine itself but also explains in detail the reasons behind the tragedy of millions of innocent people. The Author colleced accounts by ordinary people, and some are truly horryfing, making us aware of the fact that often our own suffering makes us immune to the suffering of others.
happy
Mar 05, 2018 rated it really liked it
Shelves: history-general
In Red Famine, the author, Anne Applebaum, does an extremely good job of explaining just what happened in 1931-'34 when an estimated 3.9 million people starved to death and why. Starting with the Russian Civil War that followed World War I, the author looks at the Ukrainian desire for independence and why Ukraine had never been able to obtain that independence. She looks at the Bolsheviks' strategy to subdue the Ukraine and keep it part of Russia and by extension the USSR.

While discussing Ukrai
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Chrissie
This book has two interrelated themes - Ukraine’s path toward independence and the famine that occurred there 1932-1933.The history of Ukraine and Russia must be viewed together, and so the Bolshevik Revolution, the Civil War that followed, first Lenin’s and then Stalin’s reign are discussed too. The book starts in 1917 and concludes in the present. The famine that occurred 1921-1922, and for which international aid was given, came to be followed by the Great Famine of 1932-1933. The latter fami ...more
Bettie


The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р); derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation"), also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and—before the widespread use of the term "Holodomor", and sometimes currently—also referred to as the Great Famine, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33—was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed an officially estimated 7 million to 10 million people. It was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33, which a
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Czarny Pies
May 23, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: Anyone interested even remotely in European history.
Shelves: european-history
Anne Appelbaum’s “Red Famine: Stalin's War on Ukraine, 1921-1933” is a dazzling work of synthesis history that addresses much more than the Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 (a.k.a. “The Great Famine”, a.k.a. “The Holodomor”, a.k.a. “The Ukrainian Genocide”). It also covers the Ukrainian War of Independence (1917-1921), the resistance of the Ukrainian peasantry to collectivization of agriculture in 1931, the attack on the use of the Ukrainian language and the elimination of the Ukrainian intellectual ...more
Chris
Dec 07, 2017 rated it it was amazing
A wrenching and thorough account of the way Stalin created the famine that killed easily 3.5 million Ukrainians, and maybe far more. The eyewitness testimonies of the starvation are devastating. The last chapter is an especially interesting discussion of where the famine fits in the history of Genocide. For anyone interested in the history of the first decades of the Soviet Union, this is a must-read.
Theresa
Nov 10, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Anne Applebaum's Red Famine is an important history of the Ukraine (and USSR by default). Applebaum provides meaningful context beginning with the 1917 Ukrainian Revolution, famine of the 1920s, Stalin's agricultural collectivation policies of the late 1920s and early 1930s, and Ukrainian nationalist sentiment and peasant resistance prior to focusing on the terror famine known as the Holodomor occurring between 1932 and 1934. Holodomor is a term derived from two Ukrainian words for hunger and ex ...more
Paul
Sep 17, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
Red Famine – Stalin’s War on Ukraine

As someone from a Polish family who before the Second World War lived in the Kresy (East Poland now in Ukraine) it has always surprised me how little of this war against Ukraine and her people is not widely known in the West. My Grandfather often used it as an example of how evil Stalin was in the way he allowed policy, to kill people and relieve him of a troublesome part of the country of its affluence.

As a child, he lived in Podwołoczyska, a border town on t
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A.L. Sowards
Sep 24, 2018 rated it really liked it
This is the first book I’ve read by Applebaum, and I’m impressed. It’s not a happy book, but it’s an important book, covering a state-created famine that killed around four million people in Ukraine in the 1930s. The deaths weren’t caused by a drought, but by forced collectivization of farms, then a Soviet plan to export grain to gain foreign currency, then a series of confiscations that left peasants with nothing to eat. The deaths are tragic, made even more so by the malice behind Soviet polic ...more
Luba
Apr 17, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Frankly, I don’t care whether we can call Holodomor a genocide or not. What I do care about is for people to remember and recognize that 4.5 million Ukrainians were killed purposefully by the Soviet State. I want people to know that “the elimination of Ukraine’s elite in the 1930s – the nation’s best scholars, writers and political leaders as well as its most energetic farmers – continues to matter.”

This is an incredibly well written and documented narrative about one of the most tragic but hid
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Mandy
Nov 30, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Superb authoritative examination of the famine in the Ukraine. Meticulously researched, detailed, accessible and often shocking, this is essential reading for anyone interested in Ukraine and Russia, the relationship between the two countries and the current tense situation.
Dem
Oct 14, 2017 added it
Shelves: russian-history
Parking this one for the moment....... may come back to it but for now now really keeping my attention.
Marks54
Dec 06, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a wonderful book on a really horrible subject - the famine in the Ukraine in the early 1930s (1932-33 in particular). The argument is that this was not just a matter of bad luck for the millions who died but a matter of murderous state policy on the part of the USSR towards the population of Ukraine - that this was a case of genocide in its original general meaning. Given the history of the Ukraine having resisted the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War and having resisted collectivizati ...more
Yibbie
Jul 18, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history
It would be easy to get bored with the minute details of political maneuverings and numerous military campaigns in the beginning chapters of this book. But as you see them starting to line up to create such a horrific disaster, they suddenly aren’t boring. Instead, they become creepingly chilling. It reminds you how immediately, vitally, important they were to men and women who wanted nothing more than food for their children. Because just as you almost lose the personal aspect of the tragedy a ...more
Jimmy
Oct 12, 2018 rated it it was amazing
This is not an easy book to read. But it is important to read, know and understand Stalin’s Soviet policies against Ukraine. Not just the man made famine that Stalin caused with his policies but also the various means of oppression that the Communists implemented against Ukraine. The book was at many times shocking to read. In an age where some think a government controlled economy is a good thing this was a jolting reminder that the government is not omniscient and statism hurts real people. Ju ...more
Marsha
Jun 16, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Outstanding work. Definitive and devastating book on the Holodomor. A must-read for anyone interested in human rights, the power of propaganda, and genocide.
Kelly
Jul 30, 2018 rated it it was amazing
This book needed to be written, and it needs to be read. Actually, I feel it should be required reading. Especially if you chose to or are required to read The Communist Manifesto, this book should be your immediate follow-up read. The former describes ideal communism; the latter describes the realities of communist policies and dictators. A book about horrible people committing horrible atrocities against other people, it was both heart-wrenching and eye-opening.

Applebaum’s style is straightfo
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Roman Baiduk
Feb 26, 2018 rated it it was amazing
For me, as a person whose relatives suffered in this disaster, it was very difficult to read this book. But it is necessary to read such studies. To remind yourself of the evil that is possible in this world. How a totalitarian regime can justify any cruelty, normalize the killing of millions of people in the name of a certain ideology. To remind yourself of this, so that you never let this happen again.
Kirk
Dec 19, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Anne Applebaum does a superb job of placing the Holodomor in its historical context, both the past and the present muddled conflicts between the Ukraine and Russia. There were sections that were extremely difficult to work through regarding the horrors and depravities that took place during the famine, so reader (or listener) be warned. Sadly, this is the type of book necessary to expose the dangers of slavish commitment to a political ideology. Highly recommended.
Olksndr
Nov 11, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Very insightful book, specifically due to highly vivid and thorough description of the pre-history starting from 1917 and the reasons which led to the famine. Last chapter is the must-read to all contemporary ukrainians
Jonathan Kidd
Dec 31, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Important book
Swimfan
Oct 08, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, 2017
As a student of history, (my dissertation was on the factors behind the collapse of the USSR) I had not before come across a book that dealt specifically with not only the 1933 Famine in Ukraine, but also behind Stalin and the Bolshevik's obsession with destroying any lingering notion of Ukraine nationality and national identity. There have been books dedicated to the famine in Russia, and other parts of the Soviet Union, but not one that focuses explicitly on Ukraine. The trove of new informati ...more
Mauri
Mar 07, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history
(You know, I told myself that Ravensbrück was all I could take this year in terms of "people being awful to people," but here we are.)

I had a two "good" history teachers in high school, Mr. Munsen and Mr. Ostlund. You know how you'll hear on the radio "American students can't find [insert country or physical geographical feature here] on a map"? Mr. Munsen World History I students could find every country on Earth. The book Lies My Teacher Told Me? I found out that Mr. Ostlund had filled in the
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Yvonne
Sep 09, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a well laid out book that covers a very large and important piece of Russian and Ukranian history . It is very compelling reading and I think would be an invaluable book for those who want to know more regarding this area.

I know very little about the Ukraine and the atrocities that were committed upon it and it’s people. I have vague memories from very generalised history lessons at school as a teenager. But now, after reading this account of events, I am aware of the depths people have
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Myles
Where others have summarized this marvellous book detailing the genocide perpetrated on Ukraine by Stalin and his henchmen, I will take a sidebar into things as they stand today.

The Soviet Union is no more. Its apologists are no more, we think.

But an equally diabolical regime in China has decided that millions of Muslims within its borders require “reeducation” and this same regime has:

1) Among the most sophisticated systems of electronic surveillance imaginable;

2) Access to personal information
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Olli
Jan 07, 2020 rated it it was amazing
A huge book about holodomor, famine of 1932-33 in Ukraine. Great background knowledge for anybody interested in current Ukrainian-Russian relations and annexation of Crimea and Donbas separatism.
blake
This is an exhaustively researched review of the Holodomor which starts with the 1921 famine, caused by a combination of collectivization and natural events under Lenin, then details the events that led to the Stalin-caused famine of '32-33. This is followed up with details on the subsequent cover-up, the intellectual dishonesty/laziness that allowed Western historians to lump any references to it as fascism or Naziism (some things never change), and the post-Cold War struggles to get at the tru ...more
Biblio Curious
I listened to this on audiobook, the lady reading does a fantastic job with her intonations to make it sound like someone's telling a story. She hits all the emotional phrases perfectly but she never over emphasizes anything.

I could give this 4 or 5 stars, let's go with 5 because of how Applebaum arranged her material. She begins with a brief history of Ukraine and concludes with the strength of the Ukraine people. Everything in the middle is heartbreaking with the storytelling skill of a great
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Goodreads Librari...: Please add page number for this edition 9780385538855 5 16 Nov 03, 2017 10:31PM  

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Journalist and Pulitzer Prize-winning author who has written extensively about communism and the development of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe. Since 2006, she is a columnist and member of the editorial board of the Washington Post.
She is married to Radosław Sikorski, the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs. They have two children, Alexander and Tadeusz.

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In these strange days of quarantine and isolation, books can be a mode of transport. We may have to stay home and stay still, but through t...
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“But within those numbers, there are other stories. For one, the statistics show a sharp and notable drop in life expectancy over 1932–4, across a wide range of groups. Before 1932, urban men had a life expectancy at birth of 40 to 46 years, and urban women 47 to 52 years. Rural men had a life expectancy of 42 to 44 years, and rural women 45 to 48 years. By contrast, Ukrainian men born in 1932, in either the city or countryside, had an average life expectancy of about 30. Women born in that year could expect to live on average to 40. For those born in 1933, the numbers are even starker. Females born in Ukraine in that year lived, on average, to be eight years old. Males born in 1933 could expect to live to the age of five.6 These” 2 likes
“Stalin’s policies that autumn led inexorably to famine all across the grain-growing regions of the USSR. But in November and December 1932 he twisted the knife further in Ukraine, deliberately creating a deeper crisis. Step by step, using bureaucratic language and dull legal terminology, the Soviet leadership, aided by their cowed Ukrainian counterparts, launched a famine within the famine, a disaster specifically targeted at Ukraine and Ukrainians.” 1 likes
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