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The Production of Space

4.17  ·  Rating details ·  2,048 ratings  ·  63 reviews
Henri Lefebvre has considerable claims to be the greatest living philosopher. His work spans some sixty years and includes original work on a diverse range of subjects, from dialectical materialism to architecture, urbanism and the experience of everyday life. The Production of Space is his major philosophical work and its translation has been long awaited by scholars in m ...more
Paperback, 464 pages
Published 1992 by Blackwell (first published 1991)
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Jul 23, 2011 rated it it was amazing
Brilliant, stunning, dense, provocative. Lefebvre, one of the finest dissident voices in French Marxism, explores the subtle experiences of space, the ways it is represented in language and practice, and the fundamental role of capitalism's ordering of space and place to shape our world and the ways we experience it as a constraint, as a thing to be struggled against, and as a way into those struggles.

His notion of three forms of space: of spatial practice where space is produced and reproduced
Mar 05, 2008 rated it liked it
OK - this should be prefaced by the fact that I am a huge grad school nerd and largely read books that contribute to rhetorical theory or criticism. That being said, Henri Lefebvre is a crazy, circuitous, uber-french thinker whose ideas about space and how we use/make it are interesting for anyone who questions life in our modern age. Spaces don't just exist anymore he says, they're produced in/by the overarching bureaucracy. However, spaces aren't products like sugar or hair brushes because the ...more
Geoffrey Fox
Jan 25, 2011 rated it it was amazing
“In the beginning was the Topos. Before – long before – the advent of the Logos, in the chiaroscuro realm of primitive life, lived experience already possessed its internal rationality; this experience was producing long before thought space, and spatial thought, began reproducing the projection, explosion, image and orientation of the body.” (p. 174)

In Henri Lefebvre’s terms, living things “produce” space simply by moving. What he meant was that an animal’s or plant’s “gestures,” that is, the
A dense whirlwind of ideas, some more carefully explicated than others, from which no intellectual movement du jour is spared, not even those Marxist currents in post-war French philosophy with which Lefebvre's name is often associated.

The Production of Space, perhaps his representative work, seeks to critique Western thought's dogmatic occultation of concrete, lived experience through its vigilant and exclusive attention paid to the mental-linguistic realm. Within Lefebvre's own day, the legacy
Feb 18, 2009 rated it it was amazing
A classic treaty on humans and space. The main idea being that space is a social product.

Perceived (first), Conceived (second), and Lived (third). Perceived space is the materiality of space. Conceived space is the ways in which space is planned; normative representations of space. Lived space is the emotional experience of space that develops through the imaginary and through lived experience of the first two spaces.

His insights are central to much of human geography. Harvey and Massey have t
A classic work by the French Marxist-humanist scholar on the political economy and social construction of urban spaces. Prolix, yes, and more than a bit meandering--- but a brilliant work that repays the reader's effort. Lefebvre is indispensable in considering the relationship between political economy and the organisation of cities and what "space" means... Highly recommended. ...more
Grace Chia
Feb 12, 2014 rated it really liked it
Space is political, that's the premise. And by god, that ideology extends to everything. Life-changing read. ...more
Dec 30, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy, politics
I attempted this book because it is referred to as a source by other writers whom I have admired. I found that it cannot simply be read through; it has to be worked with.

I have picked out some quotes below which hopefully demonstrate the presence of many provocative and beautifully composed remarks; for these alone it is easy to see why Lefebvre is so useful a source of quotes for other writers; I may well find opportunities to quote him myself. The truth is that some of these passages are suff
Jun 17, 2012 rated it liked it
This book definitely requires a working knowledge of Marx's theories to understand his argument. While I found many of his ideas interesting, he does seem to suffer from a top-down approach to power and a heavy reliance on structure as defining social relationships. In this context, he spreads his theory too far, attempting to make the power capitalism holds over space universal and thereby neglects the other, non-European areas of the world and how their experiences may have differed from that ...more
Dec 22, 2007 rated it it was amazing
Fascinating analysis of how political and economic orders produce urban and rural spaces the both reinforce and subvert their founding values.
Apr 29, 2021 added it
Shelves: 2021, phd
Good grief - that was one beefy boy. I'm going to need to read this about three more times before I try to incorporate the theories into my thesis but it's one hell of a landmark text for spatiality. ...more
John Carter McKnight
May 15, 2012 rated it really liked it
Shelves: academic
This book is so magisterial, so essential, and such a hot mess that it's nearly impossible to review. As many have noted, the beginning and end are astonishingly brilliant, while the middle is contradictory, unclear and not terribly useful. Still, anyone interested in technology and society, architecture and urban design, contemporary philosophy, or powerful ideas generally really needs to read this book (skipping the middle chapters if necessary).

That an orthodox French Marxist writing a deeply
Gytis Dovydaitis
Dec 22, 2018 rated it really liked it
Shelves: academic
You are a body: a space within a space which is producing space. Other bodies are walking mirrors, reflecting your space in a space to arrange a new space, which is then experienced simultaneously as perceived, conceived and lived. There are numerous spaces - mental, abstract, absolute, social, philosophical, and many more - but you shouldn't get lost in trying to comprehend in which one do you live since all of them do contribute towards a coherent spacial experience. A space where Gods used to ...more
Spicy T AKA Mr. Tea
I started this a few years ago, got half way through, and put it down. It's a lot of theory and I understood some of it, but not nearly all. Pretty interesting look at how space is constructed via many different perspectives. In some areas it reminded me of Debord's Society of the Spectacle with all that goes into the construction of shared physical space and how authoritative readings of that space are not the totality of the space. It can change and be appropriated into whole other uses. A den ...more
Berfin Kanat
Feb 09, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Bitirdiğime inanamıyorum :d Notların üstünden geçip buraya güncel bir yorum yazmak isterdim ama günler oldu hala geçemedim. Ağır bir okuma, lütfen geniş zamana yaymadan bitirmeye çalışınız yoksa uzadıkça uzuyor. Lefebvre'den okuduğum ikinci kitap oldu, entelektüel birikimini yalın bir dille aktarmasını çok seviyorum. Sağ olsun biz cahiller de anlıyoruz neyin ne olduğunu. 😅 Şaka bir yana mekan çalışmak isteyen herkese tavsiye ederim. Keşke lisanstayken hocalar okutup üstünden ödev falan isteseydi ...more
Jun 03, 2008 added it
Shelves: theeeeeeory
First off, a warning: this is a very difficult read, even by theory standards. If you can handle dense, turgid prose though, this is strongly recommended. Whereas most spatial theory comes from a more explicitly sociological or geographic perspective, this provides a perspective more grounded in sheer philosophy, which makes it an unusual and highly influential work, and one from which so much contemporary geography is derived.
Dec 13, 2012 rated it it was amazing
i agree with some of the reviews that it's dense, but i hardened my soul, grit my teeth and managed to read and trying to understand through it all .... cause this was the foundation of my thesis. i love the guy though and planning to move it all through my dissertation too (when and if i ever started the dissertation) ...more
Shane Avery
Feb 15, 2014 rated it it was amazing
good god! breathtaking, groundbreaking, monumental.
Kristin Canfield
Feb 05, 2015 rated it really liked it
Shelves: spatial-theory
how many books is this?
Jul 27, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2019
Es el libro perfecto para descansar en verano y pasar un buen rato...
Fuera de bromas, un libro indispensable para cualquier interesado en la cuestión espacial/urbana desde una perspectiva pluridisciplinar (integral, contra las departamentalizaciones de la ciencia). Llevaba años queriendo leer este libro, pero temía que la magnitud de la obra me abrumase. Probablemente sea el libro más complejo que haya leído jamás, pero también es uno de los libros más completos, críticos y sugerentes. Su disecc
Sep 19, 2021 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: space-theory
Lefebvre is way too smart than I am so I need to read many supplementary analyses on him/this book to figure out what he tried to say.
But it is a really great theoretical framework for so many possible topics. I especially enjoyed his spatial tripod though he kept using very confusing language (words).
Aug 07, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Dense but well-written. Very insightful and in many ways groundbreaking. The last two chapters felt much more rushed and not as in-depth and as the rest of the text. I’m eager to read the critique of everyday life not and see the differences.
Kat Braybrooke
Dec 06, 2018 rated it really liked it
A classic in spatial theory by one of history's most colourful neo-Marxists that argues why space is produced by - and in turn, produces - our social relations. Difficult to parse, often contradictory, action-focused. ...more
May 31, 2021 rated it really liked it
my thesis thanks you
Itzam Martínez
Dec 25, 2021 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Todo aquel que haga geografia debe tener en cuenta la producción del espacio como epistemología.
Frances Wilde
Feb 09, 2019 rated it really liked it
Bit brutal when he comes to structuralism but fab reading of space
TK Wong
May 30, 2019 rated it liked it
Read the first chapter last.
Ciahnan Darrell
Nov 14, 2020 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: critical-theory
An extremely challenging, often opaque book that yields great riches in its analysis of the ways in which human beings inhabit and create space.
Alexander Craghead
Lefebvre's work seems an attempt to create a unified philosohical theory of space, and as such would seem of great importance in understanding geography, place, and urban form. I find his work, however, to be of limited value. He spends a great deal of time in mental exploration of complex abstractions, so that it seems the only space that is truly important is that which sits between the reader's ears, rather than the actuality of space in the real world. Too much time is spent exploring how di ...more
Apr 28, 2013 rated it it was amazing
This work consumed a lot of time and thought energy – and still does –, but it was very rewarding: I will never be able to look at my flat the way I used to, any street, building or city. I won't even be able to look at a forest the way I used to or any piece of space. It truly proved the rumors to be true about Lefebvre being a "playful marxist".

The most important concepts of Production of Space are his triad dialectic conceived-perceived-lived space (representations of space, spatial practice,
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Henri Lefebvre was a French sociologist, Marxist intellectual, and philosopher, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life, for introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space, and for his work on dialectics, alienation, and criticism of Stalinism, existentialism, and structuralism.

In his prolific career, Lefebvre wrote more than sixty books and t

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“Nothing disappears completely ... In space, what came earlier continues to underpin what follows ... Pre-existing space underpins not only durable spatial arrangements, but also representational spaces and their attendant imagery and mythic narratives.” 23 likes
“In the beginning was the Topos. Before – long before – the advent of the Logos, in the chiaroscuro realm of primitive life, lived experience already possessed its internal rationality; this experience was producing long before thought space, and spatial thought, began reproducing the projection, explosion, image and orientation of the body.” 6 likes
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