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On the Jewish Question (Readings in Modern Jewish History)

3.39  ·  Rating details ·  535 ratings  ·  69 reviews
Karl Marx's views on the Jews Question and Zionism...
50 pages
Published by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (first published 1844)
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Kent
Apr 01, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: semitic-studies
Good discussion on the relationship between church and state, suffrage, and sovereignty. Marx gives a brief analysis of Hegel's "Philosophy of Right" and "The Declaration of the Rights of Man". It's not as sensational as Arthur Kemp purports; nevertheless, Marx was definitely aware of the problems of Jewish culture, which is described in part two of this book: "The Capacity of Present-day Jews and Christians to Become Free". The articles Marx wrote while working at the New York Tribune would ...more
Andrew
Mar 13, 2015 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
It's definitely important to be critical about Marx's very dubious and prejudiced portrait of Jewishness in his pamphlet "On the Jewish Question". But the presentation in this little book isn't critical so much as slanderous.

I'm not sure where the title " A world without Jews" comes from, but the title Marx gave to the essay which is reprinted here is fairly straightforwardly translated to "On The Jewish Question". The Jewish Question was a book written by young Hegelian Bruno Bauer which Marx
...more
Marina
Dec 14, 2011 rated it it was ok
Writen in 1842, Marx, with this critique on Bauer's "The Jewish Question", develops a theoritical approach on the nature of the rights of the man. These rights in the industrialised society are divided in political rights and human rights, reflecting the division in the living of the man of the feudal system, where all of its aspects were included in the public/state life and were in part political. After the shutering of that system, while the political rights stand for all people as equals and ...more
Tyler
Jul 10, 2019 rated it liked it
"And how is religious opposition made impossible? By abolishing religion. As soon as Jew and Christian come to see in their respective religions nothing more than stages in the development of the human mind—snake skins which have been cast off by history, and man as the snake who
clothed himself in them—they will no longer find themselves in religious opposition, but in a purely critical, scientific and human relationship. Science will then constitute their unity"

A decent, albeit brief, essay
...more
Maurice Lacerda
Dec 16, 2012 rated it did not like it
The conclusive proof the Marx was an idiot...
T
Jan 03, 2019 rated it did not like it
Hitler and his German socialism obtained sick ideas from Marx and this publication. Soviet socialism obtained similar ideas from Marx and this publication. Hitler and German socialism obtained sick ideas from Soviet socialism. Soviet socialism created the "Jewish Autonomous Olbast" (JAO) in 1936. Two years after the JAO was founded, Stalin targeted Jews living in the JAO in purges. Of course, a few years later, in 1939, German socialism & Soviet socialism joined to launch the WWII, invading ...more
E.
May 22, 2019 rated it did not like it
Shelves: philosophy
So Karl Marx was evidently an Anti-Semite. His argument is actually pretty predictable--religion in general is messed up, and the Jewish religion in particular is really just about capitalism, so once capitalism has been gotten rid of, Judaism will go away, and then Jewish people won't have to worry about being discriminated against. The core of this piece is just anti-Jewish propaganda with a Communist twist. Makes Nazi associations of Jews with Communists all the more ironic.
Sam Thomas
May 22, 2019 rated it liked it
He's still quite wedded to Hegel at this point, though the ending does hint of greatness to come.
Abraham Lewik
May 07, 2018 rated it it was ok
Shelves: intellectual, real
A two-fold criticism, about the purpose of a secular state, and the difference betterment general (a Jew) and specific (that Jew)types of person. There are no quotes from The Jewish Question indicative of the shoah to come. There are many citations and excerpts.
Michael Boyte
Oct 01, 2018 rated it really liked it
Lit. Early Marx, sharp and polemical articulating the relationships between democratic struggles (political emancipation) and the communist horizon (human emancipation). Particularly relevant in the context of current debates about Identity politics and the relevance of universal emancipatory politics.
Not the easiest read outside of familiarity with the debates of the times, I recommend reading the wiki entry before tackling it.
Stoa
Aug 19, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Younger Marx is really fun and at the same time a total pain to wade through. Man this was annoying to read.
Ayn Doe
May 26, 2019 rated it liked it
A response by Marx essentially critiquing Bauer's conflation of what Marx believed was an important distinction between political and human emancipation for Jew and Christian alike. Political emancipation being a step towards human emancipation in that it creates a sharp seperation from civil society (where non-political human activity takes place) and the state, allowing the state to no longer be subservient to a dominant religion and therefore be able to relegate the religious lives of the ...more
Karl Hallbjörnsson
This edition is a childish piece of propaganda by the translator in question, Dagobert D. Runes. The title and presentation, as well as the embarrassingly incompetent introduction and appendix demonstrate, are quite obviously driven by ideological fervor and not by a passion for fair treatment. Another (one star) review of this edition by a user called "Andrew" (which you can find here: Read Andrew's 1-star review of A World without Jews by Karl Marx
https://www.goodreads.com/review/show...)
...more
Diogo Jesus
Essay on the emancipation of jews already showing some of the ideas Marx would come to develop. Very much his own style. Using many common places, things people say and criticing or starting his points by stating someone's view/argument (here he quotes specially Bruno Bauer). Appeals to the fact that they are also exploited and religion and statehood emancipation are neither possible or coherent but if they assume their condition. Shows (unsurprisingly) a materialistic view of religion
Hyun Suh
Dec 18, 2017 rated it it was ok
I don't know why Jews would publish this when this book goes against Judaism. He was a Jew who concluded that the only way to get rid of judaism is to get it out of society. I am he agrees with the conclusion of Bauer that the only way to get rid of this materialist society is get rid of religion but I could see why this work has influenced in his other works.

The Young Hegelians were retards and so was most of the socialists.
Anya Leninjav
Jun 09, 2018 rated it really liked it
Shelves: capitalism
Typically dismissed as a 'self-hating Jew', Karl Marx brings out the egotism, self-aggrandizement, paranoia and self-inflicted persecution of the Jewish religion and people. Doubtless this would be dismissed as 'anti-semitism' in today's media, despite the fact that it is (like many things 'anti-semitic') entirely correct.
Мануэль
Sep 27, 2017 rated it really liked it
With the exception of the dreadfully anti-semitic second section, the first half of this text is an excellent example of Marx, early on, demonstrating his use of "immanent critique" to question the assumptions of Liberalism, Hegel, and the Young Hegelians. It is a great text to get a sense of the dialectical method and how it can be applied in practice.
Maryam
Nov 16, 2017 rated it liked it
I have read this book for two different purposes: First for political philosophy module to explore the idea of freedom in early writings by Marx; the Secondary purpose was another module to identify anti-semitic examples in the literature of 19th century.
Aaron Schuschu
Feb 20, 2019 rated it liked it
Shelves: marx
Not sure what to think. It was racist against Jews, but, at the same time, it said that it wouldn’t compromise a religious person’s morality to keep religion in the private sphere and to respect other religions.
Amber Manning
Nov 19, 2017 rated it did not like it
No.
Alana Araújo
Nov 19, 2019 rated it did not like it
“oh, you don’t like antisemitism? stop being a jew, then.”

seriously, i thought i was reading ‘the international jew’ at times.
Eyüp Eren
Sep 11, 2017 rated it it was amazing
After all those years of wars, the questions raised in this piece still remain as inquiries of the modern world.
Chef Marketis
Jan 30, 2018 rated it really liked it
would have gave this a two star but page 46 got me in such hysterics that he was such a knob so I gave it an extra star
Abhisek Mondal
May 07, 2019 rated it really liked it
Nice ...more
Chris
Oct 15, 2019 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Big yikes on section 2, but is otherwise an interesting look at how the young Marx viewed religion, civil society, and the state.
Derek
Nov 21, 2019 rated it liked it
Im now woke on the JQ
Mario García
Mar 11, 2012 rated it it was ok
Recommends it for: nobody
I have delayed for long time a more serious and balanced study of Marx's thought. At this time it is impossible for me to evaluate properly the original in German, thus, the best Anglosaxon based translation I found was from "The Works Of Marx and Engels" (Mobile Reference).

For a clean guide in English (with German references from the original), check out marxists.org version.

For me, "On The Jewish Question" was quite a forced critique on Bauer's "The Jewish Question". Which leads me to he
...more
Lily Ableman
Apr 30, 2015 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Dude, imagine playing a drinking game where you had to take a sip for every time Marx mentioned political emancipation or civil society.

YOU WOULD DIE.

Honestly, reading this kind of killed my soul. Not only is it super anti-Semitic (okay, yeah, I know he wasn't really talking about Jewish people specifically in this essay and he was making a larger point about society freeing itself from the religion of money - aka capitalism - but dude, it's really obvious he didn't like Jews), but Marx also
...more
Sean Rosenthal
Jul 24, 2013 rated it it was ok
Shelves: non-fiction
Interesting Quote:

"Religion is precisely the recognition of man in a roundabout way, through an intermediary. The state is the intermediary between man and man’s freedom. Just as Christ is the intermediary to whom man transfers the burden of all his divinity, all his religious constraint, so the state is the intermediary to whom man transfers all his non-divinity and all his human unconstraint.

-Karl Marx, On the Jewish Question
Daniel Vasilev
Jun 09, 2015 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Rather unsurprisingly, this was a total waste of time. It, however, perfectly reveals Karl Marx's anti-Semitic attitude.
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Karl Marx, Ph.D. (University of Jena, 1841) was a social scientist who was a key contributor to the development of Communist theory.

Descended from a long line of rabbis, Marx born in Prussian Rhineland. His father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After
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“Money is the universal, self-constituted value of all things. Hence it has robbed the whole world... of its proper value. Money is the alienated essence of man's labour and life, and this alien essence dominates him as he worships it.” 18 likes
“Money is the jealous god of Israel, in face of which no other god may exist. Money degrades all the gods of man – and turns them into commodities. Money is the universal self-established value of all things. It has, therefore, robbed the whole world – both the world of men and nature – of its specific value. Money is the estranged essence of man’s work and man’s existence, and this alien essence dominates him, and he worships it.” 2 likes
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