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On the Jewish Question (Readings in Modern Jewish History)

3.43  ·  Rating details ·  661 ratings  ·  76 reviews
Karl Marx's views on the Jews Question and Zionism...
50 pages
Published by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (first published 1844)
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Apr 01, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: semitic-studies
Good discussion on the relationship between church and state, suffrage, and sovereignty. Marx gives a brief analysis of Hegel's "Philosophy of Right" and "The Declaration of the Rights of Man". It's not as sensational as Arthur Kemp purports; nevertheless, Marx was definitely aware of the problems of Jewish culture, which is described in part two of this book: "The Capacity of Present-day Jews and Christians to Become Free". The articles Marx wrote while working at the New York Tribune would mak ...more
Mar 13, 2015 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
It's definitely important to be critical about Marx's very dubious and prejudiced portrait of Jewishness in his pamphlet "On the Jewish Question". But the presentation in this little book isn't critical so much as slanderous.

I'm not sure where the title " A world without Jews" comes from, but the title Marx gave to the essay which is reprinted here is fairly straightforwardly translated to "On The Jewish Question". The Jewish Question was a book written by young Hegelian Bruno Bauer which Marx i
May 22, 2019 rated it did not like it
Shelves: philosophy
So Karl Marx was evidently an Anti-Semite. His argument is actually pretty predictable--religion in general is messed up, and the Jewish religion in particular is really just about capitalism, so once capitalism has been gotten rid of, Judaism will go away, and then Jewish people won't have to worry about being discriminated against. The core of this piece is just anti-Jewish propaganda with a Communist twist. Makes Nazi associations of Jews with Communists all the more ironic.
Dec 14, 2011 rated it it was ok
Writen in 1842, Marx, with this critique on Bauer's "The Jewish Question", develops a theoritical approach on the nature of the rights of the man. These rights in the industrialised society are divided in political rights and human rights, reflecting the division in the living of the man of the feudal system, where all of its aspects were included in the public/state life and were in part political. After the shutering of that system, while the political rights stand for all people as equals and ...more
Maurice Lacerda
Dec 16, 2012 rated it did not like it
The conclusive proof the Marx was an idiot...
Lucas Chance
Oct 04, 2020 rated it liked it
This is an interesting argument if an idealistic one and one that does not necessarily see the colonial views it has. Why it does it being up the point that the leveling of the playing field through the abolition of religion as a whole does not really factor the ethnic and cultural differences. Instead, it views the law as the ideal and universal without really analyzing the power in that position and how the law can inherently be used against them even if a marginalized group conforms to a larg ...more
Jul 10, 2019 rated it liked it
"And how is religious opposition made impossible? By abolishing religion. As soon as Jew and Christian come to see in their respective religions nothing more than stages in the development of the human mind—snake skins which have been cast off by history, and man as the snake who
clothed himself in them—they will no longer find themselves in religious opposition, but in a purely critical, scientific and human relationship. Science will then constitute their unity"

A decent, albeit brief, essay whi
This is a decent essay by Marx, about Bruno Bauer's (a prominent Young Hegelian) book The Jewish Question. Despite this, Marx here is remarkably not very concerned with race, ethnicity or religion, but rather with the State, with Law, with what emancipation means.

The second chapter (there's only two) does include some pretty anti-Semitic language, largely due to the fact that Marx equates the Jewish petit-bourgeoisie with the real, material core of Judaism as a religion.

Despite this, however,
Jan 03, 2019 rated it did not like it
Hitler and his German socialism obtained sick ideas from Marx and this publication. Soviet socialism obtained similar ideas from Marx and this publication. Hitler and German socialism obtained sick ideas from Soviet socialism. Soviet socialism created the "Jewish Autonomous Olbast" (JAO) in 1936. Two years after the JAO was founded, Stalin targeted Jews living in the JAO in purges. Of course, a few years later, in 1939, German socialism & Soviet socialism joined to launch the WWII, invading Pola ...more
Brice Karickhoff
May 16, 2020 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
FIRST OFF: The title of this book is unfair. moving on...

I read this book (like my previous Marx review) because the bulk of it was contained within the text of another book I was reading, so I figured I should just go ahead and plow through the whole thing. This was an odd read for sure. I almost give it two stars just because Marx is an eloquent writer and great arguer, BUT, when the dust settled on this book, I disliked it pretty good. So 1 star.

Now things get pretty heady, but such is Marx:

Sam Thomas
May 22, 2019 rated it liked it
He's still quite wedded to Hegel at this point, though the ending does hint of greatness to come.
Abraham Lewik
May 07, 2018 rated it it was ok
Shelves: real, intellectual
A two-fold criticism, about the purpose of a secular state, and the difference betterment general (a Jew) and specific (that Jew)types of person. There are no quotes from The Jewish Question indicative of the shoah to come. There are many citations and excerpts.
Michael Boyte
Oct 01, 2018 rated it really liked it
Lit. Early Marx, sharp and polemical articulating the relationships between democratic struggles (political emancipation) and the communist horizon (human emancipation). Particularly relevant in the context of current debates about Identity politics and the relevance of universal emancipatory politics.
Not the easiest read outside of familiarity with the debates of the times, I recommend reading the wiki entry before tackling it.
Anya Leninjav
Jun 09, 2018 rated it really liked it
Shelves: capitalism
Typically dismissed as a 'self-hating Jew', Karl Marx brings out the egotism, self-aggrandizement, paranoia and self-inflicted persecution of the Jewish religion and people. Doubtless this would be dismissed as 'anti-semitism' in today's media, despite the fact that it is (like many things 'anti-semitic') entirely correct.
Nov 16, 2017 rated it liked it
I have read this book for two different purposes: First for political philosophy module to explore the idea of freedom in early writings by Marx; the Secondary purpose was another module to identify anti-semitic examples in the literature of 19th century.
Aug 19, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Younger Marx is really fun and at the same time a total pain to wade through. Man this was annoying to read.
Feb 21, 2019 added it
Shelves: phil, marx
"The riddle has a simple solution" I MEAN
Ayn Doe
May 26, 2019 rated it liked it
A response by Marx essentially critiquing Bauer's conflation of what Marx believed was an important distinction between political and human emancipation for Jew and Christian alike. Political emancipation being a step towards human emancipation in that it creates a sharp seperation from civil society (where non-political human activity takes place) and the state, allowing the state to no longer be subservient to a dominant religion and therefore be able to relegate the religious lives of the cit ...more
Karl Hallbjörnsson
This edition is a childish piece of propaganda by the translator in question, Dagobert D. Runes. The title and presentation, as well as the embarrassingly incompetent introduction and appendix demonstrate, are quite obviously driven by ideological fervor and not by a passion for fair treatment. Another (one star) review of this edition by a user called "Andrew" (which you can find here: Read Andrew's 1-star review of A World without Jews by Karl Marx perf
Hyun Suh
Dec 18, 2017 rated it it was ok
I don't know why Jews would publish this when this book goes against Judaism. He was a Jew who concluded that the only way to get rid of judaism is to get it out of society. I am he agrees with the conclusion of Bauer that the only way to get rid of this materialist society is get rid of religion but I could see why this work has influenced in his other works.

The Young Hegelians were retards and so was most of the socialists.
Diogo Jesus
Essay on the emancipation of jews already showing some of the ideas Marx would come to develop. Very much his own style. Using many common places, things people say and criticing or starting his points by stating someone's view/argument (here he quotes specially Bruno Bauer). Appeals to the fact that they are also exploited and religion and statehood emancipation are neither possible or coherent but if they assume their condition. Shows (unsurprisingly) a materialistic view of religion
Sep 27, 2017 rated it really liked it
With the exception of the dreadfully anti-semitic second section, the first half of this text is an excellent example of Marx, early on, demonstrating his use of "immanent critique" to question the assumptions of Liberalism, Hegel, and the Young Hegelians. It is a great text to get a sense of the dialectical method and how it can be applied in practice.
Aaron Schuschu
Feb 20, 2019 rated it liked it
Shelves: marx
Not sure what to think. It was racist against Jews, but, at the same time, it said that it wouldn’t compromise a religious person’s morality to keep religion in the private sphere and to respect other religions.
Eyüp Eren
Sep 11, 2017 rated it it was amazing
After all those years of wars, the questions raised in this piece still remain as inquiries of the modern world.
Amber Manning
Nov 19, 2017 rated it did not like it
Dr.Abhisek Mondal
May 07, 2019 rated it really liked it
Chris Baitz
Big yikes on section 2, but is otherwise an interesting look at how the young Marx viewed religion, civil society, and the state.
Alana Araújo
Nov 19, 2019 rated it did not like it
“oh, you don’t like antisemitism? stop being a jew, then.”

seriously, i thought i was reading ‘the international jew’ at times.
Nov 21, 2019 rated it liked it
Im now woke on the JQ
Mario García
Mar 11, 2012 rated it it was ok
Recommends it for: nobody
I have delayed for long time a more serious and balanced study of Marx's thought. At this time it is impossible for me to evaluate properly the original in German, thus, the best Anglosaxon based translation I found was from "The Works Of Marx and Engels" (Mobile Reference).

For a clean guide in English (with German references from the original), check out version.

For me, "On The Jewish Question" was quite a forced critique on Bauer's "The Jewish Question". Which leads me to he concl
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Marx was catalyst for German socialism & Soviet socialism 1 1 Jan 03, 2019 02:41PM  
Marx was catalyst for German socialism & Soviet socialism 1 1 Jan 03, 2019 02:03PM  

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Karl Marx, Ph.D. (University of Jena, 1841) was a social scientist who was a key contributor to the development of Communist theory.

Descended from a long line of rabbis, Marx born in Prussian Rhineland. His father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After bein

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