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All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-43

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German and Italian fascist armies in the Second World War treated the Jews quite differently. Jews who fell into the hands of the German army ended up in concentration camps; none of those taken by the Italians suffered the same fate. Yet the protectors of the Jews were no philo-Semites, nor were they (often) great respecters of human life. Some of those same officers had sanctioned savage atrocities against Ethiopians and Arabs in the years before the war. Jonathan Steinberg uses this remarkable and poignant story to unravel the motives and forces underpinning both Fascism and Nazism. As a renowned historian of both Germany and Italy, he is uniquely placed to answer the underlying question; why?

364 pages, Paperback

First published June 21, 1990

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About the author

Jonathan Steinberg

33 books34 followers
Jonathan Steinberg is the Walter H. Annenberg Professor of European History and former Chair of the Department of History at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his A. B. from Harvard University and his Ph.D. from Cambridge University.

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Displaying 1 - 2 of 2 reviews
Profile Image for Salah abdou mohamed.
9 reviews1 follower
September 12, 2018
Steinberg did an amazing job with this book. He introduced good analysis of a very complicated issue socially and politically. His writing is a bit deep but nevertheless interesting. A must-read book.
Profile Image for Loraine.
74 reviews
July 24, 2016
This is the most quotable book I've read in a long time. I appreciated the structure in which it was written, the descriptions of cultures, histories and philosophies especially. Highly recommended.
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