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بناة العالم: هولدرلن - دوستيويفسكي - بلزاك - ديكنز - تولستوي - ستندال - كلايست

(Die Baumeister der Welt #2)

4.10  ·  Rating details ·  607 ratings  ·  70 reviews
سبعة من بناة الصروح الشامخة يرصد المؤلف ملامح شخصياتهم وعبر أعمالهم التي تركت بصمات واضحة على أدب القرن الذي شهد ولادتهم. وهم بحق بناة للعالم و من أعمدة الفكر والأدب لثلاثة شاءت أقدارهم أن يكونوا علامات بارزة في القرن التاسع عشر. هولدرلن القادم من قرى العصور القديمة في (لاوفن) الألماني المرهف الذي شغله الحنين إلى الوطن دوما الذي دخل القرن التاسع عشر وهو في الثلاثين من عمره ...more
Paperback, الطبعة الثالثة, 732 pages
Published 2015 by دار المدى للإعلام والثقافة والنشر (first published 1925)
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Start your review of بناة العالم: هولدرلن - دوستيويفسكي - بلزاك - ديكنز - تولستوي - ستندال - كلايست
Ahmad Sharabiani
Baumeister der welt - Der Kampf mit dem Dämon = The Struggle with the Daemon: Hölderlin, Kleist and Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig

Stefan Zweig builds a composite picture of the European mind through intellectual portraits selected from among its most representative and influential figures.

In Hölderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche. Zweig's subjects here are respectively a lyric poet, a dramatist and writer of novellas, and a philosopher. Zweig's choice of subjects reflects a division in his own soul. The im
...more
Lee Klein
Nov 02, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The take-home message is read everything Zweig ever wrote. Jeez. Such flowing, insightful, lucid prose, like a faucet streaming graceful intelligence across and down the pages. A good book for November's melancholic seasons of mist and mellow fruitfulness. Holderlin the ethereal poet, Kleist the restless exaggerator, Nietzsche the inspired light. Totally compelling across the board biographical essays on creative genius and madness. Goethe comes up all the time as a sort of rational gubernatoria ...more
Sıla
Jan 25, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Zweig'ın dili her ne kadar akıcı olsa da, ağır bir kitap oldu. Fakat çok şey kattı diyebilirim, biyografi türünde olabilir ancak Hölderline, Kleist, Nietzsche, hepsinin hayatları içlerindeki şeytanla mücade etmek ve bu uğurda tükenmekle geçmiş. Bu savaş biyografiden çok öykü gibi.

Özellikle Kleist'dan çok etkilendim. Hölderline'ı okurken boğuldum ve Nietzsche beni delirtti. Zweig'ı okumuş olan bilir, kelimeler ne derece kifayetsiz kalıyor biz yazmayı deneyince. En çokta içimizdeki şeytan susunca
...more
M. Sarki
May 10, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 5-star-wonders
I have little enough time for writing this review. So I won't. But what I can tell you is that this book is a fine and perfect example of great writing. Zweig is a master at teaching and expressing his thoughts clearly and he is so very interesting in his approach to this (and any) subject. Though he was profiling three great artists of their own particular time in Holderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche, Zweig was primarily instructing us on the daemon, which is a word I had heard prior to this readin ...more
مسعود حسینی
این کتاب بخشی از کتاب بزرگتری است که تسوایگ درباره ی هاینریش فون کلایست، نیچه و هلدرلین نوشته است. لحن کتاب بسیار شاعرانه و شکواییه گون است. شعرهایی از هلدرلین نیز جابجا در کتاب نقل شده اند. مترجم نامه هایی از هلدرلین و خطاب به هلدرلین به کتاب افزوده است که بسیار خواندنی است. من بیشتر از این نامه ها لذت بردم. در انتها گاهشمار زندگی هلدرلین نیز آمده است.

و اما، درباره ترجمه.شخصا به ترجمه های حدادی علاقه مندم. ولی این ترجمه ایرادهایی دارد که نگفتنشان جایز نیست. یک: کماکان نمی دانم چرا هولدِرلین را
...more
Melanie
Nov 10, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Sprachgewaltig stellt Stefan Zweig die Bedeutung seiner drei Helden Hölderlin, Kleist und Nietzsche für die Kunst dar. Für ihn sind alle drei bisher nie dagewesene Genies und in ihrer tragischen Existenz unerreichte Fixsterne. Das Vorwort widmet sich dem Begriff "Dämon" und wie dieser im weiteren Verlauf des Buches zu verstehen ist. Nach dieser Lektüre vermisst man das 19. Jahrhundert ebenso sehr wie Zweig. Mir waren seine Darstellungen oft zu idealistisch und einseitig. Ich hatte den Eindruck, ...more
hayatem
Jan 14, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: أخرى
"كل فن يحتاج إلى الاضطراب حافزاً للصياغة والتشكيل ولكن حاجته إلى هدوءٍ سام يقوم على التفكير والتقدير للموازنة النهائية سعياً وراء الاكتمال ." ستيفان تسفايج.

يسلط تسفايج الضوء على عدد من الشخصيات المؤثرة في خلق الأدب، وكذا في تخليق ألواناً من التغيير في العالم الواقعي أيضاً، لينتج الإنسان الجديد عن طريق الفن، من أجل بشرية جديدة. تنتمي هذه الشخصيات إلى عصر الإنسانية الكلاسيكية.

وذلك عبر تحليله المعمق للتفاصيل؛ اتبع المذهب الفينومينولوجي، والتفسير المنهجي والنقدي (كالنموذج المعرفي العقلاني والتأملي)
...more
Aygul A. Baghirova
May 05, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
There do exist such sort of books which you open to discover, but can't continue reading - you close it because of its tough and severe topic, because of the durable agony of its characters. However, on one sunny day you suddenly realize that it would be better for you to go on reading it till the end. It whispers that there is something hiding behind that will definitely help you to encounter the troubles and can light up a little candle on your dark suspicions about the world injustice towards ...more
Gamze İspir
Feb 17, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Dünya fikir önderleri serisinin ikinci kitabı. Zweig bu kadar çok şeyi nasıl görmüş, gördüklerini nasıl bu kadar yazıya aktarmış, beni her seferinde kendine hayran bırakıyor. Kleist’in ölümüyle ilgili söyledikleri beni duygulandırdı. Bir kadınla birlikte intihar eden Kleist’in ölümünden yücelterek bahsetmiş. Kendisi de yıllar sonra eşiyle birlikte intihar etti. Üzücü.
Katja
Dec 27, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I'm really bad at wrtinig rewievs, but for this book, I'll force myself to give it a try.

Book is divided on three parts, each describing life and work of a great German writer, philosopher.

I don't know what it is about the author's style, but for some reason, every sentence you read, feels like a quotation. The translation is wonderful and inside of it you can feel the pride, beauty and gentlesness (i don't really care if this is an english word or not) of german language.

To me, the book was wo
...more
Kianoush Mokhtarpour
Oct 06, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: مهر, biography
شناخت هلدرلین، پیش‌نیاز این کتاب نــیــســت
بدون کم‌ترین آشنایی با هلدرلین هم می‌شه این کتاب رو خوند، و ازش لذت برد
رمانتیسیسم
هلدرلین شاعری بوده آلمانی و رمانتیک. رمانتیک نه فقط در شیوه‌ی ادبی‌ش، بلکه همچنین در شیوه‌ی زندگی‌ش. این زندگی‌نامه فرصتیه برای آشنایی با رمانتیسیسم هم در مقام سبکی ادبی، هم در مقام شیوه‌ی زندگی. تسوایگ، در به تصویر کشیدن این هر دو گل کاشته. خوب و بد رمانتیسیسم رو روشن کرده
دو قدرنادیده
اولیش زندگی‌نامه. تو ایران بیش از همه شعر و رمان خونده می‌شه، کمی هم داستان کوتاه. زندگی
...more
Uxküll
Apr 01, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites, lit-theory
A magnificent character study of three greats in German cultural history, centered around the intriguing motif of struggling with an inner daemon. The use of Goethe as the antimony to these three masters provides an excellent contrast and a thorough, yet not exhaustive, profile of another German cultural father.
Tugrul Akyuz
May 25, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Çok detaylı bir kişilik(ler) analizi, ama kitabın esas güzelliği anlatımdaki zenginlik. Altını çizmek istediğim o kadar cümle vardı ki sonunda paralize oldup bıraktım. Ama sessiz ve okumayı bölmeyecek sakin ortamda kitaba girişmekte fayda var. Yoksa bir çok güzellik es geçilebilir, okunanlar kakafoniye dönebilir.
Şairlere hep mesafeli olmuşumdur. Sebebini az çok biliyordum ama kitapta neden öyle olduğumu Stefan Zweig'in sadece o iki kişinin (Hölderlin, Kleist) analizinde anlatıkları sayesinde öğ
...more
Tuğcan Taşlı
Biz insanlara pek çok şeyler katabilecek biyografilerdi.
Didem Gürpınar
Özellikle Nietzche ile ilgili bölüm müthişti. Nietzche’nin yalnızlaşması, yaşam ve ölüm arasındaki o ince çizgideki mücadelesine şahit olmak müthiş bir deneyim oldu. Nietzche’yi anlamak adına okunması gereken bir kitap.

“Büyük bir insan itilir, bastırılır, eziyet edilerek yalnızlığına yükseltilir.” (S. 333)
Cansu
Nov 11, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Okurken darlandım ama ufkum açıldı mı açıldı. Zaten acı çekmeden gelen ilerleme olmaz, temel kural. Nietzsche için fikrim değişti mi? Sanmam, hala nötr durmaya devam ediyorum ama kitabın bana en büyük katkısı Kleist oldu net olarak. İntihar etmek için yanına adam arayacak kadar hem korkak hem de bunu yapmak için eline fırsatı geçirdiği an tereddüt etmeyecek kadar gözüpek. Değişik adam. Başka kitaplara yol açacağı için bile okunması gerekli imiş. Bu kitabı bana ulaştıran kıymetli insana da bu ves ...more
Elzinus
Three tragic figures Hölderin, Kleist and Nietzsche; their end: Insane, Suïcide, Insane.

These essays are not histories or critical discussions of there works, they are myths to celebrate the outsiders and “geniuses” that they where. Zweig affirms he is not writing histories in the chapter about Nietzsche. He is describing the life of these three man as theatre, as a work of art and tragedy of the mind (Geist) [1]. This statement is applicable for Hölderin and Kleist too.

The enthusiasm for these
...more
Benan
Aug 09, 2012 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Böyle bir kitabı ancak Zweig gibi yine kendisi ile savaşan bir sanatçı yazabilirdi herhalde. Başkalarına ait engin ruhların derinliklerinde dolaşabilen ve bunları aktarmaya davranan bir insan olarak önce kendisi, kendisi ile savaşmış olmalı bana göre. Yazar kitapta üç büyük insanın sıradan biyografilerini kaleme almak yerine onların, sislerle kaplı labirentlerde gizlenmiş ruhlarına ulaşmamız için elinden geleni yaparken kendi ruhundaki savaştan etkilenerek bunu yapmış şüphesiz. Zweig, usta, hatt ...more
Sarah
Dec 17, 2018 rated it it was amazing
• عن ستيفان زيفايج :
أعتقد أنه من أعظم كُتاب عصره ، يصف لنا بإسلوب باهر ، حتى تكاد تلامس من يصفه ، أعمق خفايا أبطاله .
أدب زيفايج ( سواء قصصه / السير الذاتية ) أدب فريد من نوعه .

• عن الكتاب :
بصفحات تقارب 800 صفحة ، يتناول زيفايج أدباء متفردين ، على الأغلب أنت لم تسمع بأكثرهم ، ليبرر لنا لما كان لهؤلاء أرواح طاهرة يجب أن تُخلد ! ،
ما يُبهرنا في الكتاب أنه تناول خفايا دقيقة لم تكن منشورة للعامة عن الأبطال !

• هولدرن : الشاعر الرقيق ، نبي الكلمة
• دوستويفسكي: المطبق على شفتيه !
• بلزاك : بصفحات هي الأقل
...more
Özlem
Jun 29, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Zweig'in şu ana kadar okuduklarım arasında beni zorlayan tek kitabı oldu diyebilirim. Hölderlin'i anlattığı bölümü okurken kitabı elimden bırakmamak için çaba harcadım. Açıkçası bu kitapta Zweig'in dilini ve anlatımını hiç olmadığı kadar abartılı ve yorucu buldum. Özellikle de Hölderlin'i anlattığı sayfalarda... Kitap boyunca tekrar ettiği "hiç kimse şimdiye dek bu denli...hiçbir şey daha önce bu kadar...hiçbir sanatçı onun kadar...hiçbir duygu daha önce bu ölçüde..." türü cümleler gözüme battı ...more
hope mohammed
Nov 20, 2017 rated it really liked it
كتاب ممتاز عن ادباء كانت لهم يد في التأثير على العالم ، الكتاب عن دار المظى ترجمة محمد جديد الذي اعتبر ترجمته جيدة رغم تصرفه فيها بشكل طفيف هناك ترجمة اخرى ممتازة لفؤاد ايوب قديمة ولكن رائعة ضمن سلسلة عيون الادب احببت الترجمة والكتاب متوفر الكتروني .

مؤخرا عرفت للاسف انه تم اسقاط اسم نيتشه من الترجمة لااعرف لم ؟!واتمنى ان يترجم حقيقة متلهفة للقراءة عن نيتشه بيد مبدع كستيفان

ناتي الان لستيفان زيفايج والذي كرس معظم حياته وقلمه في حفظ الأدب وتخليد اصحابه رغم ان مؤلفاته دمرت واحرقت ايام قمع النازي كات
...more
Ahmad Badghaish
Feb 16, 2018 rated it liked it
الكتاب عبارة عن تحليل أدبي لبعض من كبار الروائيين والشعراء، سرد لطيف للمراحل المهمة في حياتهم.
أسامة بوجبارة
Oct 14, 2019 rated it really liked it
كتاب بناة العالم للروائي النمساوي ستيفن سفايغ هو كتاب في البيوغرافيا (كتابة السيرة).

حول مشاهير الأدب الغربي .

روح سفايغ في هذا الكتاب أقرب للروائي منه لجامع المعلومات .

ويقدم رؤية أقرب للذاتية منها للموضوعية.

فهو عندما يكتب عن ديستوفيسكي أو بالزاك فهو يكتب بقلم الراوي العليم. كما لو أنهم كانوا أحد شخصياته الروائية فيخوض في سيرهم المعروفة، ثم يقتحم مجاهيل كوامنهم النفسية ويفضحها للقارئ.

وهذا العمل بالمناسبة يجمع بين السيرة الذاتية والتحليل الادبي، كما لو ان سفايغ يجد أن تحليل ادب الاديب جزءٌ لا يتجزأ
...more
Rebeca F.
Jan 17, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
La lucha contra el demonio comprende tres ensayos biográficos breves sobre genios románticos (sí, estoy en desacuerdo con Zweig respecto a su exclusión de Kleist del movimiento) que, a ojos del autor, crearon una obra sublime desde su impulso demoniaco, sucumbiendo a éste de forma temprana: Holderlin, Kleist y Nietzsche. El libro, más que ofrecer una visión crítica tradicional, desde la semiología, filología y psicología, roza apenas la historiografía elevándose como un elegía desgarradora al ge ...more
Blanca
Nov 06, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Libro altamente recomendable para todos aquellos que estén interesados en la literatura alemana. Zweig nos cuenta con su poesía en forma de prosa de nuevo de una manera que engancha cómo veían el mundo estos grandes autores. Es, sin duda, una lectura agradable, amena y enriquecedora.
Bere Tarará
Zweig es muy diferente como novelista y biógrafo, debo decir que en este libro el lenguaje es muy cuidado, pero a veces me parece pomposo y hasta cursi. Sin embargo transmite pasión e invita a conocer la obra de los autores más que dejar una serie de datos
Padmin
Sep 18, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Più che una biografia, questa di Zweig è un immenso affresco, una sublime, appassionata sinfonia.
L’Hölderlin descritto da Zweig è l’antitesi del giovane angelico, dai tratti delicati e miti immortalati nel dipinto “ufficiale”.
Coevo della giovane generazione di poeti ed artisti che si affaccia sul nuovo secolo, è l’unico a sopravvivere alla furia del destino (“mai l’altare degli Dèi fu bagnato di tanto sangue divino”): André Chénier, John Keats, Byron, Shelley, Novalis, Kleist, Schubert, Leopardi
...more
Serkan Sir Kilic
Nietzsche ve Holderlin kendi ile savasanlardan degildi kesinlikle!

Hatta onlardan bu kitabinda bahseden Zweig bile. Kendisi bu savasta olsa, onlari ve nicelerini boyle yazamazdi.

Hepsinin savasi ortakti, insanliklaydi, insanligin drami ile;

Kendi urettiklerini yasayan, kendine gunden gune ket vuran ve gunden gune kendini
``daha az ozgurlestiren``
insanlikla!

Oyle ki bu durum sonraki yillarda ``yazanlarda`` basgosterdi kendini.
Daha cok KET, daha az ozgurluk, artik kendileriyle kavgaya ve
``kendileriyl
...more
Fatih
Jul 14, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Zweig zamanla bir tutku oldu bende, psikolojiyle ve Freud'la olan yakın ilgisi ve aynı zamanda kitapları okunur hale getiren edebi kabiliyet birleşince, insanların kalplerine ayna tutuyor ve en derinlerdekini görebiliyor Zweig.

(view spoiler)
...more
Blazz J
Mar 11, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Slovensko beroči publiki je bil od izbranih treh velikanov nemške poezije in filozofije (Nietzsche, Kleist, Hölderlin) izpod peresa slavnega biografa Stefana Zweiga ponujen le slednji. Zweig se pri orisu demonskega pesnika ne opira na literarno teorijo, prednost da psihološki analizi, saj si želi na plan izbezati demonsko figuro, ki se je rahločutnega pesnika iz protestantskega okolja polastila v času bogoslovnega študija.
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Stefan Zweig was one of the world's most famous writers during the 1920s and 1930s, especially in the U.S., South America, and Europe. He produced novels, plays, biographies, and journalist pieces. Among his most famous works are Beware of Pity, Letter from an Unknown Woman, and Mary, Queen of Scotland and the Isles. He and his second wife committed suicide in 1942.

Zweig studied in Austria, France
...more

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We're halfway through the year that time forgot! Ahem...I mean, 2020. Believe it or not, it's June. Traditionally, this is when the Goodr...
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“¿No son hermanos tuyos todos los hombres? ¿No vendrá en tu auxilio hasta la misma Parca? Continúa, pues, marchando tranquilamente por el camino de tu vida; no temas nada, y bendice todo lo que acaeciere.” 0 likes
“Ere long, however, the daemon was wrestling with him once more; he was seized by that “terrible spirit of unrest” which drove him “like the deluge, to the mountain peaks”. Shadows of gloom and discontent crept into his letters. He began to complain of his “dependent position”, and the forces at work within him soon became obvious. He could not endure regular occupation, could not bear to participate in the daily round of ordinary people. No existence other than that of a poet was acceptable. In this first crisis he probably failed to understand that the trouble sprang from the daemonism within him, from the jealous exclusiveness of the spirit that possessed him, making mundane relationships impossible. He still rationalised the immanent inflammability of his impulses by discovering objective causes for them. He spoke of his pupil’s stubbornness, of defects in the lad’s character which he, as tutor, was impotent to remedy. Hölderlin’s incapacity to meet the demands of everyday life was in this matter all too plain. The boy of nine had a stronger will than the man of twenty-five. The tutor resigned his post. Charlotte von Kalb, who was anything but obtuse, grasped the underlying truth. Wishing to console Johann Christian Friedrich’s mother, she wrote to the latter: “His spirit cannot stoop to these petty labours … or perhaps it would be more accurate to say that he takes them too much to heart.” 0 likes
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