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The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money

3.84  ·  Rating details ·  4,197 ratings  ·  129 reviews
Distinguished British economist John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946) set off a series of movements that drastically altered the ways in which economists view the world. In his most important work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money (1936), Keynes critiqued the laissez-faire policies of his day, particularly the proposition that a normally functioning market e ...more
Paperback, 403 pages
Published May 1st 1997 by Prometheus Books (first published November 30th 1935)
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Lee Lance Look for "Introduction to the Theory of Employment" by Joan Robinson. Robinson (among others) worked with Keynes to develop the General Theory, and…moreLook for "Introduction to the Theory of Employment" by Joan Robinson. Robinson (among others) worked with Keynes to develop the General Theory, and she is good at explaining it. Robinson's book is intended for the general reader, not the community of economists as Keynes' book was.(less)

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One of the hardest things in the world for anyone do to is to change their mindset. Keynes, who suckled at the teats of classical economists, took off the emerald glass spectacles he was given to wear, and took a long hard look at the Depression-era. He had in his life also variously been a businessman and a fairly successful speculator. What he saw was that the theories he taught and had been taught could not explain what was happening.

In a teeny nutshell, classical economics based itself on s
Ahmad  Ebaid
Dec 07, 2015 marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
"لماذا لا يمكنكم إعطاء أبي وظيفة؟"

في بدايات القرن الماضي, عندما كان يريد الماليون تخفيض فائدة القروض, كانوا يلجئون إلى زيادة كمية المال المعروض للإقراض, ويتم ذلك عن طريق البنك المركزي.
وعندما يزيد عرض المال, ينخفض سعر فائدته؛ لأنه هنالك الكثير من الأموال المتنافسة فيما بينها للإقراض فيقدّم بعض أصحاب رؤوس الأموال مزايا للإقبال على أموالهم مثل تخفيض سعر الفائدة, فأن تُخَفِّض سعر الفائدة خير من أن يبقي المال دون أي إقراض.
ويتوقع الماليون عند هذه النقطة, أن يقبل الناس على الاقتراض, وإقامة المشروعات ب
May 17, 2013 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: economics
Bad writing, confused thinking, pernicious policies.

I first encountered the name Keynes when reading a Time magazine article in around 1975 about West Germany's chancellor Helmut Schmidt. As I recall, the article was a complimentary one, in which Schmidt was portrayed as an intellectual technocrat who favored the intellectual and technocratic economics of John Maynard Keynes. I got the impression that Keynesian economics was something advanced and new, a sophisticated modern theory to be used by
May 25, 2012 rated it it was amazing
I think most of these reviews are Ron Paul supporters that don't really understand monetary theory AT ALL. No problem with that however, other than they project their own new version of what Adam Smith said. If they understood Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes, they would realize that they espouse economic theories, not ideologies on the role of government.

Keynes doesn't disagree with at all Adam Smith; he expands on Adam Smith's theories (which were a good 100 years prior). Keynes and Smith ar
Roy Lotz
It is my firm conviction that, if something’s worth doing, it’s worth doing even when you’re badly under-qualified to do it. So here I go!

Few books have inspired as much controversy as John Maynard Keynes' magnum opus. Revered on the left, abhorred on the right, the book has been dragged back into the public spotlight after the previous economic crisis. I’ve heard some economists discuss this book in a tone normally reserved for the Bible, and others in a tone normally reserved for Twilight.

Peter Mcloughlin
This is the book that guided economic policy during the postwar boom up through the 1970s and believed by economists of a blue state persuasion. It is not easy reading, a good economics book can explain it better than this book. I wanted to read the theory from the originator but it is taught in an introductory Macroeconomics course (at least on the east coast of the US sometimes called saltwater economics you will get something different if your economics teacher is of the more conservative Chi ...more
Michael Quinn
May 24, 2012 rated it really liked it
It's a brutal read, especially the middle third. With an intense focus on the fundamental nature of the three factors mentioned in the title, it's easy to get bored and distracted quickly.

Nonetheless, reading the General Theory reminds me of watching Citizen Kane. The book has so thoroughly reshaped economics in its image that it's hard to recognize how revolutionary it truly is. This exacerbates the problems of the middle third, since not only is it dry and technical, it seems pretty obvious no
Sep 01, 2011 rated it it was amazing
This certainly is not a book for a quick enjoyable read. I am a Keynesian in my economic beliefs as a result of this book. As we are continuing the crazy response to the current economic crisis, I highly recommend this book to everyone who cares about money and our economy.
Czarny Pies
Nov 18, 2014 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: Grad students in economics. Undergraduates should stick with Samuelson.
Recommended to Czarny by: Rober Barber
The importance of this book rivals Das Kapital. Those who follow Marx have founded Communist regimes. Everywhere else, governments have developed systems of national accounts to conform to his proposed system of national accounts with headings such as GNP, GDP, etc.

One major difference is that Das Kapital is somewhat utopian and left its followers no clear way to implement its recommendations. The works of other writers notably Lenin and Stalin were required to make Marxism function in a real wo
First, this is a really difficult book to get through because Keynes was writing for professional economists, in the 1930s, in Britain. So his style is not exactly user friendly for the casual reader.

However, Keynes' basic idea about how to control the inevitable fluctuations of a capitalist market are really important, particularly given the global recession of 2008 (which saw a resurgence of interest in Keynes, though I would argue that neoliberal economics remain deeply entrenched in global e
Jackson Cyril
Nov 27, 2017 rated it it was amazing
I shan't comment on the majority of the work which, as Keynes observes, is written for the professional economist. Criticism of those sections of the book when Keynes soars to heights of advanced mathematics I will defer to those better qualified for the task. I read this book primarily to study the moral basis upon which this work rested; indeed, it was upon this moral foundation -- consisting largely of the moral maxims of the 19th century classical liberals (at list to which Marx at times als ...more
Oct 12, 2011 rated it did not like it
The General Theory of Employment, Interest & Money has turned economic science upside down where the undertone and ideas have inherently defied basic economic principles. Unfortunately, the book still influences monetary and fiscal policy. It also has invaded the economic science in general. Economics is not driven by mathematics or models; it is driven by human action. Overall, it was merely an interesting read just on the basis of understanding where Keynes develops his theory.
Rosa Ramôa
Jan 13, 2016 rated it it was amazing
"A nossa teoria mostra que é de uma importância vital atribuir a organismos do Estado certos poderes de direcção económica hoje confiados,na sua maior parte,à iniciativa privada.(...) Pensamos também que uma larga participação (do estado) no investimento se revelará o único meio de assegurar,de forma aproximada,o pleno emprego (ausência de desemprego)".
Nov 15, 2018 rated it it was amazing
My reactions:

1. This work represents a critical footing to the foundation underlying modern economics. That said, it's interesting how long Adam Smith's perspectives took to germinate into Keynes' writing, nearly 165 years. Even this work, though, has an unrefined feel to it, from some of the basic assumptions Keynes makes (regarding negative interest rates, for one) to his use of language.

2. Given its importance to our social and political conversations, I'm surprised this was not mandatory rea
Apr 30, 2017 rated it it was ok
نمی تونم این کتاب را ریت بزنم، تلاش بی حاصلی بود که برای خواندنش انجام دادم و چیزی از درونش نفهمیدم، این هم به خاطر این است که بدون هیچ پیش زمینه ای این کتاب را برای خواندن انتخاب کردم؛ به نظر باید ابتدا کتاب ریکاردو را بخوانم که از تئوری کلاسیک اقتصاد آگاه بشوم

تصویری که از کتاب در ذهنم شکل گرفت و چیزی که فهمیدم این است که کینز قالبهای اقتصاد کلاسیک را با این کتاب تغییر داده است نه به این صورت که هر چیزی را که اقتصاد دانان مثل آدام اسمیت و ریکاردو گفتهاند را نقض کند؛ کینز از مکتب منچستری (مکتبی
Sep 14, 2014 rated it it was ok
Shelves: economics
Just as warned. This book is the most jargon-laden, badly-outlined book of economics, I've ever read. (I've always agreed with the school of rhetoric which said: if you can't write about it,you are not thinking clearly, but back to Keynes.) If you make it through the first three chapters, he actually starts explaining himself a little. Then we get to the idea that a post-industrial society must consume and consume and save nothing. Keynes is the anti-thrift man. Do not save, or mend your old thi ...more
Apr 03, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: economics
The General Theory Of Employment, Interest, And Money
John Maynard Keynes

Chapter 1

The General Theory

I have called this book the General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, placing the emphasis on the prefix general. The object of such a title is to contrast the character of my arguments and conclusions with those of the classical(1) theory of the subject, upon which I was brought up and which dominates the economic thought, both practical and theoretical, of the governing and academic class
Rick Teestsel
Apr 22, 2016 rated it did not like it
Keynes' writing style is an atrocity. He is constantly making reference to things he will discuss later, or things he covered hundred pages earlier, and he is forever obfuscating and torturing his meaning. To wit, " may be useful to make clear which elements in the economic system we usually take as given..." That passage is on page 245.

Here's another fave,"But an increase (or decrease) in the rate of investment will have to carry with it and increase (or decrease) in the rate of consumptio
Jay Roberts, CFP®, CRPC ®
Aug 09, 2011 rated it really liked it
Shelves: economics
This is the type of book that needs to have a class attached to it. While I enjoyed it on my own, I would love to have a professor explain in detail more of the concepts inside. Basically, this work is the foundation of economics for the eighty years. The case is brilliantly made and illustrated, but as I mentioned, it is very in depth. This is why the author has so many detractors. If you read Capitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman side by side with this work, people will choose Capitalism o ...more
Jan 07, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A tour de force of revolutionary Economic thinking, 30s style. A little too complicated to fully comprehend unless you are studying Economics though. Nonetheless a truly groundbreaking work which taught us how to get out of a Depression and stay out. Shame the Chancellor hasn't read it.

Still the style of the book is fun. A bit stiff as you would expect from a pre-sixties academic work but makes repeated efforts to be less stuffy and to reach out. Near the end, Keynes even breaks into song.
Jan 21, 2008 rated it really liked it
Shelves: favorites
A book that George the second should read. One of the key elements of his argument to me is the "crazy" premise that rich people save money at a greater rate than poor people. Attacks alot of neoclassical theories in a very intuitive way. The question that remains, for the reader, is what does our government do about this in terms of policy, regulation and implementation. Whether or not you agree with the entirety of Keynes conclusions or arguments is irrelevant. This is a very important book.
Rob Roy
Oct 24, 2009 rated it really liked it
Shelves: non-fiction
This is a difficult read, especially since the last course in economics I took was over 40 years ago. The math is pretty well beyond me as well. Nonetheless, there is valuable insight to be gained here. This book is the basis for the economic system abandoned in 1981,that may well have prevented where we are now.
Guy Cranswick
Jan 10, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Even for a non economist reader the writing here is sharp and lucid. Keynes's mind, his education come through in the clarity of his prose, free of jargon and stupid management speak, that academic economists use today.
Lo leimos, yo diría de punta a punta para Macro2 con Kicillof.
Jul 15, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Arguably one of the most important books written on political economy in the 20th century, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money by John Maynard Keynes is no easy read. Thus, why it took me a number of years to finally finish the book, however, having done so, I feel I have a more grounded understanding of his arguments. As opposed to summaries, whether written or verbal, that I had received from others (professors, media, and friends) over the years. Keynes, by trade and educati ...more
Mar 15, 2018 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
During my high school years I followed courses in economics. Ever since, my interest has been sparked to follow macro-economic trends and from time to time read some classic economic works. I've read Smith, Ricardo, Hayek and now Keynes.

I haven't finished the book - I quit reading after part 3. This book is written in such an incomprehensive way - clearly outdated from an educational perspective - that one can just as well study the chapters on Keynes in modern day economics textbooks. This way
Apr 02, 2009 rated it liked it
Recommends it for: econ geeks
Shelves: economics
A long but very stimulating read. The English is slightly archaic and the sentences long, but he's a vigorous, witty, eloquent writer. He likes to extrapolate from the case of an individual entrepreneur to the aggregate economy, which is a very different approach from other economists. As a trader himself, he's in tune with market psychology, which actually forms the basis for central tenets of his theory.

Two key differences between 1929 and 2008 strike me -- first, the world was on the gold sta
Rogerio Mattos
Apr 23, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In my opinion, the most important book on macroeconomics of the 2Oth century. Hard to read but easy to be understood with the help of many instructive textbooks writen on the subject. Unfortunately, pseudo-surpassed by modern mainstream macroeconomics.
Frank Stein
Feb 13, 2015 rated it it was amazing
It's hard to think of another foundational text, especially in a field with as much pretense to objectivity as economics, that is so personal and so suffused with the author's own feelings and state of mind. Of course the book is systematic in a way, trying to create the image of a whole economy that revolves around concepts like the marginal efficiency of capital and liquidity preference, but much of it is filled with stray strands of logic or evidence, often profound, always thought-provoking, ...more
Graeme Roberts
I tried to read it, but I do not have the education to follow it. And perhaps the aptitude.
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Law Offices of Eddy Marban 1 1 May 06, 2018 08:22AM  
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John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes (CB, FBA), was a British economist particularly known for his influence in the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics.

Keynes married Russian ballerina Lydia Lopokova in 1925.

NB: Not to be confused with his father who also was an economist. See John Neville Keynes.
“Worldly wisdom teaches that it is better for reputation to fail conventionally than to succeed unconventionally.” 23 likes
“The ideas which are here expressed so laboriously are extremely simple and should be obvious. The difficulty lies, not in the new ideas, but in escaping from the old ones, which ramify, for those brought up as most of us have been, into every corner of our minds.” 9 likes
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