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Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life
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Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life

3.98  ·  Rating details ·  12,845 Ratings  ·  581 Reviews
Known as the father of the new science of positive psychology, Martin E.P. Seligman draws on more than twenty years of clinical research to demonstrate how optimism enchances the quality of life, and how anyone can learn to practice it. Offering many simple techniques, Dr. Seligman explains how to break an “I—give-up” habit, develop a more constructive explanatory style fo ...more
Paperback, 319 pages
Published January 3rd 2006 by Vintage (first published February 1st 1990)
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Sep 22, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: favorites
Don't confuse this for another bullshit self-help guide. This book is actually based on Dr. Seligman's (and others') extensive scientific research. It includes tests that offer valuable insight and effective techniques to battle those crippling negative thoughts. It's a bit lengthy, but that's the only downside I could find. Strongly recommended to anyone struggling with feelings of helplessness, pessimism, and/or depression.
Feb 17, 2012 rated it really liked it
Shelves: self-help, psychology
(4 out of 5) because its informative, but boring.

im reading this for my friend. to help her find optimism and hope.

what i love about this book is that it does not believe that optimism is an attitude you should adapt for every situation in life. and that is what made the book so real!

when you're friend is hurt or feeling betrayed or sad, optimism will make them feel that you are undermining their problems.
having the "I CAN DO IT" attitude does not apply in everything. >> having a drink and
Jan 24, 2012 rated it liked it
Shelves: psych
Anyone in need of an attitude adjustment (as I was when I picked up this book) will benefit from knowing that how you view good and bad events can have a big impact on how effectively you deal with the normal ups and downs of life. In a nutshell, if you see bad events as persistent (things will never change), pervasive (this disappointment means my whole life is a disaster) and personal (I always mess things up), you are a pessimist and probably not a very happy camper.

Optimists see the world f
Sep 10, 2017 rated it did not like it
Shelves: self-help
How?! 😐
Jun 15, 2010 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: nonfiction
If only this stuff were as easy to apply as it is to understand.

Here's a quick summary: 1) Be specific. I'm not a bad person. I just made a mistake. 2) Notice the tendency to think of a negative outcome as more likely than a positive one. 3) Notice the tendency to take responsibility or blame yourself for things that could possibly be someone else's fault. The book includes a word of caution about blaming others. The idea isn't to shirk self-responsibility, it's just to notice and reframe the k
Harold Griffin
Jun 13, 2016 rated it liked it
Ah, self-help books. Long ago I read some N.V. Peale and Dale Carnegie about thinking positively, making friends, influencing people, stopping worrying, starting living. So here I am, negative, solitary, uninfluential, worrisome, nearing extinction. And a dubious endorsement for all those books!!

Actually the old books were all right, inspirational enough in grim times, but almost always plodding and predictable. "Just when he was about to leap from a window in despair, William K. Bloop of Keokuk
ياسمين خليفة
تعلم التفاؤل
عندما تقرأ هذا العنوان لأول وهلة قد تظن أنك بصدد قراءة كتاب تنمية بشرية
يتحدث عن اهمية التفاؤل والتفكير الايجابي والتحفيز وما الى ذلك من الموضوعات المكررة
ولكن هذا الكتاب يختلف تماما عن كتب التنمية البشرية
لأن من كتبه طبيب نفسي يعتبر ابو علم النفس الايجابي في أمريكا فالابحاث التي قام بها دكتور مارتن سليجمان عن التفاؤل والتشاؤم فتحت باب لعلم النفس لكي ينظر كيف يمكن أن يعيش الانسان حياة سعيدة بدلا من ان يركز على علاج الامراض النفسية فقط
كتاب تعلم التفاؤل ليس موجها للمتشائمين فقط ولكنه
Apr 22, 2012 rated it liked it
Shelves: psycho
I enjoyed the insights the author provided into the history of learned helplessness theory, as well as bits and pieces about the beginnings of cognitive behavioral therapy. This book has a lot of research and quite a bit of psychology in it, some of it boring to me, some of it fascinating, some of it convincing, some of it unconvincing.

It is not just a self-help guide to positive thinking. In fact, the author decries positive thinking, making the point that chanting inflated mantras to oneself
Daniel Silvert
Jul 13, 2011 rated it it was amazing
Authors like Dr. Martin Seligman give ‘self help’ books a good name. In his meticulously researched yet engaging style, Seligman’s Learned Optimism makes a near bullet proof case for optimistic thinking as an inexhaustible engine for personal improvement. Seligman focuses on a person’s ‘explanatory style’ as the key indicator of how they will respond to difficult situations. Explanatory style is what we say to ourselves when the chips are down. According to Seligman, this self coaching is both d ...more
Deb (Readerbuzz) Nance
May 27, 2012 rated it really liked it
Shelves: happiness
I've been fascinated with happiness in the last five years, so it seems obvious that this book, now considered a classic in the field, would be a book I should read.

And now that I have, I must say that I agree with the crown that has been placed upon this book's head; it's a worthy read for anyone interested in happiness.

I took away from it a paradoxical and disquieting idea: the happiest people are the most optimistic, but fail again and again to see the dark truths in life, while the unhappi
Hamidreza Amiri
خوش بینی آموخته شده یا learned optimism. کتاب پر از آزمایشهای روانشناسیه که احتمال میده موجودات اگه یه مدت درماندگی رو تجربه کنن، درماندگی رو یاد میگیرن! نویسنده که روانشناس معروفی هم هست، توی چند فصل کتاب، اثر خوشبینی رو بر سلامت، ورزش و حتی انتخابات ریاست جمهوری و سنای آمریکا بررسی کرده. گرچه برای خود من خیلی از این تستها و پیش بینی هایی که کرده جای سوال داشت و مبهم بود، اما در کل کتاب جالبی بود و از بعضی حرفهای حاشیه ایش لذت بردم.
Christina Zolotarova
это не очередной селф-хелп, а научное исследование выученной беспомощности и ее последствий - пессимизма и депрессии. с тестами, примерами и советами. если постараться, оптимизму можно (и нужно) научиться. но, конечно, это работа над собой, а не волшебная пилюля.
Apr 12, 2013 rated it it was amazing
I first read this in 2013. I was really looking for something to help me with a problem I have struggled with all my adult life: learned helplessness. What is learned helplessness? An overwhelming feeling of powerlessness that stems from either a traumatic event (true for me), or some persistent failure to succeed (also true for me, but the root cause was a traumatic event). What I discovered was that, somewhere along the line, I had become a serious pessimist.

I think the reason this book turned
Dec 13, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Compelling account of the author's decades of research. Seligman is best known for developing the concept of learned helplessness, which is covered in most psychology courses.

The book includes a test so you can determine how optimistic you are in different situations. I think it's an extremely well-designed test because it's often hard to tell what the "right" answer is.

The author studies optimism in many groups: rats, dogs, college students, life-insurance sales reps, East German working men, a
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
May 20, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Learned Optimism is not a self-help book, it’s based on a lot of scientific research and is not a light read. But worth it.

This book validated so many of my life beliefs, so from now on, it may be the confirmation bias speaking :) Still, here are few pieces I strongly related to.

“The skills of becoming happy turn out to be almost entirely different from the skills of not being sad, not being anxious, or not being angry.” We focus so much on being happy that we forget that not being sad may be mo
Dec 20, 2012 rated it liked it
Shelves: psychology, american
I do not like Seligman because of his research on animals. People who think it's OK to give electric shocks to dogs have made me learn pessimism about human compassion.

Seligman created a ground-breaking experiment which was first performed with dogs back in the sixties. Three dogs went through each experiment. The first dog was given electrical shocks which stopped whenever it pressed a panel with its nose. It got shocks, but had the power to stop them. The second dog got shocks whenever the fir
Maithreyi Mulpuru
Feb 26, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Books offers a scientific approach towards recognizing your depression triggers and how you can unlearn pessimistic behaviors to inculcate more positive action oriented thinking. Overall, liked the book for its practical guidance and the fact that it's based on quantitative research.
Oct 05, 2011 rated it really liked it
Shelves: nonfiction
I was expecting Learned Optimism to be as airy-fairy and worthless as Full Catastrophe Living, and was very pleased to discover that it is quite the opposite. It is a scientific treatment of optimism and its effects on how people respond to problems; that is, it examines who gives up and who perseveres, and why.

Dr. Seligmann has been studying optimism his entire life. He leads us through his intellectual journey, beginning when as a young grad student, he was exposed to a study in which a group
I spotted this book, a freebee discard at the local library recently, 'Learned Optimism'. I thought, this'll be good for a laugh. The first chapter is titled 'Two Ways of Looking at Life'. Only two ways, how depressing is that! Chapter four sounds more up my street, 'Ultimate Pessimism'. It is odd there is no listing of sceptics or cynics in the index, (there's a few mentions of being skeptical). The index does list 'catastrophizers', which gets interesting. Apparently, catastrophizers are into ...more
Dec 13, 2011 rated it really liked it
The cover on this book does it a great disservice, making it sound like self-help nonsense. But far from any boosterism, this book is actually a scientific vulgarization of "positive psychology." Since psychology is mired in so much quackery, I feel I have to underscore that this branch of psychology is widely recognized, and Martin Seligman is the 13th most frequently cited psychologist in introductory psychology textbooks of the twentieth century. Seligman takes the reader through the foundati ...more
Feb 22, 2008 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: pessimists
I learned a lot from this book. 1. That I am an extreme pessimist, which I probably already knew but here it is scientifically proven via a series of abstract quizzes. Having someone else verify what I might have known in the back of my mind was really helpful becuase it has made me realise that I need to change the way I think. We always think that our thoughts are rational and thats not necessarily true. He provides evidence of his assessments by providing examples of tests done in labs with m ...more
Mar 31, 2015 rated it it was amazing
به نظر من علم روان شناسی برخلاف اونچه جامعه شناسا میگن خیلی مهم و پرکاربردیه. این علم امروزه خیلی پیشرفت کرده و هرچند هنوز نتونسته راهگشای کاملی باشه برای مشکلات بشر ولی در حد خیلی خوبی تونسته وقایع رو باز کنه و انسان رو به اون حقیقتی که اون پشت داره اتفاق میوفته آگاه کنه. امروزه افسردگی یکی از شایعترین بیماری های روحی محسوب میشه. در این باره گفته شده افسردگی مثل سرماخوردگی میمونه.
با افزایش تفکر پیشرفت انسان بطور واحد و خودارتقایی اون، بشر رفته رفته بیشتر به درون خودش رو آورد و از نیروهای جمعی
Oct 11, 2010 rated it liked it
This book has some good ideas and interesting evidence of the helpfulness of optimism, but I felt like a lot of it was too simplified. It points at rumination and says it contributes to Depression, but I read that and I think, "So I'm supposed to stop thinking about things? I don't think so." Seligman didn't really say that--his solution would obviously be to change the thought patterns instead of the act of thinking. But the examples also seem overly simple. When you dispute your negative think ...more
Mario Tomic
Oct 09, 2014 rated it really liked it
Really cool book explaining all the different thought processes we have and the differences of lives between optimists and pessimists. I enjoyed reading this one, the main conclusion I got from the book is that optimism is a skill like any other that can be learned over time if we put in the effort. The second thing would be that the book presented a good solutions for so many people that waste their lives on thinking in negative patterns and skepticism worrying about things that never happen. O ...more
Feb 23, 2009 rated it liked it
My dad had me read Learned Optimism when I was a kid. I don't know if it had any effect, or if I am naturally optimistic--or perhaps particularly American? But I do believe that an individual will be happier when optimistic, and that this book provides tools to get one there. It's a philosophy book, at heart, but has practical steps to take. Kind of like tai chi; you have to both absorb and practice to figure out how to make it work.

Usually I hate self-help books, but this one didn't leave the u
Jan 19, 2013 rated it really liked it
Shelves: science, psychology

I read this book after seeing that Steve Kendall, one of my Goodreads friends, had rated it highly. I am glad that I did.

The basic premise is that most cases of depression in people are a formed of learned helplessness. Learned helplessness is the reaction to unpleasant events by giving up attempts to change one’s circumstances. Learned helplessness can be studied in other mammals besides humans. Most depression in Seligman’s view is not a function of some biochemical imbalance (though it can

Michelle Christensen
Oct 25, 2017 rated it it was amazing
This book was transformational for me. Through this reading, I realized that (probably like most people) there are times when I'm highly optimistic and times and I'm just the opposite. The book was more than just theory, though. It teaches a person how to overcome the feelings of helplessness that are associated with pessimism. I can apply the principles to me, my family, and others. I was fascinated by the claims it makes and found them valid because it backs up everything by citing tons of res ...more
John Campbell
Jan 20, 2017 rated it liked it
As I have mentioned before, I am a big fan of positive psychology. This book gives a good overview of a set of cognitive tools anyone can use to increase their optimism. The writing can be a tad dry, but it is still readable. And the insights here are really valuable. I employ them regularly, optimism hasn't always been natural for me. Reading this now made me think about how I can model optimism for my students when they face setbacks.
Jul 28, 2017 rated it really liked it
Shelves: favorites
One of those rare books that balances research and insight with effective, empowering tools. It's so much more than just a wrongly touted work for the 'self help' or 'positive psychology' aisles.

I found this book at the right time in my life, and it's played a huge role in moving from awareness to alteration of lifelong patterns of thinking. A must read for everyone.
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Cognitive Therapy 2 8 Feb 04, 2016 10:10AM  
Any teachers/educators out there read this book? 1 6 Jan 22, 2016 10:17AM  
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Seligman is the Zellerbach Family Professor of Psychology in the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Psychology. He was previously the Director of the Clinical Training Program in the department. Seligman was elected President of the American Psychological Association by the widest margin in its history and served in that capacity during the 1998 term.[4] He is the founding editor-in-chief ...more
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“While you can't control your experiences, you can control your explanations.” 28 likes
“Curing the negatives does not produce the positives.” 19 likes
More quotes…