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The Wealth of Nations

3.87  ·  Rating details ·  21,805 Ratings  ·  714 Reviews
An Inquiry into the Nature & Causes of the Wealth of Nations influenced a broad range of thinkers from David Ricardo to Karl Marx. Smith stresses the importance of the division of labor to economic progress. Opposing mercantilist monopolism, he offers a theoretical & historical case for free trade.
Five editions appeared before his 1790 death: 1776, 1778, 1784, 17
Mass Market Paperback, 1264 pages
Published March 4th 2003 by Bantam Classics (first published 1776)
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Spencer Gray The book that gave birth to classic economics. Whether you're for or against capitalism you can't discount this in depth look at one of the most…moreThe book that gave birth to classic economics. Whether you're for or against capitalism you can't discount this in depth look at one of the most influential economic theories of all time. This book rivals Das Capital in influence and stands the test of time as it remains more relevant than Marxist theory to modern economics. (less)

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May 07, 2012 marked it as intermittently-reading  ·  review of another edition
Sometimes I feel so very goddamned embarrassed by my lack of higher education. There are just too many of the foundational works of Western civilization that I am only getting around to now, in my early forties—and even with the padding of years, I feel depressingly unprepared heading into them. So much fucking time wasted doing shit, when I could have been reading...

Smith is smooth, like a nice rye whisky. Right off the bat, this artful Adam opens with a remark about the productive powers of la
Apr 17, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: economics
For a truth, about 3/4 of this book is 18th century blabber about corn prices. Of the remaining 1/4, about 1/2 is criticism of mercantilsm, which is mostly obvious and definitely boring.

The remaining 1/8 of the book, however, is worth fighting through the rest for. Even if you've heard the explanation of the "invisible hand" a thousand times, there is something magical about reading the actual words by the father himself:

"It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker
Erik Graff
May 16, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: Evelyn Wood
A prideful and ambitious boy, hearing that President Kennedy had been a speed reader, I cut lawns and shovelled walks to pay for an Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics program. We met in the spare basement of the hideous modern structure that passed for Park Ridge's "Inn"--a residence primarily for attendants and pilots from the airlines utilizing nearby O'Hare International Airport. I was a sophomore, the youngest in class, quite serious and full of myself.

The Wood method consisted, basically, of two
Richard Fulgham
Apr 19, 2009 rated it did not like it
Recommends it for: swine, hyenas and robber barons
"The Wealth of Nations" is the book that changed greed to a virtue instead of a sin.

In fact, greed is one of the Seven Deadly Sins in Christian theology. Greed is a sin in ALL the great religions, including Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Zen Buddhism, Buddhism, American Indian Spiritualism, Wiccan nature love, Bahá'í Faith, Gnosticism · · Rastafari,Samaritanism, Indian Ayyavazhi, Jainism, Sikhism Iranian Ahl-e Haqq, Manichaeism, Mazdak, Yazidi,Zoroastrianism, East Asian Confucianism, Taoism,Recent C
Ahmad Sharabiani
The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith
تاریخ نخستین خوانش: نوزدهم ماه سپتامبر سال 1978 میلادی
عنوان: ثروت ملل؛ نویسنده: آدام اسمیت؛ مترجم: سیروس ابراهیم زاده؛ تهران، پیام، 1357؛ در سه جلد: جلد نخست: علل بهبود نیروی مولد کارگر، نظم و ترتیبی که بر طبق آن محصول محصول وی به طور طبیعی میان گروههای مختلف مردم توزیع میشود؛ جلد دوم در باره ماهیت سرمایه، نخوه انباشته شدن، و کاربرد آن؛ جلد سوم: درباره سیر توانگری و ثروت بین ملتهای مختلف؛ موضوع: اقتصاد از نویسندگان اسکاتلندی - قرن 18 م
در سال 1395 هجری خورشیدی خلا
Aug 27, 2014 marked it as to-read
For some reason, the American Right tend to be as vehemently in favor of the Invisible Hand of the market as they are vehemently against the Invisible Hand of Darwinian selection. And the old USSR was exactly the same, except that they reversed the two positions.

Am I the only person who thinks this is just plain weird?
Apr 24, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Everyone.
Recommended to Anne by: I'm not going lie, I was forced to read it in American Nat'l Gov
Shelves: ethnographical
How can one go through life without reading the Wealth of Nations?

Adam Smith had the idea of modern economics before the United States was even sovereign (I go not so much for good writers, as I do for innovative and groundbreaking thinkers). Imagine coming up with your own idea of an economic system long before the world was ready. And unlike Marx, may I mention, Smith's ideals are not only flourishing and still seen today, but they are the foundation of the many, many economies and nations.
Jon(athan) Nakapalau
One of the hardest books I have ever read - I feel overwhelmed as far as the concepts - so I will just make a general comment: If you want to understand the foundational concepts of economic policy and have the perspective of a true genius then this book is for you. It is SCARY how many situations Adam Smith predicted - and it is sad how little things have changed as far as the wealthy and the poor. If you read this book and Das Capital I would argue that you will be able to hold your own as far ...more
Note on the Text
Select Bibliography
A Chronology of Adam Smith and His Times

--An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations [Abridged]

Explanatory Notes and Commentary
Nov 13, 2011 rated it really liked it
Always a great classic on economics. His one fatal flaw was opening the door for Marx. By placing value based on labor, laborers feel they are the ones that deserve all the reward. Labor means nothing if no one wants the item being produced. The free market drives price, not the amount of labor put into a product.

Great chance to see and understand how economics developed.
Jul 12, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Adam Smith’s “An Inquiry Into The Nature And Causes Of The Wealth Of Nations” (often called simply “The Wealth Of Nations”) is one of two great works from the Scottish economist and philosopher, the other being the lesser known “The Theory of Moral Sentiments”. “The Wealth Of Nations” was published on March 9th, of 1776, but there were additional editions in 1778, 1784, 1786, and 1789. I read the free Kindle version of “The Wealth Of Nations”, and while I do not recommend that version I do recom ...more
Oct 19, 2010 rated it it was amazing
Up there with the Bible as one of the most misquoted books of all time? I strongly suspect that most people who believe themselves to be disciples of Adam Smith have never actually read this book. Adam had no time for theoretical economic models and doctrinaire dog-eat-dog free market dogma. He was an empiricist and a moralist who believed people should be given the opportunity to make the best of themselves, but that the most vulnerable members of society should be taken care of by the group. H ...more
Emre Poyraz
Feb 09, 2011 rated it liked it
I would say that this is the most overrated book in economics. That does not mean that this book is without its merits, but I was definitely frustrated. Let me tell you why:

1. Smith, in various places in the book, criticizes merchantilists and others. However, since the average reader (even the average economist) has no knowledge of merchantilists and physiocrats, all his comments SEEM correct, whereas in fact they are just simplistic and unfair (merchantilists never confused wealth and money, a
Aug 17, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Three things happened in 1776.

1. The Revolutionary war started (Declaration of Independence).

2. Watt's first steam engine powered Wilkinson's
iron foundry blowers.

3. Adam Smith published "The Wealth of Nations".
4.0 stars. I read this on my own in law school. I know, I know, who does that right? Well I obtained this as part of my Easton Press colleciton of "Books That Changed the World." I remember being really intrigued by the book and it made me more interested in the history of economics.
Mohammad Ali Abedi
“Money, says the proverb, makes money. When you have got a little, it is often easy to get more. The great difficulty is to get that little.”

This book was absolutely a pain to get through. Maybe the biggest difference between 2012 and 1776 is that people have less patience. This economic book, seems to have made a huge influence on future economists and capitalists, but reading over 1000 pages on extremely dry economics was really difficult for me. There are some good ideas in the book, but read
Ibrahim Mahmoud
Mar 05, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
رأى سميث أن الوصول إلى الثروة هوالغاية الأساسية للاقتصاد، وكان للمواضيع التي تطرق إليها (العمل، القيمة، الريع، السعر، التوزيع..) أثر بالغ في تنظيم علم الاقتصاد السياسي.

اعتبر سميث أن ثروة كل أمة تقاس بقدرتها الإنتاجية، وتناول الإنتاجية كمقياس للثروة التي يمكن مضاعفتها بتقسيم العمل. واهتم بطرق توزيع الثروة في المجتمع ووسائل تنظيم التجارة وتقسيم العمل، إضافة إلى أطروحاته المتعلقة بحرية السوق واليد الخفية التي تساهم في دفع الحركة الاقتصادية وتشجيع الاستثمار، ودعوته إلى الحد من تدخل الدولة المباشر في
May 19, 2017 rated it really liked it
کتاب تعداد صفحاتش زیاده و شاید به صرفه نباشه که بخونیدش، ولی اگه بخوام بگم آدام اسمیت عمرش رو صرف نوشتن این کتاب کرده (ازدواج نکرده و استاد دانشگاه بوده انگار) کتابی که پدر علم اقتصاد نوشته، باعث به وجود آوردن لیبرالیسم شده است
این از دلسوزی قصاب، آشپز یا نانوا نیست که، شام خود را توقع داریم، بلکه از توجه آنان به نفع شخصی خودشان است. توجه ما به خود ماست، نه به انسان دوستی آنان، بلکه به خودخواهی آنان و هرگز با آنان دربارهی نیازهای ضروری خود نمی گوییم، بلکه از مزیت های آنان سخن می گوییم

کتاب پر از
Ana Rînceanu
This book was far too long. Too much talk of corn prices and criticism of mercantilism. But once you get to the parts regarding Smith's idea of free markets, unregulated by the state, things get interesting.

Having lived through an economic crisis, I was hesitant to give this book a try, but I'm glad I did it. It's good to see how 18th century people though free markets would work (back then no one had even heard of corporations and businesses belonged to specific people). Compared with what came
Nov 14, 2009 rated it it was amazing
We know from experience that Smith's system is not complete unto itself. In fact, Smith himself would probably have admitted this. His references to ancient history and political philosophy would seem to show not only that he accepted that the territory of "statecraft" is not entirely contained within the borders of classical economics but also that he accepted the State's place alongside the Market as a fundamental, primordial feature of social existence.

That much being said, Smith deserves cre
May 23, 2012 rated it liked it
A long time to read, but providing interesting perspective. Adam Smith is called the Father of Modern Economics. After reading his book, considered his magnum opus (great work), I have the following thought to share.

Smith discusses three types of people; those who make money by rent, by labor, and by employment of stock. With respect to the various laws each of these group tends to propose, he considers the likely merits. Those who make money by rent can only make money if the people who supply
Anna Esq.
Oct 28, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Keeping in mind this book was published in 1776, the same year the US was founded, and that it is written in the language of the time, this is a thorough examination of how patterns of trade, currency, and growth occur. The foundation upon which all other economics books are written.

Stick this book in your bathroom and read one of the short little 12-page chapters every time you pay an extended visit. At over 1000 pages, it will take a while, but if you want to teach yourself how to debunk the f
Abram Dorrough
Sep 26, 2017 rated it it was amazing
The most influential book of all time. Every commodity and service we enjoy - from transportation to technology to cheaper metal production - has come because of those who have stood on the giant shoulders of Adam Smith.
Sep 21, 2009 rated it really liked it
My Summary:
The natural processes of a successful economy are found in Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations. Although two hundred plus years old, Smith focuses on significantly profound and pertinent principles for any age. Stressing that regulations tend to limit prosperity and production, his extensive research of history and economics proves that a free market is an effective system in producing a wealthy nation. “The object of political economy of every country is to increase the riches and power o
Aug 02, 2011 rated it really liked it
The Wealth of Nations is an overview of economics by the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith around the time of the American Revolution. At the time of the writing, the popular ideology of economics was mercantilism - that is, countries should export as much products and import as much gold as possible. Hence, the somewhat strange title of the book. (The fact that "capitalism" and "economics" were not common phrases at the times doesn't help either)

Much of what the book says confirms what any Econom
Несомненно то, что данная книга намного опередила своё время.

Адам Смит чётко и ясно обобщил и систематизировал столь сложные явления в экономике государства, а также нашёл множество взаимозависимых тенденций.

Книга поможет понять много сложных вещей и, возможно, вы сами научитесь им, и будете применять данные знания для умножения собственных материальных ценностей, и ценностей нашего общества.
Anthony Buckley
Dec 28, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, politics
It is so easy, in the wake of Reaganesque and Thatcheresque economics to see The Wealth of Nations as a conservative tome. In fact, it has the whiff of radical thought about it, for it helped overturn an old world, and sought to liberate not only the businessman, but also the worker.
(Discussed parts of it in school, so I know about most of Smith's major ideas, but I never read the actual book except for some segments.)
Alex Robertson
Feb 04, 2015 rated it liked it
I always rate books for CC having only read excerpts, but this particular instance should be taken with a huge grain of salt--a boulder of salt even. (Cue Homer Simpson: "Mmm....salt boulder.") Some 80-100 pages out of a thousand. I found it very compelling, if occasionally very disagreeable. Makes me want to read Capital. 3.5
Trần Tùng
The wealth of nations with its meticulous descriptions of the division of labors and advance to some certain the troubles embedded within is a master piece any keen person must read to understand how the machine transforms our ways of life.
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Although the exact date of Smith's birth is unknown, his baptism was recorded on 16 June 1723 at Kirkcaldy.

A Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economy. One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Smith is the author of The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nat
More about Adam Smith...
“Science is the great antidote to the poison of enthusiasm and superstition.” 196 likes
“The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects are perhaps always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become. ” 94 likes
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