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The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness

4.2  ·  Rating details ·  2,297 Ratings  ·  54 Reviews
In this provocative book, the distinguished author writes to break the deadlock in the struggle between the instinctivism of Konrad Lorenz and behavior psychologist B.F. Skinner.
Paperback, 576 pages
Published February 15th 1992 by Holt Paperbacks (first published 1973)
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Raya راية
Feb 28, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"ما دام المرء يعتقد أن الإنسان الشرير يحمل قرنين، فإنه لن يكتشف شريراً."

بدأت حكايتي مع معرفة أسباب العنف البشري، بعد قرائتي لما يزيد على 60 رواية لكاتبة الجريمة أغاثا كريستي، فبدأ البحث بكتاب ممدوح عدوان، حيونة الإنسان، ويُعتبراً مدخلاً مبسّطاً إلى هذا العلم، وبعده كتاب كولن ولسون، سيكولوجية العنف: أصول الدافع الإجرامي البشري، وكان جيداً جداً وبسيطاً. وتوالت قرآتي لروايات أغاثا كريستي لتصل إلى 66 رواية، وغيرها من روايات الإجرام والأمراض النفسية.

وقادني البحث إلى هذا الكتاب الموسوعي الشامل في تح
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستانِ گرانقدر، <اریک فروم> در این کتاب اغتشاش و ویران سازی را جز به جز و دقیق شرح داده است
عزیزانم، زمانی که انسان امید به زندگی و عشق به زندگی را از دست میدهد، یکی از نتایجِ خشنِ آن "ویران سازی و اغتشاش" است... انسان بدونِ امید قادر به زندگی کردن نیست.. زمانی که امید به زندگی در کسی از بین میرود، از زندگی متنفر میشود.. از آنجایی که نمیتواند زندگی را بیافریند، لذا زندگی را ویران میسازد، زیرا رسیدن به ویران سازی بسیار آسان است
شخصِ ناامید، از رهگذرِ زندگانیِ مردهٔ خویش، میخواهد از خود انتقا
John G.
Sep 05, 2013 rated it it was amazing
I would recommend anyone to read any of Fromm's work. This man to me, his contributions to psychology and to the understanding of the world and the human condition eclipse those of Freud and Jung. Just saying. This book gets to the questions of why things are so screwed up, why are people so violent and aggressive? I like his answers, it's a maladjusted attempt to deal with life, one way is the nihilistic (destroy that which I don't understand) or the sadistic (control that which I don't underst ...more
عبدالرحمن عقاب
هذا الكتاب هو الأطول لإيريك فروم، ويبحث في سؤال (هل الإنسان تدميري أو عدواني بفطرته).
يجيب الكاتب تفصيلاً عن هذا، ويناقش معارضًا في الجزء الأوّل أقوال من يرى ذلك بالتفصيل. ثمّ يشرع في التفريق بين نوعين من العدوانية (الخبيثة وغير الخبيثة)، موضحًا أنّ العدوانية الدفاعية مثلاً هي جبلة في الإنسان.
ثمّ يعرج في الجزء الثاني إلى العدوانية الخبيثة التدميرية بأشكالها المختلفة من الانتقامية والوجدانية إلى أهمّها (السادية) ثمّ أخطرها (النكروفيلية). ويعرض لحالتين دراسيتين هما (هملر) و(هتلر) كمثالين على الحال
Hoda Marmar
I got this book for 3.5 $ one day as I was walking on the street, and a guy was selling those on the sidewalk. The book called out after me, the title was very attractive, but I never thought it would be such an amazing read! That was back in 2010, I believe. I used this book as a reference for many papers that I wrote, it made me love psychology even more. I shall reread it again this year.
Jun 14, 2009 rated it it was amazing
My FIRST reading of this book was when it was first published in 1973. And now I read it again. I had read other books by Erich Fromm and was reading different approaches to Psychology. It is said that Fromm was a pioneer in theoretical works with "deep insight" into the the human psyche. As you can see by the title, he explores the dark side of the huiman psyche with quotes, references, comparisons, and rebuttals of the works of others. In the last part of this text, he discusses, "Malignant Ag ...more
Jun 08, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Unfortunately, more relevant today than when I first read (early seventies). It seems everything is going a bit backwards.
Yaser Maadat
Mar 21, 2015 rated it really liked it
يحلل فروم في هذا الكتاب النزعة التدميرية البشرية من جانب فريد يركز على العوامل الاجتماعية في تكوين الشخصية التدميرية المتطرفة،و من امثلتها النكروفيليا و السادية و المازوخية و غيرها من اقنعة التدميرية البشرية،كما يقدم فروم نقد شاملا للغريزيين من ناحية و للسلوكيين من ناحية اخرى في تحليلهم للتدميرية بناء على اتجاهاتهم النفسية دون الاكتراث بعلم الطباع الذي ينطلق منه فروم،و يفرد فروم جزءا هاما لنقد فكرة فرويد عن التدميرية و يحللها تحليلا شاملا منطقيا،يقدم فروم عدة امثلة على الشخصية التدميرية لعل ابرز ...more
Nov 01, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: recommended
نزوع الانسان نحو التدمير هو طبع تُخلق له كل الظروف لكي يتطبعه بني البشر في عصر "الانسان الحديث"
وليس بغريزة تحكمنا لا مفر منها خُلقت معنا لتلازم الانسان نحو "مصير محتوم وهو الفناء"

Jul 14, 2014 rated it really liked it
"The position taken in this book is one of rational faith in man's capacity to extricate himself from what seems the fatal web of circumstances that he has created. It is the position of those who are neither "optimists" nor "pessimists," but radicals who have rational faith in man's ability to avoid the ultimate catastrophe. This humanist radicalism goes to the roots, and thus to the causes; it seeks to liberate man from the chains of illusions; it postulates that fundamental changes are necess ...more
Apr 07, 2008 rated it really liked it
Fromm immediately endeared himself to me with this epigraph: "When I look at history I am a pessimist... but when I look at prehistory I am an optimist." (Incidentally, this was taken out of context. The writer, JC Smuts, actually only likes prehistory because he believes it shows how far we've come. Quite contrary to the point Fromm is making.)

The first and shortest part of the book is dedicated to a discussion of psychological theory (Instinctivism vs. Behaviorism), and, not being a psychologi
Oct 07, 2008 rated it it was amazing
This a book showing that human is more violent than animal. The more "civilized", the more violent he becomes. When reading this book, I remember a National Geographic episode showing the most dangerous cat variety. Can you imagine that tiger and lion are second to house-cat? House cat kills anything, while tiger and lion merely kill their food. Just like human, don't you think?
Prokop Holy
Dec 22, 2009 rated it it was amazing
We need to create the conditions that would make the growth of man, this unfinished and uncompleted being - unique in nature - the supreme goal of all social arrangements. Genuine freedom and independence and the end of all forms of exploitative control are the conditions for mobilizing the love of life, which is the only force that can defeat the love for the dead.
It is much easier to get excited by anger, rage, cruelty, or the passion to destroy than by love and productive and active interest,
Erik Graff
Apr 29, 2009 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: WFMT
Shelves: psychology
During the summer between college and my first graduate school I worked as a security guard for Chicago's Womens' Athletic Club on Ontario and Michigan Avenues in the Gold Coast area. The job had been obtained for me, and others of our friends, by Mike and Tom Miley whose mother, Helen, was working as the business manager there. After graduating from seminary she was kind enough to employ me again until I found more regular work.

The position at the club was a peach. My duties consisted of guardi
ياسمين خليفة
كتاب تشريح التدميرية البشرية لعالم الاجتماع الكبير ايريك فروم ربما يكون أطول كتاب قرأته في علم النفس والاجتماع
ولكنه في الوقت نفسه افضل كتاب يمكن أن تقرأه إذا كنت تريد أن تعرف سبب وجود التدميرية البشرية
اي ميل البشر للتدمير والقتل وتعذيب الآخرين
الكتاب طويل جدا جدا ولذلك قرأته في شهر تقريبا على فترات متقطعة
حتى استطيع استعياب المعلومات الواردة فيه على مهل
ميزة ايريك فروم انه يمتلك نظرة متفائلة للطبيعة البشرية ولا يرى أن البشر يمتلكون ميلا غزيريا للتدمير والقتل ويرى أن الميول
السادية والمازوجية و
Hanna-anneli Belt
Sep 26, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Kattava kuvaus ihmisen aggressiivisuudesta, sen juurista, syistä ja kehityksestä niin yksilö- kuin lajinkin tasolla. Esimerkkeinä Stalin, Himmler ja Hitler. Näkökulmana sosiaalipsykologia, humanistisuus ja toiveikkuus.
Hussain Ali
Feb 14, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
من أجمل التجارب المعرفية التي خبرتها. رحلة دامت ستة شهور قرأت فيها الكتاب بتأن.. للتركيز تارةً وللإبقاء على هذه التجربة أطول فترة ممكنة..
كنت أقرأ مقاطعًا من الكتاب لمن يهمه الأمر.. أقرأ لزوجتي وأصدقائي وكل من شاركته بنتيجة استفدتها من الكتاب.. تجربة عظيمة.. انتهت في عيد الحب!

Adam Crown
Mar 04, 2016 rated it it was amazing
I've read this one several times and often re-read specific parts. His analysis of the human condition is both insightful and inciteful. Nota bene his take on the cybernetic society and the sado-masochistic character.
Flavia Sparacino
Mar 04, 2014 rated it really liked it
Fromm's work is current even today. I keep re-reading his books from time to time.
Michael David
Jan 13, 2017 rated it it was amazing
I love it whenever a book corrects my perspectives by debunking all my wrong preconceptions regarding things I believed were axiomatic. For example, I believed that humanity was more violent during prehistoric times because individuals had to compete for food and resources. Erich Fromm, in this comprehensive work regarding man's perversions toward destruction, actually cites copious sources from prominent anthropologists that simply disagree with this belief: 'the art of war develops only late i ...more
Erich Frommin Tuhoava ihminen ei ole täydellinen kirja, mutta suositeltavaa luettavaa jokaiselle, joka haluaa ymmärtää miksi sivistynyt kulttuuri tuntuu olevan joskus niin täynnä ahdistusta. Se on psykologinen tutkielma, jonka suurin ansio on menneisyyden psykologisten teorioiden kumoaminen ja uusien suuntaviivojen luominen.

Kirjailija toteaa teoksessaan, etteivät ihmisen tekoja määrää yksinomaan perinnölliset seikat tai yksinomaan ympäristö, vaan ihminen on yhdistelmä kumpaakin sekä omaa, määrit
Mostafa Shalash
Aug 01, 2017 rated it liked it
أهم ما يميز هذا الكتاب هو مقاربة إيريك بين مجتمع النحل والقتل الممنهج فيه للذكور من أجل الحفاظ على مخزون الطعام وهذه نزعة اكتسبها الانسان ايضا خصوصًا مع النهج الاقتصادي للرأسمالية التي تعمل تراكم رأس المال وهذا ما يلزم للقتل والعبودية لشعوب أخرى لتوفير مخزون مادي لفئة قليلة من البشر الا ان البشر ينتهج عنصر لا يملكه الحيوان وهو التدمير من أجل التدمير والتنكيل المتعمد لا من أجل شئ الا للشعور بلذة الشر .
الكتاب هو أطول اعمال ايريك فروم حيث يتقصى الفاشية والنازية الا ان اسلوبه ممل ولا يساعد على اتما
محمد عمر
Aug 13, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
دراسه متبحره لاسباب العنف وهل هو غريزي في الانسان ان مكتسب ،تعرض ف البدايه للتظريات التي تدعي كونه غريزي ،وتصدى لها بالنقد .ثم عرض نظريته حول انواع العدوان ،وحول العواطف المتأصله وجوديا ال بتشبع عند عدم الاسوياء بالسلوكيات والطباع العدوانيه .
اهم ما في الدراسه فصل اسمه عدوان الحقد .
Hulya Mumun
Sep 17, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: psychology
Блестяща книга от блестящ автор! <3
Yaël Mizrahi-Arnaud
Jun 08, 2016 rated it really liked it
Creation and destruction, love and hate, these are not merely binary categories,
but instincts that exist co-dependently. They are the same answer to the basic human need
for transcendence; the will to destroy arises when the will to create cannot be satisfied.
The need to create leads to happiness, while destruction leads to suffering. Recasting
Freud’s life and death instincts into biophilia versus necrophilia, we see that our most
evil, or most sublime manifestations of behavior are not due to our
Sergey Artamonov
Jul 28, 2013 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: science, philosophy
Объёмная и довольно сложная книга со множеством ссылок и цитат. Фромм, успешно полемизируя с инстинктивистами (в частности, с Лоренцом), утверждает, что человеческая агрессия - иного происхождения, чем у других видов животных, и весьма убедительно, на мой взгляд, доказывает тезис о том, что человеческая жестокость обусловлена несовершенством существующих социальных систем. Множество исторических, антропологических и других данных иллюстрирует развитие деструктивных черт у нашего вида. Очень инте ...more
Griim Reeaper
Como criminólogo, las hipótesis de Fromm dejan mucho que desear (aunque entiendo que su postura es puramente psicoanalítica). Intentar explicar la destructividad como una manera de sobrellevar la angustia existencial es totalmente ridículo; su teoría sobre el carácter necrófilo carece de bases cientificas que lo sustenten; y por ultimo, el análisis del carácter de Hitler se basa 70% en especulaciones de Speer durante su comunicación personal. Si algo he de rescatar de este libro es que me parece ...more
Daniel Leverquin
Jan 31, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Knjiga bitna za razumevanje mnogih procesa savremenog društva, naročito njen drugi deo koji se bavi tipovima agresije, vezanim sa ličnostima diktatora, poput Hitlera , Staljina, Himlera. From je uspeo da osvetli najmračnije kutke njihove duše, da im ličnosti klasifikuje karakterološki, i objasni nama van struke psihologije, kako i zašto je došlo do nastajanja zla čiji su nosioci bili gore pomenute osobe. Takođe, objašnjava odnos modernog čoveka i tehničkog napretka, kao neko ko je iz vizure šezd ...more
Bryn Hammond
Dec 07, 2012 rated it really liked it
Hard to rate, as I read it up to 30 years ago. I'll rate as I judged then. It was big and fascinating for me then and I felt a trust for the author and what he told me. These days, I have to wonder. I don't believe potty-training plays a critical part in the formation of the adult human mind. Still, I suspect the author is a wise soul even if he talks within a frame of the theories of the day. From memory I felt him kind and wise. I'd have given five stars at eighteen.

Heavy on the Nazis.
Garrett Dunnington
Freudian; overtly biological. Too many accounts in reference to Freud and other Austrian School psychiatrists. Drags on and on. Nice introduction, but too many comparisons and way too much research data. (non-conclusive).
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Erich Fromm was a German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His works include The Art of Loving; Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy; and Man for Himself. He died in 1980.

Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other word
More about Erich Fromm...

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“Critical and radical thought will only bear fruit when it is blended with the most precious quality man is endowed with - the love of life” 38 likes
“The "pathology of normalcy" rarely deteriorates to graver forms of mental illness because society produces the antidote against such deterioration. When pathological processes become socially patterned, they lose their individual character. On the contrary, the sick individual finds himself at home with all other similarly sick individuals. The whole culture is geared to this kind of pathology and arranged the means to give satisfactions which fit the pathology. The result is that the average individual does not experience the separateness and isolation the fully schizophrenic person feels. He feels at ease among those who suffer from the same deformation, in fact, it is the fully sane person who feels isolated in the insane society - and he may suffer so much from the incapacity to communicate that it is he who may become psychotic.” 8 likes
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