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LTI (Lingua Tertii Imperii). Notizbuch eines Philologen

4.35  ·  Rating details ·  689 ratings  ·  77 reviews
"LTI" - Lingua Tertii Imperii - nannte der Philologe Victor Klemperer (1881 -1960) sein schwierigstes Buch. Es hat den Autor über die Grenzen Europas hinaus bekannt gemacht. Nicht nur, weil es die erste profunde Kritik der "Sprache des Dritten Reiches" ist, nicht nur, weil es Klemperers glückliche Gabe, schwierige Gegenstände interessant, ja spannend darzustellen, offenbar ...more
Taschenbuch, 363 pages
Published July 1st 2005 by Reclam, Leipzig (first published 1947)
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Start your review of LTI (Lingua Tertii Imperii). Notizbuch eines Philologen
Greg Brozeit
Donald Trump’s orchestrated coronation has led to renewed interest in books by George Orwell, Sinclair Lewis, and Phillip Roth. While LTI: Notebook of a Philologist, Victor Klemperer’s shorthand for lingua tertii imperii (language of the imperial territory), doesn’t have the cachet or literary chops of those works, it’s probably more relevant to help decipher and evaluate how the language of fascism creeps into our public discourse. After Jews were forbidden to use libraries or own or buy books and magazine ...more
Mar 13, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: shoah, favorites
I first discovered this, and his diaries, during work on my Master's thesis (specifically the chapter dealing with language as a tool for brutalisation in Nazi Germany). It left me speechless with admiration. The fact that one can see similar techniques being used again and again around the world, only amplifies the importance of his studies. Very glad to see it has been published by Routledge as my old copy is falling apart...
Katherine Addison
This book is what happens when a Jewish philologist takes up a project to keep from going insane under Nazi rule. It is amazing .

Klemperer was a Jew married to an "Aryan" woman who refused to give him up. So he spent the years of the Third Reich in Dresden, working in a factory instead of a university, living in a "Jews' House," being harassed by the Gestapo, forbidden to read any books written by Aryans. . . and to keep himself sane, he started what today we would call #LTI: notes in his diary
Sep 25, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: sociology, german
Update: Klemperer on the connection between Romanticism and the Nazis.


First post on this book:

To set the scene: Klemperer was one of the Jews to survive WWII in Germany because he was married to an Aryan. Prior to Hitler, he was an academic in the field of literature and, having been forced out of his job, he kept detailed diary notes on
Sep 03, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In seinem Tagebuch hielt Victor Klemperer zur Zeit des Nationalsozialimus - um besser zu verstehen, aber auch, um sich selbst mit einer gewohnten und geliebten Tätigkeit vor dem Verzagen zu retten - die spezifischen Spracheigenheiten des NS-Regimes fest und untersuchte diese, seiner ursprünglichen Profession folgend, philologisch.
Neben diesen philologischen Untersuchungen stehen immer wieder auch Anekdoten und Reflexionen, welche das Buch zu einem enorm authentischen und auch warmherzigen Dokum
Patrick Tobin
Aug 19, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I'm a huge fan of Klemperer's diaries - in fact, they're some of my favorite books. I remember reading notes for the LTI in the diaries, and only just now got around to buying it.

I wish I'd read it sooner. I think it's brilliant, but I felt hampered by not knowing German. I think it would have been a lot more powerful, regardless of how wonderful the translation is.

That said, there were a couple of sections that gave me goose pimples, mainly because they are so completely relevant t
Charles J
Jan 11, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Victor Klemperer is famous today for his diaries covering the Nazi era in Germany. But those were published in 1995, thirty-five years after his death. The only book he published in his lifetime was this one, in 1947: "The Language of the Third Reich". Its original title, "Lingua Tertii Imperii: Notizbuch eines Philologen" (i.e., Notebook of a Philologist), with the Latin evoking Imperial Rome, is more precise and informative, but I suppose we’re too uneducated today for that title to be used. E ...more
Stephen Hicks
Aug 13, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In a world of mass communication and constant connection (or constant noise depending on your point of view), too little attention is being paid to exactly what we are saying and how we are saying it. I found that focus, the attention paid to the little details, the "single words, idioms, and sentence structures", to be the driving theme of this book. And quite frankly - it's terrifying. Victor Klemperer's investigation into the Lingua Tertii Imperii may cause one to think twice before opening o ...more
A sort of combination memoir and philology book. The author undertakes a serious study of language in Nazi Germany, but that study is part and parcel of his own experience living as a Jew in Dresden, and he includes many anecdotes about his own experiences. I admit I'm not into philology -- okay, I had to look up the word in the dictionary -- and I only read the book because Klemperer kept talking about it in his diaries. And in turn he talks about his diaries a lot in this book. So they complim ...more
Nuria Castaño monllor
"En cualquier revolución, sea de carácter político-social, artístico o literario, siempre intervienen dos tendencias. De un lado, está la voluntad de lo completamente nuevo, donde el énfasis se pone con ahí ven la oposición a todo lo vigente hasta el momento; de otro, la necesidad de establecer un nexo con el pasado, de contar con una tradición justificante: en este caso, no se es del todo nuevo, se regresa a aquello contra lo cual pecó la época que debe ser superada, se vuelve a la humanidad, a ...more
May 25, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: saggistica
"Un'epoca si esprime attraverso il suo linguaggio.
(...) Le parole possono essere come minime dosi di arsenico: ingerite senza saperlo sembrano non avere alcun effetto, ma dopo qualche tempo ecco rivelarsi l'effetto tossico. Se per un tempo sufficientemente lungo al posto di eroico e virtuoso si dice "fanatico", alla fine si crederà veramente che un fanatico sia un eroe pieno di virtù e che non possa esserci un eroe senza fanatismo".

Un libro illuminante e prezioso.
Walpurga Krepper
Ein Muss für jeden, der sich mit den Nationalsozialisten auseinandersetzt. Die Analyse der nationalsozialistischen Sprache ist gespickt mit unzähligen Anekdoten aus Klemperers persönlichen Leben und gibt Einblick in das Leben eines jüdischen Universitätsprofessors.
Alex Johnston
Nov 23, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
So, what we have here is a book about language use in Germany during the period of the Third Reich. The author was in a privileged position to observe that particular subject, in that he was highly intelligent; had studied philosophy, Romance languages and German studies at a high level, and lived in Germany during that period. But also he was Jewish, and for various reasons was not incarcerated at any point on account of his ethnicity, so he was able to observe for the duration of the Reich how ...more
Jul 29, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Interesantísimo conocimiento el de este libro. Klemperer expone claramente el potente arma que les supone a los regímenes el lenguaje, la manipulación y la apropiación del mismo. Además, nos va contando anécdotas y situaciones propias vividas. Un libro básico para los amantes del período de la 2GM y del lenguaje y el conocimiento. 📝 "Muchas palabras del habla nazi deberían ser enterradas por mucho tiempo — algunas para siempre — en una fosa común" 📝 "El lenguaje no sólo crea y piensa por mí, sin ...more
This book was amazing.

The Nazis lost World War II eventually, but during their 12-year reign they destroyed entire peoples via extermination camps, book burnings, and renaming regions and towns. At the end of the war, often there weren't enough people left alive to go back to their old town and remember the pre-Nazi way of life. You can still see evidence of this if you visit smaller towns in Germany: the old synagogue may be preserved as a museum, but there's no existing Jewish congregation th
Nov 18, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Original review on Tabula Rasa

Klemperer dedicates this book to his wife, and the crisp dedication ascertains the tone of the book - sincere, heartfelt, with the humourless smile of a survivor. He starts with the word heroic and its nazifierte meaning, how for a whole generation of Germans heroism wears a soldier's uniform. The LTI, as Klemperer calls it, breeds military-worship. Heavily romanticized words like heldenhaft (valient) and kämpferisch (gladiatorial) replace the more accurate and narr
Felipe Oquendo
Este livro é um amálgama de notas de diário tomadas pelo autor durante o regime nazista (sobretudo na época da guerra), completadas pelos comentários e atualizações ex post facto feitas pelo próprio Victor Klemperer.

O tema é importante - a degradação da linguagem e sua função como elemento condicionador do pensamento -, e algumas passagens deste livro são verdadeiramente luminosas. Percebe-se facilmente como a perda de valor de algumas palavras, o abandono e olvido de outras, a inclu
Это книга с историей. Она написана человеком, который прожил все 12 лет существования Третьего Рейха в Германии, будучи евреем (пусть и крещеным), и выжил благодаря тому, что жена его была немка. Все это время он, филолог, вел дневниковые записи о своей жизни и о жизни Германии такой, как он (учитывая ограниченный доступ к информации) ее видел, но не в последнюю очередь - о том, как менялся немецкий язык под воздействием тотального контроля и тотальной пропаганды нацистов. В книге также и множес ...more
Mar 04, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Ebreo sposato a una tedesca "ariana", negli anni del terzo reich, Klemperer perde la casa e il posto di docente all'università di Dresda ed è costretto a lavorare come operaio, ma si salva dai campi di sterminio e dal bombardamento del 13 febbraio 1945 che rade al suolo la città.

In quegli anni fatali tiene un diario e raccoglie in questo libro (LTI, ovvero "Lingua Tertii Imperii", la lingua del Terzo Reich) i suoi appunti apparentemente distaccati di filologo che annota i mutamenti i
Having read Victor Klemperer's personal diaries of a Jew trapped living in Nazi Germany, I was curious to read his academic work covering how the subtleties of language affected the public perceptions of the politics of those times.

I'm not sure if it was the translation, or the half-hearted editing that went into the book, but it seemed to wander a bit in its tone and style from time to time. At times it seemed very officious and academic, written in the style of an 19th Century-trained profess
Oct 21, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Words can be like small doses of arsenic - they become effective after time. Klemperer's book LTI (lingua tertii imperii) is a book about language in the Third Reich. He calls it 'Notebook of a philologist'. Here he records in great and fascinating detail how the Nazis changed German language to a language of the Third Reich, serving their sinister aim to discredit and destroy the Jewish community by building and furthering antisemitism through subtle changes in everyday language.
Aug 25, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
One of the best books I've read this year. I'll return with a review a little later when the dust from Klemperers explosive material has settled.
Miroslav Juráň
Fascinující důkaz toho, že jazyk je stejně nebezpečná zbraň jako kulomet.

...Na výšce jsem jezdil k Andělovi do jediného knihkupectví, kde Jazyk Třetí říše měli a četl ho po kapitolách. Na koupi jsem neměl a knížky jsem v tu dobu už nekradl. A když už jsem peníze měl, byly poznámky filologovy beznadějně rozprodané. Patnáct let mi trvalo, než jsem se k nim konečně dostal...
Aug 11, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Una cita podría resumir este libro: “La LTI se centra por completo en despojar al individuo de su esencia individual, en narcotizar su personalidad, en convertirlo en pieza sin ideas ni voluntad de una manada dirigida y azuzada en una dirección determinada”. ...more
Aug 27, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a book that would repay multiple readings - in fact it's a book that should sit on one's shelves and be referred to again and again - despite it's somewhat quirky construction, in a small way this book unlocks the secrets of the twentieth century's decline into madness and suicide.

Victor Klemperer was a middle-aged, middle-class Professor of French Literature, who had served his country in the First World War; in 1933 he had a comfortable post at the Dresden Technical Univers
Jacques le fataliste et son maître
Mi pare notevole, in questo libro, il modo in cui le riflessioni sulla degenerazione subita dalla lingua tedesca durante il nazismo si alternano alle fugaci testimonianze delle violenze quotidiane, delle sconfortanti manifestazioni di ottusità ideologica di cui si rendono protagoniste le persone meno sospettabili – manifestazioni dell’impoverimento del discorso pubblico sui mezzi di informazione e del dialogo (politico, culturale) fra le persone. Un appiattimento della lingua e delle idee in par ...more
As a philologist forced out of his academic post in 1935, Klemperer kept diary notes on the use of language which he saw as being a key element in how the Nazis came to power and exerted power over people many of whom who were otherwise benign and not really conscious of how they were being manipulated. Things which stand out: Goebbels' comment on freedom of movement as a negative thing (because it impacts on "racial purity"); the Nazi use of ironic inverted commas (which I just did there - and ...more
Jun 08, 2009 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
German edition - German review:

Victor Klemperer schaut hier mit dem professionellen aber auch herzerwärmenden und -zerreißenden Blick eines jüdischen Linguisten den Nazis aufs Maul. Ich bin immer noch voller Be- und Verwunderung darüber, wie er es geschafft hat, umgeben von all diesen Greueln, seinen feinen Humor zu behalten und weiter scharfsinnig-analytisch zu denken. Seine Ausführungen (die im übrigen frei von jeglichem Fachjargon und überaus gut verständlich sind) haben mich tief
Iñaki Tofiño
Jan 15, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Un intelectual que analiza la lengua de la bestia, una víctima que disecciona la lengua del verdugo y gracias a eso mantiene la cordura.

Victor Klemperer sobrevivió a la persecución gracias al hecho de estar casado con una mujer "aria" y aunque los dos sufrieron las sevicias y vejaciones del régimen nazi, perdieron su trabajo, tuvieron que trasladarse a una "casa de judíos", vieron como sus correligionarios acaban en campos de concentración (y recibieron urnas con sus cenizas a vuelta
Jun 25, 2018 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
This book's premise looked interesting: how the nazis made the language change to insert thoughts into people's minds. Sadly that's like the first two chapters and after that it just becomes the same diary written by a jew in Nazi Germany. I especially didn't like how the author was always mentioning a thousand french philosophers and writers that I don't know shit about (I had to read it for class and it didn't have anything to do with that), and how he was just talking shit about absolutely ev ...more
Apr 01, 2018 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: owned, spanish
LTI, la lengua del Tercer Reich pretende analizar la lengua que se empleaba en la Alemania nacionalsocialista. Lejos de ese análisis, lo único que hace el autor es comentar diferentes anécdotas de su vida durante dicha época. Sólo en algunos capítulos el autor hace un análisis interesante de las expresiones utilizadas.

Vale la pena comparar el lenguaje que se empleaba en aquella época con el que utilizan a día de hoy los partidos de carácter populista y/o nacionalista, pues las semeja
Aug 06, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
Comment les nazis, pour contrôler la manière dont la population pensait, ont inventé un langage qui leur était propre. Glaçant, terrifiant, édifiant. A lire, car on s'aperçoit, en fin de compte, que les techniques de communication politique et publicitaire (les deux revenant au même) aujourd'hui sont les mêmes: matraquer des termes jusqu'à plus soif pour que tout le monde les utilise, les intègre et se mette à penser comme le pouvoir le souhaite (identité nationale anyone?), répéter des slogans ...more
Nov 20, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Una maravilla, sobre todo porque no es tanto un ensayo técnico sino una colección de observaciones, a veces no del todo hiladas, retazos de diario (escalofriante la narración del progresivo ascenso del nazismo) y conversaciones con gente "culta y razonable" que naturaliza el lenguaje totalitario.

Especialmente interesante es la parte en la que constata esta infiltración en el lenguaje del sionismo, que encuentra raíces comunes con el nazismo en la exaltación romántica del campo y lo i
Mikhail Ignatev
Вот Пушкин - гений, он изобрёл русский язык. Изобретатель колеса - тоже гений, но ездить всё-таки сейчас приятнее на мерседесе, чем на телеге. По той же причине Бродского люблю больше, чем Пушкина.

Тут то же: это был, по-видимому, первый или уж точно один из первых текстов такого рода, где показано, как ошеломляюще точно язык позволяет реконструировать происходящее в обществе.

НО! Есть же книга Михаила Вайскопфа "Писатель Сталин". Там ТО ЖЕ САМОЕ, но только про НАС. А кроме
Eren Buğlalılar
Jan 13, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Kitabın yazarı faşizmin hüküm sürdüğü yıllarda Almanya'da gizli bir hayat sürmek zorunda kalan bir Yahudi dil bilimci. Faşizmin demagojik niteliğini, yalan söylemekteki ustalığını anlatmanın yanısıra, bu dilin nasıl yavaş yavaş insanların düşünme biçimlerine girdiğini, en vicdanlı görünen insanların kelimeler aracılığıyla nasıl rejimin ideolojisine tabi kılındığını gösteriyor.

Okurken AKP'nin sürekli söylediği yalanlarla yaratmayı kısmen başardığı yanılsamayı ve liberallerin ürettiği,
Mikkel Bredsgaard Randers
En meget vigtig og detaljeret gennemgang af sproget under det tredje rige. Noterne fra oversætter Henning Vangsgaard er blændende baggrundsviden og bidrager i høj grad til dybden, hvor ens egne referencer kommer til kort. Kemperer fortæller skræmmende konkret, hvordan sprogbrugen - helt ned til tegnsætning og stavelser - medvirker til at nedgøre og undertrykke visse folk. Desværre er problematikken lige så aktuel i dag som dengang. Dette er nok det nærmeste, man kan komme lettilgængelighed inden ...more
Apr 03, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
El lenguaje saca a la luz aquello que una persona quiere ocultar de forma deliberada, ante otros o ante sí mismo, y aquello que lleva dentro de forma inconsciente. [...] Las afirmaciones de una persona pueden ser mentira, pero su esencia queda al descubierto por el estilo de su lenguaje.

La vida se permite combinaciones que ningún novelista puede permitirse, porque resultarían demasiado novelescas.

Cómo se adaptan a su entorno las naturalezas mediocres e inocentes.

(guerra alegre y re
Dec 15, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Being Jewish, Victor Klemperer lost his job and could have lost his life if his Aryan wife had deserted him. Being a German philologist he used his own weapon to make it through the Third Reich's craziness and studied that Newspeak the Nazis created, writing in his notebook how propaganda changed the German language, how the LTI altered the way of thinking.

Brilliant and moving. A book everybody should read. Makes me wish I learnt German at school.
Sep 27, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Es pot trobar en castellà amb el títol: "LTI La lengua del Tercer Reich" Ed. Minúscula.

Un llibre pels amants de la llengua en tota la seva extensió. Victor Klemperer diu que "el llenguatge no només crea i pensa per nosaltres, com deia Schiller, sinó que guia alhora les nostres emocions, dirigeix la nostra personalitat psíquica..." Amb aquest assaig escrit en la clandestinitat ens adverteix dels perills de la manipulació de la llengua.
"Worte sind wie winzige Arsendosen: sie werden unbemerkt verschluckt, sie scheinen keine Wirkung zu tun, und nach einiger Zeit ist die Giftwirkung da."

Es gibt SO viel mehr zu diesem Buch zu sagen (und auch Gründe, warum es vielleicht doch 4.55 Punkte werden sollten, aber eher 5 als 4). So, SO viel mehr. Aber ich belasse es zuerst bei dem obigen Zitat, das so viel zusammenfasst und so, SO aktuell ist.
Teresa Santiago
Mar 09, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Sobrecogedor análisis del filólogo alemán sobre el uso de la lengua como arma de guerra política. Escrito con una humildad que sorprende al ver su extraordinaria capacidad para reflexionar y dar cuenta de lo que está ocurriendo a su alrededor durante el Tercer Reich. Esa misma claridad para entender los acontecimientos contemporáneos que tiene Vassili Grossman en Vida y Destino.
Jan 02, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
voor germanisten en geïnteresseerden in de recente geschiedenis een absolute must. korte hoofdstukken die de verschillende aspecten van de LTI, de taal van het Derde Rijk, belichten en illustreren met de persoonlijke ervaringen van één van de weinige prominente Duitsers van joodse origine die de oorlog in Duitsland zelf overleefde. Je gebruikt het woord 'fanatiek' nooit meer zomaar...
Mar 11, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Das ist ein grandioses Buch zum NS. Vorrangig gehts natürlich um sprache und du denkst: Kennt man ja alles schon. Aber lass dich korrigieren: kennt man gar nicht!
und es ist sogar unterhaltsam und witzig, es hat romanähnliche züge, in die die analytischen Bezüge perfekt eingebettet sind. Hier kann man lernen, richtig hinzuhören und zu lesen. nicht nur im bezug auf NS.
Jul 04, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, linguistics, jews
This book is fascinating. Unless you speak German, though, it might be difficult to really see what Klemperer is describing. It's nevertheless interesting to read the Klemperer's perspective as both an educated philologist and a Jew who lived during the Nazi years and examined how the Nazis twisted the German language. So far, sooo good.
Dec 27, 2018 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I found this tome brutally dry. When it's not, Klemperer is capable of deftly weaving striking anecdotes from his time in Nazi-era Germany with profound philological insight; it just doesn't happen often enough. This is most definitely a book for students, or those with a particular niche interest in this form of etymology.
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Victor Klemperer (9 October 1881 – 11 February 1960) worked as a commercial apprentice, a journalist and eventually a Professor of Literature, specialising in the French Enlightenment at the Technische Universität Dresden. His diaries detailing his life under successive German states—the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic—were published in 1995. His ...more
“Academics love the semicolon; their hankering after logic demands a division which is more emphatic than a comma, but not quite as absolute a demarcation as a full stop.” 3 likes
“Ich war noch nicht ein bißchen abgestumpft, ich war noch so ganz gewohnt, in einem Rechtsstaat zu leben, daß ich damals vieles für die tiefste Hölle hielt, was ich später höchstens für ihren Vorhof, für den Danteschen Limbo nahm. Immerhin: soviel schlimmer es auch kommen sollte, alles, was sich noch später an Gesinnung, an Tat und Sprache des Nazismus hinzufand, das zeichnet sich in seinen Ansätzen schon in diesen ersten Monaten ab.” 3 likes
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