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Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

4.06  ·  Rating details ·  12,283 Ratings  ·  410 Reviews
In this 1921 opus, Wittgenstein defined the object of philosophy as the logical clarification of thoughts and proposed the solution to most philosophic problems by means of a critical method of linguistic analysis. Beginning with the principles of symbolism, the author applies his theories to traditional philosophy, and more. Introduction by Bertrand Russell.
Paperback, Intern'l Library of Psychology, Philosophy & Scientific Method, 208 pages
Published September 10th 1981 by Routledge (first published 1921)
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Karen Olive In Mathematics, multiplicity is the number of times a particular member of a set appears in that set. For instance if a specific solution to a…moreIn Mathematics, multiplicity is the number of times a particular member of a set appears in that set. For instance if a specific solution to a polynomial function occurs twice, it has a multiplicity of 2.(less)
Philip logic is how we, in our minds, order the facts of the world, which have no order in themselves; the atomic facts which comprise the world do not have…morelogic is how we, in our minds, order the facts of the world, which have no order in themselves; the atomic facts which comprise the world do not have an inherent relation, we relate them. "and" and "or" are relations which only exist in our minds.(less)
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Community Reviews

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Donald Trump's latest protestations about having to fight the "crooked media" remind me of a famous passage from §5.62 of the Tractatus:
Was der Solipsismus nämlich m e i n t, ist ganz richtig, nur lässt es sich nicht s a g e n, sondern es zeigt sich. Dass die Welt m e i n e Welt ist, das zeigt sich darin, dass die Grenzen d e r Sprache (der Sprache, die allein ich verstehe) die Grenzen m e i n e r Welt bedeuten.

In fact what solipsism means, is quite correct, only it cannot be said, but it shows
Roy Lotz
Wittgenstein was deathly afraid of uttering nonsense; whereas I, clearly, am not—how else could I stomach writing so many book reviews?

This book is a work of high art—beautiful, austere, and sweeping. Wittgenstein is self-consciously attempting to speak the unspeakable—in his opinion, at least—which is why the language is so succinct and severe. He has no use for literary niceties, flowing prose, or extended exposition. One gets the feeling that, for Wittgenstein, writing philosophy is repugnan
What can I say about Tractatus that hasn't been said a million times before? Crystalline... gnomic... dense... wrong. Well, I don't disagree with any of that, but it would be nice to have an image. I ask my subconscious if it can come up with anything, and while I'm in the shower it shows me the sequence from Terry Gilliam's 1988 movie The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, where John Neville and Eric Idle build a hot air balloon made entirely from women's lingerie.


I am about to smack my subconscio
Adam Floridia to rate a book you didn't understand at all--that is the question. Maybe like this: (?)

1. Here the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is everything that is the case.

1.1 It is the case because it is the subject of this review.

1.11 This review is determined by facts. In this case, all the facts that I came up with while reading the case.

1.12. The subject cannot include facts that are not the case because the totality of existent facts determines what is the case, and whatever is not the ca
Aug 15, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy-etc
Like many young American readers, I made the mistake of reading the bulk of this text in an In-N-Out, and now it is difficult for me to think about elementary propositions without thinking about someone ordering a cheeseburger, and, subsequently, thinking about the relationship between the sign of "cheeseburger" and the atomic fact of the cheeseburger it refers to. Wittgenstein orders his cheeseburger with the totality of everything that is the case. And he eats the whole thing in under 100 page ...more
I was just going to write, “Of what we cannot speak we must remain silent,” as my review. The book ends with this rather affected proposition, which actually would make a perfect book review for me as well. However, it’s an abomination to read (or pretend to have done so) a book of this stature (supposedly the most important philosophical book of the 20th century, no less) and not write a paragraph or two about it.

Wittgenstein wrote this book in the trenches and P.O.W. camps of World War I. At t
Camille Stein
May 01, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

6.52 Nosotros sentimos que incluso si
todas las posibles cuestiones científicas
pudieran responderse, el problema de
nuestra vida no habría sido más
profundizado. Desde luego que no queda ya
ninguna pregunta, y precisamente ésta es
la respuesta.

6.521 La solución del problema de la vida
está en la desaparición de este problema.
(¿No es ésta la razón de que los
hombres que han llegado a ver claro el
sentido de la vida después de mucho
dudar, no sepan decir en qué consiste este

6.522 Hay, ciertamente,
Sep 19, 2007 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: students of 20th Century philosophy
Shelves: philosophy
The ingenious work which, had it been true, would have provided a firm foundation for Positivism and provided justification for Philosophy's existence. It also would have pretty much been the last word on the nature of and philosophical limits of language. Instead Wittgenstein repudiated this view and put a nail in the coffin with P.I.

Elegant, minimal, logically crystalline. And mostly wrong.

Leo Robertson
Jul 16, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
What the hell am I supposed to say about this?

The parts I understood were hugely inspirational to my own thoughts, if I did indeed understand those parts, which I suspect I did not.

What a shame that someone so clever who had decided that this book was the be-all and end-all to problems in philosophy could only communicate them in a form that often eludes human comprehension.

It's like the saying that if the human brain were simple enough for us to understand it then we would be too stupid to do s
Aug 01, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
کانت و ویتگنشتاین

تحقیقات ویتگنشتاین، همچون نظریات بسیاری از فلاسفه بعد از کانت، به نوعی راجع است به معرفت شناسی کانت. کانت با مشخص کردن مرزهای معرفت انسانی، نشان داد که بسیاری از امور به صورت بنیادین قابلیت ادراک توسط دستگاه ادراکی آدمی را ندارند، در نتیجه همیشه در آن سوی مرزها و در حیطه امور رازآمیز باقی خواهند ماند. ویتگنشتاین در ادامه همین سنت، با ریزبینی در دستگاه ادراکی آدمی، یعنی منطق، سعی کرد ساز و کار آن را مشخص کند و مرزهای آن را با دقت بیشتری معین کند. به همین جهت از نمود بیرونی منطق،
Aug 03, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
+5 for writing this (apparently while serving in WW1)

-1 because not enough examples. That would've helped to clear up a ton of confusion (for example, what exactly is the N-operator)

-1 because I CAN

Final grade: 3/5
Dec 01, 2010 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Absolutely trite and unconvincing. A bloodless and conceited bore, organized as though by a severe autistic. The assumptions about cognition are laughably archaic, and the popularity of this work is a thorn in my throat.
Sep 08, 2012 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: mind-games
In 1992, the SF writer William Gibson published Agrippa (a book of the dead) in floppy-disk form, a poem about his late father and the Memento-ish evanescence of memory, which encrypted itself after reading (i.e. you could only read it once). A rarer, analog edition was even printed with photosensitive chemicals that would degrade the ink upon exposure to light. (Two copies had to be sent to the Library of Congress, one to read so it could be catalogued, the other to be archived, forever unread. ...more
Jana L.
Jan 17, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I really enjoyed this book, my first by Wittgenstein, a book about the essential function of language and a sort of "theory of everything" of meaning. It starts off as a very cool, clear-eyed, incisive look at what language is, what it does, and how we can cull it to its essence to say something meaningful and true, then ends on an oddly metaphysical note that seems to throw everything that preceded it to the wind.

The format is as economical and mathematical as Wittgenstein's arguments. It is a
سید مسعود حسینی
اول شرح رو خوندم بعد خود کتاب رو.
شرح از چند جنبه خوبه: نثر فارسی نویسنده پخته و جافتاده است. جز چند اصطلاح نامانوس، با نثری روان و درخور شرحی فلسفی رو به برو هستیم. موضوعات عمده رساله منطقی فلسفی از هم تفکیک شده اند و جداگانه محل بحث قرار گرفته اند که این موجب انسجام در مطالعه می شود. اصطلاح گزینی ها به استادی انجام گرفته اند. ترجمه ی متن رساله با کم ترین ابهام و بیشترین دقت ممکن صورت گرفته است. مباحثی که مطرح شده است به خوبی مورد بحث قرار گرفته اند (هرچند در برخی موارد سوال هایی در ذهنم شکل گرف
Luís C.
Jun 16, 2017 marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Luís by: João
Lisbon Book-Fair 2017.
Jun 10, 2013 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Boring, Absurd, False. The foundation for the most mindless philosophy to have ever subsisted.
Jan 29, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Everyone
Recommended to Gabriel by: Nick Smaligo
Wittgenstein says explicitly in the introduction of the book that no one has not already had these thoughts will be able to understand it, and should therefore not read it. No doubt this had a great affect on the size of The Tractatus' readership.

I, having not fully had many of these thoughts, was nonetheless absolutely THRILLED by the book--it's abstruseness notwithstanding--to the point where I would bring it up in conversation with absolute strangers, which, needless to say, affected the num
Nov 27, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Patience is necessary if you're not within philosophy academia, like myself. It's not light reading but, conversely, Wittgenstein is not heavy material. In fact, it's the strict, disciplined simplicity of his ideas that adds some difficulty. The book ends on a fantastic note, either an affirmation or a haymaker to the field of philosophy. I'm still unsure which.
Jun 24, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-in-2012
David Markson made some funny aphorisms regarding Harold Bloom's claim to The New York Times that he could read 500 pages in an hour (highly dubious):

"Writer's arse.

Spectacular exhibition! Right this way ladies and gentlemen! See Professor Bloom read the 1961 corrected and reset Random House edition of James Joyce's Ulysses in one hour and thirty-three minutes. Not one page stinted. Unforgettable!

... What's this? Can't spare an hour and a half? Wait, wait. Our matinee special, today only! Watch
Jun 19, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I love this book, and I am not sure why. I actually pick it up time-to-time and it is really a book that can't be defined by words - I think about it and it's almost abstract. And that is the essence of the book. How do you define something abstract into words - and are words enough to describe something that can't be said, but can be felt?
Philippe-Antoine Hoyeck
Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is, alongside Heidegger's Being and Time and Wittgenstein's own posthumous Philosophical Investigation, one of the most important works of 20th Century philosophy. It is also one of the very few - the only? - "Great Books" or "Classics" in the analytical tradition. I would further maintain - and have always maintained - that it is among the most beautiful books ever written.

Composed in the trenches of the First World War, the Tractatus is as much a
Mar 31, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Có hai sự thiếu sót vô cùng lớn của triết học Việt Nam, thứ nhất là đa số các bản dịch đều cực dở và thứ hai là thiếu Wittgenstein, nếu nói riêng về xuất bản sách giấy. Hai thứ đó cộng lại ta được kết quả là Cao Dao và bản dịch Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus lủng củng, tối nghĩa, nhưng may mắn là sẽ có Trịnh Hữu Tuệ (tôi đang có bản dịch on-going, ngôn từ dễ hiểu hơn, trình bày đẹp, tiếc rằng mới được 17 trang). À chết, hình như thông tin này là phải giữ bí mật :'p
William West
First of all, it should be acknowledged that my entire philosophical background is in continental, rather than analytic, thought. I come to Wittgenstein with very little context. The only other philosophers Wittgenstein directly references in the Tractatus are Frege and Russell, neither of whom I have studied. My only preparation for reading this was a (very good) book by Anthony Rudd that compared Wittgenstein's work with that of Heidegger, finding unexpected similarities in their projects. Bot ...more
Jon Stout
Jul 30, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: poets and evangelists
Recommended to Jon by: Ambi Mani
Shelves: philosophy
If I may use a crude simile for illustration, Wittgenstein says that knowledge, or language, or science, is like a pile of cordwood. Each piece of wood is a proposition that mirrors or pictures a fact in the world. The pieces of wood are stacked on top of each other according to the logical rules for concatenating propositions, including implication (for causation) and universal quantifiers (for scientific principles). The pile of wood rests on a bottom layer of “elementary propositions,” of whi ...more
John Doe
Aug 16, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: reviewed
I don't know if it is true that you can't tell a person how to live. People seem to do it all the time. That is what mentoring and psychotherapy are. But, Wittgenstein wanted to die for some reason, so during the first world war he joined the Austrian military and volunteered for the most dangerous assignments (hoping he would be killed in the line of duty). He was given metals.

In an Italian POW camp, he wrote this book wherein he claimed to have solved all of the problems of philosophy (at lea
David Ramirer
Apr 26, 2013 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: nobody!
eines dieser maßlos überschätzten werke, das in seinem völlig unzugänglichen (selbst vom eigentlich-bin-ich-ja-architekt-autor als spartanischem würfel gestalteten) elfenbeinturm vielleicht von herrn L.W. selbst verstanden worden ist, wobei ich selbst das stark anzweifle. wenn ein buch (vor allem ein philosophisches!) schon auf den ersten seiten mit mathematischen formeln daherkommt und es nicht schafft, im rahmen der sprache zu bleiben (von der es ja letztendlich daherschwadroniert), ist irgend ...more
Nick Black
Jul 06, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A beautiful little book about language and thought, done in by Wittgenstein's lack of mathematical training to this point (it was written in the trenches of the Austro-Hungarian ostfront and the Italian POW camps of Cassino, and published only with the help of Russell and Ogden -- indeed, Ogden gave the book its title). Look to the Philosophical Investigations for "Wittgenstein II", the much more useful side of Ludwig's career (well after he'd left Logical Positivism behind), but read the Tra ...more
Grig O'
Dec 14, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: kindle
First, there are some very good reviews of this book on this very site, go read them.

For my part, the statements in this book divide into three categories:
1. "OK, so what" - banal sentences that seem to lack any insight
2. "wait what why?" - huge conclusions that seem to come out of nowhere
3. the rest - a captivating logical construct

Now, for (1) and (2) the problem mostly lies with me - maybe I should've read up on the Russell/Frege mathematical logic he keeps referencing, because the notations
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bilingual edition? 6 79 Jun 09, 2016 01:55AM  
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius
  • Naming and Necessity
  • Language, Truth, and Logic
  • From a Logical Point of View: Nine Logico-Philosophical Essays
  • The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry into the Concept of Number
  • The Logic of Scientific Discovery
  • Principia Ethica (Philosophical Classics)
  • The World as Will and Representation, Vol 2
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
  • Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
  • Inquiries Into Truth and Interpretation
  • Phenomenology of Perception
  • How to Do Things with Words
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.

Described by Bertrand Russell as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived, passionate, profound, intense, and dominating", he helped inspire t
More about Ludwig Wittgenstein...

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“Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent.” 366 likes
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