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The Twelve Caesars (De vita duodecim Caesarum libri #1-12)

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4.05  ·  Rating details ·  13,223 Ratings  ·  466 Reviews
An essential primary source on Roman history, Suetonius' The Twelve Caesars is a fascinating achievement of scholarship covering a critical period in the Empire. This Penguin Classics edition is translated from the Latin by Robert Graves, author of I, Claudius, revised with an introduction and notes by James B. Rives.

As private secretary to the Emperor Hadrian, the scholar
...more
Paperback, 398 pages
Published October 25th 2007 by Penguin Classics (first published 119)
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Popular Answered Questions

Karen
This answer contains spoilers… (view spoiler)
The Usual Goodness, that's a hard one! I suppose it depends on what you mean by published. It was written under the Emperor Hadrian, as you no doubt know, and…moreGoodness, that's a hard one! I suppose it depends on what you mean by published. It was written under the Emperor Hadrian, as you no doubt know, and he died in 38AD (I've lifted that from the foreword to my own copy). I did initially think that for it to have been published you'd need to wait for the invention of the printing press, but according to that's not the case, and the Romans had a publishing industry based on slave labour and hand copying.
https://www.britannica.com/topic/publ...
So your answer is probably that it was published shortly after it was written.
I hope that's helpful, though I do warn you I'm no classical historian. (less)

Community Reviews

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Jan-Maat
This Roman bedtime reading gives the reader a mixed experience. The length of the lives is uneven - the first three lives in the Robert Graves (he'd go on to recycle much of the material here into his novels I Claudius and Claudius the God) translation alone make up half the book, the division of each life into public (civil and military exploits) and private parts (adventures in bedroom and dining room) works against presenting each life as an organic whole and Suetonius' sense of cause and eff ...more
Glenn Russell
Jan 12, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

This Penguin Classic of The Twelve Caesars by Suetonius is the perfect place to start for anybody interested in ancient Greco-Roman history and culture. Not only is this a most engaging translation by Robert Graves, author of I Claudius, but there is a short Forward by classics scholar, Michael Grant. Additionally, there are ten maps of the city of Rome and the Roman Empire along with a glossary of key terms. From my own experience, once I started reading, I couldn’t stop. Matter of fact, I was
...more
Cassandra Kay Silva
No words. Each and every member of that "family" and ahherm non family who acquired that infamous title ceasar is such a massive wrecking case of extreams that I can't even begin to fathom that these men are real. Let alone contemplate what citizens must of thought of them in their day. Really? If Suetonius is to be belived how many of these men would in our day be catergorized as legally insane? I literally about fell out of my chair this weekend when I read that Nero had the gates blocked duri ...more
Knjigoholičarka
Aug 02, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: istorija, antika, 2015
Ovako: da je Svetonije novinar, radio bi u Kuriru. Jer, iskreni da budemo, dobar deo njegovih pisanija treba uzeti cum grano salis, budući da se dotični potrudio da nam prenese ne samo potvrđene činjenice, već i rekla-kazala tračeve od kojih su neki čisto preterivanje - kao, na primer, opisi Tiberijevih orgija na ostrvu Kapri kojima niko nije prisustvovao ali, logično, svi znaju šta se tamo događalo, ili izuzetno oštar portret apsolutiste Domicijana koji, mada vrlo neprijatna osoba, i nije bio t ...more
Greg
Dec 29, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
Reading this book makes me kind of thankful that the sociopaths who we choose to govern us are relatively harmless men with only strange dreams of imperialism and desires for fame, riches, and adulation. Sure we have a Vice President who shot a friend in the face and who brazenly admits to authorizing acts that make him a war criminal, and yes there are Greek bastards who have made a living off of sanctioning genocide for their own twisted ends, and this is just naming two high points in the Hal ...more
Brenna
Julius Caesar the catamite of King of Bithnyia?? Augustus singeing off his leg hair with hot walnut shells!! Caligula's seductive maiden dance!! Oh my! Simply delicious!
Lois
Jul 08, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: EVERYONE
Shelves: lobagsbooks
This is in my Top 10 books. I love it so much, i think i have read it 3 times (no joke). I took this book with me on my travels in Rome and I bored Matt with my constant readings whilst we were visiting all of the historic sites. I have a huge facination with Roman History, so I do appreciate that most people will find this utterly boring, but i love it, love it, love it, love it.
Evan Leach
The Lives of the Caesars is one of the best surviving sources covering the early Roman Empire. In these 12 biographies, Suetonius discusses the lives of Julius Caesar and his 11 successors, from the mid first century BC to the death of Domitian in 96 AD.

img: Augustus of Porta
“I found a city of brick and left it marble.” – Augustus Caesar

Now given that these biographies come from the second century, this could make for dry reading. Fortunately, two things prevent this. First, many of the emperors under discussion her
...more
Trevor
Mar 18, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
This was a fascinating book. Translated by Graves, who wrote I, Claudius, it is, in many ways, a shorter version of those books. Although, Claudius does not come out of this history nearly as well as he does from Graves’ novels.

You may never have seen Monty Python’s The Piranha Brothers, if not you should really try looking it up on youtube. If only because I’m quite certain that Nero is Doug Piranha in a toga.

There were bits of this where I laughed outright and other bits where I’ve laughed a
...more
Darwin8u
Sep 19, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2012
It is a great overview of Rome's emperors from the Julians to the Flavians. The mixture of historical biography and, what must have been, a political gossip tatler.
umberto
Aug 10, 2011 rated it liked it
Shelves: ancient-history
While reading this biography of 'The Twelve Caesars', one word popped in my mind, that is, 'nobility' since all emperors in question were of course noble, feared and thus honored according to their own deeds. However, such nobility and deeds might intensify admiration or hatred due to each emperor himself. You can compare or assess each reign from your views acquired from reading unbelievably episodes of kindness or ruthlessness since they wielded absolute power within their families, colleages, ...more
Bryn Hammond
Mar 09, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ancient-other
The mad, the bad and the dangerous to know. I don't care if he's a gossip. It's hilarious, and I gluttoned on the worst bits in my teens.
João Fernandes
Example
"Oh look this guy Nero seems alright why do people say he burned down Rome he is like Augustus 2.0".

*few pages later*

"How pathetic, this idiot is just competing in and "winning" all music competitions, he's just a misunderstood attention-seeking teenager, the poor thing".

*few pages later*

"God no NO NERO WHY PLEASE STOP!"

Yes, the organisation of the stories is confusing, as shown above. You can't just split people's lives and personalities up into sections and present them thematically.
Yet
...more
Jo
Suetonius is like a gossipy old woman. Loved it!
Rob Atkinson
Jul 24, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of those classics that is a genuine, even salacious pleasure to read, and the historical basis for Robert Graves's "I, Claudius", "The Twelve Caesars" covers the first twelve emperors of Ancient Rome (Including Julius Caesar, though Augustus was the first officially); the Julio-Claudians through Nero, his very brief successors Galba,Otho and Vitellius (in the tumultuous 'year of three Emperors', A.D. 69), and finally the Flavians Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. Secretary to Hadrian, Suetoniu ...more
F.R.
Aug 23, 2010 rated it it was amazing
Did you know that the Emperor Augustus had a collection of dinosaur bones? Or that one of the many perversities Caligula exhibited was a liking for bathing in hot oils? Or that Nero once had a man killed simply because he looked like a cross schoolmaster?

These titbits and many others are detailed in this highly entertaining and amusing volume. I’d thought that a history (and a fairly contemporary one at that) of such great men would have detailed the various great exploits of their lives, but cl
...more
Blake Shirk
Jan 24, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Suetonius does an excellent job in painting an objective picture of the lives of the twelve Caesars from Julius Caesar to Domitian. I was admittedly anticipating a biased account considering that Suetonius was the chief secretary to Hadrian during his reign. Clearly I was mistaken. Suetonius not only points out flaws and misdeeds from the Caesars, but even sometimes goes as far as to negatively portray their appearances (many of whom were deified at this point). This quest for a true account of ...more
Ruthiella
Apr 28, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction, 2016
I didn’t actually read the pictured Penguin classic edition translated by I, Claudius author Robert Graves, but rather a Harvard press edition which was translated by John C. Rolfe and first published in 1913 that I got from the library. The introduction explained that what Suetonius wrote was neither biography nor history in the modern sense of those terms, but rather were meant to “give the thoughtful reader abundant opportunity for the reflexions and deductions which the writer has omitted”. ...more
Sarah Sammis
Jun 08, 2007 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: released
Back in 2005 I learned of The Twelve Caesars on Radio 4. It was part of "A Good Read" or some similar program. Anyway, I was intrigued by the sound of this book that has so influenced writers ever since it was published nearly two thousand years ago. I was not disappointed by the book and managed to read it in a course of an afternoon!

Suetonius's history of the early Roman empire covers Julius Caesar and the eleven emperors who followed: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Galba, Otho,
...more
Alessandra
Jul 31, 2010 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"My dear Tiberius, you must not give way to youthful emotion, or take it to heart if anyone speaks ill of me; let us be satisfied if we can make people stop short at unkind words,"Chapter 2, pg. 76.

"The fox changes his skin but not his habits"

Like a great documentary thriller Suetonius's novel is exceptional in that his documentation of the fantastical is rooted in a foundation of reality. As the notable historian of the Roman Empire, Suetonius perfected the historical novel. The lives of the Tw
...more
B.R. Stateham
Sep 21, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Frankly, I'm an ex-History teacher, so I eat these kinds of books up for dessert. By modern standards of form an style this book is very stodgy in construction. But the images Suetonius paints of these twelve emporors is fascinating!
Isidora
Jul 06, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Toliko volim istoriju da mi je bila prekratka. Nedostaje mi jos informacija.
Rick Davis
It's an ancient tabloid. What's not to love?
Lyn Elliott
Feb 06, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, classics
This edition is based on Robert Graves' translation, revised with an Introduction and Notes by JB Rives. Rives explains that he has removed the interpolations Graves inserted to provide context to remarks that non-specialist readers would not be able to follow otherwise, and has used a glossary and footnotes to provide extra information to help out. Despite this I still found I floundered a bit, because I just don't know enough about ancient Roman government and social hierarchies, which were cl ...more
Luís Paz da silva
Este é, a todos os títulos, um livro fascinante - especialmente para quem aprecie a história da República romana, como é o meu caso.
Para além do estilo fluido e característico de quem e para quem a história conta-se, não se adorna, há uma preocupação que atravessa todos os textos de ser rigoroso e imparcial: não raramente, Suetónio tem o cuidado de referir versões cuja veracidade ele próprio exclui mas que nem por isso deixam de merecer referência, para evitar acusações de parcialidade na enumer
...more
Elin
Feb 15, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Not sure anyone could read it without thinking of that expression! A very entertaining and educational read.

The ridiculous "omens" that "definitely happened" give a hint that some of the depictions of the emperors are likely to be extremely questionable as well. I couldn't help but think of David Cameron and the pig incident when reading about some of the exploits these guys supposedly got up to.

It's astonishing the lack of concern for life t
...more
Marty
Feb 18, 2009 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Suetonius gives a warts-and-all portrait of Julius Caesar and the first Roman emperors. And what warts! This is apparently the only source for these guys as people. Everything we commonly know about them is here, down to ribald popular jokes. A portrait of the beating heart of fascism. No wonder our founders abhorred a standing army. Not exactly a felicitous read (I used Robert Graves's translation--the remnants of my high-school Latin wouldn't have got me through one sentence), but fascinating.
Penelope
Apr 01, 2017 rated it really liked it
One word: AMAZING.

This book is a fantastic work. I don't really have bad things to say about this book because I think it's a big source of information about the biographies of the first twelve Caesars.

If you like Ancient Rome history I recommend it!!
Jon(athan) Nakapalau
Stranger than any fiction...the chapter on Caligula is truly disturbing.
umberto
While reading this biography of 'The Twelve Caesars', one word popped in my mind, that is, 'nobility' since all emperors in question were of course noble, feared and thus honored according to their own deeds. However, such nobility and deeds might intensify admiration or hatred due to each emperor himself. You can compare or assess each reign from your views acquired from reading unbelievably episodes of kindness or ruthlessness since they wielded absolute power within their families, colleages ...more
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Goodreads Librari...: Digitized Versions 1 21 Jan 15, 2015 01:13AM  
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Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, commonly known as Suetonius (ca. 69/75 – after 130), was a Roman historian belonging to the equestrian order in the early Imperial era. His most important surviving work is a set of biographies of twelve successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar until Domitian, entitled De Vita Caesarum. Other works by Suetonius concern the daily life of Rome, politics, oratory, and ...more
More about Suetonius...

Other Books in the Series

De vita duodecim Caesarum libri (1 - 10 of 15 books)
  • Julius Caesar: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vol 1
  • Augustus: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vol 2
  • Tiberius: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vol 3
  • Caligula
  • Claudius: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vol 5
  • Nero (BCP Latin Texts)
  • Galba: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vol 7
  • The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Volume 08: Otho
  • The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Volume 09: Vitellius
  • Vespasian: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars 10
“Nothing is more unpredictable than the mob, nothing more obscure than public opinion, nothing more deceptive than the whole political system.” 14 likes
“Some people are slow to do what they promise; you are slow to promise what you have already done.” 4 likes
More quotes…