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Theological-Political Treatise

4.03  ·  Rating details ·  3,270 Ratings  ·  78 Reviews
Rational examination of the Old Testament to show that freedom of thought and speech is consistent with the religious life. True religion consists in practice of simple piety, independent of philosophical speculation.
Paperback, Second Edition, 296 pages
Published November 15th 2001 by Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. (first published 1670)
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Vince Clancy He can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book…moreHe can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book Forged in Hell" by Steven Nadler. The book helped explain Spinoza a lot. He was already interesting in that he was banned by both the Jews and Christians(the Jews excommunicated him). He was definitely a champion of his times; not that I'm into secularism, he was the supposed originator of it.(less)

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peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستانِ گرانقدر، پیش از بیان توضیحات در مورد این کتاب، لازم است که بگویم کتابهایی که در موردِ <اسپینوزا> در ایران چاپ میشود، سراسر تحریف است، لذا به آنها هیچ اعتمادی نیست
عزیزانم، <اسپینوزا> کتابِ "رسالهٔ الهی-سیاسی" را در سالِ 1663 میلادی نوشت، امّا برایِ در امان ماندن از دینکارانِ متعصب و نادان، در سالِ 1670 میلادی، این کتاب را بدونِ بکار بردنِ نامِ خویش، منتشر کرد
پس از انتشار این کتاب به اندازه ای در خطر بود که حتی بهترین کتابش یعنی "اخلاق" در زمانِ زنده بودنش چاپ نشد و در سال 1677
God is nature, and nature is God

An in-depth incursion, by an excommunicated Jew*, into the authorship of the Pentateuch and other Old Testament books. Moses at [the] stake. An insightful analysis of the language, by an expert in Hebrew language, as Spinoza was. The writings of the Apostles are approached too.

Finally, the analysis of the foundations of the State, the nature of the Law....and the main point of Baruch Spinoza: the King is not above criticism, but he may be the object of.

Mohmed Abd el salam
هذا كتاب في فلسفة الأديان .. ترجمه للعربية د. حسن حنفي ، لا أعلم هل يمكن طباعته في العصرالحالي أم لا

كان من حظي أن وجدت نسخة قديمة مطبوعة

يسعدني مشاركتكم بنسخة ال pdf :)


بعد القراءة

" ياللعجب ! لقد أصبحت التقوى وأصبح الدين أسرارا ممتنعة ، وأصبح أصحاب النور الإلهي لا يعرفون إلا بشدة احتقارهم للعقل وبحطهم من شأن الذهن ونفورهم منه ، وقولهم أنه فاسد بالطبع . والحق أنه لو كان لديهم قبس طفيف فحس
mohab samir
Aug 03, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
أعتقد أن هذا الكتاب من كتب نقد الأديان المحورية وهو بالتأكيد يمكن ان يصنف فى قائمة أفضل هذه الكتب . إنه حوار عقلى خالص يجعلك تنقد الكثير من أفكارك مهما كان لديك من الأحكام المسبقة والإيمان الموروث المترسخ فهو لذلك لا يصلح للمبتدئين .
يستهدف سبينوزا فى هذه الرسالة نقاطاً أساسية وهى الفصل بين الدين أو اللاهوت والفلسفة من ناحية والدين والدولة من ناحية أخرى . ويستلزم ذلك منه إستهداف بعض النقاط الثانوية الهامة التى تقع فى إطار البحث وأهمها نقد تعدد الأديان وهو يرى أن الأديان كلها يمكن أن تتلخص فى معرف

June 2007

Philosophy, the Elite, and the Future

"Men would never be superstitious, if they could govern all their circumstances by set rules, or if they were always favored by fortune..." Thus begins one of the greatest books in the history of philosophy. Spinoza is an esoteric writer; he doesn't shout everything he has to say, though an attentive reader has a chance, however slight, to discern at least part of it. The existence of this philosophical-political esotericism, first adequately
Aug 11, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Here's an important passage:

"The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, it would have involved a contradiction that Adam should have been able to eat of it, and would, therefore, have been impossible that he should have so eaten, for the Divine command would have involved an eternal necessity and truth. But since Scripture nevertheless narrates
Jun 12, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
لو كان التحكم بالأذهان شبيهًا بالتحكم بالألسنة، لما وجد الحكم يومًا ما أي مشكلة.
Apr 11, 2013 rated it really liked it
The Enlightenment book on tolerance. Argues that scripture is not just interpreted subjectively but was written subjectively, because God can communicate to men only elliptically, using symbolism and cultural tropes. Calls for intellectual freedom all over the place.

"[P]eople must be governed in such a way that they can live in harmony, even though they openly hold different and contradictory opinions. We cannot doubt that this is the best way of ruling, and has the least disadvantages, since it
Kelly Head
Jan 13, 2013 rated it liked it
Like Nietzsche, who adored Spinoza and called him "the purest philosopher," and Hobbes, whom Spinoza had read and admired, there is a certain brutal honesty in Spinoza's philosophy that comes through vividly in the Theological-Political Treatise. This short work, produced in Amsterdam in the 17th-century at the height of Calvin's influence, was actually written after his more famous Ethics, though published before it. Spinoza here describes his views of the relationship between Scripture, the St ...more
Diyar Ahmed
Aug 06, 2017 rated it it was amazing
If you wanna read an extraordinary research on religion, prophets, miracle, scriptures based on philosophical arguments this book is the right choice. It is also an analysis of the bible by a science called philology.
Spinoza argues that the bible we see today is not the actual revelation of god rather it is just telling stories of the prophets after hundreds of years of their death.
And finally it talks about the style of ruling of Jews from the days of Moses and the factors that made their emp
Otto Lehto
May 14, 2013 rated it it was amazing
If there ever was a philosopher capable of endearing himself to the devoted and skeptical alike, it was Spinoza. Through his courageous example, we can learn to love God/Nature/Truth, and love to use our reason.

The philosopher's work on the Bible is a groundbreaking exposition of the historical conditions that underlie religious texts. It explains the Bible in strikingly modern, critical terms, and in line with Spinoza's other work, it provides an interpretation of God in rational, naturalistic,
Kamran Swanson
May 13, 2013 rated it really liked it
Summary: Published anonymously in 1670 Netherlands, Spinoza's attempt here is to address and critique the widespread religious beliefs and biblical interpretations that people use to justify various moral and political beliefs. Spinoza's ultimate stance is that the Bible is written by human hands, that prophets have insight to divine will but dress their stories in human imagination, that miracles are a testament to our own ignorance rather than supernatural intervention, and that the only true ...more
Mehmet Beşer
İflah olmaz bir Spinoza hayranı olarak TTP'yi ilk günkü heyecanla defalarca kez tekrar okudum. Her seferinde daha önce fark edemediğim başka bir boyutla karşılaştım. Hristiyanlığın Özü'nün Hıristiyan inanç sistemine yaptığı eleştirinin daha derin ve daha tutarlı bir formunu TTP'de görüyoruz.
Cemaatten çıkarılmış olsa da Baruch Spinoza çocukken aldığı sıkı İbranice eğitimi sayesinde Yahudi kutsal metinlerine "içeriden" eleştiriler getirebilecek bir donanıma sahip. Onun bu güçlü İbranice bilgisi s
Aug 09, 2016 rated it did not like it
As tedious as watching re-runs of "Seinfield". I really enjoyed the author's "Ethics". This book was painful because he's constantly quoting 'scripture' both new and old testament. He painfully lays the biblical foundation that he uses in his "Ethics". Nicest thing I can say for this book is that it's no worse than most Liberal Theological books available today would be.

I enjoy Star Trek. I'm not going to argue the truth and the wisdom of the Prime Directive by selectively quoting from different
I like Spinoza a lot, but this was nowhere near as good as the Ethics. That said, there's still a great deal of wisdom in here. What I loved about the Ethics was that Spinoza managed to forge an entirely new path. However, in the Tractatus, he relies far too much on Biblical exegesis and what have you. Boring. But I can imagine that for religious folk, this would be a really refreshing book to read, both in its Biblical exegesis and its claims of the commensurability of religion and reason.
Ahmed Xahabi
لا الرجال جاي و في باله بيفجر بالافكار القديمة كلها، لا و كل شوي يقول "انا لا اقصد ان الدين موضع شك و ليس كلام الرب" بابا انت خليت شي ما شكيت فيه؟!؟! ههههههههه اثول

بس وحش و يستاهل التحية هال"الهولندي اليهودي الملعون من لاهاي" على قولة *ليبينتز* برافو

"لم يتلقى اي شخص وحيا من الله من دون الالتجاء الى الخيال، اي الى الكلام و الى الصورة، و ينتج عن ذلك ان النبوة لا تتطلب ذهنا كاملاً بل خيالاً خصباً"
Zouheir Bitar
Sep 01, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
لقد قام الدكتور حسن حنفي بمجهود راءع من حيث تعريب و تقديم هذا الكتاب ، و خلق سؤال مههما هل من حقنا ان ننظر الي الكتب المقدسة نظره علميه؟ ، مهما كان اختلافنا مع وجعه نظر المؤلف فإنني أتفق مع المترجم ان حريه الفكر والتفلسف لا تمثل خطرا علي الدين والتقوي او علي سلامه الدول حتي و لو قامت هذه الدول علي أساس ديني
Jul 07, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Amazing work for seventeenth century! I have to admit that I just purchased bible on tape to try to keep up with the biblical analysis offered here :)
Kamal Sabry Shaker
كتاب رائع قرأته مرة وأعيد قراءته كثيراً وإليكم إقتباس أراه هو الأهم من هذا الكتاب
Jackson Cyril
Jul 18, 2017 rated it really liked it
A book that begins as a stunning example of biblical philology which then turns into a fierce defense of democracy and individual freedom. Spinoza is equally at home debunking biblical myths and totalitarian government.
Muath Aziz
What I understand from Spinoza is that God is Logic and Causality, God is Nature of Things, Nature of Things is an absolute universal Truth and can't be broken, that's God isn't it?

If a prophet dreamt of God commanding him, then these commands came from the prophet's Imagination itself, but that's fine, Imagination is part of Nature after all, so it is of humans psychology to look for God and worship him. So what should we take from Prophets and Scriptures?

We have Reasoning, that's part of our N
Mar 14, 2017 rated it it was amazing
David S. T.
“Since love of God is the highest felicity and happiness of man, his final end and the aim of all his actions, it follows that he alone observes the divine law who is concerned to love God not from fear of punishment nor love of something else, such as pleasure, fame, ect., but from the single fact that he knows God, or that he knows that the knowledge and love of God is the highest good”. (pg 60)

Spinoza's Theological-Politcal Treasise has intrigued me for a while, here was one of the earlier bo
Dec 21, 2012 rated it liked it
Spinoza is frustrating. Not simply because he's "hard to read" (there's that), but because of the kind of inferences he feels warranted in making. Spinoza was a rationalist, so he believed (without a doubt) that there are certain immutable truths accessible to human reason. This might be true - I feel pretty confident in asserting that I know, with certainty, that 2 + 2 = 4 - but when he applies his rationalism to theological considerations, his reasoning gets tricky.

Take his essay "Of Miracles,
WT Sharpe
Dec 27, 2014 rated it really liked it
This was a mixed bag for me. The Treatise was very forward thinking for it's time, but still contained much theological rubbish. Granted, Spinoza lived in a day when it was dangerous to speak certain opinions too plainly, and it was clear that he was hardly a fundamentalist by any stretch of the imagination, but I felt he accorded too much authority to the Hebrew and Christian scriptures.

That being said, there were some real gems between its covers. From the Preface:

"I have often wondered, that
May 27, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
هذا كتاب في فلسفة الدين و السياسة من قبل الفيلسوف اليهودي الهولندي من أصل برتغالي باروخ سبينوزا ..
إن هذا الكتاب هو أول كتاب أقرأه في فلسفة الدين و أستطيع أن أقول بدون أي تكبر أن هذا الكتاب غير الكثير من نظرتي إلى الدين و من مقاصده و غايته و إرتباطه بالدولة و تشريعاتها، و في حقوق الفرد على التعبير و تأثير الدين على سيكولوجية الشعب و العامة .
كتب سبينوزا هذا الكتاب في عمر مبكرة أي في عمر الـ ٣١ تقريباً و انا اقول أنه كتبه في عمر مبكرة لأن الأفكار التي سردها في هذا الكتاب لا تخرج من رجل بهذا العمر ل
Dec 28, 2010 marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Off this review:

Anthony, we’re going to talk about five books which weigh religion and secularism. I think that’s how we’ve decided to frame this discussion? This will be the first of a series of interviews with various people addressing the same subject from a number of different angles.

The first book that I’ve chosen is from a long time ago: 1670. It was written by Spinoza and published after his death. It’s called "Tractatus Theologico-Politicus" and there are a number of reasons why I think
Aug 10, 2014 rated it it was amazing
Brilliant work by a genius. This book is very influential and Spinoza's insights are today and will remain topical so long as men have any sort of religion.

Spinosa starts with an analysis of whether it is proper for Judeo Christian theocrats to use divine authority as a basis for their power over society and, once that topic is basically exhausted by rigorous logic, then shifts to an argument that moral choices are personal and allowing individual choice is the best legitimate form of government
Alan Johnson
I read the R. H. M. Elwes English translation of Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise (1670) and Political Treatise (unfinished manuscript written shortly before Spinoza's death) in 1967. Since I do not know Latin, I cannot vouch for the accuracy of any particular translation of Latin into English. However, I am aware that the Straussians and the Focus Philosophical Library (now an imprint of Hackett Publishing Company) attempt English translations that are as accurate and free of interpret ...more
Craig Evans
I'm on page 279 of 432 of A Theologico-Political Treatise/A Political Treatise:
I've now completed the first portion of this two-part publication after having left off at page 120 eight years ago I've taken 6 weeks to get to the end of the first portion. It's been interesting. There were numerous passages in A Theologico-Political Treatise where I thought to myself that those views and events and processes being described by Spinoza could really be applicable to the current political and social
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  • Philosophical Essays
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • Essays on the Theory of Numbers
  • The New Organon
  • Introduction to Metaphysics
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
  • Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit
  • Principles of Human Knowledge & Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
  • Spinoza: Practical Philosophy
  • Rules for the Direction of the Mind
  • The Statesman (Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone
  • Epitome of Copernican Astronomy and Harmonies of the World
  • On Duties (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • On Certainty
Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
His magnum opu
More about Baruch Spinoza...
“I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.” 61 likes
“No to laugh, not to lament, not to detest, but to understand.” 58 likes
More quotes…