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The Scholars

(儒林外史)

by
4.11  ·  Rating details ·  208 ratings  ·  31 reviews

A masterpiece from the Ming dynasty, Wu Ching-tzu's The Scholars ranks with Dream of the Red Chamber, Journey to the West, and the Water Margin as one of the greatest classic novels of China. The Scholars is the first Chinese novel of its scope not to borrow any characters from history or legend and it is the first work of satiric realism to achieve an almost complete disa

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Paperback, 692 pages
Published October 1st 1972 by Grosset & Dunlap (first published 1750)
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Average rating 4.11  · 
Rating details
 ·  208 ratings  ·  31 reviews


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Larou
Depending on who you ask, there are either four or six so-called “Classic” Chinese novels. I strongly doubt that canon formation works any better in China than it does here and that the Eastern Canon is any more reliable than the Western one, so there are likely a considerable number of less famous novels which are at least as good as those four or six – but for someone who has only a very superficial knowledge of China and almost no experience of Chinese literature, those four or six are probab ...more
Mary
Jan 18, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: mooc, classics, humor, china
A satire of the Chinese imperial examination system in the 18th century Qing Dynasty and of the literati it produced. The examination system goes back to 200 AD and continued to 1911. Chinese officials in all that time were drawn almost exclusively from the ranks of those few who passed. The odds were 3300 to 1 of passing the highest rank in the Qing Dynasty. There were 9 levels and even those who failed or passed the lowest rank were respected elites. The subject matter always included the Conf ...more
Graham
Jan 04, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I liked this book a great deal, but I don't know anyone I would recommend it to. I wouldn't recommend it to anyone who wasn't already familiar with Chinese history and intellectual discourse through to the Qing Dynasty.
Jim Grimsley
Sep 11, 2020 rated it really liked it
I read this book when I was in college and recently picked it up again to reread. No fear that the book would hold up; it's one of the six great books of Chinese literature, a set of classics that have been taught for generations. There's really nothing else I've read that compares to it in terms of subject or style. This is an hilarious depiction of snobbery, academia, and pretension; also of sincerity, generosity, and humanity. The whole of the Chinese world falls into these pages. Well, that ...more
Wendy
Oct 28, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I am a Chinese and we have one or two pieces of The Scholars in our textbooks in junior high. But I did not have any feelings about this book at that time. Only this year, I started reading the whole version. It turns out that I like The Scholars very much. The figure that impresses me the most is the young scholar named Kuang Chaoren or Kuang Chao-Jen (it means 'superman'), who was very poor at the very beginning and worked really hard to make a better life for his parents. It is the typical mo ...more
Nguyễn Quang Vũ
Rất nể Mr. Ngô Kính Tử nên mình vote 3 sao cho bộ này. Không phải do Mr ấy viết không hay, hay người dịch có vấn đề gì. Vấn đề chính là ở cách thể hiện các tuyến nhân vật của tác phẩm làm mình mệt. Hơn 200 nhân vật trong khoảng 1000 trang sách, không nhân vật nào là nhân vật chính cả. Câu chuyện của các nhân vật nối qua nhau một cách quá đơn giản và nhanh đến mức mình chưa kịp nhớ câu chuyện của nhân vật trước thì đã đến chuyện của nhân vật sau.

Cùng với Tứ Đại Kỳ Thư thì Nho Lâm Ngoại Sử cũng c
...more
Jackson Cyril
Sep 28, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Finished in 1750, this novel depicts the world of the Chinese literati, gently lampooning the corruption among their ranks and the failures of the Imperial examination system-- how it values certain skills over another and how certain formidable candidates are overlooked due to the caprice of individual examiners. Though it lacks the structural unity of say the "Golden Vase" or the "red chamber", and remains largely a collection of loosely related stories, it makes for delightful reading; and fe ...more
Barack Liu
Sep 02, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

119-Rulin waishi-Wu Jingzi-Novel-1749
Barack
2017/0 5 / 06
2020/05/ 1 1

—— "In the past, it was not enough to praise the sordidness, but now the debauchery is endless. The spring breeze is proud of the horseshoe, and I can see the Chang'an flowers in one day. "

"The Scholars", the first edition was published in 1749. Novel books. There are 56 chapters in the book. It uses realism to depict the different expressions of various people's "fame and wealth". It represents the culmination of ancient Chi
...more
Eadweard
See Hadrian's review.
Helmut
Mar 01, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: china
Satirisches Sittengemälde

Das "Rulin Waishi" hat in der Literaturgeschichte Chinas sehr unterschiedliche Bewertungen erhalten. Wurde es zunächst als brilliante Satire der korrupten Bildungselite gesehen, litt man es später immer weniger, da die literarische Qualität hinter den großen klassichen Romanwerken der Ming- und Qing-Dynastie doch zurückblieb. Heute wiederum sieht man es hauptsächlich als unschätzbare Quelle für das Leben der gebildeten und in der Prüfungshölle Chinas mehr oder weniger er
...more
Francis Chin
Jul 12, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This volume is just a collection of meandering tales, with no central plot or main characters. As current characters meet new characters, the narrative will start following the new characters and the old ones are forgotten. Extremely engrossing and addictive. All kinds of incidents take place and you never know what is going to happen next. One morning you're admiring the view of a famous lake, and in the afternoon you are in court because someone has accused you of murder, and tomorrow you will ...more
Eressea
大部份台灣人
應該都是國中讀王冕
高中讀范進中舉
就沒有然後了吧
我也是這樣,國小時曾經大概翻翻
那時看不懂,轉去看西遊記三國演義去了
國高中國文課上完也沒想去看
最近中亞大特價買了一本註釋來看
現在看滿多哽都又酸又好笑
看得速度比當代小說都快

不過小時候教條上學到的諷刺科舉亂像
好像還是看不太懂
長越大越覺得白話章回小說還是很難懂的
沒有註釋一堆名詞和科舉制度根本不知道在幹麻
這樣怎麼能懂作者要諷刺什麼呢~

以現代觀點來看小說的架構很鬆散
雖然支線也會收,但各種人物像連環套一樣不斷出現
卻沒有明確的劇情推進,只是一堆彼此有關係的人演單元劇而已

看完只覺得好人都不長命
有錢膽小怕事的人活該被搶奪家產
正直的人戲份很少
而且多半迂的可笑,不比那些得了官癌的人好到那去
好些得了官癌的傢伙也不過就銅臭味重了點
還比那些休掉糟糠妻或打腫臉充胖子被抓包的"名士"好多了
最嘲諷的是這一堆嘉靖間品行不良沽名釣譽冒名頂替的垃圾
到了萬曆四十幾年全都被旌表了
叫那些(雖然很迂的)高風亮節之士情何以堪呢?

最近看得這幾本古典章回小說
有趣的是在裡面找尋回民蹤跡
儒林外史裡回民的戲份比金瓶梅多很多
但本書裡的回民除了"教門不用大葷"不吃豬肉之外
酒色財氣樣樣都來,而且
...more
Allen
Sep 12, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Interesting insights into Ming Dynasty China.
Hubert Byron
Feb 09, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is the companion piece to The Story of the Stone series where instead of being immersed into the lives of women in Imperial China, you see it from the side of the men.
Karen Chung
Oct 29, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Loved this book and recommend it highly. Another item off the reading bucket list.
Jim Galford
Oct 01, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
An uniquely honest account of China in the 18th century. Very autobiographical tale of life in the 1700's.
Nguyễn Quang Vũ
Review ngắn của mình để ở Tập 2 :D https://www.goodreads.com/review/show... ...more
Edward Butler
Sep 08, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This 18th century Chinese classic (in Chinese, the Rulin Waishi) is a novel whose protagonist is, in effect, an institution, namely the civil service examination system. The novel's form perfectly suits its subject, passing the narrative from character to character, tracing the webs of association and patronage that constitute the class of the literati, or scholar-bureaucrats, as well as those on its fringes, who aspire to join it by passing the exams, deliberately spurn membership in it despite ...more
Andra Constantin
A collection of fables and stories about the character of the scholars and learned people of China in the 1500's.
Hard to follow the characters if you are unused to the Chinese names especially since in the book there are over 20 Chi and Yu as characters in various stories and not all of them from the same family.

The first volume seems to be just a collection of fables following various scholars - corrupted scholars and honest scholars, rich scholars and poor scholars - their good or bad deeds,
...more
Rosemary
Jul 14, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A rare opportunity to read a Chinese novel from the Qing dynasty in English translation. (Not too many of them around.) For those of Chinese heritage, a chance to see why scholarship and examinations are so culturally important, a look at the role of food in the daily lives of the literary scholars--we are still eating some of the same things, a look at aspects of daily life such as transportation (river boats were important), pawn shops. Makes me wish for some pictures or paintings to give the ...more
Dylan Suher
Jul 12, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In structure and in narrative viewpoint, an odd book, and a wonderful book for being odd, possessed with the rare flexibility of being able to effectively, viciously savage a system of values in one section, and redeem those very values in the next section. A structure that therefore makes that most uncommon and correct statement that just because a philosophy is taken advantage of by the worst people doesn't mean that it isn't worth believing in. A narrative reticence, akin to a Henry James nov ...more
Trounin
Nov 06, 2015 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Может это мы не видим рядом с собой замечательных людей. Кто-то другой их примечает и о них рассказывает. В труде всей своей жизни У Цзинцзы рассказывал о самом наболевшем. Вся книга состоит из историй разных героев, судьба каждого из которых складывалась разным образом, в зависимости от того, как они относились к государственным экзаменам. Есть среди них погрязшие в коррупции, а есть и светлые люди. Читателю надо приготовиться увидеть Китай с новой стороны. И посмотреть есть на что. Чего только ...more
Yilin Wong
Jun 17, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favourite
最后一回看的有些懵

人情冷暖 性格命运
感觉人生可以有些不一样的活法

这本书居然活活读了大半年 也是醉了

02/17 page 0 "堪堪读到一半 已经把前面忘得一干二净了。。。。不过人真是虚伪。。。"
03/11 page 0 "文字版的清明上河图"
03/17 70.0% "画风突变有点要走武侠路线的意思。。。"
03/23 70.0% "从少侠一下便成了萧老先生了(;・∀・)"
03/24 77.0% "感觉第一部分还是适合选读,印象比较深的是那个好像住河边干啥啥不行却被奉为贤士和狼心狗肺的俩个人比较印象深。第二部分更值得通读,感觉故事普遍都比较抓人,画风和前半部分不一样,却内里也不是一味都是讲一类人。就是至今为止读到的两个干实事的人却被罚款降职,而且这故事至今还有代表性,读起来感觉很不是滋味。"
03/26 81.0% "感觉从古至今中外的academia path都差不多 读博读n多年 然后出来寻馆找post doc"
03/26 87.0% "讲学问的只讲学问,不必问功名;讲功名的只讲功名,不必问学问。若是两样都要讲,弄到后来,一样也做不成。-- 迟衡山
读来有些心惊"

upd
...more
Paduraru Victor
The world of Wu Jingzi is full of so many characters and situations. You won't remember them all. Hell, you won't even fully get what each scholar does, Jingzi walks trough the story with such speed but with a clear vision of the world and it shines; trough its bleakness and hopefulness and the few moments of wisdom and tranquility amid all the racing for status and fortune and glory, forsaking duty and life
Philip
Oct 06, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is an exceedingly interesting view of 15th century scholars as told from the perspective of an 18th century scholar. It is a subtle critique of the Confucian system and provides a fascinating window into Chinese sensibilities.
Edwarddu
Jan 12, 2017 marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
我听到40多回了,还有10回。
Shala Howell
Decadence, check. Relentless scorn for literati, check. But what strikes me most is that even in feudal China, success in life was all about who you knew.
siby
Aug 24, 2010 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
so far the only Chinese book I did not like. honestly I could not even finish it. if there is any plot in it I've missed it by a mile.
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Wu Jingzi (simplified Chinese: 吴敬梓; traditional Chinese: 吳敬梓; pinyin: Wú Jìngzǐ; Wade–Giles: Wu Ching-tse, 1701—January 11, 1754) was a Chinese scholar and writer who was born in the city now known as Chuzhou, Anhui and who died in Yangzhou, Jiangsu.

(from Wikipedia)

Other books in the series

儒林外史 (9 books)
  • 儒林外史
  • 儒林外史
  • 儒林外史
  • 儒林外史(一)
  • 儒林外史(注释本)
  • 儒林外史 (中国古典文学名著)
  • 儒林外史(青少年彩绘版)/春雨经典中外文学精品廊
  • 中国经典名著故事(二)-儒林外传史故事(英)The Scholars (English Version)

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