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Emile

3.62  ·  Rating details ·  3,123 Ratings  ·  195 Reviews
Our inner conflicts are caused by these contradictions. Drawn this way by nature and that way by man, compelled to yield to both forces, we make a compromise and reach neither goal. We go through life, struggling and hesitating, and die before we have found peace, useless alike to ourselves and to others.
Paperback, 372 pages
Published June 1st 2004 by Kessinger Publishing (first published 1762)
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زنى از اشراف پاريس از ژان ژاك روسو راجع به راه درست تربيت كودك پرسيد. روسو نخست قرار بوده نامه اى كوتاه در پاسخ بنويسد، اما هر چه بيشتر به نوشتن ادامه داد به اهميت موضوع بيشتر پى برد، تا بالاخره كتاب درخشان چهارصد صفحه اى "اميل" را نگاشت، كه مبناى برخى تحولات اساسى در نظام آموزش و پرورش فرانسه و ديگر كشورها گشت.


ساختار كتاب

روسو خود را در نقش يك مربى سر خانه تصور مى كند كه دعوت شده تا "اميل"، كودك يكى از خانواده ها متمول را بزرگ كند.
او در پنج فصل به مراحل مختلف رشد اميل مى پردازد و در ضمن آن مطال
...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
966. Émile; or, On Education, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Emile, or On Education or Émile, or Treatise on Education is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who considered it to be the "best and most important" of all his writings.
تاریخ نخستین خوانش با ترجمه منوچهر کیا: دوم ماه مارس سال 1972 میلادی
عنوان: امیل: رساله ای در باب آموزش و پرورش؛ عنوان دیگر: آموزش و پرورش؛ نویسنده: ژان ژاک روسو؛ مترجم: غلامحسین زیرک زاده؛ تهران، دانشگاه تهران، 1328،
...more
Trevor
Dec 12, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, education
I recently read Durant’s The Story of Philosophy. In that he said that it was a pity that philosophy had become quite so obsessed with epistemology (worrying about how we think) rather than ethics (worrying about how we can live a good life). Durant saw a time in the not too distant future when philosophy would get over epistemology and become once more a kind of thinking persons self-help club. In many ways this book is a version of ‘how to live a good life’ – no, better, how to educate people ...more
Deborah Markus
Nov 17, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: research
I read this book as research for a writing project of my own. Once finished, I had no idea how I ought to rate it.

There is some brilliant writing here, and I highlighted a lot of eminently quotable passages. Certainly I can understand why the French adore some of Rousseau's ideas about education.

But even if one can get past the irony of Rousseau the child-abandoner writing (in very smug tones!) how the young ought to be raised and educated, there's the little fact that he was sexist above and
...more
John Warner
Aug 26, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: careful readers
Shelves: favoritebooks
this book is difficult to understand and hence easy to dismiss. many of the other reviews bear witness to this in the most immediate way. emile is not an instructional manual on how to educate a child, nor is it a misogynistic tract that insists on the inferiority of women. these suggestions fail to engage this work precisely where it becomes interesting.

Emile is, and was intended to be, the modern equivalent to Plato's Republic. It is a synoptic book, a sustained, comprehensive, and unified ref
...more
لونا
في البدء أحب أن أذكر أن جان جاك روسو قد عمل مرة في حياته مربياً لطفل من طبقة النبلاء ولكن التجربة لم تستمر وباءت بالفشل، وأيضاً كان قد تخلى أن أبناءة الخمسة فور ولادتهم للملاجئ بدون أن يترك علامة أو دليل يُمَكِّنه من الرجوع لهم يوماً ما، فلم يستطع أحد معرفة مصيرهم ... فأغلب المتتبعين لحياته يعتقدون أن هذا الكتاب كان نوعاً من التكفير عن الذنب لتخليه عن دوره كأب أو محاولة لتدوين أفضل أسلوب للتربية بعد تحليله لفشل تجربته كمربي ... ولمن أراد أن يعرف أكثر عن حياته أنصحه بقراءة اعترافاته "اعترافات جا ...more
David Sarkies
Dec 15, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
The Educated Human
26 January 2016

To say that Rousseau has a low opinion of humanity is an understatement – he absolute despises the corrupting nature of humans and the effect upon the world around them. This is clearly summed up in his opening statement:

God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil.


Actually, Rousseau has an interesting view of reality: the world is initially good and people are free however from the moment of birth the corrupting influence of humanity c
...more
Jim
Dec 01, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
How is it that the same book can at one and the same time be so fascinating and so wrong-headed? The author of Emile indicates that to bring up a child, the parent must be a lifelong tutor -- to the exclusion of any schools or spouses or relatives or anyone else. Rousseau deals with a fictional son named Emile. During the course of the book, he shows his influence from infancy to early marriage.

Perhaps such a controlling type of mentorship was possible only in a rural society; and Rousseau not o
...more
Abdulla Awachi
Mar 12, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
مراجعة كتاب: إيميل أو تربية الطفل من المهد إلى الرشد

لــــ جان جاك روسو

هذا الكتاب هو أثر خلّفهُ روسو في التربية بجانب آثاره الرئيسية الأخرى التي تركها ، نذكر منها كتاب: العقد الاجتماعي الذي يشكل نواة القوانين السياسية في المجتمعات الحديثة و كتاب الاعترافات الغني عن التعريف و رواية جولي الأدبية الرومانسية.

في هذا الكتاب يتناول روسو قضية تنشأة الطفل الذي سيسميه *إيميل* من لحظة ولادته حتى يصبح أباً سيصاحبه في رحلاته و تنقلاته و يعلّمه مما لديه من الحكمة كمربٍ متخذاً من الطبيعة معلماً في كل شيء و يتخل
...more
Owlseyes
"All children are afraid of masks . I begin by showing Emile the mask of a pleasant face..."

"Remember that, before you venture under taking to form a man, you must have made yourself a man; you must find in yourself the example you ought to offer him."

The Archbishop of Paris, Christophe de Beaumont, found this book "dangerous", and a "mischievous work": “it’s irreligion”; the book was burnt by the executioner; Rousseau had to leave Geneva.
Kathryn Cantrell
Jul 19, 2007 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: mysoginists?
Please read the last chapter first. If you can accept Rousseau at his most offensive, then maybe you should continue with the rest of the book. Personally, I'm enough of a feminist that I cannot stand this work. I have heard too much praise for this work by so many who haven't finished it (i.e. read Rousseau's treatment of Sophie) that I will refuse to discuss it altogether.

If you're of the "but, gender issues aside" persuasion, you should consider that at the time, there was enough feminist per
...more
Dominic
Aug 28, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Reading this tome was an equally delightful and discomforting one, as a lover of literature, great ideas, and feminist egalitarianism. On one hand, it is obvious that Rousseau was a true visionary (and a master of language). I am truly in awe of what he is trying to accomplish here. As a philosophical exercise of incredible scope, Emile is incredible. I couldn't help but ask myself, "Where are the visionaries of today?"

In another sense, though, it is certainly difficult to swallow Rousseau's mis
...more
Marwa Assem Salama
أما الشئ اللآخذ باللُب بحق فهو أني نسيت بمرور السطور والوقت غايتي التي من أجلها قرأته.....فلقد سلب مني مجامع القلب صدق الطريقة التي استولد بها من رحم الخيال طفله، (إميل) !!..فدليل الحاجة عندي عين الخيال... وإلا فيم ياتُرى يرى الرحّال قريح الحلق بين الصحاري نبع السراب ؟؟....ولئن أخطئتم فحاسبتم (روسو) على هذا الكتاب مرةً كمفكرٍ، فيلسوفٍ، يقظ العقل ....فحاولوا أن تنصتوا إليه أخرى كرجلٍ وحيدٍ حالمٍ ...من فوق هذي السطور يئن : (وإني بهذه السن ..أحوج ما أكون إلى طفل) ...فبمثل ذلك فقط أصبت كبد الكتاب!!. ...more
Tamar7
Dec 18, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
A society is composed of citizens. If you want a strong and virtuous society, you must start at ground zero; with the citizen, with the child. This book by Rousseau is, in my mind, his epic masterpiece(notice I say his masterpiece, not necessarily a philosophic masterpiece, though that argument could be made, I think). This work is an amalgamation of all his best ideas, presented by way of a young boy named Emile. If you could raise a child the 'right way', Rousseau's way, you would have a nat ...more
Yazeed AlMogren
Jan 21, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
أعتقد بأن هذا الكتاب بالرغم من الجدل الذي أثير ولا يزال مثار حوله وحول آراء روسو في بعض القضايا الا أنه يعتبر أحد الكتب الأساسية التي كتبت في علم التربية، يعطي روسو في هذا الكتاب نصائح وارشادات في تربية الطفل والتعامل معه من مولده حتى بلوغه ونضوجه وكيف يتعامل من الإبن والإبنه، بالرغم من قدم هذا الكتاب وتغير بعض الأفكار ووجهات نظر الناس حول بعض القضايا الا أنه يستحق القراءة ويعتبر من أهم كتب جان جاك روسو
Sandy
Jan 27, 2009 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
If only there was room in his world for little girls to be educated...
Clif
Oct 24, 2010 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
If we want to produce a good man, how would we go about it? That's the problem that Rousseau presents himself in Emile.

In this lengthy work, no aspect of upbringing is overlooked. Starting with the health of the mother before she gives birth, we follow the course of a boy's life as he becomes a man and marries - all under the tutelage of Rousseau.

The basis of the upbringing is refreshing: a child must be allowed to follow his natural inclinations and do so in a natural setting away from the soci
...more
May
I recognize that this is a classic of Rousseau literature and in many ways it's not bad for its time. But it is very hard for me to swallow, knowing how philosophy has advanced and having had the benefit of Plato's works, which Rousseau may not have had full liberty to, given when Plato was dug up. He is SO held within the structure of his time, which can be seen throughout in his biases and his assumptions on class, race, and gender. Painful to swallow if you are not in the majority on any of t ...more
Fleming
Jul 20, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In a course I took, the professor once said that a man had written Rousseau 10 years after he wrote Emile and said that he raised his son identically to how Rousseau raised imaginary Emile. Rousseau wrote back "I feel sorry for you, but more sorry for your son." This book knocked me on my ass... which is what books are supposed to do, yes? Yes. Five stars.
Zohreh Samiei
Jun 29, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتابي كه حدودا صد و نود سال پيش نگاشته شده و عجيب بر اساس فطرت بشري است، روسو تربيت طفلي را بر عهده مي گيرد، تا به ازدواجش؛ و در اين ميان از اصول و عقايد خود سخن به ميان مي آورد...
در كل برايم جالب بود
Hedieh Madani
Sep 07, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
بخش پنجمش چرند محض بود.
چهار بخش اول عالی بودند. فکر می کنم اگه یه روز بچه دار بشم از این بخش ها برای تربیتش می تونم کمک خوبی بگیرم.
Sıla J.
May 18, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Alright, I may be biased because I regard Rousseau as my chief inspiration (I could build a temple for him and be the high priestess of Rousseauism) but I think it's cruel to cut off everything else he had to say about very important issues such as what is good and what virtue is, politics and governance, and how we should educate children (well, male children) by saying that he was a narrow minded sexist.
Being a bigot means that having problems with progress. One who is a bigot is the one who
...more
مناجاة فراشة ❤️كنزة بلفاسم
كانت البداية مشجعة فيها الكثير من الأفكار المقبولة أو بالأحرى الموافقة لفكرتي على التربية السليمة .....
لكن ما إن بدأ أول فصل بدأت أعارضه الأفكارَ.. خصوصا أن هذا الـ إميل مجرد شخصية افتراضية لم يطبق عليها جون جاك هذه الطريقة التربوية إلا في عقله .... (كان بمقدوره تطبيق هذه الطريقة على أحد أولاده الخمسة .. لكنه فضل وضعهم في الملجأ لأنه يعرف أنه غير صالح للأبوة وهذا الكتاب خير دليل على هذا)

الكتاب وقع في عدة تناقضات فيما يخص تربية الطفل إميل والطفلة صوفي ،فكيف لفتاة بصفات صوفي أن تنشئ دابة مثل إميـل
...more
Lavender Libya
Nov 02, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
ان من يضيق بفترة الطفولة لايدرك أن النوع البشري كان حرياً به أن يهلك لو لم يبدأ الانسان طفلاً.. فنحن نولد ضعافا في حاجة الي القوة ونولد مجردين من كل شئ في حاجة الي العون ونولد حمقي في حاجة الي التمييز وكل مايعوزنا حين مولدنا ونفتقر اليه في كبرنا تؤتينا اياه التربية.

والتربية تأتينا أما من الطبيعة أو من الناس أو من الاشياء فتنمو وظائفنا وجوارحنا الداخلية ذلكم هو تربية الطبيعة وماتتعلم من الافادة من ذلك النمو ذلكم هو تربية الناس ومانكتسبه بخبرتنا عن الأشياء التي نتأثز بها فذلكم هو تربية الأشياء .
...more
Chris
Feb 06, 2008 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Rousseau had some very strange ideas about how to raise children, and how to teach them things. Wrapping kids in swaddling, controlling every aspect of their environment for an age, and then allowing them to learn through failure. This last was my favorite philosophy, one in which, unlike the children of today, he promoted that children be allowed to hurt themselves when they were at the right age, in order that they should learn how not to do stupid things. When I look at the lame, short, plast ...more
Kristen
Jul 26, 2012 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Blegh. Just Blegh. Not a fan of Rousseau. When it comes to 17th-18th century philosophers, it's all about John Locke. He is a much more concise and interesting author in my opinion. I blame Rousseau's Frenchness. Lol. Also, the children who were raised according to Rousseau's mandates for Emile turned out horribly. Go figure.
Lauren Albert
Oct 12, 2009 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: fiction
I can't be fair to this book since I dislike Rousseau so intensely. Anyone who has read about him and his life will understand. But I don't agree with his educational philosophy and I don't like when fiction is used solely to hammer in someone's philosophy
Matthew Harms
Aug 12, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Reading this cover to cover was probably the biggest waste of time of my life.
Nosherwan Yasin
There are maybe 7 people in the world who understand this treatise on education, I don't think I am one of them yet.
Zohreh Avatefi
May 26, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
به هر پدري قبل از شروع تربيت فرزند توصيه مي كنم خواندنش را
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7994
Jean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology and because of his influence on later thinkers. Rousseau's own view of philosophy and philosophers was firmly negative, seeing philosophers as the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as pl ...more
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