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Two Concepts of Liberty
 
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Isaiah Berlin
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Two Concepts of Liberty

4.14  ·  Rating details ·  219 ratings  ·  22 reviews
Het werk van de filosoof Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997) vormt een van de krachtigste verdedigingen van het westerse pluralisme. Zijn beroemde opstel Twee opvattingen van vrijheid biedt een toegankelijke inleiding in zijn denken. Berlins scherpzinnige analyse van het vrijheidsbegrip bepaalt tot de dag van vandaag ons sociaal-politieke denken.
Published (first published 1958)
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امیر لطیفی
آزادی مثبت و منفی
در سادهترین معنی آزادی مثبت یعنی آزادی عمل کردن به خواستههای مختلف و آزادی منفی یعنی نداشتن مانع در عمل. ولی کتاب بیش از اینها حرف دارد. هر دو برداشت را میآموزد و با نگاهی تجربهگرا آزادیخواهانه و ضد ایدهآلیستی از هر دو سخن میگوید.

چنین ایدهای که آزادی میتواند به تنهایی سنگبنای لازم و کافی برای ساختن یک حکومت سیستم فکری یا اجتماعیِ آرمانی و ایدهآل باشد بسیار پرطرفدار و فریبنده است. در تقابل با چنین تصوری برلین از ارزشهای مهمتر از آزادی سخن میراند. چنین ارزشهایی لزوماً توسط
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Mohammad Ali
نمره ی واقعی: سه و نیم

آیزایا برلین در این مقاله در پی اثبات نادرستی یکی از بنیان های اندیشه ی فلسفی و سیاسی غربی در طول قرون است: این باور که وضعیتی را می توان یافت که در آن نزاع میان خواست های بشری رفع شود و همه با هم بالفعل گردند. او معتقد است باور به چنین نقطه ی توازنی منشأ جنایت های متعددی است که علیه مردمان و آزادیشان انجام گرفته است زیرا اگر چنین حالتی بتواند وجود داشته باشد احمقانه است اگر هر آنچه می توانیم به هر طریقی برای رسیدن به آن نکنیم. برلین معتقد است در مقابل این نگاه توازن طلب
...more
Abubakar Mehdi
Jul 09, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Two Concepts of liberty is a treatise by Isaiah Berlin on the enigmatic subject of Liberty. At first it might appear as naïve or simplistic on his part to have a contrived view of Liberty, a word notorious for being difficult to define. But as we progress, we see that Berlin draws arguments from Kant, Hegel and Plato to make his case which is convincing and thought provoking.

In the very start, he briefly notes how important Political Thought is as a field of inquiry, and how it has far-reaching
...more
Alix
Jan 18, 2017 rated it really liked it
This is a well-constructed, internally coherent essay. Strangely, I think one of Berlin's important contributions here is that he recognizes that liberty may not be the only thing we care about.
Abraham Lewik
Jun 07, 2019 rated it liked it
I believe it is fair to write that this is typical of philosophical writing. Conceptual patches on some ideal too closely examined. Still interesting though.

One notion of Mister Berlin's that will stick with me is people rather the tyranny of the familiar authority than the liberty from some separate fount.

Maybe the online format was to blame, but the cyber-copy I read had paragraphs that were pages long and that's bad.
Colm Gillis
Nov 04, 2016 rated it really liked it
In a relatively short book (this was a lecture) Berlin contrasts what he termed 'negative' liberty - or freedom 'from' others - and 'positive' liberty - or the freedom 'to do' or 'to be'. This was written in the midst of the Cold War and the weight of the Soviet Union and other totalitarian regimes is heavy. His model is simplistic and he can't help but lump in any type of rule with totalitarian rule. This means that the lecture often lacks discernment. Where Berlin is not at his strongest when ...more
Frank D'hanis junior
Jan 03, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Very nuanced book about liberty that can be liked by proponents of state intervention and the regulation of capital. Isaiah Berlin's stance on the possibility of moral knowledge and universal values has more in common with the early pragmatists (James, Dewey et cetera) than with value relativists.
Patrick
Jan 19, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Highly recommended to read just after Dostoyevsky's "Demons".
mytwocents
Nov 10, 2017 rated it liked it
A cutting analysis of the prevailing forces behind the dualistic nature of societal western freedom. However, there is no insight or analysis on the totality or unity of absolute liberty that belief structures are formed around.

Given the western tradition is based on an individual who achieves absolute liberation, it is interesting how the lesser forms of freedom outlined by Berlin have been the prevailing battleground for man kind in the past 2000 years. Especially given the East is rooted in a
...more
Carlos
Nov 14, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"Admitir que la satisfacción de algunos de nuestros ideales puede hacer en principio imposible la satisfacción de otros significa afirmar que la idea de una satisfacción humana total es formalmente una quimera metafísica"
Pablo Mallorquí
Libro fundamental para entender la libertad humana frente a la tiranía y ver las distintas aproximaciones a dicha libertad desde un punto de vista negativo y otro positivo. Un clásico que debería leer cualquier persona interesada en la filsoofía política.
Mikaellyng
Jan 29, 2020 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: politics
Good summary of negative and positive liberty but overall characterized by the cold war fear of the Soviets and struggle against colonialism.
Aafke Romeijn
Ietwat simplistische argument voor politiek pluralisme. Geeft wel een overzichtelijke inleiding in basale politieke theorie.
Juan
Sep 23, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ensayo
Muy, muy interesante. Tengo que releerlo más despacio y con papel y lápiz.
Dan
Mar 25, 2020 rated it really liked it
Interesting discussion of the difference between negative and positive liberty and their inherent conflicts.
Eduardo Fort
Nov 03, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997) fue uno de los filósofos liberales más importantes del siglo XX. En esta pequeña obra analiza el concepto de libertad, así como su recorrido biográfico e intelectual.
Esteban Martínez
Dec 19, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Ensayo accesible y ameno sobre la libertad. Una idea central es la del pluralismo.
Robert Maisey
Feb 11, 2020 rated it really liked it
A thoughtful and useful primer on how to approach the contradictions of freedom. More useful for framing the question that answering it (of course).
Luis
Feb 05, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Lo leí al paso de un documental realizado por Adam Curtis, no recuerdo si fue "The trap" o "HyperNormalisation", en uno de estos lo mencionaban y llamó mi atención.
El análisis que realiza Berlin sobre la libertad es por demas interesante, es un pensador que de no haber sido por el documentalista, valga aquí la redundancia; jamás hubiera leído ni conocido.
Wim
Sep 02, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Hoewel al een paar decennia oud, is het nog steeds een aanrader om te lezen, zeker in het licht van de hedendaagse discussie over wat vrijheid precies is. Berlin maakt onderscheidt in twee vormen: de positieve en de negatieve opvatting.

De negatieve opvatting omvat de vraag wat wil de mens en welke verlangens heeft hij. De positieve vorm van vrijheid komt naar voren als men niet de vraag beantwoordt Welke vrijheid heeft men om te doen of te zijn? maar de vraag Door wie wordt men geregeerd?. Of
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Raúl
Jul 14, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Aunque 'Dos conceptos de libertad' es igual de válido hoy que en el momento de su publicación, no puede entenderse completamente la crítica del autor si no tenemos en cuenta su contexto histórico. Esta conferencia, y su posterior artículo, se publicó en plena Guerra Fría, en el momento en que dos mundos y dos grandes sistemas políticos chocaban entre sí. Tanto Estados Unidos como la URSS se consideraban a su modo democracias, y también a su modo consideraban que estaban ofreciendo libertad a sus ...more
Marian Suwono
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Dec 14, 2017
David Tofani
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Mar 31, 2019
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Sir Isaiah Berlin was a philosopher and historian of ideas, regarded as one of the leading liberal thinkers of the twentieth century. He excelled as an essayist, lecturer and conversationalist; and as a brilliant speaker who delivered, rapidly and spontaneously, richly allusive and coherently structured material, whether for a lecture series at Oxford University or as a broadcaster on the BBC ...more

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“To preserve our absolute categories or ideals at the expense of human lives offends equally against the principles of science and of history; it is an attitude found in equal measure on the right and left wings in our days, and is not reconcilable with the principles accepted by those who respect the facts.” 1 likes
“I wish my life and decisions to depend on myself, not on external forces of whatever kind. I wish to be the instrument of my own, not of other men's, acts of will. I wish to be a subject, not an object; to be moved by reasons, by conscious purposes, which are my own, not by causes which affect me, as it were, from outside. I wish to be somebody, not nobody; a doer - deciding, not being decided for, self-directed and not acted upon by external nature or by other men as if I were a thing, or an animal, or a slave incapable of playing a human role, that is, of conceiving goals and policies of my own and realising them. This is at least part of what I mean when I say that I am rational, and that it is my reason that distinguishes me as a human being from the rest of the world. I wish, above all. to be conscious of myself as a thinking, willing, active being, bearing responsibility for my choices and able to explain them by reference to my own ideas and purposes. I feel free to the degree that I believe this to be true, and enslaved to the degree that I am made to realise that it is not.” 1 likes
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