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العالم إرادة وتمثلا

(The World as Will and Representation #1)

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4.18  ·  Rating details ·  7,456 ratings  ·  144 reviews
هذا الكتاب، عمل شوبنهاور الخالد فى تاريخ الفلسفة، يعبر عن فلسفته فى الإرادة باعتبارها جوهر الحياة والوجود؛ فالعالم فى ظاهره هو ما يبدو متمثلاً لنا؛ أى كموضوع لمعرفتنا، وحتى جسمنا يبدو- من جهة ما - موضوعًا من بين موضوعات هذا العالم. ولكننا نعرف أيضًا أننا شىء ما آخر بخلاف ذلك؛ فنحن نعرف أنفسنا فى حقيقتها باعتبارها إرادة؛ فالإرادة هى أصل الحياة والوجود نفسه.
ebook, 293 pages
Published 2006 by المركز القومي للترجمة (first published 1818)
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Ken Hi Weiqing,

I am actually in a similar position as you. From what others have told me, I think WWR is quite easy to read, even without prior knowledge…more
Hi Weiqing,

I am actually in a similar position as you. From what others have told me, I think WWR is quite easy to read, even without prior knowledge of Kant's ideas. However, having read Kant first, you will find WWR more rewarding.

Here is a good reddit post with a better explanation: https://www.reddit.com/r/askphilosoph...

I am currently reading "Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics" and "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals". I believe these are the most accessible of Kant's works, and every other book seems too difficult for a beginner. Both books are around 100 pages each and are quite easy to get through.

If you are planning to read Prolegomena though, I would suggest first reading David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, which Prolegomena is written in response to. Enquiry is also around 100 pages and is very easy to get through.

Anyway, not sure if I have fully answered your question, but hopefully this is helpful to you.

Good luck!

(p.s. nice reading list you have!)(less)
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Mark Flores
Nov 17, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
Two years ago, while reading a philosophy textbook, I’ve learned that for German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz, our world is “the best of all possible worlds.” This is because God, who is good and omnipotent, chose to create our world of all the possible worlds. But contrary to that, the textbook pointed out, another German philosopher will say one hundred years later that our world is instead “the worst of all possible worlds.” I found that funny then, being young and innocent, and somewhat a b ...more
Zahra Taher
طوال قراءتي لكتاب شوبنهاور هذا كانت تراود ذهني جملة مصطفى صادق الرافعي: إن دقة الفهم للحياة يفسدها
وما يفعله شوبنهاور هو السعي إلى فهم الحياة و نقل هذا الفهم إلى البشرية، ولا يمكن لمن يقرأ كتابه الأشهر هذا إلا أن يشعر أنه أمام إنسان ذو بصيرة وعقل راجح، وبالرغم من وسمه بفيلسوف التشاؤم إلا أن قراءته بدقة تجعل تسمية أخرى هي الأجدر به فهو "فيلسوف الحياة" ولعل كل ذلك الحديث عن تشاؤمه ما هو إلا نتيجة لحرصه على كشف أسباب الشقاء في حياة البشر و تبصرتهم بها، مَن يريد أن يعرفها على أية حال؟ لكنه لا يفعل ذل
...more
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
بی نظیر ... بی نظیر و باز هم بی نظیر
اگر از خوندن کلمات خسته کننده و غلمبه فلاسفه خسته شدید.. برای درک بهتر فلسفه و اخلاق، من شوپنهاور رو پیشنهاد میکنم. از دیدگاه من، شوپنهاور بزرگترین فیلسوفی بود که در حقش کم لطفی شد.شاید توجه زیادی به هگل یکی از دلایل باشه.. نمیدونم
Abdulla Awachi
Feb 15, 2016 rated it it was amazing
أنهيت بعد طول التأمل و الوقفات العديدة المجلد الأول من كتاب الفيلسوف الألماني الرائع آرتور شوبنهاور " العالم إرادةً و تمثلاً" و ينقسم الكتاب لمجلدين رئيسين ، يستعرض في المجلد الأول فكرة العالم تمثلاً ثم في الثاني العالم إرادة.


في العالم تمثلاً ، يستهل شوبنهاور كتابه بالتنويه على ضرورة أن يلم القارىء بالفلسفة الكانتية التي وضعها الفيلسوف كانت في ثلاث كتب رئيسية و هي " نقد العقل المحض" الذي يعتبر العمل الرئيس لكانت ثم " نقد العقل العملي" و أتبعهما ب"نقد ملكة الحكم" ، و بعد هذ التنويه و الاشارة لهذه
...more
Tom Campbell
Jan 31, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Anyone interested in human nature.
Recommended to Tom by: An undergrad philosophy professor
It is fair to suggest that Schopenhauer recorded the first and still unsurpassed critigue of human nature. A hundred years ago, he was vastly influential. Joseph Conrad, Thomas Mann, Leo Tolstoy, Nietzsche and Freud had read him extensively. Today he is scarcely read because few modern thinkers realize the importance of his recorded thoughts. Schopenhauer maintained that we humans are at one with other animals in our inner-most essence. Some of us may think that we are separated as distinct indi ...more
Saeed
Jan 29, 2018 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
تلخ مثل شوپنهاور

کتاب اول جهان چون تصور و اراده از چهار دفتر تشکیل شده که دفتر چهارمش خیلی خوب بود (در دفتر چهار شوپنهاور مثل رندی که دنیا را سال ها دریده است سخن می گوید از نقاب رنگارنگ دنیا پرده بر میدارد) این دفتر دیدگاه حکیمانه ی نویسنده به زندگی رو نشون میده ولی سه دفتر اول کتاب یه سری مقدمات از هرچیزی رو گفته که پیشنیازدرک آن ها در جای جای کتاب، کتاب دیگر نویسنده به نام

On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason

می باشد که نویسنده مثل ریگ خواننده رو به سمت خوانندن این اثر پرت
...more
Ameera H.  Al-mousa
Nov 02, 2013 rated it liked it
أجد لذة في قراءة نصوص شوبنهاور ذات الطابع الفلسفي الأدبي ، وخلاصة محتوى هذا الكتاب في كون العالم تتمثل في ذات الإنسان ، الذات التى يتمثل لها العالم بدراية سابقة .
Zac
Jan 26, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: those who love philosophy
Shelves: philosophy
Schopenhauer rocks my world! This book blew me away. Its so good, I'm going to read it all again. Schopenhauer starts with Kantian notions of our limits of reason (that the in-itself of objects is unknown to us), mixes in some eastern philosophy, and finally tops it off with some platonic idealism. Unlike Kant, Schopenhauer thinks we have access to the "in-itself" of the world. This in-itself is the will, the blind striving behind everything.

The best parts of this volume, however, are when he co
...more
Ilias
Mar 09, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Whenever you feel happy and think the world is all rainbows and unicorns, I suggest reading something from Arthur Schopenhauer to get a reality p*mp slap. While you are at it, I suggest doing it with a reader's guide.
Michael
“Truth is no harlot who throws her arms round the neck of him who does not desire her; on the contrary, she is so coy a beauty that even the man who sacrifices everything to her can still not be certain of her favours.”

Tucked inside these wise, few lines is the sine qua non of any pursuit in this world: The necessity of absolute devotion; and the humility that even such allegiance does not entitle one to any recompense whatsoever. History shows that even the most powerful minds are undermined by
...more
C. Quabela
To begin, I’ve never been a big fan of Kant. The way in which he subordinates thought to universals and imperatives has always come off as repugnant to me. Nevertheless his fundamental of the phenomenal and noumenal have struck me as just right. I could never really reconcile my aversion to him though. Schopenhauer’s critique of Kant, for this reason, I found as liberating. Schopenhauer does away with all that which I had found objectionable in such an elegant and compelling manner, his accusati ...more
Bettie☯
May 04, 2013 marked it as onhold  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Bettie☯ by: Buddenbrooks by Thomas Mann
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/38427

Translated From The German By R. B. Haldane, M.A. and J. Kemp, M.A.

Opening: “The world is my idea:”—this is a truth which holds good for everything that lives and knows, though man alone can bring it into reflective and abstract consciousness. If he really does this, he has attained to philosophical wisdom. It then becomes clear and certain to him that what he knows is not a sun and an earth, but only an eye that sees a sun, a hand that feels an earth; that
...more
Prash
Dec 02, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
a book to be digested. in the preface the author "boasts" that he couldn't convey his solitary idea in fewer words. i was forever looking for a superfluous word or sentence while reading the book to point out . could find none so far. the style is beautiful and majestic. he is a seer. for example he repudiates the concept of an "ether" almost a century before it was actually disproved by the michelson-morley experiment. he also tells of the impossibility of a "theory of everything" to which we s ...more
Jesse
Dec 21, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The thesis of Schopenhauer's doctoral dissertation concerned the four aspects, discovered by him, of which only two are very certain, the physical and the moral, of the principle of sufficient reason - nihil est sine ratione cur potius sit quam non sit. The general nature of this principle, and indeed its fundamental quality for all thought, renders it easy to misinterpret, so that grounds and consequences have been almost constantly confused in the history of philosophy with causes and effects, ...more
Peter Mcloughlin
Schopenhauer is probably the best writers of German romanticism and post Kantian philosophy. Even in translation into English the text is not at all hard to follow unlike say Hegel or even Kant himself. He takes the idea of Kant's that we are not directly in touch with reality out there (the thing in itself) but the representations of itself. Schopenhauer calls this thing in itself of reality (Kant's Nuomena) the will and all of its many forms represented in our minds (Kant's Phenomena) as the w ...more
Gary  Beauregard Bottomley
Schopenhauer is wrong when he says this is a difficult book, that it needs to be read twice, or it's necessary to have had read Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason" in order to follow his arguments. The author writes such that if you don't understand what he's saying just wait awhile and he'll explain it to you later on in another section of the Volume. When I read books like this, I long for today's writers to be as entertaining, informative, and as challenging to my current beliefs as this book is ...more
Clint
Apr 19, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Schopenauer kind of epitomizes my favorite kind of philospher, the guy who does what he does more out of a desire to know and understand than for anything else. Sure he's a crotchety old bastard who insults people he doesn't agree with, and his hero-worship of Kant is only acceptable because of the way he later flays the shit out of Kant's categories, but underneath everything like that there really seems to be an honest will to understand existence. There are some problems, I thought, such as s ...more
Shannon McCue
Jun 01, 2007 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
i'm interested in schopenhauer.


i don't buy everything (that would be scary) but... i like it.

sorry i'm so inarticulate
Michael Kress
To date I have read many works on philosophy (although I have yet to read Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason), so I have some reference points to the comparative greatness of this volume. If you are interested in metaphysics, this is the book for you. Arthur Schopenhauer had an encyclopedic knowledge on this topic and The World as Will and Representation, Volume 1 leaves no stone unturned. The scope of this volume is enormous. After reading only a small portion of it, I had gained so much knowledge ...more
Scott Gates
As the young philosopher below concisely put it, you can think of Schop’s will as Kant’s noumena and his representation as Kant’s phenomena. Will and representation has analogues in Plato as well, the former being what is, the latter being what we see. So Schop places himself in the long line of canonical metaphysicians. As usual with philosophy, it’s okay if you miss one of his points because he’ll repeat the exact same idea at least fifteen more times (along with prolix, meandering examples). ...more
Marius
Mai ţineţi minte filmul The Matrix în care Morpheus îi oferă lui Neo şansa alegerii dintre adevăr şi iluzie? Ei bine, acelaşi lucru îl face şi Schopenhauer.

Mi-aş fi dorit să nu aleg pilula albastră a adevărului. Viaţa mea era mai simplă: „cel ce îşi înmulţeşte ştiinţa îşi sporeşte suferinţa” zice Ecleziastul.

Schopenhauer este un maestru al vorbelor: îţi modifică în aşa fel percepţia asupra realităţii(?) (îţi ridică de pe ochi vălul Mayei, al iluziei cum zice el) încât nu mai poţi fi inocent vreo
...more
Yassine Bhs
Jun 27, 2015 rated it really liked it
الجزء المتعلق بالارادة هو المثير في فلسفة شوبنهاور ، فهو أولا لا يشير بالارادة للمفهوم العمومي لها، الارادة التي تكلم عنها شوبنهاور هي المرتبطة بجميع أنواع الكائنات في الحياة أي الاندفاع غير العاقل و الأعمى نحو الحياة والتدافع نحو الوجود و "الابقاء على النوع" كما يتجلي ذلك في غزارة انتاج البذور و في الغريزة الجنسية و يصل الأمر الى حد تفضيل الابن على الذات كما تبينه رابطة الأمومة عند بعض الكائنات و الأنواع الحيوانية وهو ما يؤكد أن الأولوية في الغاية هي حفظ النوع حتى ولو على حساب الفرد
و يرى شوبنها
...more
William Marsolek
I read the first three sections right as spring started. By the time I finished the fourth--it snowed again. The book is laid out like this--what one person called a symphony with four movements. At first, it was difficult to take him seriously. I figured his character was too impatient to give a full picture of Kant so lazily was content to reduce the 12 categories down to the principle of sufficient reason. I was ready to cast him aside to a dusty corner on my bookshelf as a poor interpreter o ...more
ehk2
This is one of the greatest books of I've read, if not the greatest. I loved every second spent on its each and every page. It's eloquently written, it's accessible but needs effort (a background and familiarity with Kant's theories, especially to delve into the appendix in which Schopenhauer presents his detailed criticisms against Kant).

Reading Schopenhauer is like listening to the wisest person in history. But that is not surely refreshing. In line with his theory, he does not present rules,
...more
InYourFaceNewYorker
Very tedious at the beginning (but I suppose that's simply the nature of philosophy)-- it took me five minutes to read each page-- but it gets much more interesting in the third and fourth parts, especially the fourth part. Like anything written this long ago, some of it is mental masturbation. However, it is still an interesting read and Schopenhauer's thoughts on death were fascinating. Some parts of this book foreshadow evolutionary psychology... and Schopenhauer lived before Darwin! I didn't ...more
Andrew
I read a few Schopenhauer essays and aphorisms in college. I remember vaguely admiring them.

The World as Will and Representation is a different beast. A behemoth it took me two weeks to fight my way through, through his (inconsistent but interesting) epistemology, his (nowadays silly-seeming, but still interesting as a historical note) metaphysics, his (ever so romantic, but sadly dated) aesthetics, and his (little bitch) ethics. A challenging philosopher, a necessary bridge to Nietzsche, Heideg
...more
Shalan al shammary
Oct 30, 2013 rated it it was amazing
هنا فيلسوف محترف يكتب بشكل منهجي
هناك بعض النقاط تحتاج لمزيد من الوضوح
لم اجد للتشاؤم اثر بين
بانتظار الحصول على الجزء الثاني حتى تتضح الصورة
ايضا لفتني انه لم يتطرق كثيرا لديكارت،رغم انه انطلق من نفس المنطق
حتى انه تحدث عن مالبرانش اكثر
Christian
Amazing. I loved the parts about the subjective nature of reality, art, and the relationship between love and suffering.
Lance
May 21, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
The most underrated philosopher in the West. His ability to unfold his one thought across many pages is amazing, which culminates in a kind of defense for mysticism . . . truly a rarity in his time.
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  • The Philosophy of Schopenhauer
  • Untimely Meditations
  • On Certainty
  • German Ideology
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
  • Naming and Necessity
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • Matter and Memory
  • Word and Object
  • Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist
  • Critique of Judgment
  • Philosophical Essays
  • The Sickness Unto Death: A Christian Psychological Exposition for Upbuilding and Awakening
  • Basic Writings: Ten Key Essays, plus the Introduction to Being and Time
  • Phenomenology of Perception
  • Nietzsche and Philosophy
  • Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit
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Arthur Schopenhauer was born in the city of Danzig (then part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; present day Gdańsk, Poland) and was a German philosopher best known for his work The World as Will and Representation. Schopenhauer attempted to make his career as an academic by correcting and expanding Immanuel Kant's philosophy concerning the way in which we experience the world.

He was the son o
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Other books in the series

The World as Will and Representation (2 books)
  • The World as Will and Representation, Vol 2
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