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Vprašanje krivde

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really liked it 4.00  ·  Rating details ·  281 ratings  ·  32 reviews
Knjižica z naslovom Vprašanje krivde, ki je nastala na podlagi predavanj na temo krivde in je izšla že leta 1946, je v bistvu etični traktat. Jaspers v njej poudarja, da vprašanje krivde nikakor ni najprej pomembno zaradi drugih; sploh ne gre za krivdo, ki jo poražencem pripisujejo zmagovalci, kajti ta krivda, ki nedvomno je, je najprej politična z vsemi posledicami za ...more
Paperback, 1. izdaja, 122 pages
Published April 2012 by Kulturno-umetniško društvo Police Dubove (first published 1946)
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Jon Nakapalau
Karl Jaspers examines the question of German guilt associated with the rise of Nazism. He distinguishes 4 types of 'guilt' - criminal, moral, metaphysical and political. This is one of the most honest attempts I have ever read dealing with this important issue.
Mojtaba
Feb 09, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
از ماست كه بر ماست

"تقریباً کل مردم جهان پس از جنگ جهانی دوم آلمان و مردم آلمان را مقصر قلمداد میکردند و عدهای به جهت این تقصیر خواهان مجازات آلمانیها بودند. به عنوان مثال در تابستان سال ۱۹۴۵ در تمامی شهرها و روستاها بر پوسترهایی تصاویر و اردوگاه کار اجباری با جملهی سرنوشتساز "تقصیر شما بود" انتشار یافت."

ياسپرس روانپزشک و فیلسوف اگزیستانسیالیست آلمانی در اين كتاب ميگه نازيسم در نهايت چيزي جز باطن خود آلماني ها نبود. او ادعا مي كنه در سهم تقصير شكل گيري حكومت نازيها همه آلمانيها اعم از يهودي و
...more
Sarvenaz Taridashti
در قبال شوربختی دیگران خود را به کوری زدنفاقد احساس و عاطفه بودن و بی تفاوتی درونی نسبت به مصیبتی که رخ دادهچیزی نیست جز تقصیر اخلاقی
...more
نیلوفر رحمانیان
آیا آلمانیها در قبال جنایتها آلمان نازی مقصرند اساسا وقتی از حکومتهای فاجعهآفرین حرف میزنیم تا چه حد احساس تقصیر و مسئولیت را متوجه مردماناش میدانیم آیا وقتی پاسخ اعتراض مردم در همچو جامعهای گلوله است میبایست آنها که ساکت ماندند را مقصر تلقی کرد آیا آنها که در موقعیتهای بحران جلای وطن میکنند مقصرند وقتی از فراموش نکردن جنایات حرف میزنیم منظورمان به دوش کشیدن غمی ابدی است یا سعی در جبرانِ تقصیر

یاسپرس در این کتاب در پاسخ به این سوالات کوشیده. کوششاش را هم با تقسیم تقصیر به چهار نوع شروع میکند
...more
Ryan
Aug 01, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In this book, a German professor speaks to German university students about guilt just after the Second World War had ended. The book is condensed from his lectures. There is some mention of the Holocaust, but it is not as central as I would have expected. To some extent, the question of this book is more "how are we still doing this -- going to class, listening to professors, being a nation?" and the answer seems to be through an exploration of guilt, which Jaspers breaks into four types: ...more
Antônio Xerxenesky
Que lucidez extrema, que capacidade de ponderar enquanto a história está acontecendo.
David
May 14, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-2011
I found this timely and moving, though it was written in 1945. Jaspers explores the various internal responses that Germans had available to them in the aftermath of WW2.

What's timely and valuable to read now, as an American, is to see how powerful it is to reflect upon the actions of your country. The USA has worked itself into a position where it is utterly incapable of learning from its past. This is because the myth of American Exceptionalism must be preserved, and thus the US has never made
...more
David Gross
Jaspers tries to pin down what sorts of guilt can attach to people and peoples, and what the appropriate responses are using the experience of the German people during the Nazi regime as his example.

There is an element of I am the professor, Im in the front of the room, I have a theoretical edifice, you listen and write it all down good about all of this. Jaspers doesnt really argue his position so much as he declares it, leaving it to stand or fall on how much it matches your own intuition.

I
...more
Amir
Mar 01, 2016 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
بواسطۀ ریویوی جدیدی که روی کتاب نوشته شده بود دیدم که فقط دو ستاره به آن دادهام. خیلی متعجب شدم. چون زیر سطرهای زیادی از این کتاب خط کشیدهام تا به حال چند بار به آن روجوع کردهام و اتفاقاً نامۀ سرگشادهام به دکتر طباطبایی را هم با سطری از همین کتاب به پایان بردم. خواندنش را هم به دوستان مختلفی توضیه کردهام. خلاصه اینکه ارزشگذاریام بر کتاب در واقع فاقد هر گونه ارزش است! ...more
Kuszma
Oct 29, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Etikatörténeti szempontból lenyűgöző és (remélhetőleg) megismételhetetlen pillanat lehetett, amikor Jaspers 46 januárjában a heidelbergi egyetemen fellépett a katedrára, hogy filozófiai értelemben megvizsgálja a német bűnösség kérdését. Talán az első ilyen irányú törekvés volt elképesztő ez a felelősség, nem is csoda, hogy nem tudott tökéletesen megfelelni neki. (Persze egy ilyen feladatba alighanem mindenkinek beletört volna a bicskája.) Jaspers kezdésnek elkülönít négy bűnfogalmat: ...more
Sarah Scheuer
Feb 24, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In the context of post-WWII denazification in Germany, and in light of the Nuremberg trials, Jaspers attempts to objectively understand an essential question - "Are the German people guilty?" - guilty for following military orders and federal law? guilty for allowing a Nazi political takeover? guilty for standing by and watching the systematic extermination of the Jewish people?

He does so through the creation of a four-part philosophical framework of guilt that explores what it means to be held
...more
Gal gilboa
Dec 29, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Although many years have passed Since Karl Jaspers wrote his book on The question of German guilt. The question on the responsibility of the civilians for their government acts (Whether the Government was elected in a democratic manner or not) is still applies today.
In an era where countries still deny their responsibilities for genocide (such as Turkey). In an era where Governments violently suppress their civilians (such as Libya, Syria), the question of personal responsibility Remains
...more
Nikolina Matijevic
Did you ever feel guilty because you belong to a group of people? Then this is a book for you...
Daniel Benevides
Fascinante. Ao analisar a culpa do povo alemão sob o nazismo, Jaspers vai além, e dá um testemunho lúcido de fé na humanidade.
Renxiang Liu
Feb 14, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This small book is obviously an occasional work, prompted by the uneasy relationship between Germans and the rest of the world after the War. Competing voices were present at that time: on the one hand, the pervasive charge on the Germans' being "guilty", as a people, for the war crimes and the holocaust by the Third Reich; on the other hand, the lamentation on the Germans' part about their sufferings after the war and the great burden on their lives. Jaspers wanted to address both, but to avoid ...more
Joseph Sverker
This book was most certainly interesting and often insightful, but I might not find it profound. Jaspers, according to the introduction by JW Koterski, came out of WWII with not guilt in association with the Nazi party and as such maybe he could have avoided the question of guilt, or taken some high road and blame for example Heidegger for his association with the Nazi party. However, Jaspers delineates four different types of guilt, criminal guilt, political guilt, moral guilt and metaphysical ...more
Emily Rosewater
"Плюралистичность" истины. К такому заключению пришли сегодня (вчера - прим. ред) на проведённом (в качестве глупого практиканта) семинарском занятии - предмет эпистемологии; темой служили "Теории истины".
Едва ли нам удалось коснуться чего-либо, кроме прагматического подхода (два человека большую часть занятия поддерживают относительный диалог (по крайне мере, слушают один другого, не вслушиваясь - что есть положительным значением) - третий оказывается неподготовленным, но высказывает куда-более
...more
Mostafa
Dec 23, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

سلسلهسخنراییهایی در باب وضعیت فکری #آلمان ترم زمستانی ۴۶-۱۹۴۵ بلافاصله پس از پایان #جنگ_جهانی_دوم.
بعدها #یاسپرس در نامهای به #هایدگر گله میکند تنها تعداد معدودی از آلمانیها کتاب او را خواندهاند و به نظر میرسد جامعهی آلمان هنوز برای طرح چنین مباحثی آماده نیست. این درحالی است که جامعهی جهانی در آن سالها آلمان و آلمانیها را به خاطر فجایع جنگ دوم مقصر میداند. #کارل_یاسپرس در #مسئلهی_تقصیر با لزوم سخن گفتن با یکدیگر و به رسمیت شناختن تفاوتهای دیگران بحث را آغاز میکند. سپس در بخش اول به صورتبندی انواع
...more
Eva
May 25, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I had to pick up a book for my philosophy class at university and chose this one, because it was a thin book (I got to be honest here) and also because it covered a theme I was quite interested in.

I've been reading about the WW2 a lot, but mostly the memoirs of survivors from different countries, different nationalities, Jews, Gipsies, communists, local farmes. But I never thought of the things ordinary Germans had to go through after the war was lost.
Jaspers deals with the guilt, which he
...more
Chris
Jun 25, 2009 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2011
I don't have the right adjective to describe this book: it wasn't "amazing" or "awe-inspiring" or "fascinating", but it was a damn interesting book which gave a great deal of insight into the human soul, particularly regarding the guilt of the holocaust. However, I felt that many of his words about guilt, particularly moral and metaphysical guilt, could be applied to everyday life and current world catastrophes very easily. I'm really not a philosopher, and there was a lot in the book which was ...more
Simone
Mar 07, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The most important aspect of the book not pinning down political guilt on Germans but the transformation of political guilt into moral guilt, therefore, a concern for all individuals are collectively accused.
Julie
Oct 16, 2010 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2016, favorites
This was an incredible book.
Samire
Sep 15, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is one of the book that influenced a lot in my way of perception guilt in generally seance. Loved it.
José Carlos
Mar 20, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Excelent!
Leonardo
Jan 18, 2019 marked it as to-keep-reference  ·  review of another edition
Los escritores y pensadores alemanes se mostraban lógicamente obsesionados por dilemas peculiarmente alemanes. Resulta significativo que Karl Jaspers, la única figura eminente del mundo intelectual prenazi que tomó parte en los debates posteriores a 1945, sea principalmente conocido por una singular aportación al debate interno alemán: su ensayo de 1946 sobre La cuestión de la culpa alemana.

Posguerra Pág.265
Maurizio Manco
Oct 03, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"La colpa metafisica consiste nel venir meno a quellassoluta solidarietà con luomo in quanto uomo. È una pretesa incancellabile, anche quando le esigenze ragionevoli della morale sono già cessate. Questa solidarietà viene lesa quando io mi trovo a essere presente là dove si commettono ingiustizie e delitti. Non basta che io metta a rischio con ogni cautela la mia vita per impedirli. Una volta che quel male ha avuto luogo e io mi sono trovato presente e sopravvivo, dove un altro viene ucciso, in ...more
Ricardo Malheiros
Aug 04, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Pequeno livro mas contundente análise sobre a culpa após o nazismo, ao definir e classificar o conceito. Mas acima de tudo traça um panorama de como era a sociedade nazista antes de seus crimes serem revelados, como gradativamente o regime eleito se tornou totalitário e como a sociedade era cooptada pelo nazismo. A lição serve os tempos atuais em especial sobre o risco crescente do fascismo.
Bahtiyar Bayrak
Nov 15, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Şilan Becerman
Jan 17, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Suçluluk Sorunu, daha önce bir filmde (The Reader) karşılaştığım bir kitaptı. Okuması gerçekten zevkli oldu. Özellikle hep tartışılan bir etik sorun, İkinci Dünya Savaşı'ndan sonraki Almanya'nın sorumluluğu açısından pek çok soruya cevap niteliğinde.
Rodolfo Borges
Mar 18, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Impressionante que tenha sido escrito em 1945. Ajuda a entender o que o nazismo (ou o nacional-socialismo) significou para os alemães.
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Jaspers was born in Oldenburg in 1883 to a mother from a local farming community, and a jurist father. He showed an early interest in philosophy, but his father's experience with the legal system undoubtedly influenced his decision to study law at university. It soon became clear that Jaspers did not particularly enjoy law, and he switched to studying medicine in 1902.

Jaspers graduated from
...more

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“Metaphysical guilt is the lack of absolute solidarity with the human being as such--an indelible claim beyond morally meaningful duty. This solidarity is violated by my presence at a wrong or a crime. It is not enough that I cautiously risk my life to prevent it; if it happens, and I was there, and if I survive where the other is killed, I know from a voice within myself: I am guilty of being still alive.” 13 likes
“That in fact all the people pay for all the acts of their government… is a mere empirical fact; that they know themselves liable is the first indication of their dawning political liberty. It is to the extent of the existence and recognition of this knowledge that freedom is real, not a mere outward claim put forth by unfree men.

The inner political unfreedom has the opposite feeling. It obeys on the one hand, and feels not guilty on the other. The feeling of guilt, which makes us accept liability, is the beginning of the inner upheaval which seeks to realize political liberty.”
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