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The Ethics

4.03  ·  Rating details ·  11,448 ratings  ·  338 reviews
A profoundly beautiful and uniquely insightful description of the universe, Benedict de Spinoza's Ethics is one of the masterpieces of Enlightenment-era philosophy.

Published shortly after his death, the Ethics is undoubtedly Spinoza's greatest work - an elegant, fully cohesive cosmology derived from first principles, providing a coherent picture of reality, and a guide to
Hardcover, 208 pages
Published February 1st 2002 by (first published 1677)
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Yvonne, I.M.M.Weekers Yvonne Weekers
Zie:' Kramers vertaalproblemen': In een beschouwing over het vertalen van Spinoza's geschriften pleit W.A. Kramers voor een religieus…more
Yvonne Weekers
Zie:' Kramers vertaalproblemen': In een beschouwing over het vertalen van Spinoza's geschriften pleit W.A. Kramers voor een religieus gerichte interpretatie van het spinozisme. Hij verzet zich tegen de door hem als positivistisch en rationalistisch gedisqalificeerde weergave van het begrip extensio met' uitgebreidheid'!
Zie ook:
George Steiner@1992, After Babel: aspects of language and translation, second ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press(less)
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4.03  · 
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 ·  11,448 ratings  ·  338 reviews

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Baruch you beautiful magnificent bastard. Within these two hundred dense pages of Euclidean geometric proofs axioms and postulates you manage to construct an ethical system , upend the traditional conception of monotheistic G-dd, and instead make him synonymous with the Laws of Nature. This is the best last expression of scholastic theology, and one of the most influential and astonishing philsophers of ever. It is a system which is both beautiful in its logic and yet kind and sympathetic in its ...more
Esteban del Mal
If rationality is defined as the capacity to solve problems, anticipate consequences and understand causes of events, one would be hard pressed to find its more complete realization than in the philosophy of Benedict Spinoza. Indeed, in his masterwork, Ethics, Spinoza set out to prove certain theorems which are to be deduced from axioms in the manner of Euclidean geometry. Whether or not he was successful in this endeavor has been a matter for over three intervening centuries of scholarship and ...more
3 1/2 stars.

Spinoza’s classic is contained in a book I have called The Rationalists. Also included are Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations; and Leibniz’s Monadology and Discourse on Metaphysics.

Historical context(view spoiler)
Camille Stein
Sep 10, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Resultado de imagen de ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata

Cualquier cosa puede ser, por accidente, causa de esperanza o de miedo.


Hombres distintos pueden ser afectados de distintas maneras por un solo y mismo objeto, y un solo y mismo hombre puede, en tiempos distintos, ser afectado de distintas maneras por un solo y mismo objeto.


Esta afección del alma, o sea, esta imaginación de una cosa singular, en cuanto se encuentra sola en el alma, se llama asombro, y si es provocado por un objeto que tememos, se llama consternación, pues el asombro ante un ma
May 21, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
به طور حتم باید این کتاب رو بیش از یک بار خواند و قطعا در دور اول مطالعهاش نمیشه به برداشت صحیحی از تمام مطالب اون دست یافت به خصوص اگه با پیشینه فلسفی زیادی شروعش نکرد اما با تمامی این موارد کتابی است که میشه بسیار زیاد از اون آموخت و با وجود گذشت سالها از نگارشش، هنوز طراوت خاصی داره که واقعا خواننده رو به وجد میاره.
اسپینوزا در رساله اخلاق با بهرهگیری از شیوهی دکارت و پیروی از پذیرش تنها تصورات واضح و متمایز ، نظام فلسفی خودش رو پیریزی میکنه که در این راه، برخلاف دکارت نه از جز به کل و انسان
Feb 15, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
If I were exiled to a desert island, imprisoned, or otherwise isolated, and there were only book of philosophy I could have to read and re-read for the rest of my life, it would be The Ethics of Spinoza.

Here Spinoza lays out a complete system that encompasses metaphysics, theology, physics, psychology, and ethics. Throughout Spinoza is concerned with what it means to be free, and what sort of beliefs are worthy of a free human being. To be free, he insists, means not to be a slave -- not to any
Feb 17, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition


ثمة كتب حينما تقرأها تحدث بصمة ما في النفس
لا تزحزها اي كتب اخرى بنفس الموضوع
فتحافظ على ثبات صفها في رفوفك,,, ربما لأنها لا زالت تشغلك
ولا زلت على ترابط بها في محاولة لهضمها
ومع هذا الكتاب كانت تحضرني افكار ابن مسكويه في النفس
والرازي ودراز بالارادةو العقل والاخلاق
وتضفي لي التساؤلات والغوص في التأملات والشطحات والشاردات
خرجت بقليل وزدت حيرة في الكثير من مكامن واسرار النفس!
فكل ما نصل اليه من تأملاتنا وسوانح افكارنا ليس له غاية نهائية
الا توجيه الانسان في حياته ومعرفته بنفسه
وربط كل تأمل عقلي بالا
Huda AbuKhoti
Aug 04, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
سبينوزا أبهرني.. لم أكن أتوقع من هذا الكتاب أن يكون مقنعًا لهذه الدرجة، أظن أن المنطقية الهندسية البحتة رفعت من مستوى تقبل المحتوى بصورة عظيمة.. كانت قراءة ممتعة و فريدة من نوعها

عالج الكتاب خمس مواضيع متتابعة و مرتبطة ارتباطًا وثيقًا.. فبدأ بالميتافيزيقيا ثم انتقل إلى معالجة الأخلاق لذلك من الصعب جدًّا فهم المحتوى لفصل من الفصول دون قراءة سابقيه

الفصل الأول يتحدث عن الله و الأمر الذي أثار اندهاشي هو أن الاستنتاجات التي وصل إليها سبينوزا في معظمها توافق الأفكار الإسلامية بصورة عجيبة! فالله لدى سبي
Gary  Beauregard Bottomley
The best way to read this book is to listen to it. If I were to have read it, I would have dwelled excessively on the axioms, definitions and propositions and would have missed the forest for the trees. Don't worry if you don't get the definition as he gives them. You'll be able to pick them up when he uses them latter on. Spinoza is an incredibly good writer. He will tell you what he's going to tell you, tell you and than tell you again. He'll say "in other words" or "take this example" or othe ...more
Alp Turgut
Eleştiri odağında insanların insana özgü sevgi, öfke, kin gibi duyguları yükleyerek insanlaştırdığı Tanrı kavramının bulunduğu "Ethics", Spinoza’nın Tanrı’yı doğayla birleştirerek sunduğu çağının çok ilerisinde bir eser. Tanrı’nın ödüllendiren veya cezalandıran, daha doğrusu dualarımızı dinleyen veya mucizeler yaratan bir kavram olmadığını savunan Spinoza, bilgimizin bu dünyada limitli olduğunu ve Tanrı’yı anlamak için öncelikle olarak doğanın nasıl işlediğini anlamamız ve one göre hayatımızı uy ...more
Don't be cowed by the metaphysical tail-chasing of Books I, II, and V.

The piston-huffing, steampunk clockwork of Axioms, Proofs, Scholia, and Corollaries can pound the reader's nerves like the mechanized hammer in a belfry. Even hardcore Spinozists may differ on how or whether these moving parts all click into place, so don't be miffed if you feel you've wandered into some weird Kabbalah seminar MC'd by a Jewy mathlete poking at his graphing-calculator.

Or perhaps my slow-moving brain simply can'
Joshua Nomen-Mutatio
Here's video footage of a pretty good discussion of a great, frequently glossed over, and far too often underappreciated philosopher who is one of my favorite philosophers of all time:

Spinoza, A Discussion

Steven Nadler is an excellent authority on Spinoza and has written a few books on him. I really like Catherine Wilson as well from this and now have several of her books and articles on my to-read list.

The other guys are sort of annoying and make some rather disagreeable points in my opinion.
أحمد علام
Dec 28, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب عظيم بالفعل , (سبينوزا) أخطر فيلسوف فى تاريخ الفلسفة فى رأيى , ربما لذلك كان يدعو (هيجل) طلاب الفلسفة أن يكونوا فى بدايتهم (سبينوزيين) على حد تعبيره

والحق أن الكلام عن (سبينوزا) _من جهتى_ بعد كل المؤلفات التى عالجت فلسفته يعد بلا قيمه , بل يعد آية من آيات الغرور الساذج , لكن مالفت الانتباه هنا موقف الإخوة الذين يقارنون بين رؤية (سبينوزا) , ورؤية الإسلام لفكرة (الله) زاعمين التوافق بين الرؤيتين

ربما لأنهم لم يتعمقوا فى فكر الرجل , فغرتهم ألفاظ بعينها , تشبه فى الظاهر مالديهم من تراث , لكنها
Perhaps it is the sentimentality that arose in me because of the circumstances under which I read the book that leads me to rate it five stars. There was something about reading this close to the window, with snow slowly trickling down from the pitch black sky, and the fireplace burning, and always at least 10 clementines by my side to be devoured while I read, that just made it so enjoyable. I don’t wish to make a detailed and big review here (there are other, better ones elsewhere, written by ...more
Jun 02, 2010 marked it as perhaps-i-will-read-hard-to-say  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own
Appears to be written in some kind of code.
Can I jump farther and state that Spinoza may have killed God even before Nietzsche. I mean, forget the axioms and propositions. The idea of a God, in all human religions is very much contradictory and tricky, you want God to be superior, different, and 'unlike anything else' as is mentioned in the Koran. Yet at the same time, you attribute humane characteristics to this same God. Most importantly, is that he watches, guards, loves and hates every one of us. Well, Spinoza ingeniously took this i ...more
Mar 17, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Read this book for two reasons: Spinoza is mentioned in all my philosophy introduction comics I have and George Eliot was a follower of Spinoza (I'll get to that later).

First off, this book might look like a quick read due to it's page numbers, but it's actually a difficult read. Not only is it written in a way that's pleasing to my eyes at times, it's heavy in subject matter. It's mostly about his views on religion, more pin-pointing to a God, however there is some math and psychology elements
Mohammad Ali
من از این کتاب همه ی قضایا، برخی از براهین قضایا و تقریبا همه ی ذیل ها و توضیح های آغاز و پایان فصل ها را خوانده ام.

من خوانندگان رو توجه می دم به طور خاص به قسمت های مربوط به نفس و عواطف و غلبه ی عقل. برای من بخش های مربوط به تک جوهری بودن آنقدر اهمیت ندارد که بخش های دیگر. اما عموما اسپینوزا تنها به آن بخش اول شناخته می شود. هر چه به پایان کتاب که قسمت مهم تر آن - از حیث تقرب به غایت اخلاقی اسپینوزا - است نزدیک می شویم اهمیت نیروی درونی صیانت از ذات - یا کوناتوس - هویداتر می شود. در پی همین مفه
Jon(athan) Nakapalau
Another book that I am sure I was not able to fully understand; but - "Nothing exists from whose nature some effect does not follow." Taken from that perspective I am glad to have encountered the writings of this great philosopher.
Aasem Bakhshi
No matter which intellectual/religious background you come from, its one text that has the power to change your conception of cosmos. Its hard to decide what is more awe-inspiring: Spinoza's God or his Man and that is perhaps the ultimate success of his supreme and elegant egoism.
Jun 04, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
It was...beautiful. Just beautiful.
I'd never read something as delightfully coherent and well structured as this strange little work. The format, if a little dry, was perfect for what it was trying to achieve: creating an entire system of thought based on independently conceived concepts, and their clearly defined relations. Wikipedia tells me that the format is called "Geometric", and that it is modeled after Euclid's "Elements", but that's just a description of the arrangement of the arguments
Czarny Pies
Aug 15, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: No one. It is blasphemous.
Shelves: philosophy, religion
I decided to read this book after having read Isaac Bashevis Singer's novel "The Family Moskat" in which the protagonist cites it as justification for his contention that God was to blame for the Nazi Endlosung. It is in fact to see how Spinoza's Ethics could be used to arrive at such a conclusion. Unfortunately, having never taken a philosophy course while at university, I was unable to understand the section in which Spinoza specifically argues that his system cannot be used to argue that God ...more
William Schram
Mar 31, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics, philosophy
I really enjoyed this book. Spinoza uses a distinct style to enumerate all of his proofs of the nature of reality. Starting like Euclid with a few definitions and axioms, Spinoza expands upon these with well reasoned arguments to determine many things.

The book is split into five major parts. The first part talks about the existence of a being called God that is perfect and infinite and takes no part in human affairs. The second part is concerned with the human mind and it's limitations. The thir
Cassandra Kay Silva
This book was incredibly surprising. I had heard a bit about Spinoza and perhaps had a very wrong view of his outlook/philosophy due to some lets just say pre conceived notions. Spinoza's God is amazing. If I had to choose a form of god to believe in it would be this. His point by point approach, and linking of each axiom was absolutely candy to my brain. I loved his approach and found it so clean cut. A god that had been stripped of its human tenancies, a god of nature, a god defined. Finally! ...more
Sean Blake
I haven't even finished this yet, but this book is special. I believe in Spinoza's God.
Farah Al-Shuhail
Apr 03, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
الفكرة الرئيسية للكتاب هي برهنة اتصال الجزء بالكل أو ما قد يشير إليه سبينوزا بـ"الجوهر" ويعني بذلك الله, واتخذ الكاتب اسلوب التسلسل المنطقي طريقاً له في اثبات ذلك.

في الباب الأول ركز سبينوزا على اثبات وجود إله متبعاً نهج علماء الهندسة, فهو يستعين بالبراهين والنتائج العقليه ويزن الأمور بقسطاس المنطق, والمدهش حقاً انه يقنعك بوجوده دون التطرق - ولو لمره واحدة - إلى الديانات والرسالات والمعجزات والوحي, لذلك اعتبر هذا الباب مناسب للرد على الملحدين كونه منطقي بحت. والجدير بالذكر ان الإله عند سبينوزا ل
Paul Bond
May 12, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: reviewed
I idealized philosophy as the art of progressing from mundane, obvious facts to grand cosmic conclusions, all made unanswerable through the authority of logic. I now see that this is a fantasy of philosophy, though never more alluring than in Spinoza's Ethics. In a relatively small book patterned after Euclid's Elements, Spinoza lays claim to not only deep knowledge of the universe, but certain knowledge. It is difficult to keep from being swept up in Spinoza's audacious project. Here, he proves ...more
Mazdak Paskeh
چاپ انتشارات شفیعی رو هرگز نخونید
Jun 22, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Beautiful enlightenment mumbo jumbo.
Bernardo Kaiser
Probably one of the most challenging books I've ever read in my whole life. I could not complete it, in fact, I could not even pass the first pages if it wasn't for the help of two reading guides, one by Beth Lord from Edimburgh University of Philosophy and other by J. Thomas Cook from Continuum Company, and I'm sure most of it still just went through my head.

I am not in the position of offering any criticism of it. I can only say that the pleasure I've extracted from reading it must be very sim
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Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
His magnum opu
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“Everything excellent is as difficult as it is rare.” 206 likes
“Those who wish to seek out the cause of miracles and to understand the things of nature as philosophers, and not to stare at them in astonishment like fools, are soon considered heretical and impious, and proclaimed as such by those whom the mob adores as the interpreters of nature and the gods. For these men know that, once ignorance is put aside, that wonderment would be taken away, which is the only means by which their authority is preserved.” 135 likes
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