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Quantum Computing Since Democritus

4.15  ·  Rating details ·  788 ratings  ·  70 reviews
Written by noted quantum computing theorist Scott Aaronson, this book takes readers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics. Full of insights, arguments and philosophical perspectives, the book covers an amazing array of topics. Beginning in antiquity with Democritus, it progresses through logic and set theory, computability and c ...more
Paperback, 370 pages
Published March 2013 by Cambridge University Press (first published February 26th 2013)
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Gwern
Apr 07, 2013 rated it really liked it
Moved to gwern.net. ...more
Manuel Antão
Sep 24, 2020 rated it really liked it
Shelves: 2020
If you're into stuff like this, you can read the full review.



Superposition of States: "Quantum Computing Since Democritus" by Scott Aaronson


Faster. That's it. Not magic. Computing and encryption is a race against the ability to crack it or out-compute it. Quantum theory is fake news anyway- the act of you reading (observing) this comment has changed it, oh and it's both a comment and a photo of ABBA at the same time. It may also just vanish into nothingness, or pop into existence from nothing in
...more
Robb Seaton
This reads a bit like, "Hey, I'm Scott Aaronson and here's my perspective on a bunch of topics," which -- don't get me wrong -- is entertaining because Scott has an, uh, impressive intellectual batting average. He's managed to glean a fair bit of insight about the sort of topics that mathematicians would call philosophy and philosophers would call mathematics.

The book suffers from lack of a really cohesive theme, though, which is what we're all chasing, right? Some beautiful, consistent theory t
...more
Jason
Apr 30, 2013 rated it really liked it
"You can't actually build a working computer whose radius is more than 20 billion light years or whatever. It's depressing, but true." -- Scott Aaronson (*)

(* - What causes a sad for Scott Aaronson may differ from most people)

I'm going to likely re-read this one some time later when I find all the bits of cerebellum which squirted out my ears. After finishing this book I had a revelation about my favorite intellectual hobby; Quantum mechanics and computational complexity have a lot of interestin
...more
Alireza
Jun 12, 2015 rated it really liked it
It took me a long time to finish this book, mainly because I had to re-read some chapters several times; and even now I cannot claim I understand nearly 20% of it.

This book is a fascinating bridge between physics, computer science, and philosophy. As a CS student I've been exposed to many of the presented ideas before, but I couldn't comprehend the same material when it was written by Scott. Maybe it was presented at a higher level, or maybe I'm plainly stupid. Now imagine the times when I was
...more
Emily Bragg
Mar 01, 2015 rated it really liked it
I now have a papers-and-books-and-topics reading list that might take a few years to complete. Pretty sure I didn't understand half of the interactive proofs chapter, and my takeaway (as it often is) is that I really need to know more math. One always needs to know more math... ...more
Alex Zakharov
Apr 30, 2020 rated it it was amazing
If you follow quantum computing at all, you are no doubt familiar with Scott Aaronson. He is not a physicist or a hard-core programmer or an engineer - his chief contributions are in the field of computational complexity (theoretical computer science). He runs the premier quantum computing blog (“shtetl optimized”), and it is the variant of his algorithm that Google used to achieve quantum supremacy a few months ago. Aaronson even managed to collaborate with the great Leonard Susskind to tease o ...more
Mingyuan Zhang
Jan 29, 2021 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Good read if you skip over things you don’t understand

There are a lot of concepts discussed in this book. I made the mistake trying to understand every definition and every proof. For the first few chapter, it was really painful. As soon as you are willing to accept some of the things are too hard to understand, and skip those, you will find this a very thought provoking and enjoyable book.
Ben
Dec 04, 2016 rated it did not like it
Shelves: physics
I had a difficult time with this. I don't recommend it unless you are already familiar with quantum mechanics, quantum computing, and complexity theory/more compsci than me. In many cases I felt that I would have preferred reading selected chapters of a straight QC book, some review articles, and Bostrom. Some pretty great sections - his interpretations on Quantum, fantastical arguments - I may go back to it after reading something less sketched out to get his insights. ...more
Martin Brochhaus
I don't think I can rate this, as I am way too stupid to fully understand even a single paragraph in this book.

It's damn funny, though, that's for sure.

But I have no idea who the target audience is. This was a lecture? Students were supposed to digest this? HOW? These students were all Stephen-Hawkings-level geniuses or what?

...more
Victor
Jul 09, 2019 rated it really liked it
I HAVE NOT FINISHED THIS BOOK.

I read up to the quantum section at which point I was only understanding 10% of the material. The parts I did read were fantastic. Aaronson is a joy to read. His enthusiasm for the field is obvious and contagious.

This is a hard book. I read each page at least twice, and many proofs far more than that. The proofs given are short and elegant. Godels incompleteness theorem is proved in a page while it occupies multiple chapters in Godel, Escher, Bach. You need to real
...more
Vlad
May 17, 2020 rated it really liked it
I found Quantum Computing Since Democritus from a reference in chapter 14 ('Quantum and Post-Quantum') in Serious Cryptography: A Practical Introduction to Modern Encryption, which I'd recommend reading if you're interested in a quick high-level treatment of the implications of QC on cryptography. ...more
Darnell
Feb 21, 2019 added it
Shelves: non-fiction
The author begins with self-deprecating jokes about his book having a tiny target audience, and he seems to be right. It assumes you have a deeper math background than I do, isn't particularly accessible, and when I managed to fully grasp sections I didn't find them particularly rewarding. ...more
Vikrant Varma
Nov 30, 2017 rated it it was ok
Aaronson has a breezy and lucid explanation style reminiscent of Feynman, and I found his first few chapters on set theory and basic complexity riveting. I wasn't able to understand 80% of the book though -- he starts off by explaining what numbers are and then very quickly assumes you already know quantum mechanics. I found the qualitative conclusions interesting anyway - a testament to his engaging prose.

Worth reading if you've studied QM, early sections are enjoyable even with undergrad level
...more
Amar Pai
May 06, 2013 rated it liked it
Not casual reading... but seemed worthwhile. I need to come back to this when I have more time and patience. It was too deep for me this time around. Couple of takeaways from skimming:

* quantum physics = what happens when you allow negative probabilities, and use a '2-norm' instead of '1-norm'. using 2-norm, all probabilities for an event = all points at a distance of 1 from origin. probability is an amplitude, can be positive or negative.

* quantum computing != 'try all possibilities at once'. i
...more
Roberto Rigolin F Lopes
Damn, quantum computers may use parallel universes to speed up our calculations. How cool is that? We just need to figure out how to build such computers; we have no idea but the theoretical foundations have been evolving furiously. Even Democritus would be thrilled to know that our knowledge of the universe is setting the boundaries of our computational powers. And Scott does a great job scaring the hell out of us running through the resulting complexity bestiary. Not sure how brave you are, bu ...more
Thomas
Mar 13, 2018 rated it did not like it
I read half this book and realized it is not for me. I am not sure who this book is for, aside from the author.
Caroline
Dec 18, 2020 rated it it was ok
Reading this book consisted of two types of experiences. Either I was reading something I already knew, or I was completely lost.

Okay, that’s not quite true. I learned a few things, like some foundational parts of complexity theory. But overall I found the book poorly written and hard to follow. Early on, I tried looking up all the stuff I didn’t understand on Wikipedia, and I learned a lot that way. (Yeah, the explanations in this book were on average less clear than Wikipedia articles on the t
...more
Andrej
Jan 01, 2019 rated it liked it
Reads like an only lightly edited version of Aaronson's university lectures, with dorky jokes and everything. However, this is not a textbook. Rather than explaining everything, the book leaves (explicitly) a lot of work for the reader. Unfortunately, I didn't have time or inclination to reproduce dozens of mathematical proofs that the book alluded to, without going through them in sufficient detail. If there was a particular teaching goal, I missed it. In my view, the book mostly summarized Aar ...more
Aaron
Jan 10, 2019 rated it liked it
I really enjoyed the sections whose material I had seen before because Aaronson does a great job of connecting ideas in complexity theory, physics, and philosophy. However, I found it quite difficult to try to understand ideas I had never seen before. I'm looking forward to returning to these sections after reading more formal introductions to their subjects, such as interactive proofs. Overall, though, it should be made clear that this text is more loose lecture notes than a pedagogical introdu ...more
Gaetano Venezia
Given I'm not a full member of Aaronson's intended audience, I find it difficult to review the whole book—my knowledge of mathematics, physics, and computer science simply isn't extensive enough. However, his gloss on subjects I do understand were sometimes awkward and unintuitive. For example, I think Douglas Hofstadter's explanations of complexity, cognition, and Gödel's work are far superior.

Regardless of my difficulties with the book, it was enjoyable to look through and did offer some inter
...more
Nikoli
Feb 25, 2017 rated it really liked it
This lies in an awkward sort of middle-ground between popular science books and a textbook, though I don't mean to imply that this is a bad thing. It's far too technical to be a pop-sci book, but perhaps not quite rigorous and focused enough to be a textbook. The large, broad coverage and emphasis on gaining more of an intuitive understanding of why certain things are the way they are is excellent. ...more
Alex Telfar
Nov 13, 2016 rated it really liked it
Shelves: not-at-library
This style of writing it perfect! Amusing, fascinating and technical. This is certainly the first textbook I have laughed out loud to.

I love Scott's perspective on computation and it's connection to physics. I was fascinated by the connection between probability theory and quantum mechanics.

Overall Scott just seems to have a great thought process. Critical, playful and balanced.
...more
Shozab Qasim
Aug 16, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Humorous and informative at the same time. Thoroughly enjoyed it! But make no mistake, its a very difficult read. If you're not interested in even one of Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science and Philosophy, then look elsewhere... If you are however, then you'll often find yourself smiling in both agreement and disagreement. ...more
Conrado
Mar 09, 2018 rated it really liked it
Frankly this went over my head pretty early on, and I wasn't in the mood to study it like a textbook. But the book gave a good glimpse on issues related to quantum computing and complexity. Don't expect this to be a gentle introduction to quantum computing. I might return to this book if I ever get a better understanding of the subject...
...more
Jesse
Aug 24, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Computational complexity is more interesting than what I would've imagined. It's not just about time and space complexity of an algorithm.

A follow up to this topic is the essay from the same author "Why Philosophers should care about computational complexity"

The book won't explain about anything quantum until you've read all the theoretical computer science chapters.
...more
Bhargav C S
May 04, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
One of the best books on computer science, math and physics. A very delightful read. The amount of insight contained is astonishing, especially the parts on complexity theory and quantum mechanics. Highly recommended for every budding computer scientist.
Jeremy
Nov 10, 2018 rated it really liked it
Shelves: science
I read this book to get a bit of introduction to the subject, and I really enjoyed it. Of course, I didn't get everything because I don't have the full computer science background, but I still thought it was great. I recommend it to anyone who has an interest in the subject. ...more
Ong Kuan Yang
May 01, 2021 rated it it was amazing
This is a fun and insightful read. The author is clearly quite smart and make good points. However, it would be better if he makes clearer what is his own contentious opinion and what is already widely accepted.
Thomas
Jun 04, 2021 rated it liked it
The author put everything going through his mind in this book, in the end we don't really know what it is about — the author seems to think this is funny, maybe some readers will appreciate.

More importantly, it talks about a lot of things but all of them are treated rather superficially.
...more
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