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Apa Itu Pencerahan?

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3.88  ·  Rating details ·  1,019 Ratings  ·  67 Reviews
Pencerahan adalah kemuculan seseorang dari ketidakmatangannya yang sendiri dipikul. Beranilah menggunakan kefahaman sendiri! Itulah cogan kata Pencerahan.

-Immanuel Kant-
Paperback, 36 pages
Published December 2006 by Institut Kajian Dasar (first published 1784)
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Foad
Aug 01, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
این که بخشی بدین بزرگی از انسان ها، با آن که دیریست طبیعت آنان را به بلوغ طبیعی رسانده، باز به دلخواه تا دم مرگ کودک می مانند و دیگران چنین به سادگی خود را سرپرست ایشان می کنند، علتی جز کاهلی و بزدلی ندارد. راستی که کودک بودن چه آسان است! اگر کتابی داشته باشم که جای فهمم را بگیرد و کشیشی که کار وجدانم را انجام دهد و پزشکی که خوراک مناسبی برایم معین کند و...، دیگر لازم نیست خود را به زحمت بیندازم. همین که بتوانم پولی بدهم، دیگر نیازی به اندیشیدن ندارم؛ دیگرانی هستند که این کار کسالت بار را به جای ...more
Saeed
Aug 03, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
ابتدا از اقا فواد تشکر می کنم که این کتاب را معرفی کردند
ترجمه بسیار خوب و روانی داشت اما همانطور که مترجم محترم فرمودند باید کتاب هایی را هم در کنار این مقاله مطالعه کرد تا به درک بهتری از روشنگری برسیم .
Scot
Jan 25, 2013 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I read Kant in college and for some reason he never clicked for me, everyone assumed I would like him but every time I tried to read him something seemed off. This essay is a perfect illustration of that overriding feeling. I was immediately drawn in as Kant described enlightenment as emergence from self-imposed nonage (the inability to use one's own understanding without another's guidance). Sounds great, right up my alley, yes we can free our minds and think for ourselves, you go Kant, go. Yet ...more
Skyler Myers
Sep 07, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People interested in Kant and the enlightenment
"Enlightenment is man's release from his self-incurred tutelage. Tutelage is man's inability to make use of his understanding without direction from another. Self-incurred is this tutelage when when its cause lies not in lack of reason but in lack of resolution and courage to use it without direction from another. Sapere aude! 'Have courage to use your own reason!'- that is the motto of enlightenment."

PROs

* Very well argued

* Clear and hard to disagree with

CONs

* Short so not all thoughts are full
...more
Ali Reda
Enlightenment is the human being’s emergence from his self-incurred minority. Minority is inability to make use of one’s own understanding without direction from another. This minority is self-incurred when its cause lies not in lack of understanding but in lack of resolution and courage to use it without direction from another. Sapere aude! [dare to be wise] Have courage to make use of your own understanding! is thus the motto of enlightenment.

Thus a public can achieve enlightenment only slowly
...more
David Sarkies
Jan 17, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Christians and Philosophers
Recommended to David by: Coursea
Shelves: philosophy
The Freedom to think for oneself

17 January 2013
Okay, this pamphlet (it is way too short to be called a book, but still there is an entry on Goodreads, so while I will not count it as a part of the 2013 reading challenge, I will still write a commentary on it) is probably where the term 'Freethinker' came from. My first encounter with a so called 'freethinker' was in the Adelaide Railway Station when I was handing out invitations to the church carol service and I ended up speaking to a man who t
...more
Petergiaquinta
At least you don't have to wait long for the answer. Kant gives it to us in the first sentence of this short pamphlet written in 1784: "Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-incurred immaturity." And what's immaturity, Mr. Kant? "Immaturity is the inability to use one's own understanding without the guidance of another. This immaturity is self-incurred if its cause is not lack of understanding, but lack of resolution and courage to use it without the guidance of another. The motto of en ...more
Yann
Feb 12, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
En 1783, dans une revue Berlinoise parait un article : "proposition visant à ne plus déranger les prêtres pour célébrer les mariages", dans lequel l'auteur s'insurge contre la religion et ses effets délétères sur le peuple, et s'enthousiasme de sa prochaine disparition. Il n'en faut pas plus pour provoquer la réaction du pasteur Zöllner, qui se questionne sur l'opportunité de procéder à ce changement. Il est d'ailleurs un défenseur des lumières, mais voilà : court-on le risque d'en abuser? Ont-e ...more
JJ
I am very interested in Immanuel Kant's philosophy, and I've watched several lectures on the subject. Something in his morality strikes a chord with me, and I like to think that insofar as is regularly possible, I try to live by Kant's values. This, however, is the first volume by Kant himself that I have actually read.

Kant undoubtedly has a formidable reputation as a writer that inspires confusion and produces interminable sentences. In this collection of essays on political theory, he lived up
...more
Nare
Feb 16, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In "What is Enlightenment?," Kant follows the ideas that progress in thinking is not good for individuals, but will have an effect on society. Enlightenment and necessary knowledge that constitutes it creates the foundation for change in society. When people are more educated, they realize that they no longer want to be subjects to the kings.

Kant follows that enlightenment works to make the world more of a home for human beings because it introduces reason. People will have the freedom and educ
...more
Carolyn
I'd like to suggest a new title for this work: "I Kant (Without God)". An argument made in bad faith without any legitimately expounded argument in regards to religion. Appropriate for the social context within which it was written, but this clearly falls flat in a modernized and pluralistic society. There is a highly paradoxical view of freedom as the relinquishing of certain natural individual liberties, typical of early-era Enlightenment thinkers. As a work of historical reference, perhaps, t ...more
Viji  (Bookish endeavors)
'Dare to use your own brain'-it seems a good proposition. What else it is for.?! Kant's criticism of the society was good but the actions he asked to take seemed a bit passive and that's not my cup of tea. It was a good read,a perfect view into one of the most prominent thinkers who ever lived.
ainunsailah
Oct 05, 2015 rated it liked it
Shelves: my-book-shelf
Membebaskan manusia dari ketidakmatangan. Kepercayaan terhadap kefahaman sendiri dan kemampuan akal.

Ada perkara yang harus diperhalusi dan boleh dibincangkan dari sudut Islam. Sejauh mana Islam menggariskan kebebasan. Darjat akal fikiran dalam Islam? Dan sebagainya.
Kichi
Oct 31, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Mr. Kant, sorry but we're doing the best we can with what seems to be a minority. 1784 is not too long ago in that respect.
Sujith Ravindran
"Argue as much as you like and about whatever you like, but obey!" - Immanuel Kant
Valentin Sanchez
Ça ne va pas changer la vie mais ça peut être une bonne introduction à la philosophie.
Francisco H. González
A pesar del título, ¿Qué es la Ilustración? y tras dar respuesta a la misma, el meollo de este libro versa sobre la Paz Perpetua, a la que aspira no solo Kant (Königsberg, 1724-1804), dado que muchos antes que él habían ya escrito sobre este tema, sobre las vías para conseguir tal noble propósito.

Si el hombre es un lobo para el hombre y existe cierta tendencia a resolver los problemas con el uso de la violencia, pues siempre anida en nuestro interior el conflicto y la guerra, Kant antepone la ra
...more
Michael Ledezma
May 06, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Setting the practical philosophy to work. Kant, y u such a pillar of moral infallibility?
Public Right: All actions affecting the rights of other human beings are wrong if their maxim is not compatible with being made public.
The current-day parallels are just astonishing. Or are they? Given that the formal conditions of human subjectivity have not changed, even to the point that we still pay lip service to some vestige of humanist universal right of man (underlying core of bad-faith surface lib
...more
Amal Shoeib
To me , Kant is more of a liberal philosopher..He defines Enlightenment as the one's ability to free himself of self-incurred tutelage. Moreover, When a person is willing to impose the laws on himself by himself without any guidance or interference from the government,Church.. etc, then that person is enlightened...A remarkable way to define Enlightenment ...I partly agree with Kant's notion and I strongly disagree with him when he said that everyone has the free will to follow the rules they wa ...more
Annie
Feb 09, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Kant writes about how no one: no employer, not even the church or a king, can keep man from shaking off his immaturity and becoming enlightened. He focuses on freedom of religion in this essay and says that while they aren't in an enlightened age (in 1784) they are in an age of enlightenment. The difference is that man wasn't yet able to understand and guide themselves confidently in matters of religion, they still needed guidance. But the ability for man to slowly change and become able to unde ...more
Josefin
Jun 16, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is quite interesting. It answers much more than the question in the title, but it's all philosophy and about human nature, and so it's not as much a sidetrack as it's an extention. I might not agree with every opinion of the author, and I might think he is a bit opptimistic about humankind's development, but the fact that people have been pessimistic already by 1784, and most likely before that, since the author feels the need to contradict what he seems to consider as the general opin ...more
GONZA
Jul 31, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"....A high degree of civil freedom seems advantageous to a people's intellectual freedom, yet it also sets up insuperable barriers to it. Conversely, a lesser degree of civil freedom gives intellectual freedom enough room to expand to its fullest extent. Thus once the germ on which nature has lavished most care—man's inclination and vocation to think freely—has developed within this hard shell, it gradually reacts upon the mentality of the people, who thus gradually become increasingly able to ...more
Mary
The thesis of this essay is in the first paragraph: dare to know. He thinks custom and cowardice keeps us from thinking for ourselves. Writing under a stable Monarchy but in the period between the American and French Revolutions, Kant is sure that change will come gradually! :). His idea is that Enlightenment Man will use his reason in one of two ways: private reason where a priest decides to preach within the canons of his church and public reason where he might publish a tract questioning arti ...more
Areeg Samy
I cannot really assess this book and write a constructive review after reading it only once. It was a very heavy read that took me several months to go through with my undivided attention. Immanuel Kant's ideas and thoughts on enlightenment and human behaviour in general were very interesting but they deserve a further re-read to fully digest. I agreed with him on several matters concerning how we humans doom ourselves pursuing power, and the illusion of perpetual peace, that we misleadingly and ...more
Allison
Aug 03, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2013, autodidact
More new ideas. For Coursera Moderns and Post-moderns.

"The public use of man's reason must always be free, and it alone can bring about enlightenment among men; the private use of reason may quite often be very narrowly restricted, however, without undue hindrance to the progress of enlightenment. But by the public use of one's own reason I mean that use which anyone may make of it as a man of learning addressing the entire reading public. What I term the private use of reason is that which a pe
...more
Mallika Soni
If we are asked , "Do we now live in an enlightened age?" the answer is, "No ," but we do live in an age of enlightenment. As things now stand, much is lacking which prevents men from being, or easily becoming, capable of correctly using their own reason in religious matters with assurance and free from outside direction. But on the
other hand, we have clear indications that the field has now been opened wherein men may freely deal with these things and that the obstacles to general enlightenment
...more
Ξιτσυκα
Read this because Foucault was doing it again. I don't know how to comment on this; it's, taken its fate into account, a surprisingly lucky, miraculously lucky piece. There are old tunes: once you've risen above the ground you will agree, once you've seen the light you are secretly the agent of a supreme ruler; philosophers rule out of their love of people. But it's very negotiable as well. There is a huge space left between the ideal of everybody enlightened and the reality that only a handful ...more
Orlane
Feb 20, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics, philosophy
4.5 / 5

Le texte en lui-même vaut 5 / 5: il est court et plutôt intéressant. De plus, le texte reste assez compréhensible et abordable pour du Kant.

Le dossier, la majeure partie du livre, vaut 4 / 5. En effet, bien qu'il explique plutôt bien le livre, je trouve qu'il va trop loin et j'ai été un peu perdue par moments en le lisant.

En somme, c'est un livre de philosophie très court et assez complet. Il vaut bien le détour! je recommande !
Henry Fernando Martinez Copete
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Mustafa
"Enlightenment is man's release from his self-incurred tutelage. Tutelage s man's inability to make use of his understanding without direction from another. Self- incurred is this tutelage when its cause lies not in lack of reason but in lack of resolution and courage to use it without direction from another. Sapere aude! "Have courage to use your own reason!"- that is the motto of enlightenment."
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Immanuel Kant was an 18th-century philosopher from Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). He's regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe & of the late Enlightenment. His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself. It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics & epistemology, & highlights his own contributi ...more
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“Enlightenment is man's release from his self-incurred tutelage. Tutelage is man's inability to make use of his understanding without direction from another. Self-incurred is this tutelage when its cause lies not in lack of reason but in lack of resolution and courage to use it without direction from another. Sapere aude! 'Have courage to use your own reason!'- that is the motto of enlightenment.” 296 likes
“Dare to think!” 250 likes
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