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The Anatomy of Story: 22 Steps to Becoming a Master Storyteller
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The Anatomy of Story: 22 Steps to Becoming a Master Storyteller

4.28  ·  Rating details ·  4,875 ratings  ·  581 reviews
John Truby is one of the most respected and sought-after story consultants in the film industry, and his students have gone on to pen some of Hollywood's most successful films, including Sleepless in Seattle, Scream, and ShrekThe Anatomy of Story is his long-awaited first book, and it shares all of his secrets for writing a compelling script. Based on the lessons in his ...more
Hardcover, 445 pages
Published October 30th 2007 by Faber & Faber (first published 2007)
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Pinguino Even if you're a casual writer as a hobby or looking for inspiration, read this. If you never write but are just interested in what makes good stories…moreEven if you're a casual writer as a hobby or looking for inspiration, read this. If you never write but are just interested in what makes good stories good, this is still a great book. For every tip he provides an example of a work that uses it well. (Try to see The Godfather, Casablanca, and Tootsie before reading. They are heavily referenced.)
That said, the book definitely assumes the reader is writing a story of their own. There's a lot of "consider if anything on this list applies to your story." The parts on world-building and symbols might be less interesting to non-writers.

There's a YouTube channel I adore called Lessons from the Screenplay, which is basically the video version of the book. I suggest watching a couple of these, and if you want to learn more, go ahead and read the book.
Jonathan This book is about WHAT you will tell your audience, not HOW to use your voice to enhance the story or what kind of eye contact is best in which situa…moreThis book is about WHAT you will tell your audience, not HOW to use your voice to enhance the story or what kind of eye contact is best in which situations. This book will help you craft the content you will tell, not how to tell it.(less)

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Wil Wheaton
May 09, 2018 rated it it was amazing
This is an extraordinarily useful guide to understanding why and how stories work. Some writers are just naturally able to know what needs to happen in a story. They innately know what beat needs to happen, when it needs to happen, and -- most importantly -- WHY it needs to happen. These writers make the rest of us look bad, and make us feel like we have no idea what we're doing.

For the rest of us, there is this book, which walks us through things like the steps that every story needs to have in
Ahmad Sharabiani
The Anatomy of Story: 22 Steps to Becoming a Master Storyteller, John Truby

John Truby is an American screenwriter, director and screenwriting teacher. The Anatomy of Story is his long-awaited first book, and it shares all of his secrets for writing a compelling script.

Based on the lessons in his award-winning class, Great Screenwriting, The Anatomy of Story draws on a broad range of philosophy and mythology, offering fresh techniques and insightful anecdotes alongside Truby's own unique approa
Hannah Greendale
The Anatomy of Story is not your average writing guidebook. What sets it apart is Truby's emphasis on interconnection between characters (specifically how the hero is not as important as how the hero relates to other characters and how those secondary and tertiary characters must be a reflection of some aspect of the hero) and the importance of early story components that are crucial to achieving an arresting, memorable pay-off by the conclusion. He also approaches villains from a different angl ...more
Dec 11, 2008 rated it really liked it
Shelves: writing
It's a bedrock truth of writing that the oldest scam in the game is writing about writing. Most writing books are junk, and the reason they're junk is that they push formula, transforming art to engineering. They reduce everything to archetype and suggest logical, linear approaches to what is in fact an intuitive, iterative process. You get recipes.

No doubt the steady appetite for books pushing writing to formula motivated the misleading subtitle of The Anatomy of Story. But there is no 22 step
Mark O'Bannon
I've read over 150 books on writing, and I can throw them all away now. This book is, by far, the best book ever written on the subject of how to tell a story.

The book breaks stories down to seven basic steps:
1. Problem/Need - The problem is what the character is dealing with as the story opens. The need comes from the character's weaknesses. The weakness is something that is ruining the character's life. The need comes out of the weakness. The weakness/need is the wellspring of the story.

2. De
All in all, I'd say this book was good. It wasn't great, it wasn't poor, it was just plain good and not much more.

It's a how-to guide basically, for people who want to be writers (particularly screenwriters). There was lots of good advice and insight. The pages are littered with story breakdowns, concepts, and techniques. It dug right into the meat of the matter of storytelling, but to be honest 'Anatomy of a Story' really did come off like more than an autopsy at some points.

And that's the thi
K.M. Weiland
Dec 17, 2009 rated it it was amazing
Fabulously insightful, practical, hands-on guide to storytelling. Should be read and reread.
Katherine Addison
I have, first of all, a beef with Mr. Truby. At an early point in the book, he says, literally parenthetically, "I'm going to assume that the main character is male, simply because it's easier for me to write that way" (40). And he does. Throughout the book, he uses the pronoun "he" exclusively---not just for the hero, but also for the writer--- unless he's actually talking about a woman. And it's like, I'm sorry half the human race is INCONVENIENCING YOU BY EXISTING, Mr. Truby, but maybe you co ...more
Mar 04, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Recommended to Suzannah by: Lessons from the Screenplay
Shelves: non-fiction, writing
This book was phenomenal. Please go out immediately and torch your copy of SAVE THE CAT and get this book instead.

Well, maybe I exaggerate. I didn't agree with Truby's contention that three (or four, or five) act plot structure, containing three plot points on which to hang the story, was artificial and useless. I'll stand by it; it was good enough for Shakespeare and it's good enough for me, and it helps with pacing. However, apart from the occasional minor niggle, I thought this book was absol
Mar 27, 2011 rated it liked it
Whew... this was more difficult to get through than I expected, and I'm still not sure why. Maybe it was just too many dry passages of abstract discussion that was mostly meaningless. Maybe not, though; I don't remember there being that much of it. And most of it isn't dry, or too abstract, or meaningless.

Some key things are, though. Truby's instruction to come up with a designing principle is very important, but he can't for the life of him nail down what a designing principle is. He starts wit
Nov 23, 2016 rated it it was ok
As a reader of books on writing, I accept the strange affliction they generally suffer from, of having surprisingly little to say. There will always be lots of naming types of plots and characters, without real insight into when to use them, and lots of "make your character fascinating" and "think deeply about how the elements of your story mesh together," without much concrete help. But I'm a bit grumpy that Truby had surprisingly little to say for four hundred pages.

He didn't say nothing. I ap
Jun 04, 2009 rated it really liked it
I actually stumbled upon The Anatomy of Story more or less totally by accident while I was searching for online writer's resources. I was sure someone somewhere must have at some point sat down and picked apart great stories, broke them down to their constituent components, and analyzed what elements worked in which plots, and why. I didn't find much. It dawned on me while I was trying to come up with more refined search terms that what I was looking for was the fundamental anatomy of the storie ...more
Feb 09, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I have been reading this book for almost a year. Not because it was bad, but because I didn't want to rush through it and miss something. (As is my tendency with how-to books.)

I never do the homework or learning exercises in any book, but I did the ones in this book, slowly digesting the information, working though it and applying it to my WIP.

The key concept in this book is to dig into your characters and their flaws and desires to realize a plot that organically grows out of them rather than
Percival Constantine
Go read Robert McKee's Story or Syd Field's Screenplay. Both say far more in far less pages and with much less smugness. ...more
Dec 04, 2012 rated it really liked it
So far I would say this has some interesting ideas in it. On the other hand, it's funny how many of these books could really use a re-write. And I think re-writing is not a skippable part of the process to becoming a "master". He mentions you should make your main character endlessly fascinating. In theory, I could see why that would be a good idea. But Truby gives one example on how to do this and then moves on. I guess it's that easy? I'll update more later.

Okay, I'm a little further along. Wh
ياسمين خليفة
Jun 15, 2014 rated it really liked it
A must read book for anyone who wants to be a screenwriter,or a Novelist.
Nov 12, 2015 rated it it was amazing
I am skeptical of 'how to write stories' books, as I've been plenty disappointed in the past, but this was recommended by a published author as the 'secret' to their novel planning and thus decided it couldn't hurt to have a read. It was well worth my time, packed full of logical, actionable instructions on how to create a story that never reduce into ridiculous "do's" and "don't's" like so many other how-to books do. I have long struggled with taking my smaller character, plot, or setting ideas ...more
Benoit Lelièvre
Mar 11, 2018 rated it really liked it
There's a lot to like about this book and a lot any wannabe writer will convince themselves they :

a) don't need


b) are already doing

I particularly love the work of Truby on the premise and the importance of having a clear roadmap of who's who and what's going on prior to writing, but when it comes to the meatier part of storytelling, he doesn't say much and gives countless examples instead. Which is fine, I mean, there's no secret recipe of becoming a great author outside of studying the master
Joel Adamson
Feb 25, 2019 rated it it was ok
This is a classic storytelling manual, and it certainly adds something unique to the storytelling world, but I had a lot of trouble telling what that was. If you are the sort of writer who devours writing books and collects advice, able to weigh it against everything else you've read, then this is a good book. Based on my reading of it, however, it is not a panacea. Not that it has to be, but I would advise against having expectations as high as the jacket copy suggests.

My complaints follow.

Victoria Ray
Jun 05, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Do you want to write the book of your life? You should start right here: all keys, techniques & steps are extremely useful! One of the best! 👍👍
Apr 03, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: any aspiring writers
In terms of writing advice, Truby's Anatomy of story is as far away from books such as Save the Cat: The Last Book on Screenwriting You'll Ever Need as it can get. While most books about writing focus on the howdunit of the craft, providing you with a formulaic recipe that can only result in a formulaic outcome, this one's backbone is the whydunit of stories. In other words, it tells you why certain movies, books, plays etc. work and why others don't and what you can learn from that and apply to ...more
Christina McDonald
Sep 19, 2018 rated it it was amazing
I took John's Anatomy of Story Masterclass in London, and it was so good I immediately went out and bought this book. It is one of the most extraordinarily useful books I've ever read, and I use it as a tool for all of my writing now.

This book walks writers through the essential steps and items absolutely necessary in a story. From psychological need to moral weakness to a character's ghost and a hero's goal, it helpfully breaks down all the components you need. What truly sets it apart is the
Lisa Feld
Nov 12, 2020 rated it did not like it
I have a number of friends who swear by this book, but I couldn’t get through it and very little of Truby’s framework resonated with me. Some of that may be because I’m a hybrid planner/pantser, and this book is very much for people who shape their characters and the full arc of their central conflicts before they’ve drafted a word.

But some of it is also that Truby is good at breaking down some elements of famous stories into his frameworks, but there’s no evidence that these are the elements th
Anton Tomsinov
Nov 05, 2013 rated it it was amazing
I've devoured a lot of similar books, but that one I currently find the most useful (my previous personal favourite was Sol Stein). Truby has succeeded in shifting readers' focus from exterior of stories to their inner meaning, from outward hero change to Weltanschauung clash. Truby's psychological plan of conflict and self-revelation makes character and plot concoction much easier, as if from aimless wandering in a foreign city you turn to a well-prepared journey with pack of maps and backgroun ...more
Feb 15, 2019 rated it did not like it
Shelves: 2019-books
Well, I had a long rant review of this but it appears Goodreads ate it when I switched shelves. Not gonna type it up again so the TL;DR is I do not like when writers preach to other writers about rules you have to follow. Also bad pacing, baffling amount of examples, insane number of "rules," and everything managed to be very basic information while sounding weirdly academic. Definitely Not For Me and I worry that this would harm novice writers more than it would help them.

My Rating Breakdown

 christine ♡
Sep 27, 2019 rated it really liked it
The past couple of weeks I started growing an enormous fascination of movies, movies making and writing. After searching for books on these topics I came across this one, completely by accident and after reading it I am completely blown away. I'm not the same person anymore, my point of view and perspective on the art of movie making changed. This book inspired me, educated me and showed me the right way to do things. I can't lie, at times the book is quite repetitive, which bothered me a bit, b ...more
Sherif Nagib
Feb 17, 2020 rated it liked it
Shelves: film
This book has great insights on creating character and developing theme\moral argument for a film. Nonetheless, when it comes to plotting and writing the script it really complicates things. The author pours a lot of effort into coining his own jargon and terms in a way that gave me headache sometimes. If you've never read a screenwriting book before, approach with caution! Try to absorb what you feels useful for your process and just move on and write your film already! ...more
Ron Wroblewski
Jul 21, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I am marking this a 5 star not because it was enjoyable reading for me, but because it is a brilliant book for those who want to write fiction or be a screenwriter. It talks about the great books/movies, and what makes them famous continually. I am not a writer nor want to be, but I can recognize brilliance.
Felix Häusler
Jan 19, 2021 rated it it was amazing
This book not only gives advice, but it does this in such a logical way that you can't do anything else than learn. Every single part is stated with an example showing what you just read in practice. ...more
Sep 07, 2009 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

This is arguably one of the only books necessary for learning the art of Storytelling. John Truby begins this book by simultaneously praising and denouncing Aristotle's Poetics. He mentions that Aristotle perpetuates vague terms like "rising action" or "climax." In actuality, this makes it difficult for writers to apply. This kind of theorizing leaves little impact or support for those who are actually attempting to write. Along those lines, this theorizing tends to be streamlined while teaching

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