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The Dictator's Handbook: Why Bad Behavior is Almost Always Good Politics

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4.26  ·  Rating details ·  2,822 Ratings  ·  428 Reviews
For eighteen years, Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith have been revolutionizing the study of politics by turning conventional wisdom on its head. They start from a single assertion: Leaders do whatever keeps them in power. They don't care about the "national interest"—or even their subjects—unless they have to.

This clever and accessible book shows that the differe
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Published March 19th 2012 by Tantor Media (first published September 27th 2011)
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John Smith I've read the book, you are sadly mistaken.

Sadly, because your parroting of Trump Derangement Syndrome, including a misspelling of his name in your…more
I've read the book, you are sadly mistaken.

Sadly, because your parroting of Trump Derangement Syndrome, including a misspelling of his name in your coinage (why would any adult bother with such juvenility?) is tiring and feckless.

Mistaken, because the book covers leaders of any type, of corporations and nations, including A. Lincoln and Carly Fiorina, FDR and Chiang Kai-shek, The Shah of Iran and Saddam Hussein, and says they all have elements in common. In some ways Trump merits praise by the books standards, for instance he'd cut foreign aid, as suggested by De Mesquita.

You should do some study and come to realize you own a poorly developed and strongly biased negative understanding of the man you think you are qualified to disparage. As such you fail in the effort.(less)
John Smith By dictator is meant simply top dog. Examples include Lincoln and FDR along with various "bad guys" and as mentioned Carly Fiorina. Organizational…moreBy dictator is meant simply top dog. Examples include Lincoln and FDR along with various "bad guys" and as mentioned Carly Fiorina. Organizational heads of any kind as long as they have constituencies from which they draw power.(less)
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Community Reviews

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Maru Kun
Oct 20, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Politicians care only about their own power; politicians care about their electorate only to the extent that the electorate keeps them in power. The underlying thesis of this book - let’s call it ‘Political Truth’ – is a statement of such obviousness that one would think it could be said in a sentence or two rather than needing to be padded out over three hundred odd pages:

Is this a new idea? Of course not. But where this book succeeds is in giving Political Truth the support of a credible conce
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Paul
Nov 20, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This was a very enjoyable book, full of what essentially amount to worked examples in the logic of political survival - going into detail about what behaviors occur under what political conditions, often furnishing multiple examples for each concept.

I will say that you can easily understand Bueno De Mesquita's basic thesis just by listening to the EconTalk podcasts on which he was a guest, particularly his 2006 and 2007 appearances, and in fact you may want to consider listening to these before
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Crystal
This is one of those books whose main thesis could be explained and extrapolated upon in about 10 pages, which means the rest of the book is pretty repetitive. Includes an interesting examination of political systems (autocracy vs democracy) and why politicians ultimately all work on the same incentives. Read the first few chapters and skim the rest.
Andrej Karpathy
This book examines positions of power (e.g. country leadership, mayors, CEOs, deans, etc.) by assuming entirely self-interested actors who seek to gain and retain power, and argues through examples that this relatively simple model gives the first order explanation of many world events. If you really grasp the message you'll adopt a much more cynical world view, but you'll also stop torturing yourself over stupid questions like what a country "ought" to do, what is "right", or why the people in ...more
Brian
Jun 08, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

Mesmerizing and essential. A simple (yet well researched and presented) far reaching work that clearly explains why despots continue to thrive, how and why democracies flourish and why foreign aid and debt forgiveness can be a bad thing.

Highly recommended.
Charlene
No matter whether the governing body is an autocracy, consisting of a domineering ruler who will strip every penny he can from his citizens or the most benevolent leader of a democracy, who seems from all outward appearances to care for his or her citizens, all rulers without exception follow the same basic rules of governing other human beings. Prior to reading this book, I would not have identified the patterns of a ruler's behavior and been able to boil them down to simple and predictable beh ...more
David
A competent primer on realpolitik, but most of the ideas in the book seem rather obvious to anyone that has read much history or studied politics for any amount of time...and isn't a Progressive.

Still, as suggested in the beginning, this is an adequate primer for realpolitik and for that reason it is valuable.

Please note, this is an abridged/popularized edition of 'The Logic of Political Survival'(also available as a Kindle). I've not read the original version and was more than a little upset
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Nitin
Jan 30, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
While this book is easy to read and never gets boring, its authors oversimplify a number of issues and don't seem to realize when they have contradicted themselves. More often than not, I could come up with a counterexample to whatever idea they were pushing. Save your time and pick a better book.
David
Jan 29, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Everybody understands that leaders reward the coalition that brought them to power, but I didn't understand all the implications of this.

Here's a bald summary, but you should read the book. I can't do it justice in a few sentences:

Whether leaders act in enlightened or brutal ways depends entirely on the size of their winning coalition. In all cases, the members of the winning coalition must be paid for continued support. Failure to do so ends the leader's career and, in small-coalition environ
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Atila Iamarino
Jan 17, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: economia, politica
Um dos melhores livros que já li, em termos das novas ideias que traz e como me fez mudar a forma como vejo o mundo (político). Bruce Bueno De Mesquita trabalha com teoria dos jogos (ainda preciso ler o livro dele de 2010) e o Alastair Smith (que não está marcado no sistema do Goodreads) trabalha com política. Os dois se juntaram para explicar a política do mundo sob o ponto de vista dos políticos fazendo de tudo para se manterem no poder. E o resultado ficou fantástico.

O livro mudou completamen
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Carolyn
Read the first few chapters through and then skimmed the rest. The basic premise is that, regardless of whether a leader is democratically elected or assumes power through violent overthrow of the previous regime, the leader's raison d'être is to stay in power -- whatever it takes. The author proceeds through many chapters to give excellent examples of historical and more recent dictators and other world leaders and how they accomplished their main goals. Interesting but skimmable.
Sean
Feb 06, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction, politics
If at times a bit too reductionist, this is a generally coherent breakdown of political behavior into its most basic components. The authors posit that all politicians, whether authoritarian or democratic, are motivated by the desire to stay in power. While successful politicians will behave very differently in different contexts, this desire holds true no matter the time or place. Seems pretty straightforward, no? To stay on top, politicians must juggle the needs of three groups of people: the ...more
Andy
Feb 10, 2017 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Basically, this author tells us over and over that powerful people abuse their power if no one checks them. This is not news. Also, there's a certain incoherence to the thesis even in the examples he uses: Bell, California was inevitably corrupt, but he can tell the story because everyone involved went to jail; foreign aid never works but the Marshall Plan was very successful, etc. Something is missing from the model. He needs to explain how the checks on corruption change in strength over time ...more
Hanan Kat
May 31, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
By all means, this book just made me more cynical and hopeless about politics. Great read and all their arguments are pretty solid. Autocracies vs Democracies. Small coalitions vs big coalitions. How each handle their people, do they stay educated and healthy but unthreatening to power or the opposite.
The only thing that bothered me is the lenght of the book, I found it too long and very repetitive since the author had made most of his points in the first 100 pages, there was no need to keep go
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Omar Elsheikh
Jan 22, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
أفضل الكتب بالفعل هو الذى يخبرنا بما نعرفه
الكتاب ينظم كل ما نعرفه فطريا عن الأستبداد والمستبدين
ينظم أفكارنا
ويعريهم تماما
ويحمل كثير من الامل لانه يشخص المرض تفصيليا
من أقيم ما قرأترغم بساطته
ليس فلسفيا نخبويا
ولكنه واقعى تماما ويعطى نماذج من التاريخ بدايةمن قيصر روما مرورا بالخلافة الإسلامية أنتهاء بمبارك وبن على وثان شويه
Mahmoud Ahmed
Apr 23, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
الكتاب مهم جدا و الترجمة سيئة جدا جدا
Keith Swenson
Jan 12, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very interesting, well written book, that puts forth a clear thesis that makes a lot of sense.

I really liked the way that this book considers "the complete system" around governing. Too often leaders are either vilified or celebrated when the credit clearly lies partially with the system they find themselves in. The entire system is quite a bit more complex, and the qualities of the leader play off the qualities of the rest of the system. Nobody works in isolation, we should not analyze in isol
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Peter
Mar 20, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This was definitely an eye-opening book for me. I've never been a big fan of discussing politics, mostly due to the complexity of the topic and the fact that most people have strong opinions on it without having enough actual knowledge. While I still doubt I know enough about politics to make any convincing arguments, this book has made it quite clear on what the primary motivations for politicians are and how they tend to go about ruling based on those motivations. As cliched as it may sound, m ...more
Ahmed Mohsen
كتاب السهل الممتنع !
الكاتب يقدم خلاصات لاهم الطرق والوسائل التى يصل بها الحكام الى الحكم ( سواء في النظم الديموقراطيه او الاستبدادية ) ، و كيف يمكن ان يستمر ؛واليات التعامل مع ثورات الشعوب وانتفاضاتها ؛و العلاقات الخارجية ....الخ
لا جديد بالنسبه لمن هم في السياسة بالفعل او لديهم خبرات ورؤى سابقه ؛لكن الاسلوب الذي يشبه اسلوب الملخصات واهم النقاط قبل الدخول في امتحان الحكم ؛و الكثير من الامثله الممتعه على كل فكرة او مبدا عام؛ بالاضافه الى الصراحه العاليه في العرض بعيدا عن التزويق او الشعارات المث
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Juneight
Jul 11, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ss-ps-regimes
Just finished reading the book and I found it very interesting.
Alper Çuğun
Dec 31, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a great book with loads of insights about how the world actually works and why that is the case. Talk about good intentions and this ideology or that in international relations may look like it has influence, at the end of the day the pure lenses of self-interest and self-preservation prevail.

I found understanding those base principles and their implications for policy and change to be useful additions to a toolkit of understanding how the world works. In short the larger the coalition o
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Tori
This book is a fascinating look at power and the ways every form of Government uses and maintains it. It's highly enlightening and thought provoking, posing a theory that dictatorships and democracies, countries and businesses really play by the same rules, and from a logical standpoint must do so to retain power. Filled with real world examples and lots of information, it manages to remain engaging and doesn't get bogged down when delivering statistics. A must read for those interested in polit ...more
Gamal elneel
يضع القائد الناجح دائما رغبات داعميه الاساسين قبل احتياجات شعبه

والا تمت الاطاحة به وبالتالى لا يلقى الشعب سوى الاهمال والفقر

ويثور الناس حين يصلو الى نقطة الذروه حين تصبح مواصلة العيش فى ظل النظام الموجود
اكثر سوءا من المحاطر الاكيدة للتمرد

لكن اذا نحج النظام فى اقناع الشعب ان تكلفة التمرد تعنى بؤسا غير متوقع واعتقال وقتل وتشريد تصبح الثورة حلم بعيد غير قابل للتحقق

الكتاب ممتع فى فصوله الاخيرة التى تهتم بعرض تاريخى للمستبدين وسياسات الدول الديموقراطية فى التعامل معهم والمعونات الاجنبية وطرق الاص
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Abdulla Alemadi
Jan 17, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
such an eye-opener! The book completely changed my perspective on politics. besides, it's a well written and enjoyable read. Recommended for anyone who wants to know how politics really work.
Phan
Dec 27, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A seriously interesting read. I feel like bits and pieces of common sense about political survival are now summoned into oneness. The book does not boggle down with dry, philosophical ideology but provides a nicely constructed theory with well-articulated explanation and real world examples.
I have to say that writing a review gave me micro headaches since I have to summarize my own learning from this central idea of Selectorate Theory.

The Selectorate Theory tell us that leaders can be affected
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Augustine
Mar 20, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

Despite the name of book itself, one should not think of it as a Machiavellian manual printed in 2011 with all the latest in horrible political trickery. This book is more about the theoretical wielding of power from the point of view of the ruling elite. As it takes a very big picture and very abstracted approach to things if you wanted a contemporary “Prince”, you’re probably better off absorbing the lessons of the likes of Frank Luntz I think, or perhaps every corporate management doctrine pr
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Keith Telfeyan
I picked this up in light of current events. Erdogan, Duarte, Trump.. there's a lot of shit happening right now and it feels particularly strange. This book certainly explains the social science of it, the gritty details of power and how it's kept. I didn't finish it though. It's ultimately too dry and puts me in a headspace too toxic.
Yazeed
Feb 07, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book started really well. The basic premise, that the larger the winning coalition in any political system (democratic/autocratic/etc), the less the leader of that system can afford to be corrupt without losing power. The first few chapters explain the rationale behind this, and it seems quite reasonable.

My problem however, is when the author takes this simplified view of politics, and forcefully tries to apply it to other realms (economics, education, international aid, and even healthcar
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Thijs Niks
Jun 30, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Incredibly pragmatic and enlightening view on how people gain and keep power in organizations in three steps: Find supporters 🔑 > Control resourcing 💰 > Reduce supporters 💀
RC1140
Mar 02, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Summary : Interesting book , interesting information , not sure what to do with the information since much of it was not aimed at corps
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Bruce Bueno de Mesquita is a political scientist, professor at New York University, and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. He specializes in international relations, foreign policy, and nation building. He is also one of the authors of the selectorate theory.

He has founded a company, Mesquita & Roundell, that specializes in making political and foreign-policy forecasts using a computer m
...more
More about Bruce Bueno De Mesquita...

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“Leaders never hesitate to miscount or destroy ballots. Coming to office and staying in office are the most important things in politics. And candidates who aren’t willing to cheat are typically beaten by those who are. Since” 5 likes
“Paying supporters, not good governance or representing the general will, is the essence of ruling. Buying loyalty is particularly difficult” 4 likes
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