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Vad är vetenskap egentligen?

3.74  ·  Rating details ·  982 Ratings  ·  74 Reviews
Nyare teorier inom vetenskapsfilosofin har rubbat den etablerade uppfattningen att vetenskapliga teorier kan rättfärdigas med att de härletts ur observationer och experiment. Utvecklingen har visat att denna syn på vetenskapen ofta är felaktig, ändå sätter den sin prägel på mycket av dagens vetenskap.

Den reviderade, utvidgade utgåvan av detta standardverk, som används på e
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Hardcover, 239 pages
Published 2007 by Nya Doxa (first published January 1st 1976)
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Z Nayebi
Oct 05, 2015 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
كتاب ظاهرا يكي از مهم ترين هاي فارسي در فلسفه علمه، من كه تا الان حداقل سه بار اين كتابو تو كلاس هاي مختلف امتحان دادم :\
نيمه اول كه بيشتر در مورد پوزيتيويسم و ابطال گرايي توضيح ميده به نظرم در كل خوبه اما نيمه دوم اگرچه من به شخصه انتقادات زيادي مي تونم بهش بكنم و نظر خود چالمرز رو هم نمي پذيرم و چندان نظريه چشمگيري نمي دونم، اما به نظرم در كل اين بخش ميتونه بينش هاي فلسفي خيلي جدي ودقيقي رو به خواننده نه چندان حرفه اي فلسفه علم بده.
به علاوه توضيحاتش در مورد فيزيك و علوم طبيعي براي من علوم انسا
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Chris Fellows
You may be familiar with the quote from Richard Feynman, ‘philosophy of science is about as useful to scientists as ornithology is to birds’. This is entirely correct if understood sufficiently pedantically. Ornithology is of no use to birds, as birds; but birds are part of a larger world in which they are subject to forces outside their control. The actions of humans, an important part of the world birds live in, are informed to an extent by ornithology. Good ornithology will suggest, inter ali ...more
Ali Momeni
Jul 01, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: review
تفاوت فسلفه ی علم و چیستی علم را باید از متخصصین این عرصه جویا شد اما کتاب مورد نظر در هر یک از دو حوزه که باشد باز هم در تحقق رسالت خود بسیار موفق است و با ترجمه ی قابل قبول سعیدزیباکلام،خواننده پس از خواندن آن حس "بیشتر دانستن" را به شکل ملموسی دریافت خواهد کرد.کتاب سوال می پرسد،پاسخ هم میدهد اما باز هم خواننده را درگیر نگه می دارد.درگیر با پاسخ هایی که خود زاینده ی پرسش های دیگرند و این درگیری ادامه دار همان شیرینی شک است.شکی که به این سوال مهم آغاز می شود:
به راستی "علم" چیست؟
Laura LVD
Leí gran parte de este libro en un curso de Epistemología de las Ciencias Naturales en la facultad. Ahora lo releo para ver si es un material adecuado para mis estudiantes de secundaria. es bastante completo y claro para mí y bastante esclarecedor en cuanto al enfoque bayesiano del cual sabía poco y nada. Algunas diferenciaciones y definiciones son muy útiles; pero igual creo que es un poco elevado y áspero para dárselo a mis estudiantes.
Puede ser útil como referencia, para elaborar mapas conce
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Mehdi
Feb 12, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
با زجر خوندم. چقدر ترجمه بدی بود و چقدر مفاهیم مزخرف در کنار هم جمع شده بود
Al!
Jun 25, 2016 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
تفسیر این کتاب از زبان دکتر مصطفی تقوی شیرینی خاص خودش را دارد. یادش بخیر
ثمانه
اصلا فلسفه رو بهزبان فارسی نمی فهمم . دلیل این همه پیچیدگی در بحث هایی که خود فلاسفه به زیبایی و روانی زیاد توضیحشون دادن، در متون فارسی برام نامفهومه. خود آثار پوپر رو بخونید انقدر گیچ و سر در گم نمیشید که ترجمه های فارسیش رو بخونید. اصلا از ترجمه ش خوشم نیومد. اما در درک فلسفه پوپر کمک خوبی بهم کرد. البته باید هی کلمات کلیدی رو پیدا می کردم و کنارش انگلیسیش رو هم می نوشتم که بفهمم منظور اصلی نویسنده چیه!
Ali Arabzadeh
ترجمه در بعضي فرازها فوق العاده و در برخي مواقع بد بود. اگرچه تقريبا در هيچ كجا آزاردهنده و مخل به فهم مقصود نويسنده نميشد ولي براي مثال برخي از برگردان هاي انتخابي مترجم يا صحيح نبودند و يا گمراه كننده بودند. علاوه بر اين حروفچيني طبق معمول بد و اذيت كننده بود.
خود كتاب در نيمه ي اول بسيار خوب و در نيمه ي دوم كه نويسنده دست به توضيح نظريات خودش ميزد بسيار مبهم بود و از پس اقناع خواننده بر نمي آمد.
به هر حال جزو معدود منابع فلسفه علم به زبان فارسي است و خواندنش براي اهلش واجب.
Maryam Samiei
حقیقتش را بخواهید چالمرز آموزگار خوبی بود و من در زمینه ی فلسفه ی علم چیزی نمی دانستم که بخواهم نقدی بر آن وارد کنم.
نکتهای که در باب کتاب وجود داشت این بود که تماماً مثال های علم فیزیک بررسی شده بود و من از فیزیک هیچ نمی دانم. شاید همین بود که دنبال کردن را قدری برایم دشوار می کرد.
این کتاب را برای درک بهتر فلسفه ی علوم اجتماعی خواندم و نکته ی طنز هم اینجا بود که چالمرز در جای جای کتاب به صورت کلی علوم اجتماعی را به عنوان یک علم نفی می کرد.
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Kirsty
May 07, 2012 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I read it to get an idea of Science's history. It is really interesting, and has made me realise that Psychology really has to buck its ideas up if it wants to be considered a science.
Frank Jude
So, you think you know what science is? And how it works? And what it tells us about reality? Chalmers' now classic text that serves as a stellar introduction to the philosophy of science while offering a comprehensive history of the philosophy of science and critical response to the various schools of thought. Chalmers covers all the main approaches of philosophy of science, from induction and falsification to Kuhn's paradigms, Feyerabend's anarchistic theory, and on through Bayesian analysis a ...more
Duygu
Jun 29, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
(Except the chapter on Kuhn, I read the book. I will turn back the chapter but now, I consider as I have read. Anyway.)

I am not a person who is interested in philosophy of science. I am already not interested in science; albeit all of that, Chalmer's introduction book is definetely piquant for me. Vocabulary is clear and connections between basic concepts and scholars on philosophy of science are well-advised and well-organized. This book is not guide and not a kind of 90 minutes for sth book, b
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Noé Ajo caamaño
Apr 04, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
La ciencia es en nuestros días una institución de prestigio, ya omnipresente en todos los ámbitos de nuestras vidas. En este libro hay un recorrido sencillo y sumario por las principales cuestiones que debemos plantearnos siquiera para comprender superficialmente que es esa cosa que llamamos ciencia, que pretende y como funciona. No esperen, como en todo lo grande, conclusiones brillantes, sino discusiones interesantes y preñadas de ideas.
Ali
تر و تمیز.مختصر ولی مفید.بسیار روشن
Hosein Bitaraf
در کل کتاب خوبی است. البته ترجمه آقای زیبا کلام خوب نیست بسیار ثقیل ترجمه شده است.
Farzaneh Shafah
این کتاب برایم از جمله کتاب های الهام بخش برای گسترش فهم فلسفی و عمق بخشیدن به نگاه انتقادی در باب علم بوده است. بسیار دقیق و اکادمیک مثل همیشه ی دکتر زیبا کلام تدوین شده.
Isis
Jan 10, 2009 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I highly doubt this man wrote something we didn't already know. Boring, obvious,and his examples are pretty much for children =(
Krocht Ehlundovič
A very useful book for these times when everybody thinks that "the one can see a hidden truth", that "the one confidently and radically know"... what a joke! This book portrays how difficult and never-ending is the way for truth and how relative is truth.

I must admit that it is not an easy reading, for me, it means that I have to come back to its pages and read them again, not only to enlighten some parts but also for my teaching issues and needs - there are lot of things I can surely use, and
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Mathew Walls
Jun 12, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: edutainment
The core message of this book is "Everyone else is wrong, only I am smart." Anything else you get from it is just the disguise that that message is wearing to get you to pay attention.

The one thing I will give it is that Chalmers is pretty good at giving simple summaries of other people's ideas. Unfortunately he only does so in order to argue against them, and having defeated his own oversimplified versions of those ideas, claim victory over the original, more complex idea. His standard method i
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Vivi Laquet
Karena tugas saya baca ini, terjemahannya sih ga begitu puas, parah bahasanya
Shidiq Thoha
Sep 10, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Must be read again in english version, not translated!
Dylan Groves
Oct 17, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Best overview of philosophy of science for non-experts I could find.

Jade
What is This Thing Called Science An Assessment of the Nature and Status of Science and Its Methods is a somewhat famous, best-selling textbook on the philosophy of science. It details the history of science and the way it was perceived differently during certain points in time, and does a good job of giving a solid overview of the development of the science and the corresponding (philosophical) views of it.

It breaches the following topics, all interesting and valid subjects to be talking about
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Ola
Jan 25, 2017 rated it really liked it
Läser boken på svenska.

A.F. Chalmers kan uppenbarligen mer i ämnet än undertecknad men...
Han använder ordet "fakta", vilket är konstigt. Han borde säga "data" eller "resultat" beroende på situationen.
Han använder ibland ordet "gissning" som en synonym för ordet "teori" trotts att orden har olika betydelse.
Han använder ibland exempel som inte är så bra.

Fast på den positiva sidan...
Han lämnar en bättre förklaring på induktion än jag har läst tidigare. Nu tror jag äntligen jag har koll på begreppet
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sheena
Do/should you care about anything this book has to say? I doubt it.

While this book is pretty much stupided down for people who know nothing, I still had a hard time following Chalmers' main points. What I mean is: it was too smart for me to understand.

That said, it offers a sorta accessible overview of the many (failed!) attempts to define what separates science from other forms of knowledge. The book looks into the rules science has, at various periods, been expected to play by, and points out
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sadegh
Dec 22, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
براي درك مباني فلسفه علم كتاب بسيار خوبي ست و به نظرم هر كسي كه علاقمند پژوهش است بايد آن را بخواند. به طور كلي به نظرم بايد براي دوره تحصيلات تكميلي گذراندن فلسفه علم اجباري باشد.
اما فلسفه علم مباحث بااهميت ديگري هم دارد كه در اين كتاب نيامده است. به عنوان مثال پس از كوهن يك جريان واقع گرايي انتقادي در فلسفه علم ايجاد شد كه به نوعي نظرات پست مدرنيست ها و پازيتيويست ها را تعديل مي كند كه در اين كتاب خبري از آن نيست.
همينطور به عنوان مثال بسياري از نظريه پردازان فلسفه علم پاپر را جزو دسته پازيتيوي
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Serena Salvati
Horrible style: there weren't enough commas or colons and Chalmers often skips words, writing as if he were speaking, which lacks the clarity you want in a text on philosophy.

He was obviously biased in many places and strawman arguments abound (most notably with Popper's falsificationism). I'm not sure how you get out 4 eds of a book and keep in ad hominems. Chalmers also seems to claim some ideas that were not his as his own. These issues might have been avoided if he cited things properly, ins
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Mr. C
Feb 22, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Finished it last year. I enjoyed it quite a lot, and I'd recommend it to anyone interested in the philosophy of science. It explains a lot of the philosophical ideas that we currently take for granted in our education of science and it presents a lot of the historical development of sciences. I think the author has difficulties grasping (or explaining clearly) some of the latter parts of the book (the new experimentalists and the bayesian chapter) but all in all it is an excellent book. I should ...more
Nicolas
Jul 31, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: essays, science
I recommend this book to anyone interested in philosophy of science. The author's introduction to understanding how what is scientifical has been conceived throughout history, how scientific progress is made and what is really science is written in a way clear enough for non-specialists to follow the point. Yet, the book is not totally scientifical in itself, which the author admits, and I disagree with some aspects of it.
Casey
May 20, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Chalmers is one of my favorite authors. He writes in a exciting and softly provoking way, and does a very good job indeed to make a single-book review of this thing called science. Although this book will be somewhat difficult for beginners, it will be a good purchase to read and return to, again and again. This work is both an introduction and contribution. Highly recommended, and I wish there would be a reprint and/or a new edition.
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Dr. Alan Chalmers was born in Bristol, UK in 1939. Despite beginning his academic career in Physics, Chalmers is best known for his work on the subject of the Philosophy of Science. He is most noted for his best-selling book "What Is This Thing Called Science?"
More about Alan F. Chalmers...

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“The point is that if the knowledge that provides the categories we use to describe our observations is defective, the observation statements that presuppose those categories are similarly defective.” 2 likes
“Imagine a skilled botanist accompanied by someone like myself who is largely ignorant of botany taking part in a field trip into the Australian bush, with the objective of collecting observable facts about the native flora. It is undoubtedly the case that the botanist will be capable of collecting facts that are far more numerous and discerning than those I am able to observe and formulate, and the reason is clear. The botanist has a more elaborate conceptual scheme to exploit than myself, and that is because he or she knows more botany than I do. A knowledge of botany is a prerequisite for the formulation of the observation statements that might constitute its factual basis.
Thus, the recording of observable facts requires more than the reception of the stimuli, in the form of light rays, that impinge on the eye. It requires the knowledge of the appropriate conceptual scheme and how to apply it.”
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