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Το πρόβλημα Σπινόζα

4.12  ·  Rating details ·  4,343 Ratings  ·  351 Reviews
Ποιος ήταν ο Σπινόζα; Αυτή η θαρραλέα μορφή του 17ου αιώνα, αυτός ο μεγαλοφυής φιλόσοφος που με το έργο του επηρέασε την παγκόσμια σκέψη, και ο όποιος σε ηλικία εικοσιτριών ετών μετατράπηκε σε αποσυνάγωγο για ολόκληρη την εβραϊκή κοινότητα του Άμστερνταμ, καθώς καί για την ίδια του την οικογένεια; Ποια ήταν η εσωτερική του ζωή; Και σε τι οφειλόταν, ακριβώς δύο αιώνες αργότ ...more
Paperback, 506 pages
Published December 2012 by Άγρα (first published 2012)
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Kalliope




I should have known better.

I should have known that this would not be a book for me.

My interest was to learn more about Spinoza. Coward that I am, I thought that a semi-fictional approach to the Dutch thinker would be a smooth way to approach him. The book seemed also to offer an original angle. What would be the link between this 17C Dutch thinker, also Jewish, and a Nazi ideologue?

Dr. Yalom, (Emeritus in Psychiatry at Stanford), also seems to have a strong following of enthusiastic readers.

The
...more
Owlseyes
(Alfred Rosenberg talks to psychiatrist and friend, Friedrich Pfister)

"I have to confess that you're the first psychiatrist I've ever met. I know nothing about your field"
"Well, for centuries, psychiatrists have primarily been diagnosticians and custodians for hospitalized psychotic, almost incurable patients, but all that has changed in the last decade. The change began with Sigmund Freud in Vienna, who invented the talking treatment called psychoanalysis , which permits us to help patients ove
...more
Nikos Tsentemeidis
Sep 26, 2014 rated it it was amazing
Είχα διαβάσει τον Νίτσε αρχικά και μου άρεσε πολύ. Για τον Σπινόζα και τα άλλα του βιβλία είχα διαβάσει κριτικές ότι ο Γιάλομ επαναλαμβάνεται με σκοπό την εμπορική επιτυχία. Πολύ γρήγορα καταρρίφθηκε αυτή η άποψη. Το μόνο σίγουρο είναι ότι ο Γιάλομ γράφει πολύ όμορφα, ποτέ δε βαριέσαι και περνάς πολύ ευχάριστα το χρόνο σου.

Από 'κει και πέρα, θεωρώ πως το έργο αυτό είναι καλύτερο από τον Νίτσε, ειδικά αν σε ενδιαφέρει η φιλοσοφία και συγκεκριμένα ο Επίκουρος και ο Σπινόζα. Ακόμα και στην αντίθετ
...more
Ana  Vlădescu
This is not my first book by Yalom and it will definitely not be the last. I love his style – it's fluid, it molds on every type of subject and it somehow incorporates scientific or historical information in such a way that you don't even realize anymore which is fact and which is fiction. I learned a lot from his books and he is a man to be listened to when it comes to psychological problems or philosophic questions about life. Unlike us, the rest of the human population that reads his books, t ...more
Sonya
Feb 01, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
نیچه، شوپنهاور و اسپینوزا سه فیلسوف مورد علاقه ی دکتر یالوم هستند که نویسنده، رمانی را به هر یک از این فیلسوفان اختصاص داده است
.مسئله ی اسپینوزا" مانند کتاب درمان شوپنهاور در واقع از دو داستان موازی تشکیل شده است که یکی به قرن 17 و زمان حیات اسپینوزا باز می گردد".
داستان دیگر به ماجرای نازی ها و آلفرت روزنبرگ می پردازد، که ضد یهودی قدرتمندی در کنار هیتلر بود .
در این رمان نویسنده از شخصیت های تاریخی واقعی استفاده کرده است که با اطلاعات بدست آمده از زندگی خود آنان به ساختن روایت پرداخته است
اسپینوز
...more
Maryam
Feb 05, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
داستان در دو زمان 1600 و 1900 روایت می شه یکی در مورد اسپینوزا و دیگری در مورد روزنبرک نظریه پرداز حزب نازیو حلقه اتصال این دو کتابخانه اسپینوزا است که در داستان توسط آلمان نازی و روزنبرگ غارت می شه.اساس داستان اسپینوزا بر پایه تخیله و یالوم شخصیت های واقعی کمی رو داشته که اسنادشون معتبر باشه . گاه گاه از کتاب اخلاق ورساله الهی-سیاسی اسپینوزا استفاده کرده .
برای شاخت فلسفه اسپینوزا کتاب اخلاق بهترین مرجعه
Ana Carvalheira
Oct 31, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
“O Problema Espinosa” é o último livro que faz parte da trilogia que o psicanalista americano, Irvin D. Yalom dedica a três grandes pensadores da história da filosofia: Nietzsche, Schopenhauer e Espinosa. Li todos e o que mais me apaixona em Yalom é a capacidade que revela ao apresentar-nos as linhas gerais das ideias desses três grandes homens que tanto contribuíram para o conhecimento do Ser, da Natureza, do Universo, de Deus, de uma forma extraordinariamente fascinante. Numa mescla entre real ...more
Negar
Aug 13, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: irvin-d-yalom
همه عطایایی که خدا به ما می بخشد، روزی به انتها خواهد رسید. اما محبت تا ابد باقی خواهد ماند و از بین نخواهد رفت. عشق به چیزی جاودانه و بی پایان روح را از شعف محض قوت می دهد که فارغ از هرگونه اندوهی است. به همین سبب بسیار خواستنی است و باید با همه توان خود، به جست و جوی آن برآمد. آرزو دارم روزی دنیا «بدونِ مذاهب» باشد، «دنیایی با مذهبی جهانی»، که در آن همه افراد، خردمندی خود رابرای تجربه خدا و تکریم او بکار ببرند. __مسئله اسپینوزا/ دکتر اروین یالوم/ برگردان زهرا حسینیان
Fateme Shafaei
Jul 07, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
شخصیت تقدیر است
آینده با آنچه در گذشته انجام شده است شکل میگیرد, با شکل بندی های فیزیکی و روانشناختی ما
ترس ها, علایق و هدفهایمان, فطرتمان و عشق به خودمان و یدگاهمان درباره دیگران.
. . .
عقل از پس احساس برنمی آید
فقط احساسی قوی می تواند حریف یک احساس شود
کار من مشخص است:
باید یاد گیرم عقل را به احساس تبدیل کنم

Philippe Malzieu
I saw this book on GR. and I remembered the embarrassment that I had by reading it in when it had been published . To put in parallel Spinoza and the theorist anti-semite was a risky project. Spinoza seems a kind of Christ forgiving all, even the attempt of assassination. He is withdrawn as a hermit to polish glass.Rosenberg seems a mousy man neurotic between his admiration for Spinoza and his commitment Nazi. Embarrassment comes owing to the fact that the role of the bad guy is occupied by the ...more
Milan Trpkovic
Mar 06, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Ova knjiga je vrhunski spoj svih onih oblasti koje volim da izučavam: istorija (poseban osvrt na Drugi svetski rat), religija, politika, sociologija i psihologija. Sve to je sažeto kroz fikciju uobličenu u paralelnom prikazu Baruha (Benta) Spinoze i Alfreda Rozenberga (uticajnog nacistu). Autor je na odličan način prikazao kako je jedan nacističkin um bio pod uticajem (impresijom pozitivnom i negativnom) jevrejskog filozofa, a isto tako je dočarao život Spinoze i sve njegove "golgote".
Hamêd
Jun 10, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
کتاب مسئله اسپینوزا به واکاوی حیات درونی باروخ اسپینوزا، فیلسوف خردگرا، و آلفرد روزنبرگ، فیلسوف نازی ها، می پردازد. این دو فیلسوف با فاصله ی سه قرن از هم می زیسته اند، یکی قرن هفدهم و دیگری قرن بیستم میلادی. اروین یالوم به عنوان یک روانپزشک شناخته شده سعی دارد با دانش روانشناسی اش شناخت بهتری از آن دو فیلسوف تاثیرگذار ارائه دهد. سوژه ی این رمان از این اتفاق تاریخی گرفته شده که در جریان جنگ جهانی دوم و اشغال هلند توسط آلمان ها، سپاهی تحت رهبری آلفرد روزنبرگ که مسئول جمع آوری کتاب ها و کالاهای گرا ...more
Andrew Pessin
I found this initially intriguing but ultimately tedious. In fact there is NOT much of a link to go on, between Rosenberg and Spinoza; it feels like a false or inflated premise. And also, pretty much, it's a novel in which nothing happens. There's a conversation; and then another conversation; and then another conversation where they talk about the previous conversation. If you want a very light fluffy summary of some of Spinoza's views, okay; and in fact the Rosenberg character is a pretty inte ...more
Sahar
Aug 19, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
حقیقتا به اندازه دو کتاب دیگر یالوم ( نیچه گریست و درمان شوپنهاور) از این کتاب لذت نبردم، بر خلاف دو کتاب دیگر که محور علمی بسیار بالا بر کتاب حاکم بود، در این کتاب نویسنده گویا بیشتر وارد وادی رمان گونه بودن داستان شده بود و شاید همین برای بعضی از خوانندگان زننده باشد اما به هر صورت در نوع خود کتاب جالب توجهی بود و علاوه بر مسائل روانشناسی که محور کتاب بود، به لحاظ فلسفی که آشنایی مختصری با تفکرات اسپینوزا و همچنین از نظر تاریخی که سبب آشنایی بیشتر با روزنبرگ بود، جذاب و دوست داشتنی بود.
Anastasia
Feb 09, 2017 rated it it was amazing
η αποδόμηση του θρησκευτικού φανατισμού ταυτόχρονα με την οικοδόμηση ενός ναζιστή....εξαιρετική εισαγωγή στον κόσμο του Σπινόζα,για μιαν αρχάρια της φιλοσοφίας,σαν εμένα,και υπέροχο ψυχογράφημα του ναζιστή Ρόζενμπεργκ....οι σελίδες των συνεδριών του με τον-φανταστικό ήρωα-Φρήντριχ Πφίστερ κορυφαίες...
Laura
Jan 20, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It's been years since I've read any Spinoza, but that wasn't a problem here - Yalom's historical faction includes long passages where Spinoza himself explains his rational process. Told in alternating chapters, we meet Spinoza at the time of his excommunication (cherem) from the Sephardic community in Amesterdam and a young Alfred Rosenberg, ultimately Hitler's publisher and the man who stole Jewish (and other) artworks for the Reich.

So, what is the Spinoza problem? Spinoza was a Jew of Portuges
...more
Nika Zahedi
"when Nietzsche wept" being my most favorite book of Yalom, "the schopenhauer cure" is the seconde most and this one the least. Interestingly that's the sequence I read these books as well, but I'm not sure if there is any relation between them. I do know that how much you like a book has a lot to do with who are "now". Thus how much you enjoyed a certain book can be a good measure of who you've become and who you will be.
Mara
Jul 29, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I picked this up because my mother's book club had their last meeting centered around it. She said it was a pleasant read with a nice flow so I thought I'd give it a go for a light summer read, one that wasn't the typical YA that I go for when I don't want to overcomplicate things.

Yalom is known to write novels strongly rooted in psychoanalysis, obviously originating from his background as a psychologist. The techniques used in psychoanalysis are thus easily detectable in The Spinoza Problem, es
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Judy

I learned of this author through one of my friends on Goodreads. Yalom is a professor of psychiatry at Stanford, a practicing psychiatrist, and an author of nonfiction as well as novels. The Spinoza Problem is a philosophical novel and I chose to read it as an introduction to Yalom because I admire Spinoza.

I have mentioned before, in my ranting about books and reading, my life long difficulties with studying philosophy. My only real success in this endeavor came when I read The Story of Philosop
...more
mahad
پايان بندي اين كتاب از كتاب درمان شوپنهاور خيلي بهتر بود.يالوم پيشرفت چشمگيري داشته توي اين كتاب...
جدا از موضوع و كتاب، نكته اي به نظرم ميرسه؛ خيلي عجيبه متفكر هايي كه اخرت خدا دين و خيلي چيزاي ديگه رو به چالش و سوال ميكشن درباره ي زنان چنين عقايد سنتي و دور از عقلي داشته باشن. اسپينوزا بارها خاخام هارو درباره اينكه يهود قوم برگزيده ي خداس با دلايل عقلي زير سوال ميبره اما هيچوقت حتا به اين مسئله فكرم نميكنه كه شايد اين منطق كه "چون تاريخ هيچوقت سلطه ي قدرت زن بر مرد رو نديده ،پس زن ضعيفتره و چون
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MARTI

İşte Irvin Yalom'a hayran olma sebeplerinden biri daha! Yalom, her zamanki tarzıyla tarihi kişilikleri bir araya getiriyor, tarihi gerçekliklerle kurmacayı müthiş bir beceriyle harmanlıyor ve bunu yaparken de işin içine felsefeyi, psikolojiyi, psikanalizi ustaca okuyor. Siz de notlar alarak, düşünerek ve geçmişin ve bugünün toplumunu, siyasetini, insanlarını sorgulayarak metni hayranlıkla okuyorsunuz.

İnsan sık aralıklarla bir Yalom kitabı okumalı.
Amene
Nov 03, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2016
خوب بود موضوع جذاب و ششخصیت های مرموز و پیچیده،همراه کمی ضعف در ترجمه!
Ron Charles
Among the innumerable treasures the Nazis stole from Europe during World War II was a collection of books displayed at the Spinoza Museum in Rijnsburg, Holland. Compared with the Rembrandts and Vermeers nearby, these antique volumes weren’t particularly valuable, but the Nazi officer assigned to carry out this little act of plunder said the books were of “great importance for the exploration of the Spinoza problem.”

The Spinoza problem? Was that a subset of the Jewish Question? Or was it some oth
...more
Rebekah
Feb 28, 2014 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
For once I'm surprised by how much I *dis*liked a book. *The Spinoza Problem* has so many of the elements that I usually adore: historical fiction drawn around real and important historical figures, settings and themes of personal significance to me, and a core political/philosophical dimension. Yet I never connected with this book.

Though it does provide an accessible introduction to Spinoza's complex and sometimes obtuse philosophy, I found its presentation so simplified that it sometimes felt
...more
Karl
Apr 01, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I find Yalom's ability to breath new life into understanding past philosophers remarkable. While I enjoyed "When Nietzsche Wept" far more, it stems more from the fact that I find Nietzsche more interesting then Spinoza. His introduction of therapists to create fictional dialogue to flesh out the thoughts of different protagonists is believable and efficient.

For this particular book, his blending of Nazi racism and Spinoza's thought was fascinating. While this novel cannot, nor I imagine claim t
...more
Des
Mar 30, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: american
Wow. Spinoza applied uncompromising rationalism to life, ethics and beliefs. Educational and riveting. I am not smart enough to read Spinoza but this book has easy prose and is a nourishing subject for any atheist/rational thinking person. Astonishing insights into and for a 17th century autodidact.
Andreea Ursu-Listeveanu
I am fascinated by how Yalom puts together two personalities that have never met and how he makes use of the psychiatry and psychoanalysis to make his point. Intrigued by some of the most beautiful or devilish minds in the history, I think he loves to imagine how it would have been to have them as patients. After reading "When Nietzsche wept", and having loved it, I can read just about anything by Yalom and know that I wouldn't be disappointed.
In this book he alternates the stories of one of th
...more
Cărți și călătorii
Highly instructive: I learned a lot about Spinoza, the rise (and fall) of Hitler, the Jewish customs, not to mention Alfred Rosenberg, whom I had known nothing about. I enjoy this kind of fictionalised history because it manages to make history known and appreciated by means of one or more interesting stories. I guess this would be enough to recommend the book to anyone interested in history, philosophy, religion, psychiatry, etc., even though the style is not one of Yalom's strong suits and mos ...more
Noce
Oct 10, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Siamo uomini o spugne?

Siamo in Estonia. L’adolescente Alfred Rosenberg è visibilmente sconvolto. Per due ragioni: una, perché è stato aspramente rimproverato dal preside ebreo , a cui è giunta notizia di un suo discorso antisemita, l’altra perché ha scoperto che Goethe, il sommo vate tedesco, nutre profonda ammirazione per Spinoza, filosofo ebreo del ‘600. Per il piccolo Rosenberg, venire a capo di questo Cubo di Rubik, e scoprire come le parole di Spinoza possano essere state “sedativo” per le
...more
Богиня Книдска
Не е писател Ялом, не е.
Добрият, истински писател не сдъвква и предъвква по няколко пъти за неразумния си читател. Той му дава "свободата" сам да достигне до умозрението, заложено в текста. При Ялом явно терапевтичният подход се разпространява и в писането. Читателят-пациент следва да бъде напътстван и направляван. Да не би случайно да се отклони нейде из дебрите на текста или да не дава Яхве - да не го разбере точно тъй, както авторът желае.
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Irvin David Yalom, M.D., is an author of fiction and nonfiction, Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University, an existentialist, and accomplished psychotherapist.
More about Irvin D. Yalom...

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“If Epicurus were speaking to you at this moment, he would urge you to simplify life. Here's how he might put it if he were standing here today : " Lads,your needs are few, they are easily attained, and any necessary suffering can be easily tolerated. Don't complicate your life with such trivial goals as riches and fame: they are the enemy of ATARAXIA. Fame,for example,consist of the opinions of
others and requires that we must live our life as other wish. To achieve and maintain fame, we must like what others like and shun whatever it is that they shun. Hence, a life of fame or a life in politics? Flee from it. And wealth? Avoid it! It is a trap. The more we acquire the more we crave, and the deeper our sadness when our yearning is not satisfied. Lads, listen to me: If you crave happiness, do not waste your life struggling for that which you really do not need.”
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“Psychiatry is a strange field because, unlike any other field of medicine, you never really finish. Your greatest instrument is you, yourself, and the work of self-understanding is endless. I'm still learning.” 41 likes
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