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Pedagogy of the Oppressed

4.25  ·  Rating details ·  18,072 Ratings  ·  953 Reviews
Pedagogy of the Oppressed written by educator Paulo Freire, proposes a pedagogy with a new relationship between teacher, student, and society. It was first published in Portuguese in 1968, and was translated by Myra Ramos into English and published in 1970.[1] The book is considered one of the foundational texts of critical pedagogy.

Dedicated to what is called "the oppress
Paperback, 186 pages
Published August 29th 1986 by Continuum Publishing Co. (NY) (first published 1968)
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Nov 14, 2007 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: pedagogues, the oppressed, starry-eyed young people, singles trying to pick up activists
If you're into really sincere hippie guys, read this on the subway. They will swarm.

Warning: they'll swarm even if you're not into them, so keep an "Atlas Shrugged" jacket handy!

Actually, this book contains one of my guiding-light passages:

"Any situation in which some individuals prevent others from engaging in the process of inquiry is one of violence. The means used are not important; to alienate human beings from their own decision-making is to change them into objects" (85).

In my fascist sta
Aug 22, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Just finished my annual rereading of this book. Again, teachers in inner-city America, teachers on the plains, teachers in rural America--read or reread this book now. With attempts to oppress our students inside the classroom with more and more standardized crap, this is more than ever a must-read.

My original review:
Here is one of those books I think they oughtn't let a teacher in front of a secondary classroom without having read. Even the most affluent of our students in contemporary public
Feb 09, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is one of those books you have to masticate and digest rather than swallow without chewing. Freire makes a salad of education, dialogue, poverty, consciousness, and liberation. He shares how the powerful have historically dehumanized much of society through subtle yet oppressive means via the aforementioned themes. One of his most outstanding lines of reasoning derives from coming alongside of the poor as the starting point in authentic dialogue paving the way for true education and ultimat ...more
Mar 17, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Such an important book for educators. In the United States, we waste so much time on standardized testing and coaching kids to value education only for an end goal (e.g., college admissions, job security). We forget to use learning as a tool for improving the world and uplifting marginalized voices. Just look at the upcoming presidential election. If more of us followed Paulo Freire's method of careful action and thought, I doubt we would see the vitriol and ignorance and hate so common in conte ...more
Jul 27, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: rhet-and-media
I feel like its a cliche just rating it here at all, as if doing so stakes a claim to being progressive. I haven't read this text in some time, and although It did affect me when I did, I just worry that 5,000 people on the left have rated this book, and many of them will go into classrooms with the best of intentions only to recreate or reinvent oppression when they just can't understand why their students "don't get it" or "resist the liberation we're trying to give them."
I once applied for a
David Schaafsma
Very little new can be said about Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Freire was exiled from Brazil in 1964 for having the temerity to help the poor in his native country begin to learn literacy in the context of taking action for themselves. Uneducated as many of the rural poor were (and still are), Freire thought that learning to read and write for them might be linked to actual community needs. His goal was cultural consciousness, self-efficacy, transformation, with love, and in the process, dignity. ...more
Marwa Assem Salama
لأني لم أعد أجد قشعريرة النشوة عند سماع الهتافات أو رؤيا المسيرة ....ويوما بعد يوم يصرخ فيّ صوتا أرجو له الإعدام : بربكِ ما نفعها الدماء إن كانت فقط معراجاً لمانحها إلى فردوسٍ لا يشكو ازدحام، وهوةً لسافحها إلى جحيمٍ يشتهي المزيد؟؟...ولو قامت بمثل ذلك فقط ألفُ ثورة وثورة ...ما الضامن لكِ بأن ما سنراه في المستقبل ليس من هذا الحاضر ببعيد؟؟...وكأنها كانت تساؤلات مريرةً أيضا هي ما دفعت (باولو فيريري) لأن يعيد هنا تعريف الثورة والثائر ...يقلبه بالأذهان رأسا على عقب...فلا يرتجي منك راحة الهادر بالحق قو ...more
The oppressors do not perceive their monopoly on having more as a privilege which dehumanizes others and themselves. They cannot see that, in the egoistic pursuit of having as a possessive class, they suffocate in their possessions and no longer are; they merely have. For them, having more is an inalienable right, a right they acquired through their own "effort", with their "courage to take risks". If others do not have more, it is because they are incompetent and lazy, and worst of all is their
أحمد أبازيد Ahmad Abazed
هذا الكتاب على بساطته من أسس الفكر الثوري الحديث، وقضيته الرئيسة في كسر منظومة القهر وألا يكرر المقهورون صنع نظام القاهرين، وكيف على القادة الثوريين أن يحاوروا الشعب بندية تشاركية لا كتعليم فوقي حتى يشترك في الثورة التي ستحرره من منظومة القهر.
Nov 12, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I just finished reading Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed. It was life altering, as I knew it would be, and pointed the way forward clearly to how we can begin the revolution. If our aim is, as loving humans, to eradicate homelessness, poverty, racism, classism, and sexism, our revolution must be educative and cultural. Educative meaning that it is a process of reflection, critical thinking, and dialogue; cultural meaning that it must act decisively on our ways of being and inhabiting soc ...more
Mar 19, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone, but especially educators.
A must-read for anyone engaged in education, as well as all those involved in grassroots social change. How does one teach others, particularly those who have been oppressed in our society, without at the same time becoming merely another outside force of domination? How do those who are oppressed escape oppression, without merely joining the ranks of the those currently in power and responsible for the oppression? Freire, one of the first to truly address these questions, handles them capably, ...more
Aug 26, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Zanna by: Tinea
Shelves: feminism, translated
Perhaps I have been reading in the wrong order. I’m very familiar with the idea of dialogic pedagogy, mainly from my PGCE and reading Radical Education and the Common School, which is about liberatory education for children and young people as well as adults (as Freire points out, this idea of education is lifelong, all-encompassing, and positions teachers as learners and learners as teachers). I fervently believe that this idea of learning is the golden key shining in our hands towards a world ...more
This was a chore to read. Either the original writing is in a style lacking art or the translation from Portuguese either has issues or the translator lacks.

Beyond what makes for an unpleasant read, many of the ideas in the book are obviously for another time and place (1960's Brazil) and presenting an idealogy that has not only failed miserably in every attempt but has actually seen some of the most oppressive regimes in history (Soviet Union, Khmer Rouge, North Korea, Maoist China and more).
تحاملت على نفسي لكي أكمله، التنظير في الكتاب يفوق الوصف مع فقر شديد في اﻷمثلة الموضحة، باﻹضافة إلى اﻹعادة واﻹزادة لنفس اﻷفكار في كثير من المواضع، أعتقد لو أنني قرأت كتاباً عن هذا الكتاب يقوم بعرض ما جاء به لكان أفضل، بعض الكتب تكون أفضل حالاً إذا قرأت عنها بدلاً من أن تقرأها.

الكتاب ليس عن التعليم كما يوحي اسمه، بل يشمل معنى أوسع وهو نشر الوعي بين أفراد الشعوب المقهورة التي ترزح تحت طغاتها، أجاب الكاتب عن عدة أسئلة في هذا الصدد وطرح أفكاره من واقع تجربته، فباولو تم نفيه من البرازيل إلى شيلي لمعار
Nov 12, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book has been on my reading list for the past year based on great recommendations on Goodreads; I’m happy to say that it lived up to the hype. I started to get hooked reading the introduction by Donald Macedo. His use of the term “culturally schizophrenic” resonates with me because it reminds me (a little bit) of how I felt as a woman, working in engineering, in the Navy. I felt compartmentalized, like the different parts of my world did not connect. I don’t think it was exactly the same fe ...more
This book represents a huge disappointment, because it could have been brilliant in its totality.

In a nutshell the book is about the methodology/means of libertarian education. How traditional teaching methods implicitly reproduce dominant ideology and instill passivity in their subjects. The means by which this is subverted, Freire suggests, is by rejecting teacher-student centred teaching, assessing and pushing the boundaries of learners conciousness through problem-posing. This develops educa
Sep 22, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
'Pedagogy of the Oppressed' was first published nearly fifty years ago, yet read to me as a fresh, powerful, and relevant text, both on a personal and social level. On the personal front, it reminded me of how much I prefer small group teaching to lecturing. In the former case, I used to facilitate and guide critical discussions on a topic with three or four students who had written an essay about it. It was obvious in such discussions whether the students had read about the topic, whether they ...more
Paul Bard
Apr 27, 2014 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: not-to-be-read
Complete crap.

A more obtuse and overly-abstract espousing of silly theories resulting in useless do-gooderism could hardly be possible.

If Freire said he did ABC actions to free people through education and measured XYZ results in specific improvements in quality of life, then he might have won respect despite his pernicious theory.

But Freire dressed it up in fancy language to hide what was really going on. If he were honest, he would speak clearly. This is therefore a dishonest book.

Avoid. Avoi
Atheer  Abdullatif
الكتاب من الكتب التأسيسية في نظرية التعليم النقدي أو التربية النقدية. ويعد الكاتب من مؤسسي هذه النظرية وأبرز منظريها.

ينقد الكاتب فكرة التعليم التقليدي وأسماه "البنكي" الذي يحوّل الطالب لمتلقي والمعلم لمالك للمعرفة. ويدعو لتعزيز الاستقلالية لدى المتعلم، واحترام ما لديه من معرفة. وأن تقوم عملية التعليم على المنهج الحواري بين المتعلم والمعلم.
Nov 27, 2013 marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 6th-floor
I've seen quotes from this that burned with fierce fire into my brain (ex: "Any situation in which some individuals prevent others from engaging in the process of inquiry is one of violence. The means used are not important; to alienate human beings from their own decision-making is to change them into objects"), so hopefully someday I'll read the whole thing.
Aug 24, 2011 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Writing a review of this is a challenge in part because the book has had such a powerful effect on my approach to education, and as such to everything I do as a University teacher. I come back to it regularly to remind myself that the topical fads in pedagogy (such as the claims made for student centred active learning, so hip in British HE in the late 2000s and early 2010s) are not as new as many of their protagonists claim. In many cases thay are a politically diluted version of a more deep se ...more
Feb 16, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
عرفت الكتاب من برنامج "بره الصندوق" للبمشهندس ايمن عبد الرحيم
اخترت ابدأ فيه عشان صغير .. بس اللي اتفاجئت به انه علي الرغم من صغر حجمه الا انه اخد وقت كتير في قرائته .. اكتر من اسبوعين
احبطني جدا .. صفات كتيرة من المقهورين انطبقت عليا
نموذج التعليم البنكي : هو ده التعليم اللي اتعلمته من اول ما كنت صغيرة لحد لما اتخرجت
كان في سؤال بيدور في عقلي طول ما انا بقرأ الكتاب :
هو انا ازاي في يوم لو خلفت هعلم اولادي ؟
انا جزء من سيكولوجيتي بقي متطبع بطباع المقهورين .. ازاي احمي ولادي من ده ؟ و ازاي هغير ن
Jul 27, 2014 marked it as read-part  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: politics, sociology
The memory of this book is somewhat painful for me. I was assigned to read it in my first year in college, failed to do so, and tried to fake my way through the Seminar. I’ve suppressed the memory of exactly what it was I said that brought the entire class to an embarrassed halt, but I know it hinged on my not knowing what the word “pedagogy” meant (pro tip: it has almost nothing to do with “demagogy”). Since I’ve never really read it through, I’ll forego giving it a star rating.

Looking at it no
Mar 26, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I read this book in Portuguese after my friend read it as part of her reserach for her masters in English. She had described her problem with "the ontological vocation to be more fully human" as it is phrased in her translation. This translation, I believe, is less literal than it needs to be, and it emphasizes a particular humanist project that would postition the opressed as not having a constituent humanness. The Portugeuse would have it "sua ontologica vocacao de Ser Mais" which I would tran ...more
Sep 16, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Freire critical pedagogy can be easily confused with missionary education that colonizers used for years (like British in India or Portuguese in Brazil etc). Educating the oppressed by the oppressor can have several negative connotation, primarily erasure of sense of local history. This is predominant during colonization as there was an urgency to understand local history and align to their world view. Freire hypothesizes that educators have the duty to identify oppression in any form; though op ...more
Jun 04, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In my opinion, this is nothing short of the most important book written in the 20th century, and perhaps in the second half of the last millennium. It correctly recognizes the tension between oppression and liberation as a journey rather than a singular conflict, and acts as an unparalleled navigational tool on that journey.

Much is often said of the books second chapter, and indeed, that was my introduction to the book (in a writing course at Columbia). The criticism of the "banking style" educa
Jan 08, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"Our converts, on the other hand, truly desire to transform the unjust order; but because of their background they believe that they must be the executors of the transformation. They talk about the people, but they do not trust them; and trusting the people is the indispensable precondition for revolutionary change."

P.87 The word as the essence of dialogue, "there is no true word that is not at the same time a praxis. Thus, to speak a true word is to transform the world."
Sacrifice of action
Jun 27, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This was amazing. Aside from a few weird pages comparing animals to humans in chapter 3, I found everything in this book incredibly valuable.

His audience is Leftists. This book does not try to convert people to believing in the need for change. It is like an instruction manual for those who wish to see it come about. He describes in detail the causes of so many problems. He criticizes and directs Leftists. His critiques are spot-on. He settles so many mental issues I've struggled with myself, a
May 30, 2011 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: recommended
I wish I could give this 4 1/2 stars, only because it is (ironically) very academic. But the concepts in this book, the outlines of a radical education, are really important. If you haven't read it, you need to. If you have, brush up.
Aug 29, 2007 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
I don't get this book. I found it to be an overacademic hard to read book about making education less academic and more accessible.
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The Brazilian educator Paulo Freire is among most the influential educational thinkers of the late 20th century. Born in Recife, Brazil, on September 19, 1921, Freire died of heart failure in Sao Paulo, Brazil on May 2, 1997. After a brief career as a lawyer, he taught Portuguese in secondary schools from 1941-1947. He subsequently became active in adult education and workers' training, and became ...more
More about Paulo Freire...
“Education either functions as an instrument which is used to facilitate integration of the younger generation into the logic of the present system and bring about conformity or it becomes the practice of freedom, the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world.” 459 likes
“Leaders who do not act dialogically, but insist on imposing their decisions, do not organize the people--they manipulate them. They do not liberate, nor are they liberated: they oppress.” 285 likes
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