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Rosa Luxemburg
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Sozialreform Oder Revolution?[Mit Dem Anhang "Miliz Und Militarismus"]

4.14  ·  Rating Details ·  1,128 Ratings  ·  39 Reviews
Ο τίτλος της μελέτης αυτής φαίνεται στην αρχή εκπληκτικός. Κοινωνική μεταρρύθμιση ή επανάσταση; Είναι λοιπόν δυνατό η σοσιαλδημοκρατία νάναι εναντίον της κοινωνικής μεταρρύθμισης; Ή μήπως αντιπαρατάσσει την κοινωνική επανάσταση, την ανατροπή του υπάρχοντος καθεστώτος, στην κοινωνική μεταρρύθμιση; Όχι βέβαια. Για τη σοσιαλδημοκρατία ο καθημερινός πρακτικός αγώνας για κοινων ...more
Published 2010 by Müller (first published 1898)
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Miquixote
Rosa was amazingly prescient. .She predicted that imperialists would continue to impose their style of democracy in the 3rd world where the rich are the only ones who get freedom. That they would continue to destroy whoever gets in their way: ie. military /CIA coups. That even in the 1st world, capitalism would capitalize on anything to pick apart our rights. Homeland security, the war on drugs, whatever excuse they can come up with. Liberals (blair, obama are no different and will we ever learn ...more
Will
Rosa Luxemburg was a firebrand socialist, a pioneering political woman and Marxist theorist. She was a member of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD, the same ones in coalition with Angela Merkel's conservative Christian Democrats over a century later!) and later the Communist Party of Germany. In 1919 Luxemburg was killed by German paramilitaries after a failed socialist uprising.

Luxemburg wrote Reform or Revolution as a reaction to a book by Eduard Bernstein, another leading figure in the
...more
Hasan Makhzoum
Nov 22, 2016 Hasan Makhzoum rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I have read both her pamphlets in Arabic 20 years ago. I have Re-read the first one when a friend borrowed me the English edition to read the introduction by Helen Scott.

I was very touched by the story of Rosa's tragic death when I read about it the first time. Almost 10 years later, on the first day of my visit to Berlin in 2005, i asked my german friend Denis to show me the (presumed) places where Rosa and Leibnekht's decapitated corpses were thrown after being assassinated, even before I hea
...more
Valdemar Gomes
Jun 22, 2015 Valdemar Gomes rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Bernstein got #rekt
Otto Lehto
Dec 04, 2012 Otto Lehto rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A well written critique of Eduard Bernstein's reformist social democracy (or "evolutionary socialism"). Despite my disagreements with Luxemburg's starry-eyed adherence to Marxist doctrine, her discipleship does not dull her wit or make her pen run any less sharply across the yellowy page in condemnation of suspected bourgeois heresies. Highly recommended as a good summary of highly evolved Marxist dogma - in the form of "scientific socialism" - for any student of history.

It should be remembered
...more
Pablo
May 27, 2016 Pablo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favoritos, no-ficcion
Rosa Luxemburgo, no solo una gran intelectual revolucionaria, que hablaba hasta 11 idiomas, sino que comprometida de manera activa con los movimientos populares de su época. En los tiempos en que las mujeres eran doblemente explotadas (y siguen, solo en menor grado): por ser mujeres, y por ser pobres. La Rosa Roja se imponía no solo como un ejemplo para su género, sino para la humanidad. En éste texto su pensamiento político aparece más que claro: la igualdad solo se alcanza superando el sistema ...more
Matthew
Fuck you Bernstein!!!
Anthony
Mar 18, 2017 Anthony rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A lot of the questions of praxis we have are old as shit. In fact, at the time of writing, Luxemburg asserts the question of if capitalism can be reformed into socialism was already really old. This is was a pretty hard read, at least the translation I found, but it really is pertinent for people who are on the socialist side of the fence, but are iffy on historical materialism (me lol). It's encouraging that DSA are more actively trying to sport Luxemburg as an influence, she was a great revolu ...more
Eric Gulliver
Reform or Revolution is Rosa Luxemburg's stark response to Eduard Bernstein's book Evolutionary Socialism. Despite the fact that this book does hold small excerpts of brilliance that encompass Luxemburg's ability to combine passion with intelligence, her rebuttal was all but out of reach for me. That is, for a person with an elementary understanding of the political/social atmosphere of Germany between the dates 1880-1900. The Introduction by Mary-Alice Waters is satisfactory as it gives the con ...more
tom bomp
Pretty good polemic, but falls in the awkward position of not being a real introduction because it uses Marxist terms on the regular and is only really understandable from that perspective while also not really saying anything new to someone who's familiar with Marxism. There are quite a lot of good quotes that give good explanations for why x view is wrong - not comprehensively, but enough to give you a good idea *if* you're familiar with Marxism. Sometimes the writing is a bit bad and I had a ...more
Charlie
Oct 19, 2013 Charlie rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction, politics
Powerful and clever writing in a delightfully short book. I really like this woman. Her penultimate chapter, "Collapse", was especially enjoyable to read, making the most of but/therefore rhetoric. Even though "Reform or Revolution" was largely focused on disproving and criticising the theories of Eduard Bernstein, the same way Lenin's "The State and Revolution" continuously denounced someone named Kautsky, Luxemburg gave rational and convincing explanations for her dislike that made for engagin ...more
Chelsea Szendi
May 31, 2011 Chelsea Szendi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: theory, pinko
Over 100 years later, the situation and the reputation of "revolution" has shifted, but the ever-expanding crises Luxemburg describes persist. I particularly like her emphasis that revolution demands qualitative change, and cannot be thought of as only a more rapid, spontaneous manifestation of reform. Her prose has teeth.
Nabilah
Sep 18, 2016 Nabilah rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Read this book to understand why economic reforms cannot kill capitalism. She accurately predicted the fall of middle class due to their credit usage. It is okay if you don't understand the jargons, because you will understand it. It will click in your head. This is a must read for all budding leftists.
Jeff Laughlin
Oct 04, 2012 Jeff Laughlin rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Damn.
Sara Haouzi
Jun 20, 2017 Sara Haouzi rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Marxist-leninists
En esta obra, Luxemburgo refuta enteramente la nueva tendencia revisionista fundada por las ideas expresadas por Bernstein, analizando cada uno de sus puntos, de sus choques con el socialismo científico (como son la negación de un certero colapso del capitalismo debido a sus propias contradicciones, o el rechazo al proceso revolucionario, considerando que la reforma legislativa es el verdadero camino hacia una sociedad comunista) y de sus propias contradicciones, criticando su concepción del sin ...more
Saahil Ognawala
May 24, 2017 Saahil Ognawala rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fict, philosophy
Rosa has no time for your sappy hashtags and rainbow-tinted profile pictures. "Those who do not move, do not notice their chains! So organize your motherfucking selves, because these capitalist asses are not going to kick themselves!" she screams, as she reaches for your toothbrush.

I followed her and, I gotta admit, hers is the most glorious party ever. There's bread, beer, karaoke, and spaceships and it's all free!
Tania Ramonde
Reforma o Revolución es el primer texto de Rosa Luxemburg que leo. Se trata de una obra interesante, directa y apasionada en la que la autora se enfrenta a las propuestas de Bernstein desde la perspectiva marxista.

Resulta impactante comprobar lo actual y relevante que resulta esta lectura, y al mismo tiempo lo desconocida y malinterpretada que es.

Una lectura fácil para aproximarse al socialismo científico, que sin duda prepara al lector para otras obras más teóricas y complejas.
Kristjhan
Mar 05, 2015 Kristjhan rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Within a year or so of her life in Germany and her involvement with the SPD Luxemburg had already developed such a profound knowledge of the internal conflicts of the party, represented here in probably her first major work, foremost a polemic against the revisionist/reformist trend lead by Bernstein and expressed in his book Evolutionary Socialism. Bernstein's basic argument is that with the development of capitalism in the latter decades of the 19th century, i.e. the progressive strengthening ...more
Nico Battersby
Jul 16, 2017 Nico Battersby rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Marxist Nostradamus makes Bernstein her bitch.
Kate Moore
Feb 19, 2017 Kate Moore rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Au tournant du siècle dernier, en Allemagne, alors que la Révolution russe s'apprête à éclater, deux courants politiques s'affrontent au sein du mouvement socialiste. Le premier dit "réformiste" est incarné par Eduard Bernstein. Il prône une adhésion au pouvoir établi et pense que l'on pourra améliorer la société en restant dans le cadre institutionnel du capitalisme. La société se transformera progressivement, sans à coup et sans grands dommages pour le peuple.
Le deuxième dit "orthodoxe" est re
...more
Claudio Saavedra
Mar 18, 2014 Claudio Saavedra rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: marxism
A throughout critique of Eduard Bernstein's "Evolutionary Socialism" that goes to lengths to show the idealist nature of Bernstein's work and how, instead of presenting a consistent path towards the emancipation of the working class, it merely justifies the existing social structures and places social democracy as nothing but a tool for the amelioration of the conditions of workers, but always inside the limiting frame of capitalism.

Bernstein's work is particularly important because, through its
...more
Peter
Dit pittige strijdschrift ageert vooral tegen de 'reformistische' politiek van Bernstein en andere figuren uit de vooroorlogse SPD. Haar stellingen ('de socialistische beweging is niet mogelijk als het socialistische einddoel ontbreekt' en 'de dictatuur van het proletariaat is een historische noodzakelijkheid, echter; het proletariaat moet dit in gaan zien') steunen vooral op een zeer orthodoxe vorm van het historisch-materialisme. In de bespreking van de 'afvlakkingsmethoden', die volgens Berns ...more
Josepha
In Reform or revolution (1899) Rosa Luxemburg wrote down her fundamental disagreements with the theories of Eduard Bernstein and Konrad Schmidt. They upheld the idea that socialism could be obtained by reforms instead of revolution. She responded to these claims that history and contemporary times show not a movement closer towards socialism but further away from it: that capitalism is actually strengthening itself, not weakening.
Her arguments we're strong and her analysis of the works of Schmi
...more
Simón
May 21, 2015 Simón rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In Reform or Revolution, Rosa Luxemburg criticises Eduard Bernstein's theories about a transition between Capitalism and Socialism through a series of reforms, instead of following a revolutionary way.

I won't go into much detail here: time has made Rosa right, and it is very obvious nowadays how trade unions, democratic parties and the other means that Bernstein described were only effective in "reacting" against Capitalism, in attenuating somehow the hard conditions of workers, but were comp
...more
Max
Mar 08, 2011 Max rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A lot of ideas packed into a short work, this is a well-formed response to the centrist current in Germany's Social Democratic movement in the period leading up to WW1. A great deal of it is hauntingly relevant to today's political and economic issues (her take on Europe's credit crisis at the turn of the 20th Century could have been written a few short years ago). My only real issue with this is the exclusivist perspective she takes on strategy: she demonstrates the limitations of trade unions ...more
Benjamin Eskola
In places it's clear that this is a product of a specific time and place; it's very much an attempt to refute a particular theory that was current at the time of writing, that of Eduard Bernstein, and does so with regular references to his book (and some specific quotation of late-nineteenth-century economic data). But the argument itself is general enough that it's possible to gain something useful from it even a century later; the reformist tendency is no less significant now than then, and th ...more
Yaser Maadat
تقدم روزا لوكسمبورغ في هذا العمل مقارنات بين الثورة الاشتراكية التي تقود نحو مجتمع اشتراكي و بين الاصلاح الاجتماعي عبر نضال اشتراكي عمالي و نقابي و لكن في ظل مجتمع رأسمالي،محاولة أن تدحض نظريات المفكر
الاشتراكي الاجتماعي الالماني ادوارد برنشتاين الداعي الى اندماج الاشتراكيين في المجتمع الرأسمالي بعيدا عن الثورة الاشتراكية،تلجأ روزا لوكسمبورغ الى اسلوب الهجوم المباشر على افكار برنشتاين عبر التمسك بمبادىء الماركسية في حتمية انهيار النظام الرأسمالي و نهوض الاشتراكية عبر ثورة ثم دكتاتورية البروليتار
...more
Loránd
In this pamphlet Rosa Luxemburg lays out her critique of social democracy—insofar as it can never achieve goals the socialists want. Instead it is a movement that's nearly indistinguishable from capitalism, and I completely agree with her.

The root of the uselessness of social democracy is that instead of looking at the antagonism between employer and employee, it looks at antagonism between rich and poor. This narrowing in scope is detrimental because, suppose you eliminate poverty and bring dow
...more
Brett
Apr 07, 2014 Brett rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: socialism
This very short book by Rose Luxemburg is considered to be a radical lit classic for reasons that are not entirely clear to me. Rife with Marxian jargon, it is overwhelmingly concerned with a internecine dispute in German radical politics at the turn of the 20th century. While I did find parts of it interesting, the modern relevance that some seem to find in the text didn't materialize much for me.

It's not hard to guess the answer to the question of the title in Luxemburg's view. For her, revolu
...more
Nativeabuse
Not as good as I was hoping, this whole book is just her arguing that revolutionary socialism is superior to reformist socialism.

The arguments are very flawed due to their age, and obviously she was on the losing side of the argument as history shows.

I will say this was much better than anything you would ever get from Emma Goldman.
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Rosa Luxemburg (Rosalia Luxemburg, Polish: Róża Luksemburg) was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and activist of Polish Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, the Social Democratic Party of Germany(SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party and the Communist Party of Germany. ...more
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