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التاريخ والوعي الطبقي

4.03  ·  Rating details ·  3,036 ratings  ·  53 reviews
إن عملية جمع ونشر هذه المحاولات في كتاب لا تهدف أبداً إعطاءها أكثر مما كان لها منفردة. وباستثناء المحاولة حول التشيؤ ووعي البروليتاريا وملاحظات منهجية حول قضية كانت لها أساساً فإنها أبدعت بأكثريتها خلال العمل الحزبي وكمحاولات حتى توضح القضايا النظرية للحركة الثورية إن بالنسبة للكاتب وإن بالنسبة لقارئيه. وبالرغم من إعادة صياغتها جزئياً الآن فإنها وعلى أي حال لم تخسر إطلاقاً ...more
Paperback, 302 pages
Published 1999 by دار الأندلس (first published 1922)
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David M
Mar 27, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Reading Lukacs will get you laid. Seriously, just do it.

*
Reification, among other things, is the fragmentation of knowledge, its endless specialization; so that every advance in each individual science is also a step away from the ontological substratum of the whole. Here Lukacs brings to mind Husserl, but of course their solutions are different. Husserl thought that the genius of phenomenology would be enough; that is, a purely contemplative mode of thought could heal these divisions. Lukacs,
...more
Graham
Jan 20, 2008 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is important for Lukacs' concept of 'false consciousness'. Like most marxists, Lukacs assumes that consciousness is an understanding of ones class interests. False consciousness is a state where ones true consciousness is clouded by capitalism, thus classes are living with a false consciousness that can involve commodity fetishism and alienation (or reification). Only the proletariat is able to achieve true consciousness because of its opposition to capitalism. Although presumably, ...more
Feliks
Jun 28, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: criticism
This work starts off very promising. Initially one encounters very fine, clear, lucid writing. The author states his aims precisely and drives straightly and directly towards them. Incisive, plain, and cutting-to-the-heart-of-the-matter. Simple and eloquent; diction and verbosity which runs like a clear spring of water. Very enjoyable at the outset.

However, I must caution you that submerged rocks and treacherous rapids await one, downstream. The middle of this book is one of the worst I have
...more
Tyler
Nov 19, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A pleasure to reread, a book which is as relevant then as it is now
V.
What can I say? This book is essential reading for those wishing to get clear on the theory of alienation in Marx, or the theory that the proletariat occupies a special standpoint from which the world can be best understood. I've been reading this to help in developing criticisms of feminist standpoint theorists and it's hard to believe they even claim to have read the book (they seem to depend on the fact that the book is far less widely read than it ought be).
ralowe
Jun 03, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
i still havent finished thinking about lukacs and his ideas. the marxist-hegelian theory whereby the world becomes things is actually an incredibly big notion, and i thought it was just about making shit to buy. fantasies, like charlie gross berkin. no, its actually way fucking bigger and i wasnt fully prepared. at one point it occurred to me and this is just me, mind you that it seems we could just as easily be referring to language, or our consensus agreement on what the facts are, on ...more
Brian
Feb 01, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The essays collected here, written in the years immediately following the First World War and the Russian Revolution, represent a sustained effort on the part of Lukács to articulate a theory of class consciousness as the nodal point of the historical dialectic and the human being. Humanity, as subject-object of history, is without fixed being; human nature is nothing other than the dialectical flux. It is class consciousness whereby the proletariat simultaneously recognizes and abolishes itself ...more
Vestige21
Feb 07, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
For a class to have class-consciousness, it must understand its inherent power to shape history. My fav part is when he thinks through the dialectical reason why bourgeois classes cannot achieve class-consciousness.
C
Aug 13, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is most assuredly the greatest book of Marxists philosophy, since the death of Marx. It's a real philosophical, moral, and political tragedy, that Lukacs was essentially rebuked and quarantined by the communist state he was defending. I've heard before that Lukacs was a Stalinist, but clearly the people spouting this claptrap have not read his essay on Reification. Long before the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts were published, Lukacs was able to read in Marx's theory of the commodity ...more
Alex Lee
Oct 03, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Lukacs goes deep into transcendental philosophy to deredge up a grasp how the phenomenonal world is transformed through a Hegelian ground. This requires he explain how Hegel "solves" Kantian teleology, all the while maintaining a union between material and spirit. Lukacs is able to connect this back to the technological disruption that is part of capitalist exchange and industrial specialization -- but he is able to explain this by way of connecting the ideas. I am not certain Lukacs would be ...more
Andrew
Oh Lukacs, how I was expecting so much more. As often as your name is spoken of in reverential terms, this just seemed to be ponderous, self-deluding ultra-orthodox dialectical materialism, devoid of so much of the social awareness that makes reading Luxemburg or Horkheimer such a pleasure. Indeed, he criticizes Luxemburg for her demands of social freedom paired with socialist economy. Some of his observations on alienation and class consciousness are pretty wise, but a good 3/4 of this one can ...more
Luke Echo
I thought the Kowlakowski's evaluation of Lukacs as ultimately attempting to 'mystify' Marxism as a kind of relgion was accurate.

And I can't help but feel that the idea of Praxis as a unity of Theory and Practice is problematic. That, his theories lead to a problem of determining 'false' versus 'true' consciousness.


Revisiting this in 2017 - I think my opinion has changed quite a lot.
Its a flawed but really quite complex work.
Despisedtroll
Aug 03, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Must read for anyone interested in critical thinking, may that be: Western philosophy from Kant-Hegel and Marx, Frankfurt School, Marxism, Feminism, sociology, history--the application is endless. Truly a master piece of the 20th century.
Alex
Aug 30, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Western Marxism kinda begins right here.
Peter Harrison
Feb 25, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
History and Class Consciousness is a well known text from Lukacs' early career although as his later preface makes clear he subsequently disowned much of it. It remains however hugely significant for re-emphasising the Hegelian and dialectical side of Marx's work.

I re-read this after reading Jameson's "Valences of the Dialectic" and Andrew Feenburg's "The Philosophy of Praxis" both of which cover Lukacs' thought in some detail and are well worth reading as preparation.

In structure History and
...more
Bill&Ted
It's hard for me to be unqualified in my rating this book five stars. I do not agree with Lukacs' endorsements of violence toward the end of the book, and I feel that those endorsements need to be grounded in a knowledge of history that I do not posses. If someone were to say that across the United States, the communist party should storm the streets and murder shopkeepers the way you see people doing in Mario Vargas Llosa's Death in the Andes, I certainly would not endorse that.

If, on the other
...more
Shant
Jan 18, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"History and Class Consciousness" is a masterpiece.

Lukács is known as "the philosopher of Leninism", and it is here that he demonstrates the breadth of his knowledge. Should you require a philosophical justification for Bolshevism, look no further.

The chapter titled "Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat" is, frankly, beyond my comprehension. Don't attempt a reading without a firm understanding of Hegel.
mimosa maoist
A philosophical extrapolation out of Marx's economic manuscripts; reductive to class standpoint without accounting for political determination, a lot of existential and class liquidationist ideas, and while most of it was a good read, other parts really dragged; still insightful.
Leah
Jan 13, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I only read the preface materials and the essay "Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat" (p. 83-222). If I come back to this book, I would reread reification and read his essays on Luxemburg. I really enjoyed Reification.
Kid Kongo
Feb 11, 2019 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Essential reading for those interested in class consciousness, ideology, class struggles, late capitalism.
Delaney
For Hegel and Marx, read "Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat."
Andrew
Jan 01, 2015 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
All the problems of bourgeois thought, the crises of modern society and economy, the feelings of estrangement and loss, the antinomies of philosophy, all the bad things in life are reduced down to one thing: Reification of the commodity form... If only.

The argument is that the ideological requirement to naturalize a fundamentally irrational economic system resurfaces as a passifying, contemplative bourgeois worldview. When the big crisis comes, however, the working class will see the capitalist
...more
Paul O'Leary
Jul 10, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Lukacs was a Hungarian philosopher who had a talent for walking away from his work at the drop of a hat, which he found much more salubrious than waiting for the cock of a pistol. This ability actually served him quite well as he managed to stay alive through many perilous experiences. First as Commissar for Education during the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic of Kun, then as political proponent of a proletarian & peasant dictatorship against the "whimsical" wishes of Moscow's ...more
Gage Hoefer
Jul 11, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
Lukács had a massive influence on Western (and even bits of Eastern) Marxism, and for good reason; History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics is undoubtedly his greatest work. His theory of reification, the unique position of the proletariat as subject-object within history, and his constant attempts to draw attention to the influence Hegel had on Marx continue to enlighten and further the thought laid down by previous theoreticians (at least for me). While he can be hard to ...more
Peter Harrison
Jan 23, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: marx, philosophy
This is a wonderful book. It probably helped that I came to it after reading some Zizek, and was thinking 'dialectically'. Certainly it is not an easy read, particularly if you're unfamiliar with the basics of Hegel and Marxist dialectic. The other flaw -which is particularly noticeable if you've read Kolakowski's outline of Lukacs in 'Main Currents of Marxism' - is that it could easily be interpreted as a blank justification for Stalinism. I don't think that is wholly fair, Lukacs' thinking is ...more
Kevin Jimenez
If Marx was the father of historical materialism then Lukacs was the synthesizing factor in all of its manifestations. To put it plainly, History and Class Consciousness is the perfect predecessor to the ideas put forth by Marxists years prior. He pays homage to the likes of Hegel, Kant, Schopenhauer, Luxembourg, and of course the mediator himself- Karl Marx. Even in his reflections, Lukacs is able to contract a method that seeks to rearrange the already established notions of class ...more
John
May 26, 2012 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
A series of essays on Marx that emphasized the importance of Hegelian dialectics to his thought, and in particular to his ideas about historical materialism. This was before the discovery of Marx's earlier manuscripts that did indeed draw heavily on Hegel, so Lukacs rather nailed that one. Lukacs's essays also feature some rather vehement, Leninist-style class battle cries, his primary claim being that the revolution will only occur once the proletariat has achieved a full class-consciousness, ...more
Robbie Leslie
Sep 19, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
WARNING! This is a very 'hard read'. However, if you are interested in left-wing politics and Marxist/Marxian political philosophy it might be worth the effort involved. Lukacs is a clever thinker even if he is wilfully obscurantist in putting his ideas forward. His recasting of Marx's theory of alienation as 'reification' is genuinely interesting and stimulating (once you get to grips with it!)
This is really one for the aficionados only - if you are unfamiliar with Marx/Marxians and dialectical
...more
Egor Sofronov
Sep 18, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
My fave parts: 1) on reification; 2) the truth of the historical situation resides in the contradiction, or within the oppressed: "The proletariat always aspires towards the truth even in its 'false' consciousness and in its substantive errors."; 3) historicity of aesthetics (landscape, drama) 4) theory of violence which is omnipresent and comprises the totality of social relations.

Interestingly, on page 102 there is a sentence that relativizes dialectics by inserting it into a speculative,
...more
Levi
Nov 30, 2008 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I actually only read the main title essay from this collection for a Frankfurt School reading group. Hugely influential piece which is easy to detect in Dialectic of the Enlightenment & other Adorno. Still, the style is often atrocious and the thought is now profound, now vaguely ridiculous in turns. Despite all this the work is a must read for the central stage appearance of the concept of reification.
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György Lukács was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian and critic. He is a founder of the tradition of Western Marxism, an interpretive tradition that departed from the Marxist ideological orthodoxy of the Soviet Union. He developed the theory of reification, and contributed to Marxist theory with developments of Karl Marx's theory of class consciousness. He was also a ...more

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