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Leningrad: The Epic Siege of World War II, 1941-1944

4.12  ·  Rating details ·  1,320 Ratings  ·  118 Reviews
On September 8, 1941, eleven weeks after Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa, his brutal surprise attack on the Soviet Union, Leningrad was surrounded. The siege was not lifted for two and a half years, by which time some three quarters of a million Leningraders had died of starvation.

Anna Reid's Leningrad is a gripping, authoritative narrative history of this dramatic mo
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Hardcover, 492 pages
Published August 30th 2011 by Walker Books (first published 2011)
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Ilse
Nov 13, 2016 rated it really liked it
Shelves: history, russia, 2016, reviewed
One might say that Leningrad is particularly well suited to catastrophes. That cold river, those menacing sunsets, that operatic, terrifying moon.
- Anna Akhmatova

When the Wehrmacht attacked Leningrad in 1941, Leningraders had yet been generously endowed with war, terror and famines. Still, the worst was yet to come. Relying for most part on diaries, memoires and interviews of survivors, journalist and historian Anna Reid chronicles Leningrad’s ghastly blockade fate during WWII. The city had to e
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Ray
Feb 02, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
The German army raced east in the early stages of the Barbarossa campaign and soon reached Leningrad. It stopped at the outskirts of the city and settled down to a long siege. The Russians, demoralised and bloodied but not beaten, hunkered down too.

What followed was three years of unremitting hardship as the inhabitants ran out of food and fuel. Hundreds of thousands starved to death and those that survived had to fight to stay alive. We see the usual stories of selfless sacrifice and heroism, w
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A.L. Sowards
Author Anna Reid sets out to disprove some of the myths of the siege of Leningrad (ones that say everyone endured stoically), so the focus of this book is about people starving to death (about 650,000 to 800,000). It’s not a happy book.

The siege would have been a tragedy regardless, but Soviet leadership made it worse (one could argue that if it wasn’t for the purges in the late 30s, the Red Army might have been able to stop the Nazi invasion sooner, thus eliminating the siege altogether). Not e
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Thore Husfeldt
Jun 02, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
“Perhaps I’ll be able to understand Beethoven’s music better, and the genius of Lermontov and Pushkin, once I’ve been to war…” Heartbreaking words of 18-year old Oleg to his girlfriend at the advent of operation Barbarossa: Hitler’s attack on Stalin that would see Leningrad besieged for years by German and Finnish troops and reliant on the incompetence, corruption, paranoia, and callousness of the Soviet Union.

This is an expertly written book about a terrible time. Caught between the two monstro
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Matt Brady
May 27, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: russia
The epic Siege of Leningrad during the Second World War is an event that, while not exactly overlooked, seems to be given less importance when compared to the Battle of Stalingrad, or the massive tank clashes of Kursk, or the desperate last-gasp defence of Moscow. Anna Reid sets out to describe exactly why the Siege was so important, illuminating lesser known details and dispelling popular Soviet myths that sprang up in the years following the war. She traces the Siege from the very beginning of ...more
Tamara
May 27, 2013 added it
Shelves: ww2, ussr, st-petersburg, food
The books focuses mostly on the civilian experience of the siege, and - probably because of a bias in the availability of sources - on the experiences of educated middle class people. Who wrote. A lot.

Diaries are a major source, along with interviews conducted many years later, and for me that was the most fascinating aspect of the book. Once all the staggeringly grim statistics, the disgusting politics and the bureacratic incompetence are processed, there's this absolutely riveting thread of in
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Manray9
Sep 11, 2013 rated it liked it
Shelves: russia, wwii-europe
The distinguished historian, Antony Beevor, wrote that Anna Reid with her Leningrad: The Epic Siege of World War II, 1941-1944 provides an “honest reappraisal of the myths surrounding this epic siege.” Her contribution is not in simply retelling the narrative of Leningrad’s valiant citizenry and their tenacious defense of the city against Fascist aggression, but in exposing the incompetence, cruelty and indifference of Soviet authorities and the Germans alike. She shows that life in Leningrad du ...more
Calzean
The book focuses on the people of Leningrad and their experiences during WWII. The was some original research and interviews as well as use of many other published references.

The book was structured mainly chronologically with a focus on 1941. There were chapters on certain themes (cannibalism, purges, crime, etc), a couple of chapters on particular military battles and an odd occasional use of a German officer's experience. The way the book was structured, for me, did not allow the story to fl
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Marc
Feb 08, 2012 rated it it was amazing
This authoritative history of the Nazi siege of Leningrad during World War II, and of the effects of the siege on the city's inhabitants, is meticulously researched and fluidly and crisply told. Reid is a disciplined writer with an eye for the telling detail.

The book is arranged chronologically, and much of the story is told through contemporaneous accounts of the siege. This is a very effective approach: the personal stories have a powerful cumulative impact and provide a thoroughly immersive
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S.
Dec 26, 2012 rated it really liked it
Shelves: m-turtle
fantastic read, all the more impressive because Reid only finished a bachelor's degree.

*one error: Reid writes, "Stalin shouldn't have liquidated his army's generals during his purge;" however, among Hitler's last words were "I should have purged the army's generals like Stalin." these kind of broad historical judgments are "too big" to make. USSR won the war, so who can say 70 years after the fact which of Stalin's decisions were correct and which were wrong?

second, Reid spends hundreds of pag
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Mikey B.
An excellent account of the horrifying siege of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) that occurred following the German invasion of June, 1941.

This is a ground view look at the siege taken mostly from the diaries, and to a lesser extent, interviews of the survivors. Many are wrenching, many are poetic, and provide us with portrayals of their terrible ordeal. There is little in the book of the military details of the long blockade and these are told from a humanistic viewpoint – for instance there were
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Richard
Jan 02, 2012 rated it liked it
Overall, I'm not dissatisfied with the book. I am glad the author included additional details about how Stalin and his generals managed the war effort and a German commander commanded his troops held the territory around Leningrad. This gave the book an perspective outside of the besieged Leningrad, and contrasted with the plights of the starving Leningraders. Many of the anecdotes and stories of the besieged citizens of Leningrad were well chosen (for example, stories of doormen allowing the we ...more
Dachokie
Jan 30, 2014 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: world-war-ii
A New Classic …

Having read hundreds of volumes covering the Eastern Front in World War II, I have never taken an interest in understanding the horrors bestowed upon Leningrad during the war. In fact, it was Russia’s subtle but potent reference to The Great Patriotic War in the Opening Ceremony of the Sochi Winter Olympics that prompted me to learn more about the siege. Anna Reid’s LENINGRAD certainly proves to be a superbly efficient study on the before/during/after impact of the siege as well a
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Sarah
Sep 05, 2011 rated it really liked it
Shelves: history, russia
The story is of course devastating and gripping, though I'm not sure there are many revelations in this account of the siege of Leningrad. The myths of the siege (the role of musicians, the self-sacrifice) are exploded, not for the first time, and replaced by the plainly-told horrors of the dehumanisation and near death of a European city - pretty much accepted now, and told here with subtlety and balance. The author is quite unequivocal however on the tragic waste of human life that Soviet mism ...more
Kieran Healy
May 20, 2014 rated it really liked it
Overall a great piece of historical work, with only a few issues. As for the politics, that will inevitably be decided by the reader on an individual basis. I felt it mostly as a humanist text, which is imperative if you are going to cover an atrocity. At the end I felt exhausted, still not quite able to comprehend what I had just read. Other than some minor quibbles, I consider this a required piece of reading for any history buff interested in the Russian front during WW2, or have an odd curio ...more
Denis
Feb 03, 2016 rated it it was amazing
This harrowing account of the tragic siege of Leningrad is not for the faints of heart – but it’s a definitive read for anyone interested in the history of Russia and WWII. Reid is a vivid storyteller, and one of her great accomplishments, in this book, is that she has recovered (or discovered) a trove of testimonies from various people who lived through the siege. Her very numerous quotes from those people help us understand, see, and feel from the inside what it was to live (and die) through t ...more
Jonathan Dunsky
Nov 25, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history
Stalingrad is the battle of the Eastern Front which gets the most historical attention. However, the battle for Leningrad is also important to get the full picture of the horror of war.

Leningrad, today's St. Petersburg, is at the north of the front and, when Nazi forces are surging ahead, the city is in danger.

The Soviet government, with it's little care for the welfare of their people, wants the city to hold and prevents mass evacuation. The result is that the city is cut off from the rest of R
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Philip Whiteland
Jan 23, 2015 rated it really liked it
Having read Max Hastings' account of the final months of the last war, I was eager to know the background to the Soviet psyche with regard to WWII, I downloaded (in my defence, it was on offer again) 'Leningrad: Tragedy of a City under Siege, 1941-1944'. If you're ever in need of feeling totally depressed and hopeless, this is the book for you. Caught between the incompetence, brutality and corruption of Soviet-era Communism and the sadistic desire of the Nazis to see what would happen if you st ...more
Christopher Fox
Sep 15, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Compelling. Drawing on what must have been a mountain of source material (diaries and government and military records...but mainly those diaries), Reid has fashioned an engrossing, exhaustive and utterly grim account of a particularly dark chapter of WWII. She and they describe the horrors and privations they suffered, descriptions of such intimate and personal detail that they draw continual emotional responses from the reader. "How could people live like this?", "How could people die like this ...more
Andrew Lewis
Dec 26, 2013 rated it it was amazing
A wonderful addition to any history of the eastern front of world war 2. It's very interesting to see that not only did The Wehrmacht's surrounding of Leningrad deliberately intend to starve the civilian population into capitulation, but to see the horrific collectivist inefficiencies of the Soviet government's gross inefficiency to supply it's own people with the basic essentials to survival. The two regimes , communism and fascism, both contributed to the horrors of Leningrad: upwards of 800,0 ...more
Richard
Feb 27, 2012 rated it it was ok
Shelves: 2012
Considering this was one of the great events of world history, the book is surprisingly bland. Not much about the political scene, or the military, or life in starving Leningrad other than the starvation. For an "epic siege," it's not a very compelling read. But, imagine, a crown jewel of a city surrounded by the enemy during the worst winter in memory, and in which almost every occupant is starving to death - and this occurs over a period of years. 750,000 starvation deaths. Zombie tales have n ...more
Daniel Kukwa
Aug 08, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
What an epic, magnificently researched, beautifully written, and achingly sad account of one of the worst disasters of WW2...in a nation that covered up the truth of this disaster under decades of totalitarian bureaucracy, lies, and propaganda. This is as fine a work of 20th century history as you are likely to find...as well as a gripping read in its own right. Utterly marvelous, and achingly tragic.
Michael Malice
Feb 24, 2016 rated it really liked it
chilling
Mireille Kools
Chaotic

Interesting info esp. the treasure trove of the diaries. The writing is a bit chaotic and ad hoc if one is not a historian



Ted Haussman
Nov 30, 2017 rated it really liked it

A wonderful book about a truly horrendous wartime atrocity -- Nazi Germany's intentional starvation of Leningrad's civilian population when it could not capture and occupy the city and Communist Party authority's failures when attempting to deal with the tragedy and its later attempts to cover up its ineptitude. The author draws primarily from first person diary accounts of the blokadniki and does an admirable job, describing the horrors and the feeble attempts to exist among them. She also does
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Steve Majerus-Collins
Aug 28, 2017 rated it liked it
Shelves: history
If I hadn't read Harrison Salisbury's account of the siege decades ago, I would probably think more highly of Anna Reid's perfectly adequate account, which has the advantage of more material to work with. It's also no doubt more accurate since she didn't have a communist government peering over her shoulder as she gathered material. It's still a breathtaking story, an entire modern city surrounded by enemy troops for 900 days. Something like 750,000 people died in that time, most of them from st ...more
Phillip
Oct 16, 2017 rated it really liked it
Shelves: wwii, cities
4.5 / 5.0
Author states at end that she has been highly critical of Soviet Response to Leningrad Siege, but I did not find it so. Balanced treatment evokes a tragedy once initial mistakes seal the cities. Excellent narrative intones just enough horror and does not cross into over emphasizing the grotesque and humanizes the victims. Huge amount of both factual and anecdotal information with well integrated quotations from memoirs and survivors recollections. Emotional content of book builds peaks
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Joseph Gerencser
Epic, filtered through Anna Reid's clear lens, becomes an aliveness to history as lived, not simply reported. I very highly offer a human recommendation. It is rare to feel with such clarity written history.

I found myself easily drawn into Anna Reid's naturally flowing account of the tragedy that occurred in Leningrad. She skillfully narrates, with keen sensitivity, what happened and to this lets the participants voices round out this Masterpiece of elicited consciousness. Bravo!
Mark H
Jan 20, 2018 rated it it was amazing
A powerful, albeit sad and tragic account. The siege is recounted primarily via accounts of the time. And, these are not white washed myths. Ms. Reid goes beyond the standard tellings of this tragedy of war to the human suffering and sometimes triumph of the spirit. It is not a blow by blow account of battle. It is a tale encompassing the human and inhumane costs of wartime siege. Siege mentality, on all sides, is not pretty. Bus as one of the survivors has stated "Life flows on..."
Theresa
Feb 13, 2017 rated it really liked it
Almost 900 days - that is how long the epic siege of Leningrad lasted, beginning in September 1951 and ends by in January 1944. With around 750,000 civilian lives lost primarily due to starvation, Leningrad lost 1/3 of its pre-siege population. Anna Reid delivers a well researched historical tale that is well worth reading about.
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“One of the most oft-quoted records of the siege, scribbled in pencil over the pages of a pocket address book, is that kept by twelve-year-old Tanya Savicheva:

28 December 1941 at 12.30 a.m. – Zhenya died. 25 January 1942 at 3 p.m. – Granny died. 17 March at 5 a.m. – Lyoka died. 13 April at 2 a.m. – Uncle Vasya died. 10 May at 4 p.m. – Uncle Lyosha died. 13 May at 7.30 a.m. – Mama died. The Savichevs are dead. Everyone is dead. Only Tanya is left.”
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“Shelling, many felt, was actually worse than bombing, since bombardments were not preceded by an alarm. From 4 September to the end of the year the Wehrmacht’s heavy artillery pounded Leningrad 272 times, for up to eighteen hours at a stretch, with a total of over 13,000 shells. (...) The rumour that some shells were filled only with granulated sugar, or held supportive notes from sympathetic German workers, was a soothing invention.” 1 likes
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