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The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires
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The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires

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3.84  ·  Rating details ·  6,432 Ratings  ·  381 Reviews
It is easy to forget that every development in the history of the American information industry–from the telephone to radio to film–once existed in an open and chaotic marketplace inhabited by entrepreneurs and utopians, just as the Internet does today. Each of these, however, grew to be dominated by a monopolist or cartel. In this pathbreaking book, Tim Wu asks: will the ...more
Paperback, 384 pages
Published November 29th 2011 by Vintage (first published 2010)
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Tim Wu
Sep 07, 2010 rated it it was amazing  ·  (Review from the author)  ·  review of another edition
I learned a tonne writing it
Hadrian
This is a book which lives up to its bombastic subtitle, "The Rise and Fall of Information Empires". The reference to Edward Gibbon is apt, as this is a history of monopolies which aimed for total control over media and communication, and how these empires fell. Wu discusses the telephone industry (AT&T), radio (RCA), movies (Paramount), and sketches out a few tentative lines for the internet and smartphones (Apple, Google).

The main story here is how pioneers in each new communications indus
...more
Atila Iamarino
Um livro que foi escrito em 2011 e ainda é completamente atual. Tim Wu é professor de direito em Columbia e estuda a relação com informação e tecnologia. Já vi a expressão net neutrality atribuída a ele.

O livro todo é um argumento muito bem apresentado em favor da neutralidade da rede e da importância de não se deixar que interesses específicos de alguma corporação (entre as maiores candidatas ele cita a AT&T) escolha o que circula ou não na web. Começa com uma história de como surgiram e cr
...more
Elaine Nelson
As with Nothing to Envy, I should have written this review right after reading the book. It was fantastic, and I'd like to read it again. Great history of the "Information Empires" of the 20th and early 21st century, the continuing tension between openness and control. The history of television seemed particularly instructive: there was no early era of openness; instead Sarnoff (RCA/NBC) manipulated everything he could to make sure that it came out under the exact same control as radio at the ti ...more
Manu
May 25, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: review
Wow!
Two of my favourite books in the recent past have been The Moral Animal and The Sovereign Individual. I liked them because they brought out the fundamental patterns that underlie the evolution and behaviour of humans and the system of the world respectively. The Master Switch does the same with communication and information empires.
His premise is this - history has shown that communication/information technologies follow a predictable path : it starts as an idea in a mind/group of minds ty
...more
Irina slutsky
Nov 05, 2010 is currently reading it  ·  review of another edition
by Irina Slutsky
http://adage.com/digital/article?arti...
SAN FRANCISCO (AdAge.com) -- Regular readers of Ad Age know that the companies that control the internet are, if not obsessed, then very concerned with the topic of network neutrality. Most recently Google and Verizon were the two giants rumored to have a plan to let users pay for faster access. "We already had the payola battle in radio, now this is the payola battle of the internet," said Tim Wu, the man who coined the term "network neutr
...more
Mahendra Palsule
Jun 23, 2017 rated it it was amazing
An important book and a must-read for policy makers and those who value freedom of expression and net neutrality.

Most of the book is devoted to tracing the history of information industries in the US - telephone, radio, tv, and film. Tim convincingly describes how each industry inevitably goes through a cycle - oscillating between an open, decentralized network and a closed, centralized one. Some of the historic episodes were quite shocking to me. Most prominent among those were learning how the
...more
Tiffoknee the 3rd Conner
I happened upon this book after listening to NPR's On the Media. I had never heard of Tim Wu before. Now, I am eager to go back and find some of his Slate articles. Though Wu is a law professor this book is not a dense, arcane, dry book of legalese. The writing is brisk, intelligent, and challenging. The Master Switch is accessible, informative, and very engaging. Mr. Wu has written a very timely book about the history and power of communication and information industries in this country. What w ...more
Fredrik
Oct 05, 2011 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
a number of things sets this book back badly:

* it deals only with the us (with the exception of a few pages on the bbc), thus the "empires" amounts to at most nation-wide corporations within one country
* too restricted in time; only deals with the birth of telephony and onwards (what about telegraphy, the semaphor system deployed in france etc?)
* the author invents a vaguely described Cycle to describe the phases, as he sees them, of the rise and fall of corporations operating in the information
...more
Nilesh
Sep 15, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: good-non-fiction
There is an innate tendency in all of us to extrapolate from history, and often quite ridiculously. With the maxims like "those who do not know history, are condemned to repeat it", so many times these days, people overuse historical analysis. This book is a great recount of what happened before, but falls prey to heeding to history too closely.

"So many experts have this time is different written on their tombstone" is another proverb found everywhere. One should certainly believe in long cycles
...more
Brendan Holly
Jun 27, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Probably this is too high of a rating, but about 1/3 of the way in I realized just how ignorant I was about the history of information technologies in the past century. I was fascinated by the intertwining histories presented in this book, most intensely by the public/private AT&T monopoly - a word which fails to capture the awesome power of AT&T for the first 3/4 of the 20th century. Of course, in 2018 The Master Switch is both anachronistic and prescient as we await the consequences of ...more
Jayesh
May 31, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
The historical detail, especially in the first half, is extremely endearing and convincingly shadows the current state of information age. Be it the monopolistic behavior of corporate giants or importance of patents or keeping the government on your sides, things really do appear to repeat themselves.

The book sort of petered out coming to the present internet age. Wu (although quite understandably) is clearly biased a lot towards Google, seeing it as almost the only force of good, about which I
...more
Vikas Erraballi
Jan 17, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A historical analysis of 20th/21st century 'information industries' (telephone, radio, TV and film) attempting (successfully IMO) to identify patterns in their emergence/evolution and the consequences/implications of those patterns to US culture and politics.

Behind the analysis is a question of whether the internet industry will evolve similarly. Wu uses Schumpeter's theory of creative-destruction as a foil to highlight all the ways government can (and has) intervened to contradict the outcomes
...more
Hashin Jithu
Nov 13, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A great read for those who are interested in understanding the historical background of the huge information empires today. It carefully analyses the rise and fall of the information empires of the past and Tim Wu comes up with am interesting explanation of cyclic changes present in the industry. He dissect all major information empires of the twentieth century and the early twenty first century and argues on how his pattern fits in the changing world.

A must read for all those who are interested
...more
Kevin Gross
I found this book an interesting survey of the business undercurrents and politics surrounding and supporting the rise of various public information technologies, including telephones, film, radio, TV, and the Internet. From other sources, we hear frequently about the inventors like Alexander Bell and Phil Farnsworth, as well as others whose association with innovation is frequently overblown and misrepresented, like David Sarnoff. The author does a good, readable job of describing the world int ...more
Nick Black
about what you'd expect from the five chapters excerpted onto slate.com: swashbuckling profiles of masscomm's elder founders, fascinating people all (theodore vail of bell and adolph zukor of paramount particularly, and of course alexander graham), fawning over Apple (though he takes a refreshingly stark stance on the grim hegemony and clockwork control of an Apple-dominated future), blatant oversights with regard to historical philosophy (capitalized "Cycle" used throughout, but not a word of h ...more
Myles
It is the summer of 2018. We have the now approved merger of AT&T and Time-Warner in the US. As well, Apple’s Chinese iCloud service will move to a state-controlled data centre which will in all likelihood be monitored by the Chinese government.

I thought it a good time to revisit Tim Wu’s 2010 classic “The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires” as a backdrop to new information monopolies such as Google and facebook, and to look at the AT&T merger under the lens of an ea
...more
Ashwin Chhabria
Sep 22, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In the book Master Switch, Tim Wu details the history of the US tech industry discussing the inventions of telegraph, radio, television and the internet with several case studies.

Learnings:

1. Government interventions can disrupt natural growth and innovation- New technologies don’t always result out of free playing forces of the market. The entry of television was delayed by intention (so the radio could have an extended period of profit). The US government supported Bell Labs/AT&T for the l
...more
Bruno Silva
Neste livro observei como carteis na ajuda do governo, podem se formar em diversos setores industriais inclusive na comunicação (mencionado neste livro), trazendo diversos prejuizos as invenções disruptivas (que eliminam o mercado anterior) e principalmente afetando a livre expressão, causando a centralização de mercados até então bem difundidos e ramificados com o objetivo duvidoso de facilitar a comunicação. A AT&T foi o exemplo máximo no que de início era aberta e com a ideas de livre con ...more
Aaron Arnold
This book is divided into two parts: the first 300 pages, which is a high-level history of how a common cycle of innovation and monopolization has manifested itself in various communication/information industries like radio, movies, television, telephone, cable TV, and the internet. Then there's the last chapter, which is Wu's What Is To Be Done? moment where he suggests a possible regulatory regime that will protect the public interest in these network technologies while still allowing for suff ...more
David Dinaburg
Dec 10, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Radio, television, cinema, telephone, internet. If you have any interest in the industrial or technical history of information industries, The Master Switch is highly recommended.
More than anything else, the preceding chapters chronicle the corrupting effects of vertically integrated power. A strong stake in more than one layer of the industry leaves a firm in a position of inherent conflict of interest. You cannot serve two masters, and the objectives of creating information are often at odds
...more
Amith
Aug 26, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The book traces the power struggles in the American information industry from the age of the internet dominated by Google, Facebook and Apple all the way to the age of the telegraph where Western Union dominated the scene.

The book, a lot more interesting than I expected, reads like a legal thriller most of the time than a non-fiction. At 320 pages, it is not big but still packed with information- cycles of birth and death of information empires and their influence on American politics. In the l
...more
Darnell
Apr 18, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
Compared to The Attention Merchants, this one leans heavier on describing a theory and recommending specific political changes. This isn't all bad, necessarily, but it doesn't age as well as the sections exploring specific corners of history. Fortunately, there are still plenty of those, and the book provides some useful ideas overall.
Nicholas Moryl
Historical regulatory capture in the US telecom industry: the book.

A reasonable overview of telephone, radio, and television regulatory capture and industrial dominance, but the section on the internet is naturally incomplete; no mention of Facebook, and the net neutrality debate is still ongoing. I wonder where books and music fall in this analysis--why movies are included, but those two are not? (Even if they're counter-examples, they're worth examining. In fact, that likely makes them even mo
...more
Naresh
Apr 25, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

AT&T, Warner Bros., Paramount Pictures, Disney, Verizon - These are some of the massive corporations of today. Before reading this book, I had know idea that these behemoths came to be almost 100 years ago. Western Union is more than 150 years old.

Tim Wu, in this book, expounds on the rise and fall of information empires. He starts with the examples of Western Union, and Bell Laboratories. Former was a well established monopoly that had complete control over the telegraph business - the fast
...more
Kristine Morris
Aug 19, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Master Switch by Tim Wu is a fantastic book. I heard Tim Wu speak on The Agenda with Steve Paikin about the open and closed systems and how the Internet will one day be owned by one company and it will no longer be free. At the time, this helped reinforce my anti-i status (i as in iPod, iPhone and iPad). Now that I’ve read his in-depth book about why the Internet needs to stay free and why it likely won’t, I am further convinced that supporting the Android platform is the ethical decision I ...more
Felix
Jul 28, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This was a fantastic read.

I was expecting much of this book to come as a breezy review of stuff I already knew, with some ancient history thrown in; how wrong I was.

This is not the story of Apple/Google. Or maybe it is, at least via analogy (which the book points out several times). What this book *is* about: Technology development (mostly in the USA) and how it intertwines with business interests (or I should really say, Big Business), starting from the late nineteenth century with the telephon
...more
Terry
Aug 06, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Master Switch chronicles what becomes called "The Cycle" through several iterations across radio, TV, cable, and finally the internet. This cycle is series of shifts in an information technology's status from hobby to rapid innovation to monopolization to possible reopening. The author tries to set up a history so that the reader can determine if the Internet will be different and after reading this book, I'm not as sure as I once was.

The History: Wu tracks several information technologies f
...more
Pierre Lauzon
Feb 21, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I seldom give 5-star ratings but this 2010 book is a significant history and warning to us all about the ubiquity of information in our lives and what can happen if control of the information or media of transmission is controlled by a few.

The book begins with the development of the telephone and the rise of the AT&T monopoly. It moves to motion pictures and the gyrations of the developing industry into a vertically integrated system that stifled creativity. There are broad discussions of th
...more
Evangeline
Apr 08, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Informative and interesting book on the communications industry. The author's thesis was that all communications industries/devices go through the Cycle, which involves an initial period of openness followed by a monopooly/oligopoly. It takes a disruptive innovation to shake things up and create another phase of openness. Ultimately, he seeks to show that the Internet, though it seems so egalitarian and open now, might one day become highly controlled. A battle royale is being waged between the ...more
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Tim Wu is an author, a professor at Columbia Law School, and a contributing writer for the New York Times.. He has written about technology in numerous publications, and coined the phrase "net neutrality."
“It is an underacknowledged truism that, just as you are what you eat, how and what you think depends on what information you are exposed to.” 9 likes
“Nothing, save the hangman's noose, concentrates the mind like piles of cash.” 4 likes
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