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Social Contract

3.75  ·  Rating details ·  27,620 Ratings  ·  556 Reviews
In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourses on the Origin of Inequality, he outlines his own history of the development of human society. He explains in general terms how the differences between social and economic classes arose alongside the formation of modern states. He also explores the means by which these inequalities were actually built into and perpetuated by the foundat ...more
ebook, 128 pages
Published June 15th 2010 by Free Press (first published 1762)
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Lisa (Harmonybites)
Jun 10, 2013 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Everyone
Recommended to Lisa (Harmonybites) by: Good Reading: 100 Signficant Books
The one star rating does not mean I don’t recommend reading The Social Contract. Everyone should. It’s that important, that influential and reading this was certainly eye-opening. One star does not mean this was tedious, dry or difficult. In fact this treatise is not long, is easy to understand and can be read in a few hours. And Rousseau can certainly turn a phrase. Lots and lots that’s quotable in this book. But I don’t simply not like the book (which on Goodreads means one star) I absolutely ...more
Raya Ka'abneh راية
"لقد وجدت الثورة الفرنسية إنجيلها في كتابات روسو."

قرأت في العديد من المقالات والصُحف وكتب المدرسة منذ صغري عن كتاب العقد الاجتماعي كونه أهم الكتب في السياسة وبقي اسم هذا الكاتب راسخاً في ذاكرتي. وفي الجامعة -كوني درست الأدب الفرنسي- تم إفراد مباحث خاصة في عصر التنوير وفلاسفته والثورة الفرنسية، وكان جان جاك روسو على رأس أولئك التنويريين الذين طمحوا لتغيير شكل الحُكم الملكي المُطلق؛ حيث كان يُعتقد بأن الحاكم هو ظل الله على الأرض. وقد تأثّر الكثيرون بفكر روسو التقدّمي مما أدّى إلى إسقاط حكم لويس ا
Luís C.
Stylistically painful enough to read ... but undeniably indispensable to anyone seeking to understand the philosophical foundations of the republic, as it is thought in France.

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity ... There is much talk in the first two terms of this The Social Contract. Everything is almost: the separation of powers, the importance of the legislative power, the secularism (rather punchy). Rousseau anticipates even very current evils such as "populism" (asserting that the people are alw
بالنظر للفترة الزمنية التي نُشر فيها الكتاب يتبيَّن للقارئ مدى شجاعة جان جاك روسو لجرأة المحتوى الذي لا يتناسب أبداً مع الحالة السياسية في تلك الفترة وفعلا منذ أن نشر روسو الكتاب لم يعيش مطمئناً، فقد ظلَّ ملاحقاً في كل مكان يقصده إلى أن رحل عن هذه الدنيا. وبعد 30 عاماً من وفاته سُميَّ هذا الكتاب "بإنجيل الثورة الفرنسية"، لأنها قامت على المبادئ التي يحويها الكتاب

تناول الكتاب بالشرح ضرورة أن يحكم الشعب نفسه ويحافظ علي حقوقه من خلال حكومة منتخبة تكون وسيط بين الشعب والسيد ولكن أساس هذه المؤسسة هو
Jun 01, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
يختار حلمى مراد فى هذا الكتاب (كتب من التراث تعبر عن افكار مؤلفيها ) ليقدم لنا معلومه مفيدة
واختار 4 من أعظم الاعمال على الاطلاق : إذا كانت العقد الاجتماعى او الالياذه او الاوديسه او إميل
An update to the previous...

Rousseau probably has the most recognized opening line in political theory/philosophy.

"Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains."

The idea of the social contract is to move man from the state of nature (with unlimited freedom and limited security) to a society. The society is a compromise where a man gives up his unlimited freedom and receives security in exchange. Giving up freedom never sounds like a good idea, but Rousseau makes his point. In the state of n
João Fernandes
Feb 19, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
'Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains'

Rousseau does give great leaps in logic sometimes, but his ideals are solid and have refaced human society since the French Revolution. A must read for its historical importance and ideas on personal freedom versus societal duties.
سمارا البياتي
Jan 29, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own
مع ان الكتاب يبين تفاصيل مهمة ودقيقة في بناء كيان الدولة والمجتمع الحديث والحقوق والواجبات المترتبة على الحكام والمحكومين الا انه يجسد بشكل لافت للنظر هموم هذا الفيلسوف العبقري المشغول بمشاكل عصره والجهاد الذي بذله في سبيل أحلال المساواة والحرية والعدالة الاجتماعية أمام جبروت الحكم المطلق والوصاية التي تفرضها الكنيسة او اي مؤسسة دينية على الإنسان.

مؤكدآ في كل كتاباته ومؤلفاته موقفه الرافض والمتشاءم إزاء الأوضاع السياسية والاجتماعية والثقافية التي تميز بها المجتمع الفرنسي خلال القرن 18.

يقول الفيلس
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Andrei Tamaş
Nov 27, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Rămăsesem undeva pe la "Dreptul de viaţă şi de moarte" când m-am enervat şi am şters pdf-ul, învinuindu-mă că m-am urcat în tren fără să fi luat nimic de citit cu mine. Problema era că aveam neapărată nevoie să fac note marginale (sufăr de cancerul ăsta) şi m-am hotărât să o abandonez şi să o reiau când voi avea cartea în format clasic în mâna. Pe aici, pe dincolo, m-am dus într-o librărie şi, cu sacrificiul renunţării la un pachet de ţigări, am cumpărat-o. *Ba!, că tot vin alegerile parlamentar ...more
Mohammadjavad Abbasi
کتاب قرارداد اجتماعی ژان ژاک روسو در زمره مهمترین کتاب ها در فلسفه سیاسی است.هم چنین این کتاب در وقوع انقلاب کبیر فرانسه تاثیرات زیادی برجای گذاشت.نظریه قرارداد اجتماعی معتقد است برای آنکه انسان از حقوق و آزادی های خویش استفاده کند و از طرفی نظم اجتماعی نیز حفظ شود،ملت به موجب قرارداد اجتماعی ملزم میشوند تا از این حقوق طبیعی صرفنظر کرده و آن را به حقوق قراردادی تبدیل میکنند و با پذیرش این قرارداد افراد بهتر و بیشتر از حقوق و آزادی برخوردار میشوند.در واقع این قرارداد اجتماعی همان جلوه از حاکمیت ق ...more
David Sarkies
Jul 22, 2011 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Political Theorists
Recommended to David by: The Bible College Library
Shelves: philosophy
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains
20 September 2010

This is how Rousseau, an 18th Century philosopher, opens his treatise on good government. The writing is not so much about a good form of government, but rather how government should run to be the best for the people. Of some of the ideas he proposes is that the law giver and the sovereign are two different people. To have the ability to make and execute the laws in the same hands is repugnant to Rousseau. In fact, though he does
 مولاي أرشيد أحمدو
من أهم الكتب المؤسسة في السياسة والقانون
قراءته فرض عين على كل من يريد فهم أصول التحديث السياسي المعاصر
كما أنه معاصر جدا للأحداث التي تعيشها المنطقة العربية حاليا
Mohammadjavad Abbasi
کتاب قرارداد اجتماعی ژان ژاک روسو در زمره مهمترین کتاب ها در فلسفه سیاسی است.هم چنین این کتاب در وقوع انقلاب کبیر فرانسه تاثیرات زیادی برجای گذاشت.نظریه قرارداد اجتماعی معتقد است برای آنکه انسان از حقوق و آزادی های خویش استفاده کند و از طرفی نظم اجتماعی نیز حفظ شود،ملت به موجب قرارداد اجتماعی ملزم میشوند تا از این حقوق طبیعی صرفنظر کرده و آن را به حقوق قراردادی تبدیل میکنند و با پذیرش این قرارداد افراد بهتر و بیشتر از حقوق و آزادی برخوردار میشوند.در واقع این قرارداد اجتماعی همان جلوه از حاکمیت ق ...more
On trouve beaucoup de très bonnes choses dans ce petit livre de philosophie politique paru à la fin du dix-huitième siècle. En premier lieu, une recherche sur les moyens de fonder une sorte de contrat social qui puisse à la fois contraindre chacun, tout en emportant l'adhésion de tous. La solution proposée par Rousseau, pour résoudre cette contradiction, c'est d'avoir en vue non pas l'intérêt particulier mais l'intérêt général, et d'appliquer les lois de manière universelles. Il s'inscrit dans l ...more
Jul 09, 2007 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
"The average man of each new generation has said to himself more clearly and consciously than his predecessor: 'My neighbor is not my enemy, but my friend, and I am his, if we would but mutually recognize the fact. We help each other to a better, fuller, happier living; and this service might be greatly increased if we would cease to restrict, hamper, and oppress each other. Why can we not agree to let each live his own life, neither of us transgressing the limit that separates our individualiti ...more
Mohamedridha Alaskari محمد رضا العسكري
أروع ما في الكتاب انه متكامل من كل النواحي.. والشيء المدهش في هذا الكتاب هو أن كيف يكون لإنسان أن يكون شجاعا ليكتب كتاب جريء كهذا
في زمانه متحديا مجتمع مختلف عنه تماما، لو كان روسو حي يرزق الان ترى مالذي سيطرحه من إبداع لنا؟
Jan 04, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
My first contact with the Social Contract transpired back in those doldrums which is usually just dumped into a general catch-all called teenage. It was profound, it was moving and enlightening, so naturally I didn’t know anyone else I could discuss this book with as nobody else seems to be pondering the bigger things in life; my classmates and peers were completely useless in my hopes to talk about this work, and the societal elders I was familiar with were equally ignorant of the importance of ...more
Jun 12, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I chose to read Rousseau’s work at this time because Thomas Carlyle, in his monumental history The French Revolution, implied that Rousseau’s thinking provided an important philosophical underpinning to the intellectual movement and the events that eventuated in France during the 1780’s and 1790’s. The Social Contract continues and develops Rousseau’s thinking begun in his Second Discourse. Critical to Rousseau’s ideas is his conviction that man in a state of nature is in an idyllic condition th ...more
Hajar Alobaid
Jan 30, 2014 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

يرى جان جاك روسو أن الإنسان كان يعيش قبل نشأة الدولة في حرية
كاملة ، ولكن نظراً لتعارض المصالح والميول والنزعات الشريرة ، فقد اضطر الأفراد إلى البحث عن نظام يكفل لهم الأمن ، ويحقق العدالة ، فتعاقدوا على إنشاء مجتمع سياسي يخضع لسلطة عليا ، ويعتبر هذا العقد هو أساس نشأة الدولة ، وسند السلطة معاً ومؤدى العقد عند روسو أن الأفراد تنازلوا عن حرياتهم الطبيعية للجماعة مقابل الحصول على
حريات مدنية جديدة يكفلها المجتمع لهم على أساس المساواة وأن العقد قد تولد عنه إرادة عامة هي إرادة الجماعة ، وهي مستقلة عن
Yasemin Şahin
Feb 27, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Yönetilmeden bir hiç olan toplu yaşama düzeni için "tasarılar", "planlar" prototip devlet düzeni anlatımı.
Hepsi olmak zorundaysa da tam anlamıyla gerçekleşmiş olduğu düşüncesi süper olurdu. Ama bugün sanki bu kitap okunup tam aksi ne varsa uygulanıyormuş gibi hissettim. Planı var ama planının dışında işleyen bir sistemin çarklarında dönüyoruz...
Ahmad Sharabiani
این کتاب در سال ۱۳۴۸، با ترجمه: منوچهر کیا، انتشارات: دریا
و در سال ۱۳۴۵، با ترجمه: عنایتالله شکیباپور، انتشارات: فرخی
و در سالهای ۱۳۲۹ - ۱۳۴۷، با ترجمه: غلامحسین زیرک زاده، توسط انتشارات چهر، منتشر شده است
Foad Ansari
Nov 25, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
یک کتاب عالی دیگر از روسو بود که مسایل سیاسی و حکومت داری را از نگاه جامعه شناسی مورد بحث قرار میداد این کتاب 250 صفحه ای را بدون توقف و لاینقطع خواندم و لذت بردم
بعد از خواندن کتابهای روسو احساس بسیار خوشایند و لذتبخشی دارم که نمیتوانم با خواندن هیچ کتاب دیگر مقایسه کنم
أحمد رمضان
يجب أن أقول أن على من يريد قراءة الكتاب و فهم محتواه عدم قراءة هذه النسخة رديئة الترجمة، وقراءته من نسخة المنظمة العربية للترجمة، ترجمة عبد العزيز لبيب. ـ

يدعوا رسوسو في كتابه هذا الناس على اتخاذ عقد بينهم، و تسليم أنفسهم و هبتها لهذا العقد، بحيث يكون هو معتمدهم نحو تكوين المجتمع المسالم العادل الذي يحضا كل أفراده بالتساوي بينهم في كل الحقوق و الواجبات، و من أهمها الحقوق السياسية التي بها يكفل الناس تقدم مجتمعهم نحو ما يبغون من حضارة و ازدهار. ـ

بدايةً، لا أظن أن أحداً سيعارضني إن قلت أن أولى النا
Julie Rylie
This amazingly inspiring book starts to the following sentence "Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains. Those who think themselves the masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they"

More insights:

Man's first law is to watch over his own preservation; his first care he owes to himself; and as soon as he reaches the age of reason, he becomes the only judge of the best means to preserve himself; he becomes his own master.

But if there are slaves by nature, it is only because there
Jul 30, 2009 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I am a huge fan of Rousseau’s Discourse on Inequality, and was hoping to appreciate this book just as much. There is a telling irony in that in the former text, Rousseau sees civilization as incapable of being repaired, and the source of most of the problems of inequality through wealth and politics. Private property is an overall pariah to him, which ought not to exist.

As Rousseau got older he seems to have changed his mind a bit, and tempered that anarcho-primitvism. In the Social Contract we
Mar 15, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The idea of a social contract theory came into being before Jean Jacques Rousseau. Yet the Frenchman brought it to another level in his masterly book.
Rousseau believed that people should be forced to be free. For instance people decide what is best for themselves only when they act collectively. As a society agrees on a specific general will this has to be obeyed by everybody else. Thus people disobeying the law, do wrong for themselves because law does not limit our freedoms but in fact represe
Hamad  Altasan
Jan 11, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
الكتاب صغير إلى الأن مستغرب لماذا أخذت كل هالمدة في إنهائه الكتاب بسيط لا يوجد شرح كثير للمبادئ والحقوق كل مبدأ أو نظام سياسي لا يتعدى شرحها حوالي الثلاث صفحات،الذي إستنكرته من روسو إنه كان يكثر من إستعمال عبارات رياضية لتوضيح أفكاره كان هذا مشوش بالنسبة لي لأننا بشر ولسنا جمادات لا تستطيع إنك تحدد تحركاتنا وأرائنا وردود أفعالنا.

إقتباسات :
"يولد الإنسان حراً ويوجد الإنسان مقيداً في كل مكان"

"الإذعان للقوة هو عمل ضرورة لا إرداة"

"أعترف بأن كل سلطان يأتي من الرب،غير أن كل مرضٍ يأتي منه أيضاً،وهل يقص
Yamen Ourabi
Dec 30, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
جان جاك روسو من فلاسفة عصر التنوير في القرن الثامن عشر, وقد نشر كتابه العظيم هذا " العقد الإجتماعي أو مبادئ الحقوق السياسية " سنة 1762, أي قبل قيام الثورة الفرنسية " الليبرالية " - بقيادة البرجوازية المثقفة المبعدة عن القرار السياسي و ما يتبعها من شعب لا يجد ما يسد جوعه به-سنة 1789.

يعد هذا العمل الفتيل لوضع ميثاق حقوق الإنسان, يعزى إلى روسو الليبرالية بشقيها من ناحية الوضع الإنساني أولاً ومن الناحية الإقتصادية ثانياً بالنسبة لميثاق حقوق الإنسان الصادر عام 1948 كما سنرى لاحقاً.
حيث تم وضع وإقرار


"We, who are just as good as you,

Swear to you
who are no better than ourselves,

To accept you as our king and sovereign lord

Provided you observe all our liberties and laws

But if not, NOT."

The sheer audacity and self-confidence of this declaration never ceases to jump out and seize me by throat and heart.I first read it in 1970 in Stephen Clissold's book "Spain", page 57 and copied it into my book of quotes which presently rests in my lap. Cli
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  • Two Treatises of Government
  • The Spirit of the Laws (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • On Liberty
  • Leviathan
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Rights of Man
  • The Discourses
  • Gorgias
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
  • Discourse on Method
  • The Wisdom of the Desert: Sayings from the Desert Fathers of the Fourth Century
  • Liberty: Incorporating Four Essays on Liberty
  • Political Liberalism
  • Democracy in America
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • Reflections on the Revolution in France
  • Politics
  • Principles of Human Knowledge & Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
Jean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology and because of his influence on later thinkers. Rousseau's own view of philosophy and philosophers was firmly negative, seeing philosophers as the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as pl ...more
More about Jean-Jacques Rousseau...

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“Every man having been born free and master of himself, no one else may under any pretext whatever subject him without his consent. To assert that the son of a slave is born a slave is to assert that he is not born a man.” 117 likes
“ respect of riches, no citizen shall ever be wealthy enough to buy another, and none poor enough to be forced to sell himself.” 83 likes
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