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"That we are not wilfully opposite, nor careless and senceless, and thereby meanes of our own an others ruine and destruction. And especially in testimonye of our fidelitye and cordiall affections unto one another heere present, so that ther may be a current, peaceable and comfortable proceedinge."
- Aquidneck Covenant, co-signed by John Tripp in Providence, Rhode Island (December 1647)


Who was the English Quaker who represented himself as a "gentleman" when he registered with the township authorities of Portsmouth, Rhode Island in 1638? And how did his life and those of his community impact American history?

One of about twelve children of John Tripp and Isabel Moses, John Tripp was born in Lincolnshire, England in 1610. He immigrated to America in 1635. He first settled in Boston where he was employed as an indentured ship carpenter. Shortly thereafter he moved to Providence, Rhode Island (then Aquidneck) after his servitude contract was sold to Randall Holding of Portsmouth.

On April 30, 1638, he signed an oath in Portsmouth which read as follows: "We whose names are underwritten do acknowledge ourselves the legal subjects of His Majesty King Charles, and in his name do hereby bind ourselves into a civil body politic, unto his laws according to matters of justice." Earlier that year he declined to sign the Portsmouth Compact, which broke political and religious ties with Mother England. Probably written by Puritan Reformist Anne Hutchinson, the document formed the basis for non-sectarian governance of Portsmouth Township.

In 1641 he purchased his indenture contract. The Portsmouth Registry of Freemen lists that him that year as "John Tripp, Gentleman". John soon became an active member of his community and held at least a dozen important public offices, including Commissioner of the Colony. In December 1647, as a member of the General Assembly in Providence, he signed the wonderful Aquidneck Covenant that called for human friendship and liberty.

John remained a steadfast Royalist throughout his life. Despite that potential conflict with the prevailing anti-Establishment political leanings of the Aquidneck community, he was regarded as a pillar of the community. A devout Quaker all his life, he also comported himself as an English gentleman, both in substance and in form. For your information, the title during those days wasn't bandied about to connote chivalrous and/or well-bred behavoir of a 17th century commoner. Instead, the meaning of the title as attached to any man bearing it would have commanded respect in all quarters of society as a member of the English gentry.

He fathered eleven children with Mary Paine (1615 – 1687). It’s estimated that John Tripp started a North American lineage of over 50,000 descendants — thus, the reason he’s simply referred to as The Founder. His notable descendants include U.S. President William Harding and Sir Winston Spencer-Churchill.

At his death in 1678 his five sons inherited the vast amounts of farmland he managed to acquire in Rhode Island, especially in Dartmouth and Hogg Island.

There is another Howard-Tripp relationship to me on my paternal grandmother's side of the family. In fact, the Howards of Effingham come together with the Tripps of Suffolk (see lineage chart below) with the marriage of John Land Wood (3GGF) to Elizabeth Howard (3GGM), both of Toronto, Canada. Stephen Tripp (1610 - 1646) is the last of this Canadian branch of the Tripp lineage I've been able to trace so far.

* * *

It's been long asserted by the Tripps of England that they their lineage originated with Howard Dukes of Norfolk. According to the legend, the surname Tripp was assigned to Duke Howard's fifth son by King Henry V after his leading a successful storming of a castle during the Siege of Boulogne. In response as to the king's question as to how he managed to amazing accomplishment, the young Howard exclaimed, "I tripp'd up the walls." Whereupon the king proclaimed, "Tripp shall be thy name, no longer Howard." In parlance of the day, Howard meant he merrily scurried up a ladder to surmount the castle wall - his stealth and cunning winning the day as a result.

The tale, however, is dispute, mainly because the only Howard of any material distinction that flourished during Henry V's lifetime was Sir Robert Howard of Stoke Neyland (1385 - 1437). He's mentioned in House of Howard as follows:

"...Sir Robert Howard, son of Sir John and Alice Tendring of Tendring, was a valiant fighter alike by land and sea. Born about 1385, a contemporary of Henry V., he served under that soldier-king in France, probably fought at Agincourt, and certainly commanded the English fleet, when, with 3,000 stout mariners of East Anglia, he sailed out of Lowestoft, landed below Calais, and ravaged the French coasts..."

His only wife, Lady Margaret de Mowbray, bore him only two issue (Baron John, KG, and Catherine).

Robert's great grandfather Sir John Howard (1310 - 1388), Sheriff of Norfolk, served the English Navy as Admiral of the North Seas.

The other controversial part of the story centers around the participation of a Howard in the Seiges of Boulogne (1544 - 1546), which was actually fought under the banner of King Henry VIII. Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, was one of his battlefield commanders, but, as Lieutenant-General, he would hardly have led a battle charge against a castle himself, much less scrambled up a ladder to surmount a castle wall.

So what we are left with is discovering a Howard as suitable candidate to have earned a new surname from King Henry VIII in distinquishing hiself in battle. Luckily, I discovered one in Owen Howard Tripp, who was the youngest (and possibly illegitimate son) of Lord Edmund Howard (1478 - 1539), during my review of a dozen or so associated ancestry.com tree records. There's actually almost no formal citations attached to this record, however.

In his autobiography King James II & VII Stuart (1633 – 1701) tells of a "Mr Howard and Mr Tripp" who helped him effect his escape from St James Palace one night in 1648 so he seek could take refuge in France.

London-born Lady June Howard-Tripp (1901 - 1985) was a noted British silent screen and stage actress. After her marriage to Alan Burns, 4th Baron Inverclyde, in 1929 she was well-known London socialite. She played a minor role in the 1952 film production of Les Misérables. Her autobiography, The Glass Ladder, was published in 1960.

In a letter written to his brother Theo on 24 May 1875, famed artist Vincent van Gogh stated that art dealer Mr Richard Howard-Tripp temporarily replaced him as the curator of his London art exhibition. Evidently, Vincent's aberrant behavior at the time prompted his replacement just prior to the exhibition's relocation to Paris (see http://www.vangoghletters.org/vg/lett...).

Complicating matters as to John's ancestral heritage is a claim that he was actually Dutch in origin. To wit, in the entitled Genealogy of the Stevens and Tripp and allied families from 1520 to 1906, makes the following statement about him:

"...The name of Trippe is of Dutch origin. The first of that name to come to America was John Trippe. He was born in England in 1610. Came to America in 1635. He, with
Power Williams and others came to Aquidneck Pond, now Portsmouth, R.I. in 1638. He was one of the signers of the
compact. April 30, 1633. On Nov. 30, 1643, he bought three acres of ground next to Thomas Gorton. In 1647 he was granted Hog Island. He married Mary, daughter of Anthony and Rose Weeden Payne, 1639. He was a very influential man in the community, was a member of town council, a
member of the board of General Court of Tryalls. Deputy to General Assembly...and Assistant from Portsmouth from 1670 to 1675. He died in 167S, leaving large tracts of land in Portsmouth, Dartsmouth, and Westerly. He had ten children..."

There is some credence to this assertion. In fact, in his autobiography Sir Walter Scott tells of his acquaintnance with Dutch Baron Trippe who led the British 60th Regiment as a Lieutenant Colonel under the command of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.

There are a couple of Tripp DNA projects showing results of DNA testing on John "The Founder" Tripp and many of his descendants (see http://www.trippgenealogy.org/TrippFa...). Perhaps the controversy about Howard descendancy could be easily be laid to rest once and for all by matching DNA markers with Dukes of Howard DNA project test results (see https://www.familytreedna.com/public/...).



John "The Founder" Tripp
Birth 1610 in , Northumberland, , England
Death 28 Oct 1678 in Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, United States

10th great grandfather OUTWATER-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/630129...

5th great grandfather of wife of 9th cousin 4x removed SMITH-HATHAWAY-HASKELL-LEE-ROSE-PAINE-CHANDLER-SIMMONS-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

paternal grandfather of 30th cousin 3x removed SISSON-FREEMAN-COLES-SARGENT-GIFFARD-WYNSLOW-THROCKMORTON-BESFORD-HARLEY-CORBET-GIFFARD-CLIFFORD-TOENI-LENS-BOULOGNE-HOLLAND-FLANDERS-WESSEX-HOWARD-WOOD
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

FAB PEDIGREE
http://fabpedigree.com/s046/f726430.htm


Lord Edmund Howard
Birth 1472 in Tisbury, Wiltshire, England
Death 19 Mar 1539 in Tisbury, Wiltshire, England

17th great grandfather TRIPP-OUTWATER-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/630129...

12th great grand uncle WOOD
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

14th great grand uncle CASTELL-PAINE-TRIPP-OUTWATER-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

16th cousin 13x removed MERCIA-DAVENPORT-HYDE-CARRINGTON-HOLLAND-SIMMONS-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

19th cousin 15x removed PLANTAGENET-NORMANDY-DUNKELD-LE ROY-MAULAY-LA POINTE-MOREAU-GIROUX-MERON-BRULE
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

19th cousin 19x removed MERCIA-WESSEX-MONTMORENCY-DE LEON-DE ROUGE-DE LA TOUR LANDRY-LANDRY-BOURG-CYR-BRULE
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

20th cousin 14x removed PLANTAGENET-NORMANDY-FLANDERS-CAMBRAI-REMI-LENS-DEMAREST-TERHUNE-BANTA-BRINKERHOFF-OUTWATER-COLLINS
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...

9th great grandson of wife of 27th great grandfather MOWBRAY-FITZALAN-PLANTAGENET-POITOUR-CAPET-D'EVREUX-ROHAN-LANDRY-BOURG-CYR-BRULE
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...


Stephen Tripp
Birth 1610 in Lowestoft, Suffolk, England
Death 17 Nov 1646 in Lowestoft, Suffolk, England

10th great grandfather DREWERY-WOOD
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...


Elizabeth Tripp
Birth 1794 in Whitechapel, Middlesex, England
Death About 1841

5th great grandmother DREWERY-WOOD
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...


Elizabeth Howard - Effingham
Birth 1826 in Ontario, Canada
Death 1906

3rd great grandmother WOOD
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/465887...


SOURCES

Biography of John Tripp http://www.relativelyconnected.com/tr...

Geni profile http://www.geni.com/people/John-Tripp...

WikiTree http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tripp-7

Gentleman Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentleman

Land Agreement
Newport on Rhode Island in New England. Agreed upon March the 10th 1656, co-signed by John Tripp http://www.jamestownhistoricalsociety...

House of Howard Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of...

Leonard Tripp http://www.duhaime.org/LawMuseum/lawa...

June Howard-Tripp Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_Tripp

Ancestry.com Citation (Dow Family Tree) http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/444699...

Genealogy of the Stevens and Tripp and allied families: from 1520 to 1906 http://archive.org/stream/genealogyof...

Burke's Registry: Baron Tripp http://books.google.co.cr/books?id=0N...

The Gentlemen's Magazine (Vol 119) http://books.google.co.cr/books?id=ff...

The Journal of Sir Walter Scott: Volume 2 http://books.google.co.cr/books?id=rc...

Tripp Genealogy http://genforum.genealogy.com/tripp/m...

The Agincourt Honor Roll http://www.familychronicle.com/agin_f...

Full text of House of Howard http://archive.org/stream/houseofhowa...

St Thomas' Anglican Church, Woodbury
South Canterbury, N.Z. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nzl...

The Ebbs and Flows of Fortune: The Life of Thomas Howard, Third Duke of Norfolk

The House of Howard Volume 2


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Published on March 15, 2012 11:36 • 4,017 views
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message 1: by Jan (last edited Nov 13, 2013 11:25AM) (new)

Jan Tripp Steven,

It would be interesting to see what a DNA test would reveal about the Howard-Tripp ancestry. Perhaps someone from this line could be recruited to participate in the Tripp DNA project at Family Tree DNA (http://www.familytreedna.com/public/T...)? The project focuses on descendants of the immigrant ancestor John Tripp (1610-1668), it would be interesting to know if the American line of Tripps are actually genetically related or just share the surname. Enjoy your blog. Best, Jan Tripp


message 2: by Steven (new)

Steven Wood Collins Jan wrote: "Steven,

It would be interesting to see what a DNA test would reveal about the Howard-Tripp ancestry. Perhaps someone from this line could be recruited to participate in the Tripp DNA project at Fa..."


Jan,

Sorry for the grossly belated reply.

The Howard DNA Project https://www.familytreedna.com/public/... provides the DNA test results of William Howard (b1190 d 1227) that may relate well to several of
John Tripp's descendants' results. William is a good one to chose for the obvious reason.

I'm not an expert but as they're both in the same haplogroup they may indeed be closely related.

Best regards,

Steven


message 3: by Jan (new)

Jan Tripp Thanks, Steven.

Thanks for the suggestion to look at the Howard DNA project. I'm unaware of any Howard-Tripp matches but it should be easy to see how closely the lines match. It may be that we haven't been looking hard enough as the common Tripp-Howard ancestor is over 800 years ago. I'll let you know if I learn anything interesting.


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