Christopher R. Browning


Born
in The United States
May 22, 1944

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Christopher Robert Browning recently retired as Frank Porter Graham Professor of History at the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill. He is the author of numerous books on Nazism and the Holocaust, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Average rating: 4.12 · 12,696 ratings · 853 reviews · 14 distinct worksSimilar authors
Ordinary Men: Reserve Polic...

4.10 avg rating — 11,414 ratings — published 1992 — 38 editions
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The Origins of the Final So...

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4.35 avg rating — 298 ratings — published 2003 — 12 editions
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Remembering Survival: Insid...

4.20 avg rating — 147 ratings — published 2010 — 7 editions
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The Path to Genocide: Essay...

4.26 avg rating — 70 ratings — published 1992 — 6 editions
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Nazi Policy, Jewish Workers...

3.97 avg rating — 64 ratings — published 2000 — 5 editions
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Every Day Lasts a Year

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3.58 avg rating — 36 ratings — published 2007 — 6 editions
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Collected Memories: Holocau...

3.93 avg rating — 15 ratings — published 2003 — 3 editions
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Helt vanliga män

4.30 avg rating — 10 ratings — published 1992
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Fateful Months

4.88 avg rating — 8 ratings — published 1985 — 3 editions
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Final Solution & German For...

really liked it 4.00 avg rating — 6 ratings — published 1978
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“I fear that we live in a world in which war and racism are ubiquitous, in which the powers of government mobilization and legitimization are powerful and increasing, in which a sense of personal responsibility is increasingly attenuated by specialization and bureaucratization, and in which the peer group exerts tremendous pressures on behavior and sets moral norms. In such a world, I fear, modern governments that wish to commit mass murder will seldom fail in their efforts for being unable to induce “ordinary men” to become their “willing executioners.”
Christopher R. Browning, Ordinary Men

“Major Trapp was never there. Instead he remained in Jozefow because he allegedly could not bear the sight. We men were upset about that and said we couldn't bear the sight either." Indeed, Trapp's distress was a secret to no one. At the marketplace one policeman remembered hearing Trapp say, "Oh God, why did I have to be given these orders," as he put his hand on his heart. Another policeman witnessed him at the schoolhouse. "Today, I can still see exactly before my eyes Major Trapp there in the room pacing back and forth with his hands behind his back. He said something like, 'Man, ... such jobs don't suit me. But orders are orders.' " Another man remembered vividly "how Trapp, finally alone in our room, sat on a stool and wept bitterly. The tears really flowed." Another also witnessed Trapp at his headquarters. "Major Trapp ran around excitedly and then suddenly stopped dead in front of me, stared and asked if I agreed with this. I looked him straight in the eye and said 'No, Herr Major!' He then began to run around again and wept like a child." The doctor's aide encountered Trapp weeping on the path from the marketplace to the forest and asked if he could help. "He answered me only to the effect that everything was very terrible." Concerning Jozefow, Trapp later confined to his driver, "If this Jewish business is ever avenged on earth, then have mercy on us Germans.”
Christopher R. Browning, Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland

“What the conservatives conceived of as sufficient measures overlapped with what were for the Nazis scarcely the first steps.”
Christopher R. Browning, Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland

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