Nikolay Semyonov

in Saratov, Russian Empire, Russian Federation
April 15, 1896

September 25, 1986




Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, ForMemRS (Николай Николаевич Семёнов; April 15 [O.S. April 3] 1896 – September 25, 1986) was a Russian/Soviet physicist and chemist. Semyonov was awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the mechanism of chemical transformation.

Semyonov's outstanding work on the mechanism of chemical transformation includes an exhaustive analysis of the application of the chain theory to varied reactions (1934–1954) and, more significantly, to combustion processes. He proposed a theory of degenerate branching, which led to a better understanding of the phenomena associated with the induction periods of oxidation processes.

Semyonov wrote two important books outlining his work. Chemical Kinetics and Chain Reacti

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Some problems of chemical k...

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