Max Horkheimer





Max Horkheimer


Born
in Stuttgart, Germany
December 13, 1901

Died
July 07, 1973

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Max Horkheimer (1895–1973) was a leader of the so-called “Frankfurt School,” a group of philosophers and social scientists associated with the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute of Social Research) in Frankfurt am Main. Horkheimer was the director of the Institute and Professor of Social Philosophy at the University of Frankfurt from 1930–1933, and again from 1949–1958. In between those periods he would lead the Institute in exile, primarily in America. As a philosopher he is best known (especially in the Anglophone world), for his work during the 1940s, including Dialectic of Enlightenment, which was co-authored with Theodor Adorno. While deservedly influential, Dialectic of Enlightenment (and other works from that period) should not ...more

Average rating: 4.07 · 5,676 ratings · 221 reviews · 79 distinct worksSimilar authors
Eclipse of Reason

4.13 avg rating — 410 ratings — published 1947 — 29 editions
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Dialectic of Enlightenment:...

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4.09 avg rating — 4,681 ratings — published 1944 — 58 editions
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Critical Theory: Selected E...

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4.01 avg rating — 142 ratings — published 1975 — 10 editions
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Critique of Instrumental Re...

4.06 avg rating — 88 ratings — published 1967 — 12 editions
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Traditional and Critical Th...

3.96 avg rating — 25 ratings — published 1937 — 2 editions
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Teori ve Pratik Üzerine - B...

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3.77 avg rating — 22 ratings — published 2013
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Between Philosophy and Soci...

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3.88 avg rating — 17 ratings — published 1993 — 4 editions
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بدايات فلسفة التاريخ البورج...

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2.81 avg rating — 16 ratings — published 2006 — 2 editions
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Dawn & Decline: Notes 1926-...

3.82 avg rating — 11 ratings — published 1978 — 2 editions
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Gesammelte Schriften V. Dia...

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it was amazing 5.00 avg rating — 7 ratings — published 1987
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More books by Max Horkheimer…
“Although most people never overcome the habit of berating the world for their difficulties, those who are too weak to make a stand against reality have no choice but to obliterate themselves by identifying with it. They are never rationally reconciled to civilization. Instead, they bow to it, secretly accepting the identity of reason and domination, of civilization and the ideal, however much they may shrug their shoulders. Well-informed cynicism is only another mode of conformity. These people willingly embrace or force themselves to accept the rule of the stronger as the eternal norm. Their whole life is a continuous effort to suppress and abase nature, inwardly or outwardly, and to identify themselves with its more powerful surrogates—the race, fatherland, leader, cliques, and tradition. For them, all these words mean the same thing—the irresistible reality that must be honored and obeyed. However, their own natural impulses, those antagonistic to the various demands of civilization, lead a devious undercover life within them.”
Max Horkheimer, Eclipse of Reason

“Pragmatism reflects a society that has no time to remember and meditate.”
Max Horkheimer, Eclipse Of Reason

“A revolutionary career does not lead to banquets and honorary titles, interesting research and professorial wages. It leads to misery, disgrace, ingratitude, prison and a voyage into the unknown, illuminated by only an almost superhuman belief.”
Max Horkheimer

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