Eric R. Kandel

Eric R. Kandel


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Eric R. Kandel is an American neuropsychiatrist who was a recipient of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his research on the physiological basis of memory storage in neurons. He shared the prize with Arvid Carlsson and Paul Greengard.

Kandel, who had studied psychoanalysis, wanted to understand how memory works. His mentor, Harry Grundfest, said, “If you want to understand the brain you’re going to have to take a reductionist approach, one cell at a time.” So he studied the neural system of a simple animal, Aplysia, a snail with very large nerve cells.

Kandel is a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and a Senior Investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Instit
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Average rating: 4.16 · 6,145 ratings · 373 reviews · 19 distinct worksSimilar authors
In Search of Memory: The Em...

4.07 avg rating — 3,734 ratings — published 2006 — 25 editions
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The Age of Insight: The Que...

4.24 avg rating — 1,021 ratings — published 2012 — 10 editions
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Principles of Neural Science

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4.43 avg rating — 977 ratings — published 2000 — 17 editions
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Reductionism in Art and Bra...

4.20 avg rating — 196 ratings — published 2016 — 5 editions
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Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis,...

4.29 avg rating — 68 ratings — published 2005 — 8 editions
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Essentials of Neural Scienc...

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4.08 avg rating — 36 ratings — published 1995 — 10 editions
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Molecular Neurobiology in N...

4.50 avg rating — 10 ratings — published 1987
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Cellular Basis of Behavior:...

4.14 avg rating — 7 ratings — published 1976 — 2 editions
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Behavioral Bio of Aplysia: ...

really liked it 4.00 avg rating — 6 ratings — published 1979 — 2 editions
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A Cell-Biological Approach ...

really liked it 4.00 avg rating — 2 ratings — published 1978
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“It is this potential for plasticity of the relatively stereotyped units of the nervous system that endows each of us with our individuality.”
Eric R. Kandel, Principles of Neural Science

“Science seeks to understand complex processes by reducing them to their essential actions and studying the interplay of those actions--and this reductionist approach extends to art as well. Indeed, my focus on one school of art, consisting of only three major representatives, is an example of this. Some people are concerned that a reductionist analysis will diminish our fascination with art, that it will trivialize art and deprive it of its special force, thereby reducing the beholder's share to an ordinary brain function. I argue to the contrary, that be encouraging a focus on one mental process at a time, reductionism can expand our vision and give us new insights into the nature and creation of art. These new insights will enable us to perceive unexpected aspects of art that derive from the relationships between the biological and psychological phenomena.”
Eric R. Kandel

“Indeed, the underlying precept of the new science of mind is that all mental processes are biological—they all depend on organic molecules and cellular processes that occur literally “in our heads.” Therefore, any disorder or alteration of those processes must also have a biological basis.”
Eric R. Kandel, In Search of Memory: The Emergence of a New Science of Mind

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